動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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「時間」「約束」「用事」の修飾 (Noun modification for these 3 nouns)

日本語 動詞で修{しゅう}飾{しょく}するときには、「た」や「ない」などの形の動詞が使えるでしょう。 ミラーさんが 住んで いた うちに ねこが いました。 でも「みんなの日本語」(第22課)によると、「時間」や「約束」や「用事」の場合はいつも辞書形の動詞で修飾します。 朝ごはんを 食べる 時間 映画を 見る 約束 市役所へ 行く 用事 ...
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95 views

Verb tenses in hypothetical situations

I'm wondering how Japanese tenses work for hypothetical situations that may happen or could have happened. More specifically, are the verb tenses in the below sentences correct? We probably would ...
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97 views

のために + ~てあげる/くれる

I'm not sure, but I think there is an error in Genki's Grammar point of Lesson 16: In the first grammar point they explain ~てあげる/くれる and say that if a verb doesn't have a "beneficiaries part" like 〇〇...
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Particle に when related to state and how to recognize a verb as a state

While looking at the examples of ている form and usage in my textbook I came across this sentence かぞくは とうきょうに すんでいますMy family lives in Tokyo. I know from what I've been reading on the internet that ...
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205 views

How is “おらず” used in the following sentence?

I'm trying to read a short story whose theme (I think?) is that in order to have self-awareness other people are necessary. Like, they act as abstract mirrors to view oneself (or something...). So, I ...
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118 views

What is the semantic difference between 積む{つむ} and 載せる{のせる} when loading stuff

My flashcard deck has 2 very similar cards: 積む{つむ} meaning: to load, pile up jisho.org: to pile up; to stack 載せる{のせる} meaning: to place on, load onto, draufstellen jisho.org: to place on (...
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192 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
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181 views

Why did the author briefly jump to present tense in this article?

The first sentence of the second paragraph of the article titled モンテ、ナビスコ初戦快勝 in Yomiuri Shinbun is written in the present tense (or possibly the future tense I guess): 序盤、何度も相手ゴールに迫るが、得点に結びつかない。 ...
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344 views

Difference between 学習する and 習う?

Is there any difference between 学習する and 習う?
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315 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence [私]{わたし}はチケットを[二枚]{にまい}[買]{か}...
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3answers
874 views

meaning of ~てやる

does ~てやる work the same way as ~てあげる does? does ~てやる have any other meanings?
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134 views

Usage of Verb て Verb て [closed]

I am currently studying the usage of Verb て Verb て sentence structure which means that I have two te form verbs being used in a sentence. I just need a bit of clarification. For example: I wake ...
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118 views

のちほどスタッフは彼女の元を去りました。 Could someone explain how 元を去りました。works here?

のちほどスタッフは彼女の元を去りました。 This was written on screen at the end of a video skit about a girl at a 女子会 at a restaurant. 元を去りました means the staff left her alone? If anyone could translate this sentence, I ...
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2answers
291 views

Difference between 勝つ and 勝てる?

What is the difference between 勝つ and 勝てる ? Also, how do I use these two different forms with ために and ように? Thank you.
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243 views

Why are the verb groups in Japanese called “consonant-stem” and “vowel-stem”?

They both contain vowels and consonants. So why should 1 be called consonant and the other vowel?
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265 views

Use て form to talk about two or more activities you like?

If I want to list two or more activities I like to do in one sentence, do the verbs preceding the last one that comes before のが have to be in て form, as in this sentence: 旅行をして、映画を見るのが好きです。 I ...
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434 views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 ...
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214 views

「思っているようです。」or 「思っている。」 for describing another person's opinion

As explained in the thread Difference between そうです、 ようです and らしいです., when describing what you think are the thoughts of another person, might 「思っているようです。」 be more appropriate than 「思っている。」? (1) 今{いま}...
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266 views

What are the rules for verb bases(?)

I am quite confused as to how "見る" has suddenly changed into another word, albeit similar meaning when you do this: "見な." My question is, how has the "na" appeared and the "ru" disappear?
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363 views

What are the ways to conjugate “I” and “to be” (in romaji)

I think being able to to specify who you are talking about and yourself is very crucial in a language so, how do they do it? To clarify I know in French there is 6 ways to specify a person: Je (I), ...
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459 views

How do I interpret the Japanese construction of verb+noun?

A) Let's take just transitive verbs first: 食べる人 食べられる人 B) Now let's take intransitive verbs: 起きる人 起きられる人 起こす人 起こされる人 OK, this thing has confused me for a very long time now, like really long. ...
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402 views

I am confused about the meaning of the conjugations of [買]{か}う

I am on Livemocha and it says that 買います。 means "I am going to buy it." But I figure that should be 買いに行きます。 . Also I know that ぎゅうにゅうを買っています。 is "I am buying milk." But for some reason, I thought that ...
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10k views

How to say “no thank you, I don't want / need it”?

Sometimes I am offered something but because I'm just a beginner I don't know what verb they used. I know the proper way to say "no" is to answer with the negative form of the verb the other person ...
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109 views

Present progressive tense of 覚える

I'm trying to say I remember his ex-girlfriend's name. 私は彼の元彼女の名前を覚えます。 私は彼の元彼女の名前を覚えています。 As I understand, the last sentence is in present progressive tense, i.e. an action that is ongoing. But I ...
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211 views

Meaning of “生まれし” [duplicate]

I wanted to ask this question because it is the first time I have honestly been unable to find any information on a given form. I know it involves the verb "to be born," but I've never seen a stem+し ...
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368 views

Hello, there is a certain phrase that I've been trying to translate but because of a few expressions I am stuck (this is a multi-part question)

Here is the phrase: メーラーの設定によってクリックのみでは正しく開けない場合があります The expressions that have me stuck are: みで - I'm not sure what this expression could be... is it some kind of modifier possibly or is it ...
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226 views

Verb combination (なりたくって and き消す etc.)

I have started to learn japanese recently and tried to translate some lyrics. But I pumped quickly on words I was unable to translate even with jisho.org and romaji version of the songtexts. ...
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100 views

Past tense of i-adjective + past tense of verb

Can the past tense of an i-adjective and the past tense of a verb be in the same sentence? For example: "I bought a book that was heavy." 重かった本を買いました。 Does it sound unnatural?
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302 views

What does verb + くなる imply or mean?

I was talking to a person and they used: 大切にしたくなるよ。 Does that mean I have come to cherish or something like that?
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207 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
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139 views

Order of verbs in this sentence

I'm trying to translate the English sentence below into Japanese: Each theory has a different understanding of how countries like China, Japan and South Korea behave towards each other. My best ...
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4answers
2k views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
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462 views

Why does 出る accepts を although it is an intransitive verb?

The JLPT N5 textbook and the Tangorin online dictionary say 出る is intransitive and, as far as I know, should be used with が, but the Genki I textbook says it accepts を when it means "to exit". So, ...
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472 views

Why を can't be used with existence verbs?

I've always wondered why を can not be used with existence verbs(いる、ある、おる、なる、生きる【いきる】、死ぬ【しぬ】. They're all intransitive verbs but is there a legitimate reason? Is existence "indirect"?
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157 views

How does the passive form of “to invite” work?

So I've got my tables of verb conjugations and I've settled down with "Read Real Japanese", the short story edition, and the very first verb in the first story is さそう - to invite - used in the passive....
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1answer
157 views

Need help parsing combined forms of a verb

I came across this verb: 捕【と】らえられていた It could have been pretty much any verb really. I tried to parse the different forms the verb has been assigned. Here's my process: 捕【と】らえる - (Transitive ...
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388 views

Potential and Causative form clarification - 倒せる / 倒せない

Hopefully this is a nice easy one, but it's something I need clarification on. So I have a sentence here, using (I think) -せる form. (倒せない) アイテムを使わないと倒せない敵もいるが、戦いの基本はやはり剣だ。 My question is a ...
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1answer
187 views

How to distinguish between words with identical okurigana?

There are a ton of verbs with multiple readings and the exact same okurigana. Sometimes they mean totally different things and sometimes they have very similar meanings, so in the cases when they have ...
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2answers
200 views

What's the difference between 真似る and 真似する?

I'm just wondering if they are the same word or if there is an actual difference (in meaning or nuance). It seems weird to me that there would be two different verbs with the same kanji stem that mean ...
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296 views

What is the correct kanji for the verb to sweat 汗をかく

What is the character used for the verb to sweat? 汗をかく
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217 views

How to say “I found my glasses”

I know it's a simple question but I want to be sure if the answer so I don't get confused. I know to search is 探す but what about "I found (something)"? Because 探した doesn't seem correct and seems like ...
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103 views

The meaning of ~がいい

I've read a lot of mangas and I've noticed the use of がいい after a verb e.g. 見る{みる}がいい。 諦めた{あきらめた}ほうがいい。 Does it work as an adverb?
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128 views

Need help understanding 住んでいました

A question about a verb I don't understand 住んでいました - Sunde imashita jisho.org tells me: "住んでいました looks like an inflection of 住む, with these forms: Te-iru-form. It indicates an action that is ...
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172 views

「~てます」 as an adjective

In an email, I came across 搭載されてます機能。。。 I understand how 「~ています」can get shortened to 「~てます」, but I thought this was informal (hence, contradicting the need for the 「~ます」 ending. Also, I found ...
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163 views

How can transitive and passive be combined in 茎を編んで作られる?

In the following sentence, taken from an article about tatami the transitive and passive verbs (編む&作る)seem to be combined into one phrase to express what I have said translation but it does not seem ...
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693 views

Is 行かされた a typo?

I have the following to translate for class. 病気になって 頭と首が痛くて 熱もあったので 銀行の隣の病院に 行かされた This is what I have so far. I became sick and my head and neck hurt and I also had a fever so ...
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1answer
105 views

Doubling “Moving” Verbs (行く and 来る)

I sometimes see moving or directional verbs doubled up, with the first verb in て form. I think my professor mentioned that this just sometimes happens but means the same as if you didn't have the ...
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172 views

which are the technical names for these verb transforms?

what are the Japanese, and English, technical terms for these verb transforms: 読める、買える、書ける、... and this: 読まれる、買われる、書かれる、... and this: 読ませる、買わせる、書かせる、... Is there a standard term that textbooks use ...
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1k views

What is the difference between 借りる and 貸す

I've seen them before used as borrow and lend. So I've been a bit confused on when to use which verb? What's the difference? Is there a difference?
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175 views

Can the ったら form of a verb be used to mean “after?”

Take this example: AったらB Could this mean, "After doing A, B happened?"