使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
1answer
108 views

When to use って or 言った

I'm having trouble knowing when to use って or 言った when I want to say someone said something (past tense). Naturally, since it is past tense, I always want to use 言った. But having watched many j-drama ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

How do I say “This is a derivative work. I am in no way affiliated with X company” in Japanese?

I am not sure which verb would be used for "affiliated" in this context. Would it be 提携して? Or perhaps 関係して?
1
vote
1answer
96 views

When to use 九 vs きゅう?

I am new to this site so my apologizes if this question is a bit ridiculous. However, I was informed that the kanji for 9 (九) is pronounced differently than the hiragana (きゅう) based on use. The ...
9
votes
1answer
204 views

恐れ入ります correct “thank you” to use after customers make a purchase?

Is 恐れ入ります the correct form of "thank you" when used during a business transaction (for example, a sales person would say this when someone makes a purchase at his/her store)? In the context of an up-...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Respectful terms for parents

There are quite a few respectful terms for parents, the least respectful of which would be お父さん and お母さん (there are less respectful ones, but they're only appropriate for your own parents or your ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます

I have to write a letter to my future Japanese host family. It's in English, but I want to end it in Japanese. Should I use よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます or even どうぞよろしくおねがいします?
3
votes
2answers
181 views
8
votes
1answer
282 views

When to use Dono or Nan?

I am learning Japanese using "learn Japanese in the car". It has the following sentences: Which seat is it? / Dono seki desu ka. Which train car is it? / Nan gosha desu ka. Why does one use Dono ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the differences between 帰る and 戻る?

Can you give an example of when 帰る should be used instead of 戻る, and vice versa? The reason I ask is that I sometimes get corrected when using the two, such as in: × そのとき私は日本から戻ってきて、大学に戻って入りました。 ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the difference between 「ほど」 (hodo) and 「ぐらい」 (gurai)?

As in the question title, what is the difference between the two sentences below? 一{いち}時{じ}間{かん}ほどかかります。 ichijikan hodo kakarimasu. 一時間ぐらいかかります。 ichijikan gurai kakarimasu. How do we ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

When to use 頭の毛 and 髪

Not sure if this question's been asked before (I searched beforehand but nothing came up, so), but I just came across this sentence : "今一番大切なのは頭の毛だ。", and I'm not having any comprehension problems ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

Can desire be expressed for entities that do not hold volition?

We can personify things. By using "want" with an inanimate object, it is personified: An object with inertia wants to maintain its state of motion. (Question) First, is it possible in Japanese ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

What is the difference between 各 and 毎{ごと}?

I think the difference is mainly just a nuance: 毎{ごと}・・・each ・・・それぞれの 各・・・every・・・すべての I think 毎 is used mainly with 名詞や動詞 「年毎に」 「会う人毎に」 Or there is any other difference?
2
votes
1answer
60 views

目が覚める versus 起きる

What is the difference between 目{め}が覚{さ}める and 起{お}きる?
6
votes
2answers
135 views

How to convey the best possible word in japanese for 'I want to clobber him'?

I'm having difficulty choosing word for 'to clobber' in Japanese. What I mean for this 'Clobber' is to beat thoroughly and conclusively in a fight competition. I wonder if I can use these words: ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Basic conversation question

Good morning. I was wondering if I can get some help with translating a sentence from Japanese to English, and also if I can receive some feedback about the way that I try to speak Japanese. Me: ...
9
votes
1answer
135 views

What is the difference between に関しての and に関する?

In this question which I will paste below, the asker uses both, one right after the other. GTA5に関しての質問です。 GTA5に関する動画で、(...) What is the difference between the two?
4
votes
2answers
150 views

嘘ついてたんだ vs 嘘ついたんだ

I saw this being said in a drama, when A said to B, 嘘ついてたんだ and the translation was "So you lied!". My question is, why is it 嘘ついてたんだ and not 嘘ついたんだ? Thanks. Edit: How to tell the difference ...
9
votes
2answers
239 views

Use of かける (N5 question)

An N5 vocabulary question I'm having trouble understanding: わたしの となりの (   ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 1 くつ   2 かぎ   3 めがね   4 でんわ The answer is 3: わたしの となりの ( めがね ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 Which I ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Difference between 誤解 and 勘違い

Japanese - English dictionaries translate both as "misunderstanding" or "wrong guess." Upon consulting dictionary.goo.ne.jp, I found: 誤解 - When the facts and the true intentions of a partner's words ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

XをYという形に sentence

「俺焼き豚頼んでないですよ」 店主であり違法改造バイク夢五萬のライダーである高田くんのお兄さんは、菜ばしを“サービス”という形に動かした。 "I did not order pork loin." Takada's brother, who is the shop owner and rides an illegally modified motorcycle "...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Is 私は本があなたをたすけよみます correct?

I am trying to say I will help someone read a book. 私は本があなたをたすけよみます。 Is this correct? Sorry if the question is off-topic. I am very new to Japanese and don't yet fully understand how to build ...
5
votes
2answers
176 views

Expressing “should do” with こと・べき・もの

上手{じょうず} に なりたければ もっと 練習{れんしゅう} する [こと/べき/もの] だ As per my understanding, all the 3 options seem appropriate above. Is that correct? If so, are there any quirks or exceptions?
13
votes
2answers
864 views

Difference between sentence final ものだ and ことだ

My understanding is that ものだ is used to assert things which are mostly known to everyone. 誰かの家に招待されたときは、何か手土産をもっていくものだ 'When invited to somebody's home it's customary to bring presents'. On ...
11
votes
2answers
442 views

Are there differences between 言い辛い・言いにくい・言いがたい?

When hesitating to say something that might either hurt the other party or put the speaker in bad light, do the following expressions differ: そんなことは言い辛い{づらい} そんなことは言い難い{にくい} ...
8
votes
3answers
160 views

Difference between 友達出来た vs 友達を作った

I was watching a movie where a guy was texting his friend. One of the text messages he sent was 「友達出来た?」 The subtitles translated it to be "Made any new friends?" From the context of the movie the ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

What is the most appropriate word for “cry”?

Background: Yes, I have tried typing "cry" into Google Translate. Although, there are so many options, yet no example sentences for each word. In my case, I have been writing a compare & contrast ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What is the right translation for grade in the context of a course

I want to know how to translate the word grade in sentences like what is the passing grade for this course? or Where are the final grades posted? I found some options in the dictionary ...
9
votes
1answer
138 views

Expressions of surprise おや あれ あら

There seem to be three very similar expressions of surprise - おや, あれ, and あら. Is there much particular difference? So far I've gathered that あれ is almost always genuine surprise, whereas あら and おや can ...
14
votes
1answer
333 views

伸{の}びる versus 延{の}びる in a JLPT question

In my JLPT workbook, it gives these examples to explain the difference between 延{の}びる and 伸{の}びる: 髪{かみ}は[1]{いっ}か[月]{げつ}に1センチぐらい伸{の}びる。 会議{かいぎ}はいつも30分{ぷん}ぐらい延{の}びる。 They both mean "stretch", ...
3
votes
1answer
296 views

What is the difference between ~たとき vs ~るとき

電車に乗るときは、白線の内側でお待ちください。 電車に乗ったときは、白線の内側でお待ちください What is the difference between ~たとき and ~るとき? In particular, what is ungrammatical about the second sentence with ~た? I felt that this sentence,...
6
votes
1answer
578 views

Is 幼子 ever used nowadays?

I know that 赤ん坊 and 赤ちゃん are used frequently to refer to a baby but it would seem that 幼子 could also refer to a baby or an infant. In my dictionary it was even marked as "common". Now, I searched the ...
7
votes
2answers
82 views

Difference between ビーフ and 牛肉

Is there a difference on how these two words should be used? I see 牛肉 used a lot more than ビーフ, but I'm wondering if there is a certain context for each of the two words.
7
votes
2answers
436 views

What would be the most apt word in kanji, for “Animal world”?

Okay, that may sound a little confusing, and no, not looking for the name of a zoo or theme park here XD Essentially, simply put, I'm writing a novel, and for that, building a world around it. Yes, ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the difference between 殊に and 特に?

What is the difference between 殊{こと}に and 特{とく}に? I've looked around on goo, and weblio, and this chiebukuro question, but I just wanted to see if anyone had anymore further input on the difference ...
17
votes
1answer
684 views

What does this ad say? (Connotations of ガキ大将)

This is a frequent problem that I think many Japanese learners experience. You look at some Japanese sentences, and you understand the words, and most, if not all, the grammar, and yet still, it just ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to say “do you have”

This may sound strange, but say you're talking to a friend on the phone, or an equivalent. You want to ask if they have a new game or say, got the new character in a game. I realise you can ask 'have ...
9
votes
2answers
153 views

Is “傷” a subset of “怪我”?

I would like to clarify the differences between 傷{きず} and 怪我{けが}. Are these assertions correct? 傷 is used exclusively for minor cuts and abrasions to the skin? 怪我 can also be used for cuts ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

“native” Japanese words vs Chinese/international “imports”

I am under the impression that many of the current words used have both a native or an international counterpart. For example: 扉 (とびら) vs ドア 全て (すべて) vs 全部 いちご vs ストロベリー .. and the list goes on....
5
votes
2answers
772 views

を vs が with use against 好き?

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb. and Is it true that all nouns must be able to accept a が particle and a を particle? are noted as possible duplicates; however, I haven'...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

The difference between するには and する為には

The one answer I have really found says there is no semantic difference. Is there a formality difference? Is する為には more formal than するには?
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Are 世界の一番 and 世界で一番 both correct?

Are both phrases grammatically correct and how do you translate both? 世界の一番ゆうめいです 世界で一番ゆうめいです
6
votes
3answers
225 views

Difference between にとって and として

What differences are there between にとって and として ? To the best of my understanding, both have meanings of stating something from a certain point of view or perspective. However, I think that there's ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Translating “Woe be to those…”

I'm trying to say this in Japanese: "Woe be to those who near the swamp." I wasn't really sure how to go about this, but I came up with this: それらのための災いは誰が沼に行きます Woe for those who go to the ...
18
votes
1answer
871 views

What's the proper way to use 先 versus 前に or 以前?

I'm trying to understand why 先 is not the best choice to use in these sentences. Is it wrong to use it in this way? × 先、学校で何かが起こった。 ○ 以前、学校で何かが起こった。 × 先の書いた本から十年間が過ぎました。 ○ 前に書いた本から十年間が過ぎました。
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Writing a birthday letter to a friend

Okay here is my dilemma, I am going to a write to a Japanese friend a birthday letter but I don't know how should I construct it; I've tried to search around the net and I found both formal and ...
21
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the difference between 「はずがない」 and 「わけがない」?

I know the following two sentences give implication that "not expecting me to understand (it)" but I have a feeling that they give different nuances that I just can't put my finger on: それは分{わ}...
16
votes
1answer
453 views

What's the (real) difference between 飲む and 食べる?

When I first started learning Japanese, I learned that 飲む meant "drink" and 食べる meant "eat". These translations seemed to work for a while, but then I learned that you could 飲む things that you can't ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to say that you “learned a lot” by doing something

I was wondering if there is a simple way to say that "I learned a lot" by doing something, e.g. "I learned a lot about how to work well on a team in my first job". I know that there are the words 習う ...
5
votes
2answers
97 views

Difference in counters for spoons

I know that there are several types of counters of spoons/cups. For example, a counter for cup is はい while another counter is カップ。 Also さじ and はい are also counters for spoons. What exactly are the ...