使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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5
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1answer
124 views

Difference between 丸 and 輪 for “circle”

Both words mean "circle", although 丸 has also other meanings. But what's the nuance between them?
7
votes
2answers
165 views

When do I use all the words meaning “song”?

There's 歌, 曲, 歌曲, 唄, etc. I was about to give a few example contexts, but in English there really doesn't seem to be more than one way in which we refer to a 'song'. I do see different words being ...
7
votes
2answers
119 views

What is the difference between 石{いし}、岩{いわ} and 岩石{がんせき}?

I'm just a beginner. I think all of them meaning the same, rock. Can anyone explain it for me?
4
votes
1answer
436 views

How to shorten conjugations of “must” forms without sounding girly?

I know the full conjugations of expressing things that must/must not be done (ex:行かなくてはだめ)and their slang forms (ex:行かなくちゃ) but I've heard the ちゃ sounds like a little girl speaking? If that's true, ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

How to tell whether a building is 長屋建 or 共同住宅

The 国勢調査 census asks every habitant of Japan to tell whether they live in a 一戸建 (stand-alone house) , a 長屋建(テラスハウスを含む), a 共同住宅, or その他 (other). QUESTION: What is the difference between a 長屋建 and a ...
3
votes
3answers
192 views

たくさん vs. 多く vs. 多い when used on verbs?

I'm familiar with the concept of how たくさん、多く、and 多い are used in relation to nouns (多くの人、人が多い、etc.) but I'm still unfamiliar with how you can say the expression "a lot of [verb]". I know, for example, ...
7
votes
2answers
645 views

Can そばかす be used to describe a pattern on dog face?

Are these 斑{ぶち} or そばかす? Are freckles (そばかす) in Japanese limited to human? Would it be a mistake to describe a pattern on dog's face as そばかす?
7
votes
2answers
344 views

“なし” used for both animate and inanimate things?

I was so surprised to read: 孝行をしたい時分に親はなし。 (paraphrase) When one finally wants to truly fulfill the obligation to his/her parents, they often have already passed away. (note): I would have ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

Can I use といいですね in this situation? “I hope you haven't fallen ill again”

退院して以来、健康問題がなかったといいですね。 I hope you haven't had any problems since you got out of hospital.
4
votes
2answers
113 views

Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
6
votes
1answer
97 views

Is there any practical difference between しばらく and しばらくの間?

While answering How does しばらく work with ていない? I started to wonder if 暫く{しばらく} and 暫く{しばらく}の間{あいだ} were fully interchangeable? Or are there any examples where you would use one and not the other?
4
votes
1answer
83 views

実践 and 実戦 in exercises

I've seen both 実践 and 実戦 used in the context of practice questions, both pronounced じっせん, of course. 実践問題 seems to be the more common of the two, meaning a practice exercise, but I've recently come ...
-2
votes
1answer
144 views

No versus not in Japanese [closed]

Is there a difference between no versus not in japanese, or is it just always いいえ?
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Difference between 事業, 企業, and 会社?

They all translate to the same thing: business, enterprise, etc. Most sentences I've found online seem to use them interchangeably (at least, as far as I can tell), and they are all very common words. ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
7
votes
3answers
153 views

What is the difference between 殺{さつ}人{じん} and 殺{さつ}害{がい}?

What is the difference between 殺人 and 殺害? As I know, both of them mean "killing". I found the words in these sentences: 秋田運転手刺殺事件、男を逮捕 強盗殺人容疑で。 金品を奪い取る目的で殺害した疑い。
-4
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the difference between いい and きれいな?

Both of them mean "nice". So, what exactly is the difference between them?
3
votes
0answers
39 views

電話する and 電話をかける [duplicate]

From what I have seen, they are both used to say " to call someone" by phone, but I was wondering if there was a difference between the two. Is one more formal? Is there a nuance in meaning? Are ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

“人物” vs. “性格” vs. “人柄”?

With regard to talking about one's "personality", such as one being out-going, stoic, cold, not trustworthy, etc. I've always said "人柄{ひとがら}". And, the natives seem to basically understand what I ...
7
votes
2answers
192 views

自分 and 自身, what's the difference

I am having some trouble telling the difference between the two. Don't they both mean "myself"? And so does 私自身, right? I don't get the difference, when you would you use any of them and how to ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Using 旨 where こと could be used a well

Often in a business setting I hear Japanese speakers using この旨 where この事 seemingly fits as well. Like 「この旨をご連絡させて頂きます」 or 「〇〇の旨かしこまりました」 Is it just a matter of corporate speak or is there a ...
-2
votes
1answer
157 views

Nuance of 君のこと in 君のこと知りたい [closed]

this is kind of an embarrassing thing for me to post here, but hopefully I'll come to find out it's not an issue at all! So recently I've become close with a Japanese friend because we've gotten along ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

The difference between 面会 and 対面

I heard Japanese speaker correcting himself from 面会 to 対面. Edit: The actual phrase was 「二人が 面会 対面をした時に・・・」 He was referring to a meeting of two people one-on-one in a casual setting, but still ...
7
votes
1answer
104 views

Difference between 俺物語 and 俺の物語

There is an anime/manga called 俺物語!! which is translated as "My Story!!" or "My Love Story!!" depending on which site you visit. The way I have learned it, it should be "俺の物語" to be "my story" ...
4
votes
2answers
81 views

Can I use 罪を着せる to describe actions before a crime was committed?

There is a phrase 罪を着せる translated (J-to-E) as "charge someone with a crime", "pin a crime to someone", "assign guilt to someone". So a crime has been committed and one takes actions to attribute ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

How do you place ga and wa in sentence? [duplicate]

I do not know how to place ga and wa in a sentence. How do you do it is it just like the english words or is it something that has to do with topics a subjects?
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Should I use honorifics to say (言う 'iu') for subordinate clauses?

When I use という to-iu, for example: これと同{おな}じ「草{くさ}」というものがここに生{は}えますか? Kore to onaji “kusa” to-iu mono ga kokoni haemasu ka? Does something like this so-called “grass” grow around here? ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

What's the difference between 段階 and 階段?

I've seen both of these words used on television programs, but as far as I can tell they both mean "level"/"steps". Is the word order interchangeable here or do they mean different things? A search ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

を vs で in these sentences

Can't understand Kanji, so please use furigana in answers :) Context: I'm using Rosetta stone, so there's just pictures. The picture accompanying the first sentence is a girl sleeping on a beach, ...
2
votes
2answers
428 views

What is the correct 'to wear' verb for body weights?

In attempting to write about wearing ankle weights for the day, I found myself at a loss for which verb was appropriate. 巻く seems like it could be appropriate since they wrap around the ankle - in ...
4
votes
2answers
317 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
5
votes
2answers
423 views

Asking a question with “da” and “datta”

We use "desu" and "deshita" to make the polite form and "ka" to make it a question, for example: Tokyo ga suki desu ka? (Do you like Tokyo?) Tokyo ga suki deshita ka? (Did you like Tokyo?) How can ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Do both “どっかの男” and “ある男” equally effect an indefinite article kind of meaning?

There is no context for these sentences: (1) ある男と自己紹介するために、夜明けに家を出かけた。 (2) どっかの男と自己紹介するために、夜明けに家を出かけた。 both best translate to: I left my house at daybreak to introduce myself to a man. ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

The Kanji for ありがとうございます

有難う御座います is one Kanji spelling. However, I thought, 'is ございます here an auxilliary verb, and thus are the Kanji incorrect?' Should the proper spelling be 有難うございます?
4
votes
2answers
226 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Difference between “地主” and “家主”, and their relationship with 不動産屋?

I just learned a new word, "地主{じぬし}, whose definition in my web dictionary, and paper dictionary, is landlord, land owner. "家主{やぬし}" is surely the word that native English speakers would use for ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

Difference between 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない}

I know 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない} both as 'few', but what's the difference?
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What's the difference between 消える and 消え失せる?

In what situations would you use 消え失せる instead of 消える, and 消える instead of 消え失せる?
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Are ”見やる“ and ”見すえる" near perfect antonyms?

My understanding is that "見やる" means "to cast a casual glance at." So, I'd think that these sentences are synonymous?: 空を見やった。 空を無頓着に見た。 "見すえる" is "to intensely stare at something". Thus, ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How to translate まさか with this context- disbelief or surprise?

For some background: MC asked his girlfriend questions about wedding arrangements without specifying who the wedding is for (he's arranging his cousin's). Later, MC realises his girlfriend thought the ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

What kind of ~~~ is it?

In English, there's an expression, 'What kind of ~~~ is/am/are he/she/it/they/you/I?' used as a rhetorical question meaning the thing in question is not a very good example of a ~~~. I'd like to know ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

ございます - Humble or neutral?

I was under the impression that ございます was a humble form of ある. My belief was supported by websites such as this and this. However, in the comments to this question's answer, user4092 says it isn't a ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

時代 and 時 difference

Is there any difference between, say, 子供の時 and 子どもの時代?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

こいつ そいつ あいつ vs こやつ そやつ あやつ

I know they're all connected to 奴, but what's the difference? Are the forms in ~やつ more old-fashioned?
4
votes
2answers
111 views

The word いや - gender?

I've been told that いや (in its use similar to いいえ) is a mainly masculine word, but I've heard many female speakers use it, both as a filler and a content word expressing disagreement. Is it that young ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the difference between に限って and だけ?

Both に限って and だけ seem to be used with the meaning of "only". For instance, both phrases seem to have the same meaning: このスーパーは土曜日だけ配達する。 このスーパーは土曜日に限って配達する。 Is there any difference ...
0
votes
2answers
161 views

How do I know if kanjis side by side like the one in this sentence is a name 美鶴木夜石は怖がらない?

美鶴木{みつるぎ}夜石{よいし}は怖がらない Is the notion that Kanjis one after another typically indicate that it is a name? How does one read it if the furigana was not given when there are multiple pronunciation of ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

What is the semantic difference between 積む{つむ} and 載せる{のせる} when loading stuff

My flashcard deck has 2 very similar cards: 積む{つむ} meaning: to load, pile up jisho.org: to pile up; to stack 載せる{のせる} meaning: to place on, load onto, draufstellen jisho.org: to place on ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Is there a difference between 費用 and 支出?

Both of these words appeared on my N3 flashcards, and they both can translate to cost or expense according to dictionaries. Example sentences had a tendency to translate 費用 as "cost" and 支出 as ...