動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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Te-form beginner question [duplicate]

いもうとは東京に行っています。 How can I discover the meaning of this sentence? I'm studying the te-form and I'm a little bit confused. The correct translation will be: My little sister is in Tokyo (she´s ...
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55 views

Possible idiom or grammar structure I don't understand

Taking the sentence below: 食糧として狩る者たちが存在する… The first part (食料として), I take to mean "as a food source". The second part (狩る者たち), I take to mean "hunters". Tying that together with the が, it ...
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157 views

verb versus noun + する

In the book I'm reading I keep seeing constructs where I would expect a verb but get the noun form + する. Here's an example: 鬼は、大笑いして、「小さな小僧、お前から食べてやろう。」と言いました。 The ogre laughed loudly and said ...
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167 views

Questions about 〜にあたって, 驚かされた, and 関係者何人か

当時の関係者何人かにあたって記憶を確かめてみたが、人の記憶の欠落部分というのは、捏造で補われる仕組みになっているらしく、共通の体験が、しばしば、お互いに矛盾する記憶になっていることに驚かされた。 What does “にあたって” mean there? “驚かされた” is referring to what/whom exactly? Does “関係者何人か” mean ...
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294 views

遊びます vs 遊べます - 'be' meaning “you can”?

I'm going through a Nintendo DS instruction manual and trying to do a bit of translation. I'd like to ask about the difference between 遊びます and 遊べます。 本ゲームは、 ボタン操作とタッチスクリーン操作の どちらでも遊べます。 I'm sure ...
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140 views

Why does ようになる become ようになりました (past tense)?

So I know that using dictionary form verb ようになりました means I started to do this thing that I didn't do before. But what would happen if I put it in present tense with ようになります would that be wrong? Would ...
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86 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you ...
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125 views

combining several participle of verb + miru

I am practicing expressing "to try to do something", using the participle of verbs plus 見る. If I understand correctly, a sentence like このビールを飲んでみました。 means something like "I tried to drink this ...
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134 views

When does one use 〜もらいました versus 〜くれました? [duplicate]

I know that when giving something, you can say 父に傘を貸してあげました - there's only one word for when giving. But when receiving something, it's either 〜もらいました or 〜くれました. It's my understanding that, when the ...
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88 views

Differentiating honorific passive and potential conjugations of 出る

Given the following sentence structure, I am wondering how one differentiates the usage of 出る in the following. 明日のパーティーに出られますか? The usage of the partial に and the られる suggests a honorific ...
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228 views

Can you construct a future-continuous verb tense?

I wanted to say "I'll be logged into Skype every night." So, I said 「毎夜、Skypeと つながっている つもりです。」 But now I am thinking maybe the verb tense should have been 「毎夜、Skypeと つながる つもりです。」 My sense is that「 ...
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313 views

Is 死ぬ the only verb ending in -ぬ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Plain verbs that end with ぬ other than 死ぬ 死ぬ{しぬ} is the only verb that I know that is ending in -ぬ. So, are there any other verbs ending in -ぬ?
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357 views

How is this verb being conjugated and contracted?

" こんな馬鹿みたいな帽子かぶせやがって!!” " こんなくそみたいな帽子かぶせやがって!!” " こんなくそみたいな帽子かぶせんじゃねーよ!!” I believe I'm looking at a conjugation and contraction of the verb かぶる. What is the original conjugation and ...
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40 views

Possible conjugations on certain grammar patterns

On "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", when a grammar pattern works with the informal form of a verb, they only talk about the positive present tense and the positive past tense. (At least until ...
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27 views

What is the correct なさる masu form? [duplicate]

Im getting two different conjugations of なさる masu form from different sites some say なさります some say なさいます I know that the conjugation rule for godan verbs ending in る is to convert the る into り and ...
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108 views

Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line is a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses すわり rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
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Why can an intransitive verb 出る take an object? [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: ボタンを押すとジュースが出ます。 6時に家を出て8時に帰ります。 I don't understand why the verb 出る which is an intransitive (as in the first example) can take an object (as in the second ...
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76 views

What is the difference between 判{わか}る and 分{わ}かる? [duplicate]

Until now, I though the only verb for "to know" was 分かる. I saw the verb 判る used for the same meaning today. 判{わか}ってるから言{い}ったんだけどね。 I knew that. That's why I said it. (source) It has the same ...
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108 views

ある、いる、and いるの in this sentence

いま どこ に いるの I found this sentence online while I was trying to better understand the verbs ある and いる and apparently its translates to "Where are you now" I know what most of the sentence is but ...
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71 views

Origin of on-yomi + じる verbs? [duplicate]

I have noticed there are some verbs which consist of the on reading of a kanji followed by じる: 信じる 感じる 通じる It's obviously unusual for a (non-する) verb to use on-yomi like this. My questions: Are ...
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56 views

Question about a word form 仕留める → 仕留めりゃ [duplicate]

I've been trying to improve my Japanese reading skills by reading untranslated manga. I encountered this unfamiliar word form though. (I only have N3 Level Japanese.) 仕留めりゃ I know the root ...
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296 views

Forms and conjugation of Intransitive Verbs

Can Intransitive verbs be used in Meirei form, Volitional form, ください form and other forms? According to my knowledge, Intransitive verbs are just used to state facts. So these forms should not ...
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189 views

What is the most appropriate word for “cry”?

Background: Yes, I have tried typing "cry" into Google Translate. Although, there are so many options, yet no example sentences for each word. In my case, I have been writing a compare & contrast ...
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120 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
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119 views

Two different polite forms of the conditional conjugation

I've noticed some dictionaries give two different results for the polite form of the conditional form, I'll use the verb 戦う for example. I am familiar with 戦いませば but not with 戦いますれば. Some ...
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75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
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216 views

What is the difference between 〜て and 〜の?

Sometimes when I see verbs in a sentence that uses it as a subject or noun rather than an event or verb which explains what happens in a sentence. E.g.: 私は食べるのが好きです。 金曜日、日本へ行っては思う。 In ...
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442 views

Possible ways to express remembrance and recall

How is it possible in Japanese language to express concepts of recall and remembrance? I mean, recall is generally referred to the way we take out something from our memory which is related to ...
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329 views

What is the らせ form of a verb?

I'm trying to understand this: 賞品?おそらく!リナちゃん.....私の後ろの笑い声輝くん​がたくさんで黙らせ The last word, 黙らせ, is confusing. Is this a combination of different forms?
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469 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese [closed]

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
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167 views

Te form standing alone

If て form is used alone what can it mean? from what I've found on my own it can be a request similar to てください as well as a direct command, but are there other ways to use it alone besides to link two ...
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182 views

“Masu” verb form vs “Imperfective” verb form

I'm trying to put together a chart for myself, to learn the rules for verb conjugation. However, I'm confused at the "Imperfective" and "Perfective" verb conjugations - aren't they just informal ...
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189 views

Did ある and いる once have kanji?

I'm surprised I haven't been able to turn up anything, but I'm sure you'll notify me if there's a dupe I missed. Did the verbs ある and いる ever have kanji? I recognise that it won't be in use today.
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87 views

Why this negative form ends in く?

This is the sentence: 彼は英語を勉強したことがなく、アルファベットさえ読めない I would write something like: 彼は英語を勉強したことがないのでアルファベットさえ読めない I understand that you don't necessarily need ので, but why does it terminate the negative ...
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314 views

I don't understand the meaning and “naran” in this sentence 早く日曜日にならんかな

I don't understand the meaning of ならん in this sentence: 早く日曜日にならんかな Does ならん come from ならぶ? Or come from なる? How it's conjugated? What's that ん in ならん...?
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138 views

Understanding かなでたり

I was reading a page (http://kids.goo.ne.jp/shirabemono/detail.html?id=153), but I couldn't understand this phrase: 音楽は、音をきいたりかなでたりして楽しむものだね。 I understand the "tari form" (or whatever it is ...
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239 views

How to express a verb acting upon another verb?

How would I express a verb acting upon another verb? For example, 'I love to dance', or 'I hate to fight!' Would you say: 喧嘩するを憎むよ 喧嘩してを憎むよ 喧嘩するのを憎むよ 喧嘩しを憎むよ Are any of these correct? If not, how ...
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453 views

Do all the meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally?

WWWJDIC does not tally their meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる so i find it hard for a beginner like me to properly learn these 2 words.. Do all these meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally: (is this list correct): ...
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62 views

What is the form of “売らん” in the sentence “ウランは売らん。”? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if "売らん" is acting as a verb in the dajare, "ウランは売らん。". If it is, please explain what conjugation or form of the verb that this is. If it isn't, can you tell me where "売らん" comes from and ...
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69 views

Japanese infinitives? [duplicate]

While reading a dialogue section in my textbook I came across this sentence. じゃあ、 買いにいきましょう。 I know the Sentence means then, let's go buy (it) but I'm confused about the 買い in the sentence ...
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136 views

Meaning of ある in this sentence

王子さまは、王さまに別れの挨拶をして、旅に出ました。夕方、ある町をとおりにかかると、鐘が鳴っています。 What does ある町 mean? I don't see it, is it something like "The town he's in?"
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How is “if one does not differ” translated using the word 異なる and the ば-ending?

異なる is the dictionary form. To express the idea of condition, one has to change the u into an e and add the suffix ba. 異なれば = If one differs. How do you express the idea of a negative condition -> ...
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104 views

Why doesn't 教 end in“-う”? [closed]

Wiktionary says that 教, read as きょお means "to teach". However, I have read that in dictionaries, al forms end in "-う" and not in "-お". Why is 教 different? EDIT: Yes, it says that in English ...