使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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-2
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2answers
114 views

中{なか} vs 中{ちゅう}

When to read a character as 中{なか}, and when to read it as 中{ちゅう}?
6
votes
2answers
183 views

Difference between 簡単{かんたん} and 易しい{やさしい}

I only know that both mean "easy". But when would I use 簡単{かんたん} or 易しい{やさしい} respectively?
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Differences between する, 及ぼす, 与える with 影響?

All three of these seem to translate to influence/affect. Are there any differences in meaning? Or are they interchangeable? I can't figure anything out by looking at example sentences (although I ...
5
votes
2answers
417 views

How to make comparisons using “like” in japanese?

So take the following (contrived) example in english. A: What does 'plane' mean? B: Which 'plane'? 'Plane' like 'the thing in the sky'? 'Plain' like 'hills on the ground'? Or 'plane' like 'a ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

I'm trying to modify “cogito ergo sum” into “I write, therefore I am” - am I doing it right?

I apologize if I'm not making much sense, very much in the beginning of my studies. I'd like to modify the phrase "cogito ergo sum" into one that means 'I write, therefore I am'. What I came up with ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

difference between 実際 and 実態

What's the difference between 実際 and 実態? apparently these are two different words, but looking at the entry for 実態 and 実際 i can't understand the difference. 実態: 実際の状態, 本当のありさま isn't it the same ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Difference between 怪しい and 疑わしい

What's the difference between "怪しい" and "疑わしい"? The two entries in weblio are similar (怪しい versus 疑わしい). Apparently, they're similar enough that dictionary.goo.ne.jp has a guide for distinguishing ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Meaning of 「半日相撲をとりつづけに取ったら…」

夏目漱石の「坊っちゃん」から 大工の兼公【かねこう】と肴屋【さかなや】の角【かく】をつれて、茂作【もさく】の人参畠【にんじんばたけ】をあらした事がある。人参の芽が出揃【でそろ】わぬ処【ところ】へ藁【わら】が一面に敷【し】いてあったから、その上で三人が半日[相撲]【すもう】をとりつづけに取ったら、人参がみんな踏【ふ】みつぶされてしまった。 Regarding the phrase in ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Difference between「広げる」、「拡げる」

These have the same reading as ひろげる, but a different kanji. Is there any variation in connotation between these, or is it just variant spelling? Is 広げる then, as I believe it is, the more commonly used ...
7
votes
1answer
81 views

How to tell whether a building is マンション or アパート

Given a building, how to classify it as マンション or アパート? Non-subjective set of criteria preferred. In particular, if there is any legal definition of these terms that would be the best. I used to ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Difference between “腹{はら}” and “お腹{なか}” is not 敬語{けいご}?

So, the difference between 兄{あに} and お兄{にい}さん is merely the level of formality. Based only on the rules of 敬語{けいご} you say 兄 or お兄さん. note that the reading of 兄 changes by adding お . I am almost ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Meaning of 顔をする?

Does 顔をする mean to make a face or to have a particular type of face? When I looked at the Japanese dictionary definition for する, it was quite confusing since one had ある状態・性質であることを示す compared to ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

In daily conversation, frogs are called かえる not かわず, right?

I'm pretty sure that, in daily conversation, "frogs" are called かえる, right? Can someone please confirm this? I know that "frogs" are also called かわず in this 諺{ことわざ} 井の中の蛙{かわず} But, by ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Please clarify how to choose 屋根{やね} vs. 屋上{おくじょう}

I am pretty confident in saying that 屋上 is a tangible location. Like: "アパートの 屋上 に庭があります。" "夏では、デパートの 屋上 にビアガーデンがあります。" I've always thought of 屋根 as "ceiling" (but I've never really used it in ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

What is the difference between Hatsu and Saisho?

Can hatsu be used with activities, like hatsu-no poem?
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Told About Something

I want to say that my waiter told me about Japanese restaurants or taught me info about them. I was thinking that I might just try フュージョンは 日本の食堂を 教えました。 But that would mean the waiter taught Japanese ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

What is the formal way to say “しょっちゅう”?

" 時々" means "sometimes" and "しょっちゅう" means "frequently", right? And, the meaning is well short of "いつも". Now, I can't imagine "しょっちゅう" is used in writing or formal speaking, right? So, what is the ...
5
votes
2answers
101 views

「万が一の場合」vs「念のために」?

How should I decide to choose either「万が一の場合」vs「念のために」? 「万が一」 , by itself, cannot directly substituted for 「念のために」, right? But, adding 「の場合」 makes 「万が一の場合」and「念のために」 pretty much the same?
4
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the name for the mixed ingredients in a bowl?

I am writing a recipe in Japanese. The excerpt is given as follows. まず、丼に卵と塩とこしょうと薄切りの玉ねぎを入れて、混ぜる。 フライパンに油を入れて、火をつけて、1っ分ぐらい持つ。 フライパンに「the contents of the bowl」を入れて、5分ぐらい炒める。 The ...
2
votes
3answers
195 views

How to say 'in 10 minutes' as in like 'the bus comes in 10 minutes'?

would バスがじゅっぷんにきます。 make sense?
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Difference between (「~~~」と話した) and (「~~~」と語った)?

In newspaper articles, quotes seem to be always followed by (「~~~」と 話した ) and (「~~~」と 語った ). examples : 大村明日香さんは「緊張しましたが、練習より楽しかった。大きな声を出すように心がけました」と 話した 。 (full context) 担当者は「ますます女性にとって快適な機内にしたい」と ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Referring to the English language

I found myself thinking about how to refer to the English language in Japanese. I realise of course that English originated here in England, and then by colonisation was brought into America, but ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Difference between 誠, 実, and 本当

All of them means "truth; reality". 誠 is read as "まこと", and 実 as "じつ", however 実 can also be read as "まこと". 本当 seems to have an inclination to a thing or fact, rather than a concept, but it also means ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Difference between もう いい です and もう けっこう です

I'm going back over my notes from Japanese For Busy People. I no longer have the books but I wrote out many of the examples. What I have not always done is write down my teacher's explanations. ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

~んだね as command

Can you use it that way? 逃げるんだ and 逃げるんだよ are both acceptable commands (if rather forceful), but could you say 逃げるんだね for a softer but still very forceful command (or 逃げるんだな)?
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Differences between 'must'

Is there any significant difference between ~ないと、~なきゃ、なくちゃ when they mean 'must'?
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Are there any differences between 仕事 and 作業

I have ran across these two words being used in some articles and blog sites. It seems they both translates to "work" but when and why would you use one over the other? Thanks.
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Regarding the word あたくし [duplicate]

It seems too formal for casual use, but too casual for formal use. In what sort of situation would anyone use あたくし?
3
votes
1answer
113 views

What is the difference between 良い and いい?

Consider the following: 良い yoi — 良く yoku いい ii — よく yoku When typing いい, IME offers 良い in the lookup table. It makes me wonder whether いい is just an alias of 良い but it is pronounced ...
5
votes
2answers
162 views

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する?

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する ? How can I know which one to use? According to my dictionary they all mean "to trust". Are they interchangeable? For example, I trust you.
5
votes
1answer
178 views

Add English nuances to Japanese “いいえ”

Here are some natural ways to say "no" in English (please forgive the language): No God no Hell no F*** no How to include the English nuances in Japanese? Best attempts: No - いいえ or ううん God ...
5
votes
2answers
305 views

Is there a word that describes greenish-blue colours (of any shade)?

I'm looking for the most natural-sounding way to express the general concept of blue-green colours (such as cyan or teal) in Japanese. By "general concept", I mean all colours that are neither ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

How do you indicate sections in a report if there are more than 5? (まず、つぎに、さらに、そして、最後に)

If you need to indicate more sections in a report than five (beginning each section with 「まず」、「つぎに」、「さらに」、「そして」、「最後に」 respectively), what word(s) should you use to indicate the start of the additional ...
6
votes
2answers
175 views

Can 「奴」 be used to refer to a female?

Is the word 「奴」/「やつ」 (yatsu) ever used to refer to another female, or to refer to oneself if one is female? Or is it only used to refer to a male? Answers to this question touched on the word 「奴」, ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

What is the difference between ~ru and ~masu?

What is the difference between ~ru and ~masu? For example: taberu and tabemasu. Don't they mean the same thing? Are there certain instances when one is acceptable and the other isn't?
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Difference between 発展、発達、and 開発

What is the difference between 発展、発達、and 開発? According to my textbook, they all mean development. I know that they cannot be used interchangeably, but I don't know when to use each of them. I know ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

matcha versus maccha [closed]

Which is grammatically correct? matcha or maccha? In my opinion, according to its hiragana representation, it should be written as maccha rather than matcha. Is there any rule about romaji writing ...
0
votes
2answers
189 views

Why 'okane o haraimasu'?

In sentences such as: Jana will pay for the drinks. or Will the kids have to pay?. Why is it okane o haraimasu instead of ... o haraimasu? [Correct] Examples: Jana san wa nomimono no okane o ...
2
votes
3answers
360 views

What is the phrase used as a label on the food container to convey “No sugar added”?

I am looking for a pure fruit juice without sugar added for daily consumption in Japan. The box only says 100% bla bla bla but I am not sure whether or not there is sugar added. So my question is: ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

Can たい and たがる be used for a 1st/2nd/3rd person's desire?

もし生まれ変わっても見たい映画は あなたにありますか? When I saw the the above sentence, I started to wonder. Is it an over simplification to say that たい can only be used for your own desires? However the sentence above ...
2
votes
3answers
131 views

Difference between 帰って来る and 帰る

Consider the following two sentences: うちへ帰って来ます。 うちへ帰ります。 What's the difference between these two sentences? How does the bolded part affect the meaning?
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Do 〜によれば and 〜によると differ regarding the speaker's opinion of the following statement being true?

From a newspaper: 16日の発表によると、ドイツ経済の今年の成長率は2.1%、来年が1.8%の見込み。 I think that means: According to the report of April 16th, it is expected that the growth of the German economy will be 2.1% ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Difference between 〜てみたい and 〜たい

I just learnt about 〜てみる and the book introduced 〜てみたい in an exercise. I can see the difference between, say, 食べたい and 食べてみたい, but with 行きたい and 行ってみたい its not so clear. Would I be right to assume ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Difference between 光る, 輝く, and 光り輝く?

What is the difference between 光る{ひかる}, 輝く{かがやく}, and 光り{ひかり}輝く{かがやく}? According to my dictionary, they all mean "to shine" or "to be bright", but I'm sure they aren't always interchangeable. Looking ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Differences between “何度も or 何度でも” and 何回も?

Things like 何度も and 何回も are somehow common. In what cases would there be differences between the two? Are they the same differences between the plain 回 and 度? Thanks.
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What's the difference between 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う

These two words, 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う, seem to be very similar in meaning, but i'm not sure of the difference. Can someone please explain? Here are some examples: 彼【かれ】は時々【ときどき】希望【きぼう】を失う【うしな】。 ...
3
votes
2answers
193 views

Understanding the subtleties behind [noun]する vs [noun]だ

I still notice this when I see [verbal noun]する instead of [verbal noun]だ. While I understand the meaning of both, I'm missing the qualities that often make する or がある seem to be a more natural choice ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

When is using “陳{の}べる” and “知{し}らせる” in place of “教{おし}える” ok?

Is it ok to substitute "知らせる" for "教える"? I do it all the time and it seems to work-out. But, maybe "知らせる" does not even mean "教える" at all? I've never asked. If the meaning is close, then when might it ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

Giving and receiving with two 3rd persons

There are (at least) two words which mean "to give": あげる and くれる. The former is used when you give to someone else, and the latter is used when someone else gives to you. But which do you use if you ...