使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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36 views

・・・の相違を教えてください。 [on hold]

基本、基盤、基礎 規則、観察 共同、協力 決心、決断 限界、限度 感激、感動 拡大、拡充、延長 もし間違いでなければ、「規則」と「観察」の相違は、 観察は何かを見ることだけですが、規則は何かを見ると記録する。 (日本語が長い間に練習しないので、覚えちゃってきて、下手になった。)
15
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2answers
347 views

What's the difference in usage between 氏名 (しめい) and 名前 (なまえ)?

What's the difference in usage between 氏名 (しめい) and 名前 (なまえ)? I often see these two words used interchangeably, but more often than not I see 氏名 on websites. Is this a politeness difference or an ...
6
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2answers
141 views

What's the difference among [停]{と}める、[止]{と}める、and [留]{と}める?

How are they different in meaning and usage? I also would like to see samples of how each can be used in a sentence.
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1answer
174 views

言わない vs 言わなくない - A negative verb conjugated as an adjective?

While reading a text in Japanese, I came across the phrase "何も言わなくなったから". I don't understand what the ~くない stands for. As far as I know it is used as the negative of an adjective... but 言う is a ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Usage of 東西南北 and 春夏秋冬?

I realize 東西南北 means all 4 directions (East, West, South and North) and 春夏秋冬 means all 4 seasons (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter), but when should these words be used? I can imagine there might be ...
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1answer
37 views

「だといえども」はどういう意味ですか?~What does だといえども mean?

能力のある三公・摂政・関白が高齢だといえども辞めてはならない I understand everything in this except for だといえども, and I'm kind of struggling to find a good explanation of what it means. Anyone have any ideas?
6
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2answers
1k views

Correct word for “indeed”

What is the correct translation for "indeed"? I found 実際{じっさい}に and 確{たし}かに. If both are correct, what is the difference?
7
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1answer
216 views

What may be the difference in the usage of 自尊心, 誇り and 自慢?

I read a paragraph and it contains the word 自尊心. I want to know the meaning of 自尊心. Dictionary says 自尊心 = pride. Is it the same with 誇り? or 自慢? What may be the differences in the usage of these ...
3
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1answer
84 views

What does 保証 mean in this context?

Currently reading a scientific paper, I have trouble understanding the use of 保証. An example of its use is the following: 最低保証密度として75%を乗じる (remarks about the percentage of a certain element in a ...
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4answers
324 views

Using すみません instead of ありがとう

Can すみません always be used in place of ありがとう? What's the difference? When using すみません to express thanks, what other words are used with it? Could you show me some examples?
3
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1answer
310 views

What are the differences between 金、料、代、and 費?

For example, 入学金 is correct; we can't use 入学費・代・料; that's not 日本語. But all of them mean costs for something. Could someone please explain this?
3
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1answer
400 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
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1answer
38 views

Difference between 結論を[下]{お}りる and 結論する

I have found a few example sentences showing 私は.....結論を下りる. Meaning is: I Concluded.。。。 Can I use 私は....結論する instead?
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0answers
44 views

Example usage of 留める [closed]

I am looking for a few examples of how to use 留める in a sentence.
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0answers
47 views

Difference in usage of ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentences that use は, but others use が. I'm not sure how to use these particles. For example, what is the difference between: 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
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1answer
78 views

I am unclear about using location particles in speech? [duplicate]

スーパーでいます。   //Is で used for in? スーパーにいきます。 //Is に used for to?
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2answers
90 views

What construction is this? “でしか~できない”

I'm contrasting Yu-gi-oh cards in English and Japanese so that I can understand the underlying grammar idea. This is the original (for the card "F.H.D") and the translation: ...
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1answer
200 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
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1answer
46 views

The use of present and past tenses in ~時 sentences

In Genki II texbook (second edition page 114 and 115) you are tasked with creating sentences using ~時. The problem is their answers seem to contradict what is written in "A dictionary of basic ...
7
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1answer
128 views

What is the difference between 「進行」 and 「進歩」?

What is the difference between 「進行」and「進歩」? In what situations are they used ?
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3answers
857 views

Do you also say 「もしもし」 on Skype?

Is 「もしもし」 only used when you cannot see the person you're talking with (I once heard that it's somewhat akin to "Anyone there?", which wouldn't make much sense if you could see your conversation ...
7
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1answer
128 views

What connotation does the ending -n to a Japanese female name have?

The Japanese female names that end with "i" can be altered by adding "n" in their end. E.g.: "Konami" -> "Konamin" "Mizuki" -> "Mizukin" "Narumi" -> "Narumin" "Chinami" -> "Chinamin" I would like to ...
19
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4answers
17k views

What's the difference between ようこそ and いらっしゃいませ?

Both "ようこそ" (y­ōkoso) and "いらっしゃいませ" (irasshaimase) seem to mean "welcome" but what are the precise circumstances under which each should be used? "いらっしゃいませ" (irasshaimase) is uttered in unison by ...
3
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2answers
79 views

The usage of だと and それなりに in this sentence

I ran into this sentence and I'm a bit confused. 魔法の事についてだけはあいつもそれなりに真摯なのだと I guess I'm more confused about the "da to" part. Is this supposed to mean "suppose to"? And so the sentence would be ...
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?

In Japanese, there is a potential form to express that it's possible for something to be done. My own examples of potential form: 辛【から】い食【た】べ物【もの】が食【た】べられる。 (I can eat spicy foods.) ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

What is the difference between 類義語, 類語, 同意語, シノニム?

What are the differences between these words? 1.類義語 2.類語 3.同意語 4.シノニム In English we say 'equivalent word' or 'synonym'. How about in Japan? As I investigated it further, there is called ...
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0answers
61 views

What is the form of “売らん” in the sentence “ウランは売らん。”? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if "売らん" is acting as a verb in the dajare, "ウランは売らん。". If it is, please explain what conjugation or form of the verb that this is. If it isn't, can you tell me where "売らん" comes from and ...
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3answers
153 views

How do you “replace” second-person pronouns?

I know that second-person pronouns should generally be avoided from being used, but how exactly do I replace it? Do I just reply the pronoun with someone's name? Or is the pronoun just completely ...
7
votes
1answer
846 views

What is the meaning of りゃ in this phrase?

I came across this phrase while reading an interview. そういう時はなんて答えりゃいいんだ。 I think it means "At a time like that, such a reply/response is good." But I don't understand the usage of りゃ. I ...
5
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1answer
175 views

I found よう all by itself. Is there any difference in the usual meaning?

授業が始まり、普段通りの空気が流れた…と思ったその時だった。ドラマである様な素晴らしいタイミングではあったが、真夏にとっては悪夢の始まりだった。無表情な中年教師は転入生の紹介をたんたんと終え、席に着くよう指示した。 It's in the last sentence. The rest of the sentences are for context because I know you ...
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2answers
275 views

Can you say ~てもらった when you actually did nothing?

I'm pretty sure the answer to this is "yes", but I'm a bit unsure about why. For example, given the following scenario: My friend, John, tells me that his friend, Mariko, is performing a survey ...
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2answers
296 views

What is the difference between しかも and それどころか?

しかも is pretty straight forward: 今度、「一番」ってお店のランチに行こうよ。あそこ、すごくおいしんだよ。しかも量もおおいよ。 Let's go get lunch at Ichiban next time. The food is great, also the servings are big. ...
7
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1answer
89 views

Difference between 土日 and 週末

Well just as the title indicates, I've heard in a game the word "土日" used and translated as "weekend", and wanting to learn the word since I realized I didn't know it yet, I checked on Jisho, but the ...
2
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1answer
102 views

When to use って or 言った

I'm having trouble knowing when to use って or 言った when I want to say someone said something (past tense). Naturally, since it is past tense, I always want to use 言った. But having watched many j-drama ...
9
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1answer
161 views

恐れ入ります correct “thank you” to use after customers make a purchase?

Is 恐れ入ります the correct form of "thank you" when used during a business transaction (for example, a sales person would say this when someone makes a purchase at his/her store)? In the context of an ...
5
votes
2answers
543 views

Difference between と and や~など

I know both of these particles are used to list items. So, I was trying to write the sentence "I like Japanese culture, history and stuff." 私は日本文化と日本史といろいろが好きです。 But someone told me it is ...
5
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1answer
76 views

よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます

I have to write a letter to my future Japanese host family. It's in English, but I want to end it in Japanese. Should I use よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます or even どうぞよろしくおねがいします?
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2answers
170 views

Difference between「と思います」and「かと思います」?

What is the difference in meaning and usage between「と思います」and「かと思います」at the end of a sentence?
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2answers
453 views

What are some well known exceptions for 居る (いる) and 有る (ある)?

Today I heard 人形がいる, so I googled around because I thought 居る was only for living things, but I found many examples of this usage. Many for 人形がある as well. Are there other exceptions for いる/ある?
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1answer
629 views

Reading and usage of 「垂オます」

A while ago I was chatting with a Japanese man and when he introduced himself instead of using 「申す」 or 「言う」 he used 「垂オます」, as in (His name)と垂オます. Can this be used in the same way as 「申す」 and 「言う」 ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

Difference between 誤解 and 勘違い

Japanese - English dictionaries translate both as "misunderstanding" or "wrong guess." Upon consulting dictionary.goo.ne.jp, I found: 誤解 - When the facts and the true intentions of a partner's words ...
2
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2answers
116 views

The usage and meaning of the ending ~なんですけれども

I heard the sentence 大好きなんですけれども. So my question is about the ending ~なんですけれども. What is the meaning of this ending, and when it should be used?
13
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2answers
807 views

Difference between sentence final ものだ and ことだ

My understanding is that ものだ is used to assert things which are mostly known to everyone. 誰かの家に招待されたときは、何か手土産をもっていくものだ 'When invited to somebody's home it's customary to bring presents'. On ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Verbal short form の for expressing the idea of doing a verb + のほうが / より

Okay so the のほうが / より combo is to my understanding used to say something is more than or less than in Japanese and if you add の to the short form version of a verb it the expresses the idea of doing ...
7
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1answer
159 views

Is 忝い(かたじけない) used in contemporary language?

I'm currently watching Rurouni Kenshin, and Kenshin says 忝い(かたじけない) a lot to express his gratitude. I looked it up a little and based on this it seems like it's old Samurai language, but I wonder if ...
6
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1answer
565 views

Is 幼子 ever used nowadays?

I know that 赤ん坊 and 赤ちゃん are used frequently to refer to a baby but it would seem that 幼子 could also refer to a baby or an infant. In my dictionary it was even marked as "common". Now, I searched the ...
6
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2answers
106 views

The different nuances of wanting to go to do something

I have been wondering about the different nuances each of the following sentences carries. Maybe I am trying to interpret too much into these, but I am really curious about the slight difference it ...
4
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1answer
163 views

Usage of 知らないと思うけど

I heard in an advertisement: 知らないと思うけど ... What does this mean? Is it something like 'Did you know that ...' or 'You may not know this but, ...' Under what circumstances is saying this ...
5
votes
3answers
133 views

Difference between にとって and として

What differences are there between にとって and として ? To the best of my understanding, both have meanings of stating something from a certain point of view or perspective. However, I think that there's ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Help with さすが大学に行っただけのことはある [duplicate]

It's an example sentence from tangorin.com, I wanted to know some sentence examples for さすが. One sentence I found is completely confusing for me, I can't logically translate the sentence to the ...