使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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6
votes
5answers
233 views

「電車が空く【すく】」 と「 電車が空く【あく】」

「電車が空く【すく】」と「電車が空く【あく】」はどう違いますか? 説明が難しい場合は、例文を教えていただけませんか。
2
votes
1answer
55 views

What is the difference between ている and ています?

For example, what is the difference between the following two sentences? 私はメアリーとトムに会った事実を知っている。 私はメアリーとトムに会った事実を知っています。
3
votes
2answers
129 views

What is the difference between 失恋する and 振る?

Both 失恋する and 振る mean to be rejected. But then are they exactly the same thing? What are the nuances between those two words? Thank you in advance.
5
votes
2answers
128 views

What exactly are the differences between 大体, だいぶ and 大部分

Okay, those three make me very confused. To my understanding だいぶ is used when it´s more than what you expected. 大体 should be more or less, but then where comes 大部分? And is 大体 a lesser percentage than ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Difference between 増やす and 増加する?

I know there's a past topic with this question already, but honestly I couldn't understand the explanation very well. Thank you very much for the input and time.
4
votes
2answers
166 views

Is it correct to say 私は二人のお兄さんがいる?

私は[二人]{ふたり}のおにいさんがいる。 私は二人のおにいさんがいます。 I am trying to say "I have two elder brothers." Someone told me that I should say "私には二人兄がいます/いる。" I have some doubts: 1. Why is it 私に but not ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

Company officer

I saw in an app the word in Japanese is kaishain, but when I looked up in dictionary, it said shain. What is the difference?
8
votes
1answer
111 views

Using 〜になる instead of です?

I've been trying to figure out why a native speaker told me to use 〜になる instead of です here. My original sentence: 日本語のテレビ番組を見るのは良い練習です。 Corrected sentence: 日本語のテレビ番組を見るのは良い練習になります。 I've asked them ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How offensive is ぷっくりする?

I've read the definition of ぷっくりする in a dictionary, and it can basically describe someone who is chubby. As I have rarely seen this expression used, I'd like to know how (in)appropiate it is. Is ぷっくり ...
6
votes
1answer
84 views

Difference between 柄 and 模様

I've tried to find the differences between 柄 and 模様 everywhere but to no avail. What are the differences between 柄 and 模様?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

「全く知りません」と「全然知りません」違うこと [duplicate]

「全く知りません」と「全然知りません」違うことがありますか。 よろしくお願いします。
6
votes
2answers
178 views

「残業代」と「残業費」の違いを教えてください。

皆さん、お聞きしたいことがあります。 残業代と残業費のどちらが正しい言い方ですか。そのほかの言い方はありますか。 教えていただけますか。
5
votes
2answers
157 views

How to use ~でも and ~も?

I have looked up 誰 in the dictionary, and found that both 誰も 誰でも can mean everyone and everybody. If there is a difference between them, what is the correct way to use each of them? It is not ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Different word about Back and spine

I've seen many different words refering to back, spine like せ and せなか. So what is the right word and in which case?
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Is there a difference between ご飯 and 御飯?

I know they both mean rice but is there a difference between the two? Perhaps one is more specific or am I typing them wrong? Also, can ごはん be used to write rice or is one of the other versions more ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Difference between ざまに and ながら

お姉ちゃんが振り向きざまにきっぱりと言い切った Big sister turned around and ?? clearly asserted... From the answer on this question about ざまに, I understand ざまに to mean "while". But in what way does it differ from ...
4
votes
2answers
128 views

敬語 with and without ~になる

When asking someone politely to, for example, look at something, you can say both ご覧になっていただけますか following the standard 敬語, but you can also say ご覧いただけますか. Is there any particular difference between ...
4
votes
3answers
190 views

Difference between onyomi words and kunyomi words

I think the more I read up on complicated topics the more I encounter onyomi words that have kunyomi synonyms. For example: 新しいvs新規 最新 終わりvs終了 危ないvs危険 Is the rule generally that onyomi words are ...
6
votes
1answer
79 views

Why does native speakers rather say 言う通り not 言った通り?

I was watching a drama (無痛 ep.3) when a short sentence baffled me. The main actor's wife was taking her last breaths, thanking her husband, who himself a doctor, told her, that it would be best to die ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

Does 私の名前はXYZです sound natural?

Consider the following sentence: [私]{わたし}の[名前]{なまえ}はライノーです。 watashi-no namae-wa rhino desu. Would a native speaker use this form, as opposed to ”[私]{わたし}はライノーです” or ”[名前]{なまえ}ライノーです”? An ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Is there something wrong with this sentence? 暑いから水を飲みました。

I was watching this video explaining から. In it (at :08 and again at 2:29), the instructor shows a scene where he is drinking water, and says ”暑いから水を飲みました。”, then a buzzer noise and a big red X shows ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the Japanese phrase to convey the meaning of “to declare attendance”?

We as employees of a relatively big company are often prompted to log on to and log out from by wiping our fingers on a bio-metric scanner, for example, to declare our attendance. Shortly speaking, ...
4
votes
2answers
239 views

Is there a difference between 'futari' and 'futari-domo'?

What is the difference between 'futari' and 'futari-domo'? Also, is 二人共 the correct way to write 'futari-domo'?
6
votes
1answer
106 views

A question about 直る and 修理

I am trying to say something like: Could you tell me where I could get my glasses repaired ? My first try was to use 直れる (potential form of 直る) to say something like 直れるところ place where ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Plural reflexives: among themselves

Suppose there are two groups/teams A and B within the same conversational space, and I'm in group A. How would I say: "they (group B) discussed among themselves" (as opposed to discussing with ...
6
votes
2answers
76 views

「〜といいます」 vs 「〜というものです」 when introducing oneself

When introducing one's name, I have seen both of the following constructs used. 〜といいます。 〜というものです。 Is there a difference between them? I get the hunch that the latter is perhaps more formal ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

願いは叶う or 願いが叶います?

Reading a raw manga and 願いは叶う was the chapter name which I think is "Wishes Come True" however after checking online "Wishes Come True" is apparently 願いが叶います, there is 2 differences, one being は and が ...
5
votes
3answers
110 views

Difference between ときがある and ことがある

Someone just asked me the difference between 「ことがある」(when it means "there are times when") and 「ときがある」, and I actually couldn't answer since I have never really thought about this... Could someone ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

How can I frame this ダジャレ to sound funny?

As Jerry Seinfeld says: "Jokes that require an explanation are never funny." So, I want to do a wordplay on the pronunciation of 紐 = 日も. I've delivered it as such: typical set-up: ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

~としたら What is the purpose in this context?

たとえばさえりさんの頭が10ヶ月ずっと痛かったとしたら、それが通常になると思いますか? From this article: http://liginc.co.jp/241030 Why does he opt to use ずっと痛かったとしたら rather than simply ずっと痛かったら What is the nuance being communicated in ...
9
votes
4answers
240 views

What's the difference between 勇ましい, 勇気, and 勇敢?

In English-Japanese dictionaries, they are all defined along the lines of "brave" or "courageous". Japanese dictionaries describe all of them more or less as "not fearing danger", using a phrase ...
-1
votes
2answers
83 views

Is 日 “hi” or “ni”? [duplicate]

日 is at the start of "Nihon" (Japan) making me think it means "Ni" but 日 means Day which is written in romaji as "hi" and pronounced "hi". If 日 has multiple meanings how am I supposed to read it?
2
votes
2answers
835 views

What is the difference between Oyasumi and Oyasuminasai?

Why are these 2 words different? Google Translate says they mean the same thing. When would each be used?
1
vote
2answers
139 views

How do I say “cat”? And do I use kanji, hiragana, katakana or rōmaji?

猫, ねこ, ネコ, neko Which of these means "cat"? Is it all of them? Which situation do I use each of these in?
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Difference between てぶくろ and グローブ

According to jisho.org, グローブ seems to have a "sports" nuance to it, wherease 手袋{てぶくろ} seems to be more general. Is this accurate?
7
votes
1answer
105 views

What is the nuance of お人好し vs いい人?

I'm reading the manga 僕だけがいない街 where the following is thought about a character who is kind towards the protagonist: 相変わらず{あいかわらず}お人好し{おひとよし}。。。いやいい人{ひと}だ。 The implication is that the guy is a ...
7
votes
2answers
190 views

Most appropriate word for 'antonym' – 対義語 or 反対語?

I just created an antonyms tag on our site. We usually make tag names in English, and then put the Japanese equivalent in the tag description, but I'm not sure which Japanese word to use. Wikipedia ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Difference between “現住所” and “連絡先” on Japanese resume?

"現住所" and "連絡先" are 2 fields on a Japanese resume. If both are the same address, do you: delete the "現住所" and just list the "連絡先"? delete the "連絡先" field and just list your "現住所"? Or, are there ...
7
votes
3answers
240 views

What's the difference among [停]{と}める、[止]{と}める、and [留]{と}める?

How are they different in meaning and usage? I also would like to see samples of how each can be used in a sentence.
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Understanding this sentence: あなたのこれと僕のこれをぱくってください。

あなたのこれと僕のこれをぱくってください。 This was included as an example sentence in this my [北海道弁辞典]{ほっかいどうべんじてん}. To help clear up any confusion, the term in question, ぱくる, is equivalent to [交換]{こうかん}する, according to ...
8
votes
3answers
292 views

Why 次第 instead of によって in this very example?

I was randomly browsing this page and came across this sentence: 砂糖{さとう}は作{つく}るものしだいで使用{しよう}します。 This recipe happens to have a French equivalent En fonction des recettes, on utilise du ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

いる or ある for things attached to living beings

I have been searching the Internet for an answer to this question for while now, but to no avail. If I walk into a room and there's a person there among my friends that I don't know, in English could ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How would you express “sphere” or “world” in the Japanese language?

How would you express the concept of "sphere" or "world" in Japanese? For example, "Anglosphere" or "Indian speaking world". Is there a repeating pattern or suffix for this purpose, or are there just ...
8
votes
2answers
191 views

嬉しい vs 幸せ. Which one to use in this case?

Both mean happy. 嬉しい is an i-adjective, and 幸せ is a na-adjective. If I want to say, "The happy boy studied at the library", which one should I use? The boy in the sentence is feeling happy at the ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

How to talk about style

"日本で流行はおもしろいですね。流行は日本の方がアメリカよりだいじとおもいます。たくさんの種類です。好きな服装はなんですか?" In this case am I using "服装" correctly? I'm trying to express that I think that fashion is more important in Japan and asking what the ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Are かた and 人 interchangeable in this sentence?

I played a game app, and I found this sentence on the TOS agreement screen. ないようがわからないかたは、おうちの人にがめんをみせてください English: If you don't understand, show this screen to your parents. The sentence is ...
5
votes
2answers
160 views

How to say IS / ISIS / ISIL / Daesh?

A group that is at war in Syria can be called IS, ISIS, ISIL, or Daesh in English. In Japanese daily conversation, what is the best name that can be used for that group?
4
votes
2answers
150 views

When talking about English 文型, how to say “a sentence”? 文章?

I want to talk about English grammar in technical terms. Example, I might want to discuss 文型: Every English sentence must have a main verb. I would say: ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

What is the difference between 「進行」 and 「進歩」?

What is the difference between 「進行」and「進歩」? In what situations are they used ?
5
votes
1answer
370 views

How to say “Please correct my sentences”?

Is it: 文章を治てください? There are many words for "correct' including 改める, 正す, 訂する, but it's not clear when to use those words or which is "correct" in this context. Off topic, does anyone know a similar ...