使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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14
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3answers
3k views

When women use わ at the end of a sentence, is it different from よ?

My understanding of using わ at the end of a sentence is that it's essentially just for emphasis, just like using よ, and that only women can use it. However, as far as I know, women can, and often do, ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

「いつまで待つつもり」 v.s. 「いつまで待っているつもり」

Both seem to be possible. But what's their difference? Instances of the former are everywhere, e.g. a line from 「華麗なるギャツビー」 「信じられるもんですか、あんな男」「いつまで待っているつもりです?」 The latter may be less common (?), ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

加える/増やす and 加わる/増える or even 増加する/殖/足, various kanji for “adding things”

I'm a bit confused regarding the choice between the 加 and 増 kanji for any meaning related to "adding one thing to another". I assume that, as usual, the suru-verb combination 増加する is somewhat more ...
5
votes
2answers
134 views

Is「挑発に対応しなかった」another way to say「挑発に乗らなかった」?

「挑発に乗る」 and 「挑発に対応する」 both sound to me like: "To respond to a provocation." Is this correct? Any important differences? --- extra question #2 --- As per the given answer, 「挑発に乗る」 is to respond ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Honorific prefix 「ご」 vs 「お」

Some nouns take the 「ご」 prefix: ご両親 {りょうしん} ご家族 {かぞく} ご無事 {ぶじ} ご安心 {あんしん} ご丁寧 {ていねい} While many others take the 「お」 prefix: お母さん お仕事 {しごと} お月 {つき}さま お家 {うち} お客 {きゃく} In ...
7
votes
2answers
161 views

How to say “100% virus free”?

In English we put the following phrases below software we want customers to download to put their mind at ease (for example, a neat weather app). ✓100% virus free ✓Contains no malware ✓Contains no ...
6
votes
3answers
137 views

Best way to say “if you don't mind ____” in this circumstance?

I'm not too sure if what I think I should say is correct so I would like to ask for some help. I'm trying to say something like, "If you don't mind, I'd like to know what game software you use" or ...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

What exactly are the differences between 大体, だいぶ and 大部分

Okay, those three make me very confused. To my understanding だいぶ is used when it´s more than what you expected. 大体 should be more or less, but then where comes 大部分? And is 大体 a lesser percentage than ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

足りません - can it also mean 'missing'?

I'm putting together an Anki deck based on the Tatoeba corpus, and I'm uncertain about the translation provided for one of the sentences. The sentence "スミス先生、生徒が二人足りません。" is translated as "There are ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between 触る and 触れる?

These two seem to overlap almost completely. The only thing I can really tell is that 触れる seems that it can also be used in a metaphorical sense ("touch on" something; feel; perceive). I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

When to use 倒れる or 落ちる?

What are the differences between them, and in what kind of sentences should I use one rather than the other?
0
votes
1answer
75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Saying bye bye to others [closed]

How to say bye bye (you will see that person soon) in a polite way?
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Referring to myself [duplicate]

What word should I use to refer to myself? (I am a young girl)
4
votes
1answer
93 views

楽しました vs 楽しめました

Which should I use to say "I had fun"? 楽しました or 楽しめました? Are they both correct?
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Difference between 友情【ゆうじょう】 and 友好【ゆうこう】

Is there a difference between [友情]{ゆうじょう} and [友好]{ゆうこう}? They both mean friendship in the dictionary. My guess is that 友好 is used to describe more a friendship between countries or organizations. In ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

When is 顧客{こきゃく} used for “customer”?

In daily life, I usually hear the words お客様{きゃくさま}, お客{きゃく}さん, and maybe other variants that use 客{きゃく}/客{かく} to refer to customers at a shop. However, in the dictionary, the first word that comes up ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

Difference between 設定する and 調整する

Sorry, I don't have any example sentences... Anyway, usually I heard the word 設定{せってい} in the meaning of "adjusting something". But now, in the factory, I have come across the phrase "圧力{あつりょく}を調整{...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

Difference between 谷 and 谷間?

I noticed that 谷{たに} and 谷間{たにま} both mean valley in the dictionary. However, when I Google 谷間, I get a bunch of pictures of cleavage. Should only 谷 be used to describe "valley"? And, can 谷間 also ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Comparison of “迷惑をかける” and “手数をかける”?

(1) ご迷惑{めいわく}をおかけして、申し訳ありません。 (2) 毎日{まいにち}、大変{たいへん}お手数{てすう}をおかけして、申し訳ありません。 both basically mean the same thing? the time period for #1 is from 1 afternoon to several years? this time period for #...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Is お・ご~させていただく 二重敬語?

I want to know whether expressions such as お預かりさせていただく and ご説明させていただく are considered 二重敬語. お・ご~する is one way of making a verb into 謙譲語, and ~させていただく is another. Both are quite common, and I hear the ...
4
votes
2answers
461 views

How to say “This day is going by too quickly” in Japanese?

It's daylight savings time day (Spring equinox) and we all lost an hour. How would I casually express that this day is going by too quickly? Something like: この日の時間は早すぎています。
4
votes
2answers
156 views

What is the level of politeness for 我々?

I sometimes hear 我々{われわれ} and 私{わたし}たち for "we", but am at a loss for understanding when I should use one over the other. Any tips?
7
votes
3answers
252 views

What's the difference among [停]{と}める、[止]{と}める、and [留]{と}める?

How are they different in meaning and usage? I also would like to see samples of how each can be used in a sentence.
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Differences in meanings of interrogative words

Can someone please explain to me the differences between the following interrogative type words? いくらか/いくつか いくらも/いくつも いくらでも/いくつでも いくら/いくつ/どのくらい (in questions) For example I know that いくらか and いくつか ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

What is the difference between 失恋する and 振る?

Both 失恋する and 振る mean to be rejected. But then are they exactly the same thing? What are the nuances between those two words? Thank you in advance.
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the difference between ている and ています?

For example, what is the difference between the following two sentences? 私はメアリーとトムに会った事実を知っている。 私はメアリーとトムに会った事実を知っています。
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Difference between 増やす and 増加する?

I know there's a past topic with this question already, but honestly I couldn't understand the explanation very well. Thank you very much for the input and time.
4
votes
2answers
178 views

Is it correct to say 私は二人のお兄さんがいる?

私は[二人]{ふたり}のおにいさんがいる。 私は二人のおにいさんがいます。 I am trying to say "I have two elder brothers." Someone told me that I should say "私には二人兄がいます/いる。" I have some doubts: 1. Why is it 私に but not 私は? 2. ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Company officer

I saw in an app the word in Japanese is kaishain, but when I looked up in dictionary, it said shain. What is the difference?
8
votes
1answer
117 views

Using 〜になる instead of です?

I've been trying to figure out why a native speaker told me to use 〜になる instead of です here. My original sentence: 日本語のテレビ番組を見るのは良い練習です。 Corrected sentence: 日本語のテレビ番組を見るのは良い練習になります。 I've asked them ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Is there a difference between ご飯 and 御飯?

I know they both mean rice but is there a difference between the two? Perhaps one is more specific or am I typing them wrong? Also, can ごはん be used to write rice or is one of the other versions more ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How offensive is ぷっくりする?

I've read the definition of ぷっくりする in a dictionary, and it can basically describe someone who is chubby. As I have rarely seen this expression used, I'd like to know how (in)appropiate it is. Is ぷっくり ...
6
votes
2answers
180 views

「残業代」と「残業費」の違いを教えてください。

皆さん、お聞きしたいことがあります。 残業代と残業費のどちらが正しい言い方ですか。そのほかの言い方はありますか。 教えていただけますか。
6
votes
1answer
89 views

Difference between 柄 and 模様

I've tried to find the differences between 柄 and 模様 everywhere but to no avail. What are the differences between 柄 and 模様?
5
votes
2answers
172 views

How to use ~でも and ~も?

I have looked up 誰 in the dictionary, and found that both 誰も 誰でも can mean everyone and everybody. If there is a difference between them, what is the correct way to use each of them? It is not ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

「全く知りません」と「全然知りません」違うこと [duplicate]

「全く知りません」と「全然知りません」違うことがありますか。 よろしくお願いします。
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Difference between ざまに and ながら

お姉ちゃんが振り向きざまにきっぱりと言い切った Big sister turned around and ?? clearly asserted... From the answer on this question about ざまに, I understand ざまに to mean "while". But in what way does it differ from ながら? ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Different word about Back and spine

I've seen many different words refering to back, spine like せ and せなか. So what is the right word and in which case?
4
votes
2answers
140 views

敬語 with and without ~になる

When asking someone politely to, for example, look at something, you can say both ご覧になっていただけますか following the standard 敬語, but you can also say ご覧いただけますか. Is there any particular difference between ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Difference between onyomi words and kunyomi words

I think the more I read up on complicated topics the more I encounter onyomi words that have kunyomi synonyms. For example: 新しいvs新規 最新 終わりvs終了 危ないvs危険 Is the rule generally that onyomi words are ...
4
votes
2answers
398 views

Is there a difference between 'futari' and 'futari-domo'?

What is the difference between 'futari' and 'futari-domo'? Also, is 二人共 the correct way to write 'futari-domo'?
14
votes
2answers
1k views

How impolite is it to call a waitress お姉{ねえ}さん?

Were I in a situation where I want to get the attention of a waitress in a noisy restaurant, I kind of feel like calling-out: "お姉{ねえ}さん、すみませんが、ビールもう一本お願いできますか?". I think that I've seen this done in a ...
11
votes
3answers
416 views

The difference between 超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる

超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる are said to mean "to pass through" in the "edict" dictionary, but I don't fully understand the difference between the three. How does their usage differ please? Can anyone ...
5
votes
2answers
116 views

Does 私の名前はXYZです sound natural?

Consider the following sentence: [私]{わたし}の[名前]{なまえ}はライノーです。 watashi-no namae-wa rhino desu. Would a native speaker use this form, as opposed to ”[私]{わたし}はライノーです” or ”[名前]{なまえ}ライノーです”? An ...
6
votes
1answer
91 views

Why does native speakers rather say 言う通り not 言った通り?

I was watching a drama (無痛 ep.3) when a short sentence baffled me. The main actor's wife was taking her last breaths, thanking her husband, who himself a doctor, told her, that it would be best to die ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Is there something wrong with this sentence? 暑いから水を飲みました。

I was watching this video explaining から. In it (at :08 and again at 2:29), the instructor shows a scene where he is drinking water, and says ”暑いから水を飲みました。”, then a buzzer noise and a big red X shows ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the Japanese phrase to convey the meaning of “to declare attendance”?

We as employees of a relatively big company are often prompted to log on to and log out from by wiping our fingers on a bio-metric scanner, for example, to declare our attendance. Shortly speaking, ...
7
votes
3answers
660 views

Difference between the words for “living/residing” [住む/棲む/泊まる/暮らす]

I have come across various words meaning "living/residing". What are the differences between them and their usage? I've listed what I think are the differences. Are they correct? 住む: Live in some ...
6
votes
1answer
112 views

A question about 直る and 修理

I am trying to say something like: Could you tell me where I could get my glasses repaired ? My first try was to use 直れる (potential form of 直る) to say something like 直れるところ place where ...