動詞. A class of words which describe events or states and can be inflected to indicate tense, aspect, voice, and so forth. In citation form, all Modern Japanese verbs end in -(r)u.

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How to ask “What are the necessary things to bring?” [closed]

I am going on to WWOOF in Hokkaido soon (a programme where you help out at a cafe/pension/farm in exchange for room). Kind of like a working holiday. I am just starting to learn Japanese so the ...
2
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1answer
161 views

Verb combination (なりたくって and き消す etc.)

I have started to learn japanese recently and tried to translate some lyrics. But I pumped quickly on words I was unable to translate even with jisho.org and romaji version of the songtexts. ...
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166 views

「時間」「約束」「用事」の修飾 (Noun modification for these 3 nouns)

日本語 動詞で修{しゅう}飾{しょく}するときには、「た」や「ない」などの形の動詞が使えるでしょう。 ミラーさんが 住んで いた うちに ねこが いました。 でも「みんなの日本語」(第22課)によると、「時間」や「約束」や「用事」の場合はいつも辞書形の動詞で修飾します。 朝ごはんを 食べる 時間 映画を 見る 約束 市役所へ 行く 用事 ...
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Masu te-form with Kudasai?

Can you use the -masu te form to form requests? Like, can you say "machimashite kudasai"? (O.o sounds weird huh.)
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1answer
57 views

~かえす and ~なおす as suffixes

Does there need to be some mistake in order to use the ~なおす suffix: 宿題をやりなおしなさい。// ok (but there needs to be at least one mistake) 料理を作りなおした。 // ok (but there needs to be some fault) ...
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3answers
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What's the difference between Ichidan/Godan and Ru/U verbs classification?

I've come across two different ways (at least, apparently for me) to classify verbs. Please note that this question is fundamentally different from Verb classifications by japanese learners. The ...
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1answer
85 views

Possible conjugations on certain grammar patterns

On "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", when a grammar pattern works with the informal form of a verb, they only talk about the positive present tense and the positive past tense. (At least until ...
5
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1answer
76 views

Which form is はじめまして?

So I've learned that はじめまして is used in first meetings and that it stems from the verb はじめる (to start; to begin). But what form is it? It's apparently not the polite past form, which has a -た at the ...
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78 views

〜の vs 〜と before 分かる

Sometimes I see ~の(が/は) used before the verb 分かる, and sometimes と(は). Is there a difference in meaning or grammar between these two? For example, are both below sentences correct and do they have the ...
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135 views

Noun + da kara desu — why are da and desu mixed? why not both “da” or both “desu”?

In this sentence: Neko da kara desu. Because it's a cat. Why are the "da" and "desu" used at the same time? Logically, it should've been: Neko desu kara desu. Or in a casual conversation ...
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1answer
99 views

Meaning of 言われ + ても

I was looking up the conjugation of 言う, and the passive form of it is 言われる. In the sentence below, which I did not write, ても gets attached to that verb form after first dropping る. Can someone please ...
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2answers
203 views

Meaning of “生まれし” [duplicate]

I wanted to ask this question because it is the first time I have honestly been unable to find any information on a given form. I know it involves the verb "to be born," but I've never seen a stem+し ...
3
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1answer
321 views

What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
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2answers
99 views

Difference between ます and です

As a total beginner I noticed that sometimes simple sentences end with ます and sometimes with です. What is the difference? Thanks
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3answers
3k views

What are the general principles of using verbs to modify nouns (e.g. 焦げるトースト/焦げたトースト)?

In all the time I've studied the language, I've never heard or seen anybody even hint at whether the principles from a given language (like using “burnt toast” vs. “burning toast”) carry over, or if ...
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2answers
298 views

女性の身体は本来美しいもの. Is this sentence grammatical?

I found the sentence: 女性の身体は本来美しいもの。 'The female body is a fundamentally beautiful thing.' in the following passage: 毎食後2錠から3錠、油っこい食事のあとは少し多めに飲むだけと、とっても簡単にダイエットできてしまいます。 'An effective ...
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3answers
722 views

Usage of ~まんねん (関西弁)

Steven Seagal stars in two TV advertisements for the energy drink アリナミン, as seen here and here. In the first commercial he is shown using martial arts two dispatch his opponents, while in the second ...
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5answers
420 views

How can you divide verbs into conjugation groups easily?

I have been learning the verb list for the N4 exam but I do not know how to tell the group of a verb. Until now I have memorized them by heart. Nevertheless I still have trouble telling the group of a ...
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2answers
969 views

What's the difference between 触る and 触れる?

These two seem to overlap almost completely. The only thing I can really tell is that 触れる seems that it can also be used in a metaphorical sense ("touch on" something; feel; perceive). I'm ...
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0answers
27 views

What is the correct なさる masu form? [duplicate]

Im getting two different conjugations of なさる masu form from different sites some say なさります some say なさいます I know that the conjugation rule for godan verbs ending in る is to convert the る into り and ...
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2answers
65 views

What other forms of the progressive verb can be shortened?

I see a lot of Japanese text shorten the progressive form by removing the い from いる. 戦っている > 戦ってる I am wondering if it is ever acceptable to do so in other forms of the progressive verb such ...
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1answer
176 views

what is “progressive form” in japanese?

I am making a Japanese verb conjugation app and can not seem to find the Japanese equivalent of "Progressive Form" For example 辞書形 = dictionary form 命令形 = imperative form 可能形 = potential form etc. ...
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1answer
75 views

かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 ...
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1answer
122 views

Two different polite forms of the conditional conjugation

I've noticed some dictionaries give two different results for the polite form of the conditional form, I'll use the verb 戦う for example. I am familiar with 戦いませば but not with 戦いますれば. Some ...
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1answer
92 views

Verb tenses in hypothetical situations

I'm wondering how Japanese tenses work for hypothetical situations that may happen or could have happened. More specifically, are the verb tenses in the below sentences correct? We probably would ...
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2answers
145 views

What is potential form?

I am in my fourth online Japanese class at UMUC Asia and we just started learning about potential form of verbs. I was wondering if there is an easy way to explain what it is? My teacher's explanation ...
2
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0answers
94 views

“Children ask their mothers which hand to hold their chopsticks in” [duplicate]

If I want to say someone asked (something) can I use 言います, or must I use the proper verb? 子供はお母さんに「左か右、どっちのほうがいいですか?」と尋ねた。 Does the following make sense for reported speech? I'm not sure about ...
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3answers
160 views

How to say “I found my glasses”

I know it's a simple question but I want to be sure if the answer so I don't get confused. I know to search is 探す but what about "I found (something)"? Because 探した doesn't seem correct and seems like ...
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3answers
297 views

Five different verbs meaning “to close” with the same kanji (閉)

When using Google Translate for the verb "to close", among the many suggestions, there are five different verbs all with the same Kanji: 閉じる (tojiru) 閉ざす (tozasu) 閉める (shimeru) 閉まる (shimaru) 閉てる ...
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4answers
24k views

What exactly is “なの” (nano)?

I asked a female Japanese friend to translate a sentence for me and it ends in "nano" which I took to be either an alternative question particle to -ne or -ka; or possibly two particles I don't know ...
8
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1answer
105 views

What does the word 「すねぐれて」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 世をすねぐれて 十五年 孤児院ぐらしは身につかず Is it a combination of 2 verbs between 「すねる」and 「ぐれる」? I understand that 2 verbs can be combined with て-form of the first one. ...
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2answers
897 views

What does 「風が強く吹いている。」 mean?

According to the dictionary, 吹く is a transitive verb (e.g., a verb that needs an object). However, the following sentence does not have an object. So what should I translate it? 風が強く吹いている。
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1answer
416 views

can we omit verbs when speaking casually?

I've heard that we can usually omit nouns and stuff like that, but can we actually omit verbs or must they still be there? Example sentence: アイツ帰るなり、すぐに部屋にな~ Edit Can we omit verbs in the main ...
4
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2answers
116 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
3
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2answers
129 views

What is the difference between 失恋する and 振る?

Both 失恋する and 振る mean to be rejected. But then are they exactly the same thing? What are the nuances between those two words? Thank you in advance.
2
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2answers
81 views

Difference between 増やす and 増加する?

I know there's a past topic with this question already, but honestly I couldn't understand the explanation very well. Thank you very much for the input and time.
2
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0answers
54 views

What are the ways for more than one verb to be presented in a sentence?

As far as I know: listing of verbs in te-form relative clause and complementary clause compound verb I'm sure there are many other ways.
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2answers
5k views

How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...
4
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1answer
79 views

のために + ~てあげる/くれる

I'm not sure, but I think there is an error in Genki's Grammar point of Lesson 16: In the first grammar point they explain ~てあげる/くれる and say that if a verb doesn't have a "beneficiaries part" like ...
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3answers
407 views

The difference between 超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる

超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる are said to mean "to pass through" in the "edict" dictionary, but I don't fully understand the difference between the three. How does their usage differ please? Can anyone ...
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104 views

Why doesn't 教 end in“-う”? [closed]

Wiktionary says that 教, read as きょお means "to teach". However, I have read that in dictionaries, al forms end in "-う" and not in "-お". Why is 教 different? EDIT: Yes, it says that in English ...
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3answers
165 views

Conjunctive form (e.g. 書き) vs Conj + mono (e.g. 書き物)

I'm trying to fully understand the plain conjunctive form without a suffix. I've seen it mainly in the form of 話, where it means a talk or speech. So I think it means something along the lines of "the ...
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3answers
1k views

Explain the meaning of という or と + いう?

Here is the sentence: それは改良を必要としますが、すぐにということではありません。 I can't understand this part: すぐに_Adverb + という_Particle? + こと_Noun + では_DEWA + ありません_Verb. I know that という is an expression "said; called thus", ...
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3answers
2k views

Correct usage of [verb stem] + に + [another verb]

I'm a little unclear on the use a verb stem, followed by に and another verb. Take these two examples: 特別なビザをもらって行った 特別なビザをもらいに行った I think the first means "I went with a special visa", but ...
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1answer
218 views

The meaning of the expression あたいがとる

I was reading a short text on Aozora: お星さま 小川未明 澄{すみ}ちゃん、澄{すみ}ちゃん、なにあげよう。 あのお星{ほし}さま、とっておくれ。 あんまり高{たか}くて、とれません。 そんなら、あたいがとってみよう。 お星{ほし}さま、お星{ほし}さま、なにあげよう。 のどがかわいた、水{みず}おくれ。 ...
3
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2answers
776 views

How to say “had been [verbing]”?

In this excellent response by @DariusJahandarie , he covered how to say "I have been [verbing]" in Japanese by using ている. He had given many examples of how would could potentially translate ている or てい ...
6
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1answer
501 views

Usage (correctness) of だと after verbs

I've noticed だと showing up after verbs for a while now in various forms of media, such as blogs, anime, regular TV shows & also when speaking to Japanese people. However, I was originally told ...
3
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1answer
211 views

“は + verb” instead of “を + verb”?

I have stumbled upon instances where "は + verb" is used in situations where I thought "を + verb" should be used. For example, recently I've seen その覚悟はしてました I was prepared for that 楽な道は選ぶな ...
6
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1answer
93 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

動物を使った言い方 or 動物を使う言い方?

In this comprehension passage that I'm reading about figurative speech, I came across this sentence: 猫だけではなく、犬、牛、馬など、人と昔から生活してきた動物たちを使った言い方がたくさんあります。 Why is 使う in past tense here? Not only in ...