動詞. That class of words which describe events and states and can be inflected or conjugated to indicate relative time, as well as many other nuances.

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366 views

Why do things which attach to the 連用形 of 動詞 attach to the stem of 形容詞?

When you want to connect a 活用語 (inflectable word) to something else, generally you inflect it to the 連用形 (continuative form). However, with 形容詞 (i-adjectives), there are certain times where you affix ...
3
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295 views

What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
3
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1answer
270 views

Please help to understand the verb suffix 掛ける

I have a sentence フライト・アテンダントはよく話しかけてくれて親しみがありました。 Where 話しかけて is what I can't understand. What sort of suffix is "shikakete"? Or is it two suffixes, shi + kakete?
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1answer
267 views

Trying to make sense of this 記号, I'm wondering if verb-suru verbs can be jidoushi/tadoushi?

I have a couple of questions. Can verb-suru verbs be classified as jidoushi/tadoushi? And could you take a look at this legend to help clear up my confusion? Higher-res: ...
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130 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence ...
3
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1answer
74 views

困りました or 困っています

I'm reading a graded reader about the 地蔵(じぞう)folktale. The おじいさん gets to the statues and finds them with snow on their heads and bodies. He removes the snow from them and places hats on five out of ...
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87 views

売る exact usage/meaning

I was reading a Japanese text, and came across this piece of dialogue : "なんで他人とケンカするの" "なんでって...売られるからだよ.売れられたケンカは買う.そんだけだ." But I really can't seem to understand what the second person is trying to ...
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110 views

ところを 見つかる, this was in a highly reputable dictionary

Is this sentence wrong grammatically, or am I missing something? カンニングをしているところを 見つかる This is an examplensentence from kenkyuusha. More specifically, 見つかる is an intransitive verb, how is it used with ...
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1answer
138 views

What literary purpose is served by not having a verb at the end of the sentence?

おはよう!  I've been coming across this written construction more and more and while it probably doesn't change anything grammar-wise, I wonder what parts of the sentences are stressed by changing the ...
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2answers
401 views

How to say “had been [verbing]”?

In this excellent response by @DariusJahandarie , he covered how to say "I have been [verbing]" in Japanese by using ている. He had given many examples of how would could potentially translate ている or てい ...
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298 views

When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...
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155 views

the meaning of the expression あたいがとる

I was reading a short text on Aozora: お星さま 小川未明 澄(すみ)ちゃん、澄(すみ)ちゃん、なにあげよう。 あのお星(ほし)さま、とっておくれ。 あんまり高(たか)くて、とれません。 そんなら、あたいがとってみよう。 お星(ほし)さま、お星(ほし)さま、なにあげよう。 のどがかわいた、水(みず)おくれ。 ...
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258 views

Can the よう ending signify an imperative?

Can the よう ending be used for imperatives like て? If so then can you show some examples?
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162 views

What does 間違っていたら、修正してください mean, particularly ~ていたら?

間違っていたら、修正してください。 I don't understand the word いたら after the verb in -TE form. Thank you
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526 views

How to understand the contractionしていて、/-てて

I am trying to better understand this sentence: 金さんは、微妙なニュアンスまで気にされてて、すごいですね。 It's amazing how interested you are in these subtle nuances. Is the following an accurate understanding of this ...
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116 views

のちほどスタッフは彼女の元を去りました。 Could someone explain how 元を去りました。works here?

のちほどスタッフは彼女の元を去りました。 This was written on screen at the end of a video skit about a girl at a 女子会 at a restaurant. 元を去りました means the staff left her alone? If anyone could translate this sentence, I ...
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1answer
190 views

“は + verb” instead of “を + verb”?

I have stumbled upon instances where "は + verb" is used in situations where I thought "を + verb" should be used. For example recently I've seen "その覚悟はしてました" (I was prepared for that) and "楽な道は選ぶな" ...
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2answers
224 views

Meaning of, Transitive verb in “te form” + iru vs Intransitive verb in “te form” + iru

When I learnt Japanese I was taught that a transitive verb in its "te form" followed by the verb "iru" represents a continuous action. However, this is not the case with intransitive verbs which ...
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413 views

Can you use 持つ to mean 'to wait'?

パーティーに何か持って行きましょうか。 My translation – “Do you want to hold/wait on going to the party?” Is this translation correct basically? I wasn’t sure if ‘to hold’ could be used in the same sense as ‘to wait’ ...
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2answers
263 views

Struggling to translate parts of this particular sentence.

I'm having difficulty translating this particular sentence into English, and even thus understanding it fully. 私は成田空港で外国でも使えるけいたい電話を借りて来たから、問題がないよ。 My best attempt at a translation - I had a ...
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189 views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 ...
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3answers
661 views

~ておく / とく for preparation (Conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
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1answer
172 views

Verbs in application drop down lists

I am working on translating pick list items that appear in a piece of software from English to Japanese. There is a mix of verbs and nouns on the lists, ex: workplace, attack, wolf, assault, etc... ...
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2answers
303 views

I am confused about the meaning of the conjugations of [買]{か}う

I am on Livemocha and it says that 買います。 means "I am going to buy it." But I figure that should be 買いに行きます。 . Also I know that ぎゅうにゅうを買っています。 is "I am buying milk." But for some reason, I thought that ...
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3answers
226 views

How would I say “when [x] happened”?

First off, I understand the use of ~の時 (when). However, with my current knowledge, this doesn't make sense if I try to use it with verbs in phrases such as "when I woke up". It's probably quite ...
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1answer
183 views

Is the verb 向く transitive or intransitive?

On jisho.org, 向ける is described as a transitive verb. Logically, 向く would be intransitive, but the entry just says: Godan verb with ku ending Wiktionary is exactly the same, listing 向ける as ...
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2answers
163 views

Meaning of “生まれし” [duplicate]

I wanted to ask this question because it is the first time I have honestly been unable to find any information on a given form. I know it involves the verb "to be born," but I've never seen a stem+し ...
2
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1answer
324 views

What is Vて+た construction?

I came across Vて+た construction in a song I've been listening to: あなたのその瞳をただ見つめてた Can someone explain what it means? I've tried looking for it in some grammar books but unfortunately I couldn't ...
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1answer
250 views

What does おくれ mean in this context?

それでは、このお金をあげるから、おじさんにカメを売っておくれ What does おくれ mean in this context? What is this verb form?
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2answers
119 views

Understanding the particle の when used with the verb 知る

I was looking at the title of the song きみ の しらない ものがたり I thought translated into something like Your Unknown Story but it was actually The Story You Don't Know I'm confused as to why ...
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2answers
115 views

What verb form is “見えたり する” and what does it mean?

I can't find an explanation on the web and I only can guess what it means. The context is this: 幽霊とか見えたりするのか?
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2answers
202 views

What is って doing in this sentence?

From Noir, Episode 2 (anime). I don't get what the って is doing in this sentence. For context, the father came home early from work. He quickly answers his wife in the first sentence then in the ...
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1answer
476 views

What does しちゃい mean?

I know it is some form of する。The context is this tweet: いいえ!無視は しちゃい けませんな(^-^)/気持ちは受け取って♪(´ε` )RT @PuyoPuyoStar: @shinji_sid すみません。先程ツイート送ったんですが、「無理してはいけません」と書きたかったところ、「無視してはいけません」と書いてしまいました。本当すみませ
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1answer
178 views

When should I use a verb stem by itself?

I was recently listening to the Hunter x Hunter anime, and during a conversation, a passing character that the protagonist meets states, 頑張って、いいハンターになりな This struck me as a bit odd, as I ...
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1answer
602 views

Is 行かされた a typo?

I have the following to translate for class. 病気になって 頭と首が痛くて 熱もあったので 銀行の隣の病院に 行かされた This is what I have so far. I became sick and my head and neck hurt and I also had a fever so ...
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1answer
593 views

What is the difference between 借りる and 貸す

I've seen them before used as borrow and lend. So I've been a bit confused on when to use which verb? What's the difference? Is there a difference?
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152 views

Can the ったら form of a verb be used to mean “after?”

Take this example: AったらB Could this mean, "After doing A, B happened?"
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1answer
121 views

Can I say “考え迷う”?

Sometimes you can combine verbs as such: 飲{の}み込{こ}む 食{た}べ始{はじ}める 乗{の}り換{か}える など Using that as a pattern, I said the following in a discussion with a person I just met from Hiroshima. The context ...
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76 views

Struggling to parse last section of 「あんた 子どもたちを 森へ すててきておくれ」

The sentence is from a Japanese telling of Hansel and Gretel and I know enough to read it as "Leave your children in the forest before it is too late." What I don't understand here is how すてる has ...
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3answers
2k views

How to convert verbs from polite form to dictionary form?

Does anyone have a good rule for converting to dictionary (u)form from masu form regarding the different verb groups? Most websites start with dictionary and go to masu but I learned starting with ...
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1answer
160 views

使ってみなさい, and 使っても意味のない場所

After a brief hiatus I'm getting back into my Japanese study. I've hit a roadblock straight away ;-) I am having trouble with the use of '使ってみなさい' here. I don't think I've seen it before. -なさい means ...
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1answer
185 views

Can ~もの be applied to all verbs to make them a noun?

I understand that ~もの converts the verb into a noun. So たべます meaning "to eat" becomes たべもの meaning "food". Can ~もの be applied to all verbs? eg. ききます meaning "to listen" becomes ききもの meaning "music"?
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1answer
115 views

does it make sense to talk about サ変名詞{さへんめいし} as 他動詞{たどうし} or 自動詞{じどうし}?

Does it make sense to talk about サ変名詞 as being 自動詞 or 他動詞? If so, surely some are 他動詞: 車{くるま}を運転{うんてん}する。 日本語{にほんご}を勉強{べんきょう}する。 庭{にわ}を散歩{さんぽ}する。 But, what about 自動詞? Perhaps this posting of mine ...
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3answers
614 views

できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I tried to express "I can ..." where "..." was some some verb or verb phrase. I used the ~て form of the ... verb followed by 出来ます but was told instead to change the form of the ...
2
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1answer
265 views

Te form of もっていく

Quick question regarding the -te form of the verb もっていく (to take). From my understanding the verb is a combination between もって+ いく(to go) and as such conjugates its -te form as もっていって is this correct? ...
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2answers
387 views

もらえる, 見える rules

From what I learned, もらえる = もらうことが出来る 'can be got' 見える = 見ることが出来る 'can be seen' This looks like there is some kind of a more general rule for this transformation. If there is a ...
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1answer
107 views

Told About Something

I want to say that my waiter told me about Japanese restaurants or taught me info about them. I was thinking that I might just try フュージョンは 日本の食堂を 教えました。 But that would mean the waiter taught Japanese ...
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3answers
143 views

Difference between 帰って来る and 帰る

Consider the following two sentences: うちへ帰って来ます。 うちへ帰ります。 What's the difference between these two sentences? How does the bolded part affect the meaning?
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1answer
180 views

Use of わけ in this conversation

This is an example conversation in one of my textbooks. I don't really understand the third sentence and how to make sense of it in English. My understanding is that わけ is used to provide a reason or ...
2
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2answers
138 views

三回ぐらい噛んで飲み込めるぐらいでいいのでは

Can you tell me what ぐらいでいいのでは means? Also, I don't understand why potential form of the verb is used in this sentence Can you help me to translate this sentence?