動詞. That class of words which describe events and states and can be inflected or conjugated to indicate relative time, as well as many other nuances.

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94 views

Can あります be used to say: “I have to do X on a certain day”?

From what I've read あります can be used to say "There is/There are X nonliving things. あります Can also be used to say one has something. I'm wondering if it can be used like this: わたし は すいようび に アルバイト ...
7
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2answers
95 views

What does volitional form + っと mean?

「そうだ!家で音楽聞こうっと」 「もう寝ようっと」 「英語でブログを書いてみようっと。」 How does it differ from a volitional form without っと? My best guess is that it's a monologue marker, like な is.
3
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1answer
63 views

行く when comparing age

I can't understand the use of "行っていた" in following line from the book "死者の学園祭" by 赤川次郎: 手塚校長は父の旧友という事だったが、年齢は父より大分行っていた。 I assume it means the principal is older, but I can't tell from the ...
5
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1answer
127 views

How is “おらず” used in the following sentence?

I'm trying to read a short story whose theme (I think?) is that in order to have self-awareness other people are necessary. Like, they act as abstract mirrors to view oneself (or something...). So, I ...
3
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2answers
73 views

How does the passive form of “to invite” work?

So I've got my tables of verb conjugations and I've settled down with "Read Real Japanese", the short story edition, and the very first verb in the first story is さそう - to invite - used in the ...
5
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2answers
181 views

Asking a question with “da” and “datta”

We use "desu" and "deshita" to make the polite form and "ka" to make it a question, for example: Tokyo ga suki desu ka? (Do you like Tokyo?) Tokyo ga suki deshita ka? (Did you like Tokyo?) How can ...
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1answer
54 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
2
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1answer
41 views

ni vs te form to express continuity/reason

What is the difference between the two Structures: 1: VERB ni VERB. ex:sentaku ni dekakemasu. 2:VERB(te form) VERB. ex:nagarete kaeimashita. (The example are from momotarou)
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3answers
155 views

“After I do [x], I do [y]”?

So, I'm trying to construct a sentence along the lines of "After I do this action, I do that action," but I'm having the absolute hardest time figuring out what syntax and verb conjugations to use. ...
3
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1answer
131 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence ...
2
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1answer
209 views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Meaning of する verb in 「その少女は小さい口元をしている」

I was looking up in the dictionary, and came across a sentence like this: その少女は小さい口元をしている。 From what I understand, している means "is doing" or "does". So the girl "does" her little mouth? Then I ...
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0answers
23 views

Why can an intransitive verb 出る take an object? [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: ボタンを押すとジュースが出ます。 6時に家を出て8時に帰ります。 I don't understand why the verb 出る which is an intransitive (as in the first example) can take an object (as in the second ...
3
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2answers
162 views

What does 間違っていたら、修正してください mean, particularly ~ていたら?

間違っていたら、修正してください。 I don't understand the word いたら after the verb in -TE form. Thank you
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1answer
65 views

What are the differences between nouns created by renyoukei and the formal noun 「の」?

I have been getting confused with these two ways of creating nouns and been wondering if there's any differences between them. For instance, are the following sentences correct or not? 映画を見に行った。 ...
4
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1answer
92 views

What is the semantic difference between 積む{つむ} and 載せる{のせる} when loading stuff

My flashcard deck has 2 very similar cards: 積む{つむ} meaning: to load, pile up jisho.org: to pile up; to stack 載せる{のせる} meaning: to place on, load onto, draufstellen jisho.org: to place on ...
5
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1answer
100 views

Can なっている represent an ongoing change as well as a resultant (completed) change?

From reading a bunch, I've been under the vague impression that [adverb]+なる can be interpreted both progressively and resultatively; according to this chat log, since it can take time, it is a ...
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0answers
74 views

What is the difference between 判{わか}る and 分{わ}かる? [duplicate]

Until now, I though the only verb for "to know" was 分かる. I saw the verb 判る used for the same meaning today. 判{わか}ってるから言{い}ったんだけどね。 I knew that. That's why I said it. (source) It has the same ...
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2answers
109 views

Need help understanding 住んでいました

A question about a verb I don't understand 住んでいました - Sunde imashita jisho.org tells me: "住んでいました looks like an inflection of 住む, with these forms: Te-iru-form. It indicates an action that is ...
5
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2answers
139 views

「聞こえなくなった」 or 「聞けなくなった」?

I wanted to say: "I became unable to hear." I said: "聞こえなくなった" but I was corrected and told to say: "聞けなくなった" That sounds strange to me. I've never even heard the verb form "聞ける" what does ...
3
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2answers
135 views

Difference between “山を登ったり、降りたり…” and “山を登って、降りて…”

What are the differences in meaning between: "山を登ったり、降りたり、よく考えた。" "山を登ってって、降りてって、よく考えた。" "山を登って、降りて、よく考えた。"
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1answer
121 views

Can I say “考え迷う”?

Sometimes you can combine verbs as such: 飲{の}み込{こ}む 食{た}べ始{はじ}める 乗{の}り換{か}える など Using that as a pattern, I said the following in a discussion with a person I just met from Hiroshima. The context ...
3
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1answer
100 views

When to use Vている and when to use the dictionary form?

Say that I am currently eating something, would I say 今食べています, or would I say 今食べます? Similarly, if I want to say that I know English, would I use 英語をしります or would I use 英語を知っています? What's the ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Struggling to parse last section of 「あんた 子どもたちを 森へ すててきておくれ」

The sentence is from a Japanese telling of Hansel and Gretel and I know enough to read it as "Leave your children in the forest before it is too late." What I don't understand here is how すてる has ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Te-form beginner question [duplicate]

いもうとは東京に行っています。 How can I discover the meaning of this sentence? I'm studying the te-form and I'm a little bit confused. The correct translation will be: My little sister is in Tokyo (she´s ...
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2answers
87 views

ある、いる、and いるの in this sentence

いま どこ に いるの I found this sentence online while I was trying to better understand the verbs ある and いる and apparently its translates to "Where are you now" I know what most of the sentence is but ...
3
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1answer
75 views

困りました or 困っています

I'm reading a graded reader about the 地蔵(じぞう)folktale. The おじいさん gets to the statues and finds them with snow on their heads and bodies. He removes the snow from them and places hats on five out of ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Possible idiom or grammar structure I don't understand

Taking the sentence below: 食糧として狩る者たちが存在する… The first part (食料として), I take to mean "as a food source". The second part (狩る者たち), I take to mean "hunters". Tying that together with the が, it ...
2
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2answers
120 views

Understanding the particle の when used with the verb 知る

I was looking at the title of the song きみ の しらない ものがたり I thought translated into something like Your Unknown Story but it was actually The Story You Don't Know I'm confused as to why ...
3
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1answer
87 views

売る exact usage/meaning

I was reading a Japanese text, and came across this piece of dialogue : "なんで他人とケンカするの" "なんでって...売られるからだよ.売れられたケンカは買う.そんだけだ." But I really can't seem to understand what the second person is trying to ...
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2answers
110 views

Why does ようになる become ようになりました (past tense)?

So I know that using dictionary form verb ようになりました means I started to do this thing that I didn't do before. But what would happen if I put it in present tense with ようになります would that be wrong? Would ...
1
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1answer
100 views

What does the 「とって」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 東のはずれには年をとって働けなくなった人たちのために養老院をたてるっ
2
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1answer
107 views

Told About Something

I want to say that my waiter told me about Japanese restaurants or taught me info about them. I was thinking that I might just try フュージョンは 日本の食堂を 教えました。 But that would mean the waiter taught Japanese ...
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1answer
70 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you ...
3
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2answers
170 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
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0answers
64 views

Are there verbs that simply cannot work alone under any circumstances?

Some verbs, like 過ぎる can be added to the stem of other verbs to alter the meaning, (食べる>食べ過ぎる), can 過ぎる be used alone in specific circumstances? Are there verbs which are either grammatically ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

連用形+は+せん (殺しはせん。) meaning? [duplicate]

The line 「殺しはせん。」 is said by a character in anime. What is せん here (I assume it's somehow related to negative form of する)? Plain negative (I'm not killing you)? Volitional neg. (I'm not intending to ...
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0answers
64 views

Japanese infinitives? [duplicate]

While reading a dialogue section in my textbook I came across this sentence. じゃあ、 買いにいきましょう。 I know the Sentence means then, let's go buy (it) but I'm confused about the 買い in the sentence ...
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2answers
167 views

Why are the verb groups in Japanese called “consonant-stem” and “vowel-stem”?

They both contain vowels and consonants. So why should 1 be called consonant and the other vowel?
4
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1answer
119 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
5
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2answers
169 views

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する?

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する ? How can I know which one to use? According to my dictionary they all mean "to trust". Are they interchangeable? For example, I trust you.
4
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1answer
103 views

What is this verb form - 通れ

This is an example from the Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary: 彼は短刀を柄{つか}も通れと男の胸に突き刺した He thrust his dagger home [up to the hilt] into the man's chest. What is the grammar behind this ...
2
votes
3answers
234 views

How would I say “when [x] happened”?

First off, I understand the use of ~の時 (when). However, with my current knowledge, this doesn't make sense if I try to use it with verbs in phrases such as "when I woke up". It's probably quite ...
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2answers
115 views

verb versus noun + する

In the book I'm reading I keep seeing constructs where I would expect a verb but get the noun form + する. Here's an example: 鬼は、大笑いして、「小さな小僧、お前から食べてやろう。」と言いました。 The ogre laughed loudly and said ...
2
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1answer
184 views

Is the verb 向く transitive or intransitive?

On jisho.org, 向ける is described as a transitive verb. Logically, 向く would be intransitive, but the entry just says: Godan verb with ku ending Wiktionary is exactly the same, listing 向ける as ...
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0answers
148 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
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1answer
83 views

combining several participle of verb + miru

I am practicing expressing "to try to do something", using the participle of verbs plus 見る. If I understand correctly, a sentence like このビールを飲んでみました。 means something like "I tried to drink this ...
0
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1answer
120 views

Te form standing alone

If て form is used alone what can it mean? from what I've found on my own it can be a request similar to てください as well as a direct command, but are there other ways to use it alone besides to link two ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Difference between 帰って来る and 帰る

Consider the following two sentences: うちへ帰って来ます。 うちへ帰ります。 What's the difference between these two sentences? How does the bolded part affect the meaning?
4
votes
2answers
197 views

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.