使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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1answer
96 views

When to use 九 vs きゅう?

I am new to this site so my apologizes if this question is a bit ridiculous. However, I was informed that the kanji for 9 (九) is pronounced differently than the hiragana (きゅう) based on use. The ...
9
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1answer
204 views

恐れ入ります correct “thank you” to use after customers make a purchase?

Is 恐れ入ります the correct form of "thank you" when used during a business transaction (for example, a sales person would say this when someone makes a purchase at his/her store)? In the context of an up-...
5
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1answer
182 views

I found よう all by itself. Is there any difference in the usual meaning?

授業が始まり、普段通りの空気が流れた…と思ったその時だった。ドラマである様な素晴らしいタイミングではあったが、真夏にとっては悪夢の始まりだった。無表情な中年教師は転入生の紹介をたんたんと終え、席に着くよう指示した。 It's in the last sentence. The rest of the sentences are for context because I know you ...
5
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1answer
98 views

よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます

I have to write a letter to my future Japanese host family. It's in English, but I want to end it in Japanese. Should I use よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます or even どうぞよろしくおねがいします?
3
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2answers
157 views

Respectful terms for parents

There are quite a few respectful terms for parents, the least respectful of which would be お父さん and お母さん (there are less respectful ones, but they're only appropriate for your own parents or your ...
8
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1answer
282 views

When to use Dono or Nan?

I am learning Japanese using "learn Japanese in the car". It has the following sentences: Which seat is it? / Dono seki desu ka. Which train car is it? / Nan gosha desu ka. Why does one use Dono ...
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2answers
181 views

What is the difference between 兵隊、兵士 and 軍人

They all seem to mean soldier. Could anyone help me?
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1answer
108 views

When to use って or 言った

I'm having trouble knowing when to use って or 言った when I want to say someone said something (past tense). Naturally, since it is past tense, I always want to use 言った. But having watched many j-drama ...
5
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1answer
127 views

When to use 頭の毛 and 髪

Not sure if this question's been asked before (I searched beforehand but nothing came up, so), but I just came across this sentence : "今一番大切なのは頭の毛だ。", and I'm not having any comprehension problems ...
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1answer
60 views

目が覚める versus 起きる

What is the difference between 目{め}が覚{さ}める and 起{お}きる?
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2answers
135 views

How to convey the best possible word in japanese for 'I want to clobber him'?

I'm having difficulty choosing word for 'to clobber' in Japanese. What I mean for this 'Clobber' is to beat thoroughly and conclusively in a fight competition. I wonder if I can use these words: ...
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1answer
105 views

Basic conversation question

Good morning. I was wondering if I can get some help with translating a sentence from Japanese to English, and also if I can receive some feedback about the way that I try to speak Japanese. Me: ...
12
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2answers
264 views

Change in self-address for emphasis or to express frustration or dissatisfaction

Building on from this comment, It is possible that in English, a mother may opt to refer to herself in the third person: using "Your mother" instead of "I" to create emphasis. It is observed from ...
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2answers
150 views

嘘ついてたんだ vs 嘘ついたんだ

I saw this being said in a drama, when A said to B, 嘘ついてたんだ and the translation was "So you lied!". My question is, why is it 嘘ついてたんだ and not 嘘ついたんだ? Thanks. Edit: How to tell the difference ...
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2answers
239 views

Use of かける (N5 question)

An N5 vocabulary question I'm having trouble understanding: わたしの となりの (   ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 1 くつ   2 かぎ   3 めがね   4 でんわ The answer is 3: わたしの となりの ( めがね ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 Which I ...
6
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1answer
103 views

Difference between 誤解 and 勘違い

Japanese - English dictionaries translate both as "misunderstanding" or "wrong guess." Upon consulting dictionary.goo.ne.jp, I found: 誤解 - When the facts and the true intentions of a partner's words ...
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1answer
120 views

XをYという形に sentence

「俺焼き豚頼んでないですよ」 店主であり違法改造バイク夢五萬のライダーである高田くんのお兄さんは、菜ばしを“サービス”という形に動かした。 "I did not order pork loin." Takada's brother, who is the shop owner and rides an illegally modified motorcycle "...
3
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1answer
112 views

Is 私は本があなたをたすけよみます correct?

I am trying to say I will help someone read a book. 私は本があなたをたすけよみます。 Is this correct? Sorry if the question is off-topic. I am very new to Japanese and don't yet fully understand how to build ...
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3answers
160 views

Difference between 友達出来た vs 友達を作った

I was watching a movie where a guy was texting his friend. One of the text messages he sent was 「友達出来た?」 The subtitles translated it to be "Made any new friends?" From the context of the movie the ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the right translation for grade in the context of a course

I want to know how to translate the word grade in sentences like what is the passing grade for this course? or Where are the final grades posted? I found some options in the dictionary ...
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2answers
442 views

Are there differences between 言い辛い・言いにくい・言いがたい?

When hesitating to say something that might either hurt the other party or put the speaker in bad light, do the following expressions differ: そんなことは言い辛い{づらい} そんなことは言い難い{にくい} ...
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1answer
138 views

Expressions of surprise おや あれ あら

There seem to be three very similar expressions of surprise - おや, あれ, and あら. Is there much particular difference? So far I've gathered that あれ is almost always genuine surprise, whereas あら and おや can ...
9
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1answer
135 views

What is the difference between に関しての and に関する?

In this question which I will paste below, the asker uses both, one right after the other. GTA5に関しての質問です。 GTA5に関する動画で、(...) What is the difference between the two?
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1answer
578 views

Is 幼子 ever used nowadays?

I know that 赤ん坊 and 赤ちゃん are used frequently to refer to a baby but it would seem that 幼子 could also refer to a baby or an infant. In my dictionary it was even marked as "common". Now, I searched the ...
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2answers
82 views

Difference between ビーフ and 牛肉

Is there a difference on how these two words should be used? I see 牛肉 used a lot more than ビーフ, but I'm wondering if there is a certain context for each of the two words.
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2answers
436 views

What would be the most apt word in kanji, for “Animal world”?

Okay, that may sound a little confusing, and no, not looking for the name of a zoo or theme park here XD Essentially, simply put, I'm writing a novel, and for that, building a world around it. Yes, ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the difference between 殊に and 特に?

What is the difference between 殊{こと}に and 特{とく}に? I've looked around on goo, and weblio, and this chiebukuro question, but I just wanted to see if anyone had anymore further input on the difference ...
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2answers
861 views

Saying it's my first time in (a place)

I want to say that I am visiting a place (= Japan) for the first time. The sentences that I am thinking of are: これは私に日本中を始まるです。 私が日本を始まるです。 Which one sounds more correct? I am only one year into ...
6
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2answers
132 views

The different nuances of wanting to go to do something

I have been wondering about the different nuances each of the following sentences carries. Maybe I am trying to interpret too much into these, but I am really curious about the slight difference it ...
0
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2answers
83 views

“native” Japanese words vs Chinese/international “imports”

I am under the impression that many of the current words used have both a native or an international counterpart. For example: 扉 (とびら) vs ドア 全て (すべて) vs 全部 いちご vs ストロベリー .. and the list goes on....
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2answers
153 views

Is “傷” a subset of “怪我”?

I would like to clarify the differences between 傷{きず} and 怪我{けが}. Are these assertions correct? 傷 is used exclusively for minor cuts and abrasions to the skin? 怪我 can also be used for cuts ...
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4answers
1k views

How to say “do you have”

This may sound strange, but say you're talking to a friend on the phone, or an equivalent. You want to ask if they have a new game or say, got the new character in a game. I realise you can ask 'have ...
4
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1answer
99 views

The difference between するには and する為には

The one answer I have really found says there is no semantic difference. Is there a formality difference? Is する為には more formal than するには?
6
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3answers
1k views

How to say that you “learned a lot” by doing something

I was wondering if there is a simple way to say that "I learned a lot" by doing something, e.g. "I learned a lot about how to work well on a team in my first job". I know that there are the words 習う ...
5
votes
2answers
97 views

Difference in counters for spoons

I know that there are several types of counters of spoons/cups. For example, a counter for cup is はい while another counter is カップ。 Also さじ and はい are also counters for spoons. What exactly are the ...
2
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2answers
101 views

機会点-Opportunities

Could I translate "Opportunities for Customers" as "お客様との機会点" I've seen it used in similar ways to the opposite, which is 問題点 ("problems") I was wondering if this is a correct use in the context.
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1answer
44 views

Japanese special phrases for “study season” and “long holiday season following study season”

I am looking for two separate Japanese phrases that each convey meanings as follows, A "study season" in which the study or lecture begins to ends with some short holidays in between. For example, a ...
6
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3answers
224 views

Difference between にとって and として

What differences are there between にとって and として ? To the best of my understanding, both have meanings of stating something from a certain point of view or perspective. However, I think that there's ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between 姿勢 vs 態勢 vs 体勢?

What is the difference between 姿勢 vs 態勢 vs 体勢? They all seem to mean "posture" or "attitude."
2
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1answer
92 views

What's the difference between 一番星 and 最初の星?

What's the difference between [一番星]{いちばんぼし} and [最初]{さいしょ}の[星]{ほし} ? Do they both mean the first star in the same context?
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2answers
116 views

Help with these sentences! (correct word choices) [closed]

Watashi wa sangatsu ( ) umareru. De or ni? Uchi e ( ), denwa shimashita. Kaette/Kaetta/Kaereba?
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7answers
2k views

What is the opposite of 初心者?

As in, I want to say veterans/old hats at doing something instead of beginners at doing something. Edit: Thank you for all the responses. I wasn't looking to imply skill, so I think 経験者 is the word I ...
1
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1answer
236 views

What is the most appropriate word for “cry”?

Background: Yes, I have tried typing "cry" into Google Translate. Although, there are so many options, yet no example sentences for each word. In my case, I have been writing a compare & contrast ...
4
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1answer
63 views

What is the difference between [為替]{かわせ} and 両{りょう}替{がえ}?

What is the difference between 為替 and 両替? Both mean "exchange". When each of them should be used?
3
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1answer
102 views

に and verbs that take it with もらう

With verbs that don't take に, the matter is simple: わたしは彼に食べてもらった means 'He ate it for me', with a favour being explicit. But how would handles things with verbs that do take に? Would you say ...
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2answers
187 views

Difference between 苗字 and 家名?

To put it simply, is there any inherent difference between 苗字 and 家名 ? Since both of these words means "Surname" or "Last Name". Does there a differ in how they are used? Does 苗字 refer to the ...
2
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1answer
87 views

率直に and 正直に、how do they differ?

I just wanted to know how they were different (tone, formality, implications, etc.).
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163 views

Writing a birthday letter to a friend

Okay here is my dilemma, I am going to a write to a Japanese friend a birthday letter but I don't know how should I construct it; I've tried to search around the net and I found both formal and ...
5
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2answers
320 views

How do 行く and 来る *really* work?

We have a question on this site, What is the proper differentiation between 来る and 行く?, which does seem to correctly explain the basic general differentiation between 行く and 来る, which is that it is ...
6
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2answers
132 views

What's the difference between 同然 and 同様?

As in the title, what is the difference between these two? dictionary.goo.ne.jp says: 同然: 同じであること。また、そのさま。同様。 同様: 同じであること。ほとんど同じであること。また、そのさま。 and on the 類語 page these two are listed under ...