動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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126 views

In what contexts can “始{はじ}める” be an intransitive verb?

"始める" is transitive while "始まる" is its intransitive form. In a textbook, I discovered: (1) 知らないうちに、雨が降り始めていた。 (2) 明治時代の初め、日本は急速に近代化しつつあった。 (3) パーティをやっている最中に、急に雨が降り出した。 In each of those ...
5
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2answers
313 views

How do 行く and 来る *really* work?

We have a question on this site, What is the proper differentiation between 来る and 行く?, which does seem to correctly explain the basic general differentiation between 行く and 来る, which is that it is ...
3
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2answers
200 views

What does verb + くなる imply or mean?

I was talking to a person and they used: 大切にしたくなるよ。 Does that mean I have come to cherish or something like that?
1
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1answer
125 views

Unsure of this sentence; lack of verb is throwing me off here

I can't properly understand this sentence そして, そのマントは 他人には決して見えないことを, 彼女たちは知っていた. I think it means: And the girls knew, those cloaks (would reveal/showed) to strangers something they've never ...
1
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2answers
108 views

Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line is a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses すわり rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
4
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3answers
176 views

Particle に when related to state and how to recognize a verb as a state

While looking at the examples of ている form and usage in my textbook I came across this sentence かぞくは とうきょうに すんでいますMy family lives in Tokyo. I know from what I've been reading on the internet that ...
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3answers
129 views

Appropriate word and kanji for 'caller'

Skipping the how/why/etc, I have a daikyu that has earned the name 'Windcaller'. I'm familiar with kaze(風) for wind, but I'm a bit perplexed about which verb invokes the best match for the intent of ...
4
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2answers
104 views

落としちまった - what form is this?

The phrase is pretty simple: デスノート 落{お}としちまった Which is obviously, "I dropped my Death Note". The verb (and the kanji) is for おとす or おちる, which is "to drop" or "to let fall", yet this is a ...
1
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1answer
294 views

遊びます vs 遊べます - 'be' meaning “you can”?

I'm going through a Nintendo DS instruction manual and trying to do a bit of translation. I'd like to ask about the difference between 遊びます and 遊べます。 本ゲームは、 ボタン操作とタッチスクリーン操作の どちらでも遊べます。 I'm sure ...
4
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110 views

~られる connotations

I was looking through A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar recently and found this as an example under ni (3): 一男{かずお}は友達に手紙を読まれた。 Kazuo's friend read his (= Kazuo's) letter (and Kazuo was ...
5
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2answers
152 views

Keigo form of ~てみる

What is sonkeigo form of verb-て/で+みる? I've heard somewhere 思い出してごらんになる as a keigo form of 思い出してみる, but I doubt if it's correct.
3
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1answer
95 views

What is せる followed by suru-verbs?

専売特許に違背せる物品 infringements on patents 和英字書を編集せるはヘボン博士をもって嚆矢とす。Dr. Hepburn was the first to compile a Japanese-English dictionary. Is it する・す mizenkei followed by り rentaikei (here), or ...
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2answers
136 views

Meaning of ある in this sentence

王子さまは、王さまに別れの挨拶をして、旅に出ました。夕方、ある町をとおりにかかると、鐘が鳴っています。 What does ある町 mean? I don't see it, is it something like "The town he's in?"
5
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1answer
157 views

Usage of 合える with verb stems

Occasionally I come across an interesting usage of 合える with a verb stem, mostly when I listen to music. One such example can be found here at approximately 0:42: ...
5
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1answer
93 views

How is 置く used here?

A dialogue between a monk and a shogun (fiction), fragment for context: Shogun: 「生きておれば死を望み、死に果てれば生を望む……全く、御坊に言われるまでもない。 人の心の働きというのは本当に勝手なものよ。どこまでも満足せぬように出来ておる」 Monk: ...
2
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1answer
127 views

かきます(to write) when used with the particle に

From what my test book says in the vocab section the verb かきます usually takes the particles を for things and に for people. I'm pretty sure that you would use を like this. ともだちに てがみを かきました - I wrote ...
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1answer
102 views

沈く or 沈む? “The rock will sink.”

I'm analyzing the subtitles of the first episode of an anime entitled "Bleach." During the opening there are subtitles for the theme song. There is a line that is read as such: "物語のような石が沈く" ...
3
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1answer
143 views

How to understand when adverb modifies another adverb and when verb?

Is 薄く and ほのかに both modify 輝く in the following sentence? Or, maybe I'm mistaken something, but since 薄く and ほのかに have the similar meanings, 薄く modifies ほのかに and ほのかに 輝く? Please, explain me how can you ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Can あります be used to say: “I have to do X on a certain day”?

From what I've read あります can be used to say "There is/There are X nonliving things. あります Can also be used to say one has something. I'm wondering if it can be used like this: わたし は すいようび に アルバイト ...
7
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2answers
139 views

What does volitional form + っと mean?

「そうだ!家で音楽聞こうっと」 「もう寝ようっと」 「英語でブログを書いてみようっと。」 How does it differ from a volitional form without っと? My best guess is that it's a monologue marker, like な is.
3
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106 views

行く when comparing age

I can't understand the use of "行っていた" in following line from the book "死者の学園祭" by 赤川次郎: 手塚校長は父の旧友という事だったが、年齢は父より大分行っていた。 I assume it means the principal is older, but I can't tell from the ...
4
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1answer
187 views

How is “おらず” used in the following sentence?

I'm trying to read a short story whose theme (I think?) is that in order to have self-awareness other people are necessary. Like, they act as abstract mirrors to view oneself (or something...). So, I ...
3
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2answers
140 views

How does the passive form of “to invite” work?

So I've got my tables of verb conjugations and I've settled down with "Read Real Japanese", the short story edition, and the very first verb in the first story is さそう - to invite - used in the ...
6
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2answers
610 views

Asking a question with “da” and “datta”

We use "desu" and "deshita" to make the polite form and "ka" to make it a question, for example: Tokyo ga suki desu ka? (Do you like Tokyo?) Tokyo ga suki deshita ka? (Did you like Tokyo?) How can ...
1
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1answer
118 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

ni vs te form to express continuity/reason

What is the difference between the two Structures: 1: VERB ni VERB. ex:sentaku ni dekakemasu. 2:VERB(te form) VERB. ex:nagarete kaeimashita. (The example are from momotarou)
7
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3answers
227 views

“After I do [x], I do [y]”?

So, I'm trying to construct a sentence along the lines of "After I do this action, I do that action," but I'm having the absolute hardest time figuring out what syntax and verb conjugations to use. ...
4
votes
1answer
264 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence ...
3
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1answer
359 views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Meaning of する verb in 「その少女は小さい口元をしている」

I was looking up in the dictionary, and came across a sentence like this: その少女は小さい口元をしている。 From what I understand, している means "is doing" or "does". So the girl "does" her little mouth? Then I ...
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0answers
26 views

Why can an intransitive verb 出る take an object? [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: ボタンを押すとジュースが出ます。 6時に家を出て8時に帰ります。 I don't understand why the verb 出る which is an intransitive (as in the first example) can take an object (as in the second ...
3
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2answers
203 views

What does 間違っていたら、修正してください mean, particularly ~ていたら?

間違っていたら、修正してください。 I don't understand the word いたら after the verb in -TE form. Thank you
1
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1answer
92 views

What are the differences between nouns created by renyoukei and the formal noun 「の」?

I have been getting confused with these two ways of creating nouns and been wondering if there's any differences between them. For instance, are the following sentences correct or not? 映画を見に行った。 ...
4
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1answer
118 views

What is the semantic difference between 積む{つむ} and 載せる{のせる} when loading stuff

My flashcard deck has 2 very similar cards: 積む{つむ} meaning: to load, pile up jisho.org: to pile up; to stack 載せる{のせる} meaning: to place on, load onto, draufstellen jisho.org: to place on ...
5
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1answer
125 views

Can なっている represent an ongoing change as well as a resultant (completed) change?

From reading a bunch, I've been under the vague impression that [adverb]+なる can be interpreted both progressively and resultatively; according to this chat log, since it can take time, it is a ...
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0answers
76 views

What is the difference between 判{わか}る and 分{わ}かる? [duplicate]

Until now, I though the only verb for "to know" was 分かる. I saw the verb 判る used for the same meaning today. 判{わか}ってるから言{い}ったんだけどね。 I knew that. That's why I said it. (source) It has the same ...
3
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2answers
123 views

Need help understanding 住んでいました

A question about a verb I don't understand 住んでいました - Sunde imashita jisho.org tells me: "住んでいました looks like an inflection of 住む, with these forms: Te-iru-form. It indicates an action that is ...
5
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2answers
165 views

「聞こえなくなった」 or 「聞けなくなった」?

I wanted to say: "I became unable to hear." I said: "聞こえなくなった" but I was corrected and told to say: "聞けなくなった" That sounds strange to me. I've never even heard the verb form "聞ける" what does ...
3
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2answers
151 views

Difference between “山を登ったり、降りたり…” and “山を登って、降りて…”

What are the differences in meaning between: "山を登ったり、降りたり、よく考えた。" "山を登ってって、降りてって、よく考えた。" "山を登って、降りて、よく考えた。"
2
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1answer
133 views

Can I say “考え迷う”?

Sometimes you can combine verbs as such: 飲{の}み込{こ}む 食{た}べ始{はじ}める 乗{の}り換{か}える など Using that as a pattern, I said the following in a discussion with a person I just met from Hiroshima. The context ...
3
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1answer
121 views

When to use Vている and when to use the dictionary form?

Say that I am currently eating something, would I say 今食べています, or would I say 今食べます? Similarly, if I want to say that I know English, would I use 英語をしります or would I use 英語を知っています? What's the ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Struggling to parse last section of 「あんた 子どもたちを 森へ すててきておくれ」

The sentence is from a Japanese telling of Hansel and Gretel and I know enough to read it as "Leave your children in the forest before it is too late." What I don't understand here is how すてる has ...
1
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1answer
136 views

Te-form beginner question [duplicate]

いもうとは東京に行っています。 How can I discover the meaning of this sentence? I'm studying the te-form and I'm a little bit confused. The correct translation will be: My little sister is in Tokyo (she´s ...
1
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2answers
108 views

ある、いる、and いるの in this sentence

いま どこ に いるの I found this sentence online while I was trying to better understand the verbs ある and いる and apparently its translates to "Where are you now" I know what most of the sentence is but ...
3
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1answer
88 views

困りました or 困っています

I'm reading a graded reader about the 地蔵(じぞう)folktale. The おじいさん gets to the statues and finds them with snow on their heads and bodies. He removes the snow from them and places hats on five out of ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Possible idiom or grammar structure I don't understand

Taking the sentence below: 食糧として狩る者たちが存在する… The first part (食料として), I take to mean "as a food source". The second part (狩る者たち), I take to mean "hunters". Tying that together with the が, it ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Understanding the particle の when used with the verb 知る

I was looking at the title of the song きみ の しらない ものがたり I thought translated into something like Your Unknown Story but it was actually The Story You Don't Know I'm confused as to why ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

売る exact usage/meaning

I was reading a Japanese text, and came across this piece of dialogue : "なんで他人とケンカするの" "なんでって...売られるからだよ.売れられたケンカは買う.そんだけだ." But I really can't seem to understand what the second person is trying to ...
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2answers
140 views

Why does ようになる become ようになりました (past tense)?

So I know that using dictionary form verb ようになりました means I started to do this thing that I didn't do before. But what would happen if I put it in present tense with ようになります would that be wrong? Would ...
1
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2answers
188 views

What does the 「とって」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 東のはずれには年をとって働けなくなった人たちのために養老院をたてるっ