動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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3
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2answers
337 views

Hello, there is a certain phrase that I've been trying to translate but because of a few expressions I am stuck (this is a multi-part question)

Here is the phrase: メーラーの設定によってクリックのみでは正しく開けない場合があります The expressions that have me stuck are: みで - I'm not sure what this expression could be... is it some kind of modifier possibly or is it ...
4
votes
2answers
123 views

Adjective + 出す?

Recently I watched this and the translator gives me something I didn't know. I know that a verb + 出す means to start..... 走り出す - To start to run 逃げ出す - To start to escape 登り出す - To start to ...
1
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3answers
109 views

Difference between 折る and 折れる

What's the difference between 折【お】る and 折【お】れる? According to my dictionary, they both mean to break or to fold. When would you use one over the other? These verbs are on the JLPT N4 vocabulary list.
2
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1answer
63 views

What's is the difference between these two forms?

So for what I knew the "potential form" of the verbs are for example: 話せる for 話す, a godan verb. 見られる for 見る, an ichidan verb. But then I find this form for the ichidan verbs that seems to mean the ...
0
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3answers
148 views

How to express love in japanese?

We know that in japanese people usually say '愛している', TO LOVER. CAN i say 愛する? or あなたがすきです?. Besides, is '愛している' is a single verb?
4
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1answer
190 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
12
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3answers
2k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
11
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2answers
1k views

です after some verbs

Super beginner question. I've learned that です means something like the state of being, or close to the be verb. Recently I found the following phrase: 犬がほしいです。 Why does it end with です if I am saying ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Verb combination (なりたくって and き消す etc.)

I have started to learn japanese recently and tried to translate some lyrics. But I pumped quickly on words I was unable to translate even with jisho.org and romaji version of the songtexts. ...
1
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1answer
175 views

aru vs arun — are they exactly the same grammar-wise? [closed]

Is aru exactly the same as arun in terms of grammar and the only difference is that arun is more casual?
1
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1answer
104 views

How to ask “What are the necessary things to bring?” [closed]

I am going on to WWOOF in Hokkaido soon (a programme where you help out at a cafe/pension/farm in exchange for room). Kind of like a working holiday. I am just starting to learn Japanese so the ...
4
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1answer
174 views

「時間」「約束」「用事」の修飾 (Noun modification for these 3 nouns)

日本語 動詞で修{しゅう}飾{しょく}するときには、「た」や「ない」などの形の動詞が使えるでしょう。 ミラーさんが 住んで いた うちに ねこが いました。 でも「みんなの日本語」(第22課)によると、「時間」や「約束」や「用事」の場合はいつも辞書形の動詞で修飾します。 朝ごはんを 食べる 時間 映画を 見る 約束 市役所へ 行く 用事 ...
7
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2answers
154 views

Masu te-form with Kudasai?

Can you use the -masu te form to form requests? Like, can you say "machimashite kudasai"? (O.o sounds weird huh.)
5
votes
1answer
58 views

~かえす and ~なおす as suffixes

Does there need to be some mistake in order to use the ~なおす suffix: 宿題をやりなおしなさい。// ok (but there needs to be at least one mistake) 料理を作りなおした。 // ok (but there needs to be some fault) ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

What's the difference between Ichidan/Godan and Ru/U verbs classification?

I've come across two different ways (at least, apparently for me) to classify verbs. Please note that this question is fundamentally different from Verb classifications by japanese learners. The ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Possible conjugations on certain grammar patterns

On "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", when a grammar pattern works with the informal form of a verb, they only talk about the positive present tense and the positive past tense. (At least until ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Which form is はじめまして?

So I've learned that はじめまして is used in first meetings and that it stems from the verb はじめる (to start; to begin). But what form is it? It's apparently not the polite past form, which has a -た at the ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

〜の vs 〜と before 分かる

Sometimes I see ~の(が/は) used before the verb 分かる, and sometimes と(は). Is there a difference in meaning or grammar between these two? For example, are both below sentences correct and do they have the ...
5
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2answers
146 views

Noun + da kara desu — why are da and desu mixed? why not both “da” or both “desu”?

In this sentence: Neko da kara desu. Because it's a cat. Why are the "da" and "desu" used at the same time? Logically, it should've been: Neko desu kara desu. Or in a casual conversation ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Meaning of 言われ + ても

I was looking up the conjugation of 言う, and the passive form of it is 言われる. In the sentence below, which I did not write, ても gets attached to that verb form after first dropping る. Can someone please ...
3
votes
2answers
208 views

Meaning of “生まれし” [duplicate]

I wanted to ask this question because it is the first time I have honestly been unable to find any information on a given form. I know it involves the verb "to be born," but I've never seen a stem+し ...
3
votes
1answer
325 views

What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
1
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2answers
105 views

Difference between ます and です

As a total beginner I noticed that sometimes simple sentences end with ます and sometimes with です. What is the difference? Thanks
10
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3answers
3k views

What are the general principles of using verbs to modify nouns (e.g. 焦げるトースト/焦げたトースト)?

In all the time I've studied the language, I've never heard or seen anybody even hint at whether the principles from a given language (like using “burnt toast” vs. “burning toast”) carry over, or if ...
5
votes
2answers
298 views

女性の身体は本来美しいもの. Is this sentence grammatical?

I found the sentence: 女性の身体は本来美しいもの。 'The female body is a fundamentally beautiful thing.' in the following passage: 毎食後2錠から3錠、油っこい食事のあとは少し多めに飲むだけと、とっても簡単にダイエットできてしまいます。 'An effective ...
4
votes
3answers
730 views

Usage of ~まんねん (関西弁)

Steven Seagal stars in two TV advertisements for the energy drink アリナミン, as seen here and here. In the first commercial he is shown using martial arts two dispatch his opponents, while in the second ...
4
votes
5answers
433 views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between 触る and 触れる?

These two seem to overlap almost completely. The only thing I can really tell is that 触れる seems that it can also be used in a metaphorical sense ("touch on" something; feel; perceive). I'm ...
1
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0answers
27 views

What is the correct なさる masu form? [duplicate]

Im getting two different conjugations of なさる masu form from different sites some say なさります some say なさいます I know that the conjugation rule for godan verbs ending in る is to convert the る into り and ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

What other forms of the progressive verb can be shortened?

I see a lot of Japanese text shorten the progressive form by removing the い from いる. 戦っている > 戦ってる I am wondering if it is ever acceptable to do so in other forms of the progressive verb such ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

what is “progressive form” in japanese?

I am making a Japanese verb conjugation app and can not seem to find the Japanese equivalent of "Progressive Form" For example 辞書形 = dictionary form 命令形 = imperative form 可能形 = potential form etc. ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Two different polite forms of the conditional conjugation

I've noticed some dictionaries give two different results for the polite form of the conditional form, I'll use the verb 戦う for example. I am familiar with 戦いませば but not with 戦いますれば. Some ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Verb tenses in hypothetical situations

I'm wondering how Japanese tenses work for hypothetical situations that may happen or could have happened. More specifically, are the verb tenses in the below sentences correct? We probably would ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

What is potential form?

I am in my fourth online Japanese class at UMUC Asia and we just started learning about potential form of verbs. I was wondering if there is an easy way to explain what it is? My teacher's explanation ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

“Children ask their mothers which hand to hold their chopsticks in” [duplicate]

If I want to say someone asked (something) can I use 言います, or must I use the proper verb? 子供はお母さんに「左か右、どっちのほうがいいですか?」と尋ねた。 Does the following make sense for reported speech? I'm not sure about ...
3
votes
3answers
180 views

How to say “I found my glasses”

I know it's a simple question but I want to be sure if the answer so I don't get confused. I know to search is 探す but what about "I found (something)"? Because 探した doesn't seem correct and seems like ...
11
votes
3answers
307 views

Five different verbs meaning “to close” with the same kanji (閉)

When using Google Translate for the verb "to close", among the many suggestions, there are five different verbs all with the same Kanji: 閉じる (tojiru) 閉ざす (tozasu) 閉める (shimeru) 閉まる (shimaru) 閉てる (...
26
votes
4answers
25k views

What exactly is “なの” (nano)?

I asked a female Japanese friend to translate a sentence for me and it ends in "nano" which I took to be either an alternative question particle to -ne or -ka; or possibly two particles I don't know ...
8
votes
1answer
109 views

What does the word 「すねぐれて」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 世をすねぐれて 十五年 孤児院ぐらしは身につかず Is it a combination of 2 verbs between 「すねる」and 「ぐれる」? I understand that 2 verbs can be combined with て-form of the first one. ...
4
votes
2answers
901 views

What does 「風が強く吹いている。」 mean?

According to the dictionary, 吹く is a transitive verb (e.g., a verb that needs an object). However, the following sentence does not have an object. So what should I translate it? 風が強く吹いている。
10
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1answer
424 views

can we omit verbs when speaking casually?

I've heard that we can usually omit nouns and stuff like that, but can we actually omit verbs or must they still be there? Example sentence: アイツ帰るなり、すぐに部屋にな~ Edit Can we omit verbs in the main ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
3
votes
2answers
133 views

What is the difference between 失恋する and 振る?

Both 失恋する and 振る mean to be rejected. But then are they exactly the same thing? What are the nuances between those two words? Thank you in advance.
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Difference between 増やす and 増加する?

I know there's a past topic with this question already, but honestly I couldn't understand the explanation very well. Thank you very much for the input and time.
2
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0answers
57 views

What are the ways for more than one verb to be presented in a sentence?

As far as I know: listing of verbs in te-form relative clause and complementary clause compound verb I'm sure there are many other ways.
14
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2answers
5k views

How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

のために + ~てあげる/くれる

I'm not sure, but I think there is an error in Genki's Grammar point of Lesson 16: In the first grammar point they explain ~てあげる/くれる and say that if a verb doesn't have a "beneficiaries part" like 〇〇...
11
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3answers
412 views

The difference between 超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる

超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる are said to mean "to pass through" in the "edict" dictionary, but I don't fully understand the difference between the three. How does their usage differ please? Can anyone ...
-2
votes
2answers
105 views

Why doesn't 教 end in“-う”? [closed]

Wiktionary says that 教, read as きょお means "to teach". However, I have read that in dictionaries, al forms end in "-う" and not in "-お". Why is 教 different? EDIT: Yes, it says that in English ...