使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

9
votes
2answers
156 views

Is “傷” a subset of “怪我”?

I would like to clarify the differences between 傷{きず} and 怪我{けが}. Are these assertions correct? 傷 is used exclusively for minor cuts and abrasions to the skin? 怪我 can also be used for cuts ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to say “do you have”

This may sound strange, but say you're talking to a friend on the phone, or an equivalent. You want to ask if they have a new game or say, got the new character in a game. I realise you can ask 'have ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

The difference between するには and する為には

The one answer I have really found says there is no semantic difference. Is there a formality difference? Is する為には more formal than するには?
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to say that you “learned a lot” by doing something

I was wondering if there is a simple way to say that "I learned a lot" by doing something, e.g. "I learned a lot about how to work well on a team in my first job". I know that there are the words 習う ...
5
votes
2answers
99 views

Difference in counters for spoons

I know that there are several types of counters of spoons/cups. For example, a counter for cup is はい while another counter is カップ。 Also さじ and はい are also counters for spoons. What exactly are the ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

機会点-Opportunities

Could I translate "Opportunities for Customers" as "お客様との機会点" I've seen it used in similar ways to the opposite, which is 問題点 ("problems") I was wondering if this is a correct use in the context.
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Japanese special phrases for “study season” and “long holiday season following study season”

I am looking for two separate Japanese phrases that each convey meanings as follows, A "study season" in which the study or lecture begins to ends with some short holidays in between. For example, a ...
6
votes
3answers
244 views

Difference between にとって and として

What differences are there between にとって and として ? To the best of my understanding, both have meanings of stating something from a certain point of view or perspective. However, I think that there's ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between 姿勢 vs 態勢 vs 体勢?

What is the difference between 姿勢 vs 態勢 vs 体勢? They all seem to mean "posture" or "attitude."
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What's the difference between 一番星 and 最初の星?

What's the difference between [一番星]{いちばんぼし} and [最初]{さいしょ}の[星]{ほし} ? Do they both mean the first star in the same context?
-1
votes
2answers
117 views

Help with these sentences! (correct word choices) [closed]

Watashi wa sangatsu ( ) umareru. De or ni? Uchi e ( ), denwa shimashita. Kaette/Kaetta/Kaereba?
9
votes
7answers
2k views

What is the opposite of 初心者?

As in, I want to say veterans/old hats at doing something instead of beginners at doing something. Edit: Thank you for all the responses. I wasn't looking to imply skill, so I think 経験者 is the word I ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

What is the most appropriate word for “cry”?

Background: Yes, I have tried typing "cry" into Google Translate. Although, there are so many options, yet no example sentences for each word. In my case, I have been writing a compare & contrast ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the difference between [為替]{かわせ} and 両{りょう}替{がえ}?

What is the difference between 為替 and 両替? Both mean "exchange". When each of them should be used?
3
votes
1answer
103 views

に and verbs that take it with もらう

With verbs that don't take に, the matter is simple: わたしは彼に食べてもらった means 'He ate it for me', with a favour being explicit. But how would handles things with verbs that do take に? Would you say ...
7
votes
2answers
189 views

Difference between 苗字 and 家名?

To put it simply, is there any inherent difference between 苗字 and 家名 ? Since both of these words means "Surname" or "Last Name". Does there a differ in how they are used? Does 苗字 refer to the ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

率直に and 正直に、how do they differ?

I just wanted to know how they were different (tone, formality, implications, etc.).
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Writing a birthday letter to a friend

Okay here is my dilemma, I am going to a write to a Japanese friend a birthday letter but I don't know how should I construct it; I've tried to search around the net and I found both formal and ...
5
votes
2answers
325 views

How do 行く and 来る *really* work?

We have a question on this site, What is the proper differentiation between 来る and 行く?, which does seem to correctly explain the basic general differentiation between 行く and 来る, which is that it is ...
6
votes
2answers
137 views

What's the difference between 同然 and 同様?

As in the title, what is the difference between these two? dictionary.goo.ne.jp says: 同然: 同じであること。また、そのさま。同様。 同様: 同じであること。ほとんど同じであること。また、そのさま。 and on the 類語 page these two are listed under ...
5
votes
5answers
205 views

Meaning of うち in “無意識のうちの行動なのだろう”

Given the context I think that this sentence means "it's probably an unintentional action". But I am unsure of what meaning/nuance the うち adds here. I am used to seeing うち meaning "while" and that's ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

is it okay to regularly say 気をつけてください to someone departing out?

I just want to ask if it is okay to say to your boss who is going home after work お疲れ様でした気をつけてください or it is impolite? Thank you
3
votes
2answers
159 views

How does one say “I need a place to stay”?

I assume "todomerumono" or 留める物 is the "a place to stay". Something like "留める物が要する"? Since 要する is to need... It's a very direct translation. I'm trying to write stories in Japanese to learn words, ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

テレビ台 vs テレビ to refer to the physical TV?

To what extent does テレビ refer to the physical TV as opposed to the medium television? In other words, is it correct to say テレビを買う rather than テレビ台を買う? Googling, I find equally many occurrences of ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Difference between ~だろうと and ~でも

Is there a major difference between ~だろうと and ~でも constructions in nuance? Can ~だろうと only be used with question words? I've seen any volitional followed by と for an effect like ~ても, but usually only ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

What is the best word for 'may not be attacked'?

I am attempting to translate a D&D character sheet into Japanese, and I am running into difficulty with a line saying that 'the target (of a particular blessing) may not be attacked.' Though I am ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

What's the difference between 完成 and 完了?

Dictionaries list "completion" as a definition for both of these words. I'm trying to figure out the difference between them. Some online sources say 完成 is used when you finish making something and ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

What is the difference between 各 and 毎{ごと}?

I think the difference is mainly just a nuance: 毎{ごと}・・・each ・・・それぞれの 各・・・every・・・すべての I think 毎 is used mainly with 名詞や動詞 「年毎に」 「会う人毎に」 Or there is any other difference?
2
votes
3answers
215 views

What should “Find. Attack. Exterminate” be in Japanese?

So I wanted to create a Japanese motto for our Esports team, seeing that our entire team are all anime fans. So what is Find. Attack. Exterminate. in Japanese? None of my friends can agree on ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line is a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses すわり rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

「想い人」 and 「恋人」?

Dictionary definitions from my EDICT based dictionary. 想い人​【おもいびと】(n) loved one; lover; sweetheart 恋人​【こいびと】(n) lover; sweetheart I was wondering, since these definitions are nearly the ...
-1
votes
1answer
113 views

What is the difference between あと、うしろ and のちほど?

I'm confused, because all of them seem to have the same meaning (*in my opinion). Can anyone help me?
2
votes
2answers
219 views

はずもない、はずはない、はずがない. Difference and meaning

Today listening a song I've heard something I can't understood だけどなれるはずもなくて So i started to gather information about this, but it gets me more confused and furthermore found out two more ...
3
votes
3answers
147 views

What is the difference between 売る and 販売する?

They are "to sell" in meaning and I think we use them in different cases but I don't know. Can anybody help me???
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Differences between the various readings of 描く and 画く

Are there any differences between the following? 画{か}く 画{えが}く 描{か}く 描{えが}く
4
votes
2answers
144 views

終了 and 終わり, is there a difference?

I don't think this is a duplicate . . . So can someone tell me if there is a difference between the two? I know they both mean end, but are they interchangeable? I came across this sentence ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

what is the difference between 気にする, 気になる and 気にかかる?

I'm especially not sure about 気にかかる. for 気にする and 気になる, I think the difference is that 気にする is ''negative'' only while 気になる can also have a positive meaning?
9
votes
1answer
225 views

How do you replace 「お悔やみ」 in condolences to a Japanese Christian?

In Yosh's answer to the question What are the ways to express someone's condolences?, this link states that Buddhist terms should not be used in expressing condolences to a Christian in Japanese: ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Difference between 丸 and 輪 for “circle”

Both words mean "circle", although 丸 has also other meanings. But what's the nuance between them?
7
votes
2answers
267 views

When do I use all the words meaning “song”?

There's 歌, 曲, 歌曲, 唄, etc. I was about to give a few example contexts, but in English there really doesn't seem to be more than one way in which we refer to a 'song'. I do see different words being ...
7
votes
2answers
153 views

What is the difference between 石{いし}、岩{いわ} and 岩石{がんせき}?

I'm just a beginner. I think all of them meaning the same, rock. Can anyone explain it for me?
4
votes
1answer
458 views

How to shorten conjugations of “must” forms without sounding girly?

I know the full conjugations of expressing things that must/must not be done (ex:行かなくてはだめ)and their slang forms (ex:行かなくちゃ) but I've heard the ちゃ sounds like a little girl speaking? If that's true, ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

How to tell whether a building is 長屋建 or 共同住宅

The 国勢調査 census asks every habitant of Japan to tell whether they live in a 一戸建 (stand-alone house) , a 長屋建(テラスハウスを含む), a 共同住宅, or その他 (other). QUESTION: What is the difference between a 長屋建 and a ...
3
votes
3answers
224 views

たくさん vs. 多く vs. 多い when used on verbs?

I'm familiar with the concept of how たくさん、多く、and 多い are used in relation to nouns (多くの人、人が多い、etc.) but I'm still unfamiliar with how you can say the expression "a lot of [verb]". I know, for example, ...
7
votes
2answers
662 views

Can そばかす be used to describe a pattern on dog face?

Are these 斑{ぶち} or そばかす? Are freckles (そばかす) in Japanese limited to human? Would it be a mistake to describe a pattern on dog's face as そばかす?
7
votes
2answers
352 views

“なし” used for both animate and inanimate things?

I was so surprised to read: 孝行をしたい時分に親はなし。 (paraphrase) When one finally wants to truly fulfill the obligation to his/her parents, they often have already passed away. (note): I would have ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Can I use といいですね in this situation? “I hope you haven't fallen ill again”

退院して以来、健康問題がなかったといいですね。 I hope you haven't had any problems since you got out of hospital.
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there any practical difference between しばらく and しばらくの間?

While answering How does しばらく work with ていない? I started to wonder if 暫く{しばらく} and 暫く{しばらく}の間{あいだ} were fully interchangeable? Or are there any examples where you would use one and not the other?
4
votes
1answer
84 views

実践 and 実戦 in exercises

I've seen both 実践 and 実戦 used in the context of practice questions, both pronounced じっせん, of course. 実践問題 seems to be the more common of the two, meaning a practice exercise, but I've recently come ...