使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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3answers
121 views

願いは叶う or 願いが叶います?

Reading a raw manga and 願いは叶う was the chapter name which I think is "Wishes Come True" however after checking online "Wishes Come True" is apparently 願いが叶います, there is 2 differences, one being は and が ...
5
votes
3answers
115 views

Difference between ときがある and ことがある

Someone just asked me the difference between 「ことがある」(when it means "there are times when") and 「ときがある」, and I actually couldn't answer since I have never really thought about this... Could someone ...
2
votes
1answer
561 views

What is the difference in terms of grammar between ~かける and ~っぱなし?

Spawned from What is the difference in terms of grammar between きり and っぱなし?; I started thinking about ~かける. Don't these essentially mean the same thing? I'm failing to see any difference except ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

How can I frame this ダジャレ to sound funny?

As Jerry Seinfeld says: "Jokes that require an explanation are never funny." So, I want to do a wordplay on the pronunciation of 紐 = 日も. I've delivered it as such: typical set-up: ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

~としたら What is the purpose in this context?

たとえばさえりさんの頭が10ヶ月ずっと痛かったとしたら、それが通常になると思いますか? From this article: http://liginc.co.jp/241030 Why does he opt to use ずっと痛かったとしたら rather than simply ずっと痛かったら What is the nuance being communicated in ...
-1
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2answers
101 views

Is 日 “hi” or “ni”? [duplicate]

日 is at the start of "Nihon" (Japan) making me think it means "Ni" but 日 means Day which is written in romaji as "hi" and pronounced "hi". If 日 has multiple meanings how am I supposed to read it?
2
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between Oyasumi and Oyasuminasai?

Why are these 2 words different? Google Translate says they mean the same thing. When would each be used?
1
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2answers
190 views

How do I say “cat”? And do I use kanji, hiragana, katakana or rōmaji?

猫, ねこ, ネコ, neko Which of these means "cat"? Is it all of them? Which situation do I use each of these in?
6
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2answers
133 views

The different nuances of wanting to go to do something

I have been wondering about the different nuances each of the following sentences carries. Maybe I am trying to interpret too much into these, but I am really curious about the slight difference it ...
10
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2answers
467 views

What's the difference in usage and nuance between やはり and やっぱり?

I know that we say にっぽん instead of にほん when we want to inject a little national pride into the word, but I've never had a good understanding of the difference in meaning/nuance/usage between やはり and ...
12
votes
2answers
268 views

Change in self-address for emphasis or to express frustration or dissatisfaction

Building on from this comment, It is possible that in English, a mother may opt to refer to herself in the third person: using "Your mother" instead of "I" to create emphasis. It is observed from ...
6
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2answers
356 views

What does 「つっぱしり」mean in this context?

I recently heard about a manga entitled つっぱしり元太郎, and I'm slightly confused about the meaning of the 「つっぱしり」 in its name. I've looked the word up in several dictionaries, but have gotten no results. ...
6
votes
1answer
279 views

類 in animal and plant names

It seems that there are a number of animal and plant names that can either be used with or without 類 as a suffix. For example, in case of 'fish', I have seen both 魚類 and 魚 being used to denote the ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Difference between てぶくろ and グローブ

According to jisho.org, グローブ seems to have a "sports" nuance to it, wherease 手袋{てぶくろ} seems to be more general. Is this accurate?
12
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2answers
1k views

Differences between the many words for dinner

According to my dictionary, the following words all mean the same thing: "Dinner": [夜]{よる}ご[飯]{はん}, [晩]{ばん}ご[飯]{はん}, [晩飯]{ばんめし}, [晩食]{ばんしょく}, [夕]{ゆう}ご[飯]{はん}, [夕飯]{ゆうはん(ゆうめし)}, [夕食]{ゆうしょく} A similar ...
7
votes
2answers
218 views

Most appropriate word for 'antonym' – 対義語 or 反対語?

I just created an antonyms tag on our site. We usually make tag names in English, and then put the Japanese equivalent in the tag description, but I'm not sure which Japanese word to use. Wikipedia ...
11
votes
2answers
975 views

The various ways of saying “all”

While trying to write a plugin to (unofficially fan-)translate this website to Japanese, I've been noticing that "all" has multiple different translations. What exactly is the difference between 全部(...
5
votes
3answers
631 views

Why is this JLPT(N1) question a matter of practicality, not futile effort?

Here is a snippet of text from a JLPT(N1) question: 「俺{おれ}は料理{りょうり}が得意{とくい}なんだ」と自慢{じまん}げに語{かた}る男性{だんせい}の頭{あたま}に、素材{そざい}の値段{ねだん}やかかる時間{じかん}、そして誰{だれ}が後{あと}片付{かたづ}けをするか、などという問題{もんだい}は存在{そんざい}しません。...
8
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1answer
183 views

Differences and similarities between 係 and 担当

I have some questions about the difference between 係 and 担当. Do these words have the same meaning? Basically, can they be used interchangeably as "the person/group in charge of something"? I know ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

What is the nuance of お人好し vs いい人?

I'm reading the manga 僕だけがいない街 where the following is thought about a character who is kind towards the protagonist: 相変わらず{あいかわらず}お人好し{おひとよし}。。。いやいい人{ひと}だ。 The implication is that the guy is a ...
15
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2answers
416 views

What's the difference in usage between 氏名 (しめい) and 名前 (なまえ)?

What's the difference in usage between 氏名 (しめい) and 名前 (なまえ)? I often see these two words used interchangeably, but more often than not I see 氏名 on websites. Is this a politeness difference or an ...
14
votes
7answers
864 views

What is the real difference between the proper use of the words さむい and つめたい?

In English it seems that cold is just always cold just as warm and hot regardless of whether the word describes a person's experience or the actual physical state of an object. In Japanese however ...
13
votes
2answers
890 views

Adjectives functioning both as イ- and ナ-adjective

This question has made me think about the class of adjectives, which can function both as イ- and as ナ-adjective, e.g. 大きい 大きな 小さい 小さな 真っ白い 真っ白な (etc.) 細かい 細かな 暖かい 暖かな 四角い 四角な (etc.) 柔らかい ...
7
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2answers
280 views

What is the difference between 乗り場 and バス停?

I've seen them both with the meaning of 'Bus Stop.' Could someone please explain how they're different? Thank you in advance!
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Are there any differences between 仕事 and 作業

I have ran across these two words being used in some articles and blog sites. It seems they both translate to "work", but when and why would you use one over the other?
7
votes
1answer
220 views

What may be the difference in the usage of 自尊心, 誇り and 自慢?

I read a paragraph and it contains the word 自尊心. I want to know the meaning of 自尊心. Dictionary says 自尊心 = pride. Is it the same with 誇り? or 自慢? What may be the differences in the usage of these words?...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Difference between “現住所” and “連絡先” on Japanese resume?

"現住所" and "連絡先" are 2 fields on a Japanese resume. If both are the same address, do you: delete the "現住所" and just list the "連絡先"? delete the "連絡先" field and just list your "現住所"? Or, are there ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between 姿勢 vs 態勢 vs 体勢?

What is the difference between 姿勢 vs 態勢 vs 体勢? They all seem to mean "posture" or "attitude."
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What's the difference between 消える and 消え失せる?

In what situations would you use 消え失せる instead of 消える, and 消える instead of 消え失せる?
3
votes
2answers
982 views

Saying it's my first time in (a place)

I want to say that I am visiting a place (= Japan) for the first time. The sentences that I am thinking of are: これは私に日本中を始まるです。 私が日本を始まるです。 Which one sounds more correct? I am only one year into ...
4
votes
3answers
309 views

How to say 'in 10 minutes' as in 'the bus comes in 10 minutes'?

Would the sentence below make sense? バスがじゅっぷんにきます。
8
votes
3answers
310 views

Why 次第 instead of によって in this very example?

I was randomly browsing this page and came across this sentence: 砂糖{さとう}は作{つく}るものしだいで使用{しよう}します。 This recipe happens to have a French equivalent En fonction des recettes, on utilise du ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Understanding this sentence: あなたのこれと僕のこれをぱくってください。

あなたのこれと僕のこれをぱくってください。 This was included as an example sentence in this my [北海道弁辞典]{ほっかいどうべんじてん}. To help clear up any confusion, the term in question, ぱくる, is equivalent to [交換]{こうかん}する, according to ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Difference between Muromachi and Ashikaga

One of my books notes that the Muromachi and Ashikaga Periods, 室町時代 and 足利時代 respectively, can be used to name the same period of time (1333-1568), but I'm lost on what the difference is and when I ...
0
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1answer
319 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
4
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2answers
132 views

いる or ある for things attached to living beings

I have been searching the Internet for an answer to this question for while now, but to no avail. If I walk into a room and there's a person there among my friends that I don't know, in English could ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the difference between あと、うしろ and のちほど?

I'm confused, because all of them seem to have the same meaning (*in my opinion). Can anyone help me?
-5
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1answer
102 views

What is the difference between いい and きれいな?

Both of them mean "nice". So, what exactly is the difference between them?
8
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3answers
1k views

How would you express “sphere” or “world” in the Japanese language?

How would you express the concept of "sphere" or "world" in Japanese? For example, "Anglosphere" or "Indian speaking world". Is there a repeating pattern or suffix for this purpose, or are there just ...
8
votes
2answers
203 views

嬉しい vs 幸せ. Which one to use in this case?

Both mean happy. 嬉しい is an i-adjective, and 幸せ is a na-adjective. If I want to say, "The happy boy studied at the library", which one should I use? The boy in the sentence is feeling happy at the ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

When talking about English 文型, how to say “a sentence”? 文章?

I want to talk about English grammar in technical terms. Example, I might want to discuss 文型: Every English sentence must have a main verb. I would say: 英文{えいぶん}では、文章{ぶんしょう}にいつも本動詞{ほんどうし}...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Are かた and 人 interchangeable in this sentence?

I played a game app, and I found this sentence on the TOS agreement screen. ないようがわからないかたは、おうちの人にがめんをみせてください English: If you don't understand, show this screen to your parents. The sentence is ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

How to talk about style

"日本で流行はおもしろいですね。流行は日本の方がアメリカよりだいじとおもいます。たくさんの種類です。好きな服装はなんですか?" In this case am I using "服装" correctly? I'm trying to express that I think that fashion is more important in Japan and asking what the ...
5
votes
2answers
171 views

How to say IS / ISIS / ISIL / Daesh?

A group that is at war in Syria can be called IS, ISIS, ISIL, or Daesh in English. In Japanese daily conversation, what is the best name that can be used for that group?
7
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1answer
138 views

What is the difference between 「進行」 and 「進歩」?

What is the difference between 「進行」and「進歩」? In what situations are they used ?
5
votes
1answer
517 views

How to say “Please correct my sentences”?

Is it: 文章を治てください? There are many words for "correct' including 改める, 正す, 訂する, but it's not clear when to use those words or which is "correct" in this context. Off topic, does anyone know a similar ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

Difference between マップ and 地図

What's the difference between the kanji term and the katakana term, and when should I use them? I think that some katakana words are only used when the author is being gratuitous with katakana, but I ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Lettered Bus Numbers

Consider the following categories of bus numbers: Number only - 11 Number suffixed or prefixed with a character - 11E or E11 Character only - A (Question) How common are buses with letters/...
4
votes
2answers
173 views

How to avoid repetitive usage of 面白い and 楽しい?

For the new year, I've been keeping a daily diary in Japanese for practice, but I've noticed that I tend to describe everything good that happens to me as either 面白い or 楽しい. Is this typical of a ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

“いまいち” vs “物足りない” meaning / usage?

Both いまいち and 物足りない generally mean that something is lacking, not good enough. Frequently, the undertone is that this is due to the inadequacy of the speaker. いまいち is sort of slang, but still ok for ...