That class of words which describe events and states and can be inflected or conjugated to indicate relative time, as well as many other nuances.

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1answer
405 views

What is the difference between 借りる and 貸す

I've seen them before used as borrow and lend. So I've been a bit confused on when to use which verb? What's the difference? Is there a difference?
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1answer
144 views

Can the ったら form of a verb be used to mean “after?”

Take this example: AったらB Could this mean, "After doing A, B happened?"
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3answers
378 views

How to convert verbs from polite form to dictionary form?

Does anyone have a good rule for converting to dictionary (u)form from masu form regarding the different verb groups? Most websites start with dictionary and go to masu but I learned starting with ...
2
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1answer
102 views

使ってみなさい, and 使っても意味のない場所

After a brief hiatus I'm getting back into my Japanese study. I've hit a roadblock straight away ;-) I am having trouble with the use of '使ってみなさい' here. I don't think I've seen it before. -なさい means ...
2
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1answer
171 views

Can ~もの be applied to all verbs to make them a noun?

I understand that ~もの converts the verb into a noun. So たべます meaning "to eat" becomes たべもの meaning "food". Can ~もの be applied to all verbs? eg. ききます meaning "to listen" becomes ききもの meaning "music"?
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1answer
108 views

does it make sense to talk about サ変名詞{さへんめいし} as 他動詞{たどうし} or 自動詞{じどうし}?

Does it make sense to talk about サ変名詞 as being 自動詞 or 他動詞? If so, surely some are 他動詞: 車{くるま}を運転{うんてん}する。 日本語{にほんご}を勉強{べんきょう}する。 庭{にわ}を散歩{さんぽ}する。 But, what about 自動詞? Perhaps this posting of mine ...
2
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1answer
217 views

Te form of もっていく

Quick question regarding the -te form of the verb もっていく (to take). From my understanding the verb is a combination between もって+ いく(to go) and as such conjugates its -te form as もっていって is this correct? ...
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2answers
348 views

もらえる, 見える rules

From what I learned, もらえる = もらうことが出来る 'can be got' 見える = 見ることが出来る 'can be seen' This looks like there is some kind of a more general rule for this transformation. If there is a ...
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2answers
129 views

三回ぐらい噛んで飲み込めるぐらいでいいのでは

Can you tell me what ぐらいでいいのでは means? Also, I don't understand why potential form of the verb is used in this sentence Can you help me to translate this sentence?
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1answer
75 views

Is 育ち行く normally used?

Are there any situations in which the verb 育ち行く is used? I checked it up in www.tangorin.com and http://jisho.org/ and in both I found the definition, but not a single example of its use.
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3answers
458 views

できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I tried to express "I can ..." where "..." was some some verb or verb phrase. I used the ~て form of the ... verb followed by 出来ます but was told instead to change the form of the ...
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2answers
221 views

Is there an idiomatic Japanese equivalent of the construction “Let [infinitive verb]”?

In English, we have constructions like "Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York" (MLK's I Have A Dream speech) and "Let there be light" (Genesis 1:3, KJV and other versions). Is there ...
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2answers
219 views

Is it always ができる?

So I'm studying and I ran into an example that stated to go from a (noun)suru to (noun)dekiru is this: 私は車を運転する -> 私は車の運転ができる。 Why isn't 私は車を運転できる。
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1answer
167 views

“一目ぼれから長持ちする関係は望めません。” この表現のニュアンスを説明して頂けませんか?

一目ぼれから長持ちする関係は望めません。 Falling in love at first sight won't bring you a lasting relationship. I found this sentence and translation without any other context, and have a few questions about ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Use of わけ in this conversation

This is an example conversation in one of my textbooks. I don't really understand the third sentence and how to make sense of it in English. My understanding is that わけ is used to provide a reason or ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Compound verb in Japanese; verb(te form)+verb vs verb(masu stem form)+verb

I have seen two type of compound verbs in Japanese, in one type the first verb is used in its "te form", in the second type the first verb is used in the "masu stem form". What difference does the ...
2
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2answers
70 views

interpretation of 玉を落とす in this sentence

どうせ何【なん】かの玉【たま】を落【お】とすのは分【わ】かり切【き】ってる This sentence uses 玉を落とす in a way that makes me think that 玉 is a noun being modified by を落とす to mean something like 'a ball intended to be dropped', in ...
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2answers
192 views

When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...
2
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1answer
179 views

When conjugating, is 'なる’ a potential verb, like '分かる'?

So, 分かる is never used as 分かれる, right? Because 分かる is already a potential-form verb, according to my Japanese grammar dictionary. About なる: can it be conjugated as なれる? Or how about ならせる? For ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Trouble with 応じる [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What makes に基づいて instead of に応じて the correct choice for this question? I am having trouble with the following sentence. 情報はシナリオの進行に応じて追加されていきますので、時折覗いてみると良いでしょう。 I ...
2
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1answer
210 views

What are the different ways of saying to agree or disagree with a person?

There seems to be many different ways of saying either to agree or to disagree with a person. Which words are there, in what circumstances should they be used, and are there any relevant examples of ...
2
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1answer
158 views

How is the あげたい working here?

On a TV show, an idol was given this task to think of: 心が晴れやかになる一言 'A word (or phrase) to lift someone's mood'  (My loose translation) The idol responded: アナタの心の雨を[止]{や}ませてあげたいな 'Let me ...
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1answer
438 views

Plain verbs vs [conjunctive form 連用形]+をする (e.g. 間違える vs 間違えをする)

(Question 1) Are there any differences in nuance and usage of conjunctive form of verb (連用形) + をする compared to the plain form of those verbs whose conjunctive forms can be used as nouns? For ...
2
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1answer
102 views

新しい 机 を 買って もらいました。“They bought me a new desk” or “I bought and received a new desk”?

Ok, so I was studying some Japanese phrases when this showed up: 新しい 机 を 買って もらいました。 The translation provided in the source material is: "They bought me a new desk" What I don't understand, however, ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Verb used for “being in a class”

I'm new to Japanese language. I was looking for a way to ask "what class are you in?" or similar (not sure if that's the right way to translate it to Japanese, but the idea is to ask him what class is ...
2
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1answer
334 views

Need help with the superlative form of my sentence

I need a bit of help with my Japanese. If I want to say: Castle X is beautiful. Among all the castles in the world, castle X is the coolest. Is this sentence written correctly? しろ Xの ほうが ...
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0answers
51 views

What is the difference between using なる with the particles に and と [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる? What is the difference between using なる with the particles に and と? When should which be used?
2
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0answers
80 views

why is “know” expressed as 知っています, and what does 知ります really mean? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is 知りません the negative form of 知っています? I'm posting the question as suggested by Zhen Lin and troyen. What that said, why is that? And a secondary question, when would ...
2
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0answers
233 views

Is the pitch data correct in this pdf file intended for learners? [closed]

(If the question is inappropriate here, please direct me to an appropriate site or forum) In an effort to simplify the acquisition of pitch in L2 learners (ie. myself), I created a pdf document that ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Meaning of, Transitive verb in “te form” + iru vs Intransitive verb in “te form” + iru

When I learnt Japanese I was taught that a transitive verb in its "te form" followed by the verb "iru" represents a continuous action. However, this is not the case with intransitive verbs which ...
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2answers
251 views

The origin of しなさい

勉強しなさいよ! i know what this means.. but what is the origin of しなさい ? Does it come from する (to do verb) ?? Is it short form of something? or what?
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3answers
284 views

Difference between 建てられた and 建てました?

新しい大学のビルが建てられた。 新しい大学のビルを建てました。 Both translate to: A new university building was built. Even though the translation is the same (by my understanding) something to do with the meaning has to be ...
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2answers
188 views

Understanding Japanese verbs

I took up an interest in Japanese and I have to say I'm enjoying the language overall. I've been reading online resources and have no problem with normal Godan or Ichidan verbs since they have rules ...
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1answer
286 views

Why do Japanese people 'teach' others their phone numbers?

One of the common mistakes that Japanese people make when speaking in English is to translate the expression "電話番号を教えて" directly into English - "to teach a phone number", which can confuse native ...
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2answers
100 views

穿る vs ほじる vs ほじくる

In wondering how to expressing the act of picking one's nose in Japanese I came across the following term or terms: 穿る / ほじる / ほじくる I got the feeling from WWWJDIC that the two hiragana are ...
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2answers
185 views

隣村まで足にのばす。Best way to interpret this sentence?

隣村まで足にのばす。 隣村:the neighboring village 足:foot/leg のばす:aside from growing a beard... stretch, extend... The best I could think is that it's like a literary way of saying you're heading out (extending ...
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1answer
64 views

やり as a prefix - clarification please

I have the following title: やり終えたことはチェックしておこう! which I think is roughly saying there is a that in advance of finishing there is a checklist (can anybody help with the literal translation?). My ...
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1answer
81 views

遣{つか}う vs. 費{つい}やす

Recently I wanted to learn the equivalents to the common money-related verbs of English such as buy, pay, sell, and spend. I found two words for "spend" and would like to know what the difference is ...
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1answer
137 views

What conjugation is 助けて, when used as an interjection?

According to Wiktionary, the only conjugation I can match this to is the conjunctive form, but that doesn't make any sense, given the context (as in "Help me!"). What would the equivalent conjugation ...
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1answer
113 views

Difference between 検索する and 探す

I have always stuck with [探]{さが}す for "search", but in an anime I heard one of the characters say インターネットを[検索]{けんさく}おねがいしてもいいですか。 I suspect that one of the differences is that 検索 is more likely ...
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1answer
160 views

Differences between 出るand 去る when expressing someone leaving

When expressing "to leave," as in "I left the store," or "I can leave the country," is there a difference in nuance or meaning between the verbs 出る and 去る? まあ、少なくとも、この国を出ることはできるな。 Well, at ...
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2answers
134 views

Questions about this sentence

"当時の関係者何人かにあたって記憶を確かめてみたが、人の記憶の欠落部分というのは、捏造で補われる仕組みになっているらしく、共通の体験が、しばしば、お互いに矛盾する記憶になっていることに驚かされた。" What does "にあたって" mean there ? "驚かされた" is referring to what/whom exactly ? Does "関係者何人か" mean ...
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2answers
323 views

Action verbs and conditional ~ば

I understand もし寝過ごせば、起こしてください is wrong. I believe instead it should be 寝過ごしたら、起こしてください。 In "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" it says the second part of the sentence "...can be a command, a ...
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1answer
1k views

Verbs +「~てくる」 , which verbs? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between -て行く and -て来る my doubt is which verbs I can use with ~てくる (~ていく) ABOUT ME I don't want to say "I undestand", but I'd like to say "I'm understanding" ...
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1answer
93 views

When does one use 〜もらいました versus 〜くれました? [duplicate]

I know that when giving something, you can say 父に傘を貸してあげました - there's only one word for when giving. But when receiving something, it's either 〜もらいました or 〜くれました. It's my understanding that, when the ...
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1answer
48 views

Differentiating honorific passive and potential conjugations of 出る

Given the following sentence structure, I am wondering how one differentiates the usage of 出る in the following. 明日のパーティーに出られますか? The usage of the partial に and the られる suggests a honorific ...
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1answer
128 views

Can you construct a future-continuous verb tense?

I wanted to say "I'll be logged into Skype every night." So, I said 「毎夜、Skypeと つながっている つもりです。」 But now I am thinking maybe the verb tense should have been 「毎夜、Skypeと つながる つもりです。」 My sense is that「 ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

Is 死ぬ the only verb ending in -ぬ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Plain verbs that end with ぬ other than 死ぬ 死ぬ{しぬ} is the only verb that I know that is ending in -ぬ. So, are there any other verbs ending in -ぬ?
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0answers
71 views

Origin of on-yomi + じる verbs? [duplicate]

I have noticed there are some verbs which consist of the on reading of a kanji followed by じる: 信じる 感じる 通じる It's obviously unusual for a (non-する) verb to use on-yomi like this. My questions: Are ...
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0answers
45 views

Question about a word form 仕留める -> 仕留めりゃ [duplicate]

I've been trying to improve my Japanese reading skills by reading untranslated manga. I encountered this unfamiliar word form though. (I only have N3 Level Japanese.) 仕留めりゃ。 I know the root word ...