用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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1answer
65 views

when to use formal and informal tenses?

wakatta and wakarimashita are used sometimes in anime. I understand one is informal and the other is formal past tense. When do you have to use the informal and when to use the formal tenses of the ...
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0answers
58 views

Aratanaru and atarashii usage

As far as I understand aratanaru and atarashii roughly translate to "new" . When each one have to be used or what are the differences?
0
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1answer
64 views

When to use nani and when to use nanda?

As far as I understand nani and nanda are roughly translated to "what" in english, though they have other connotations and meanings. When you have to use one and when you have to use the other?
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0answers
48 views

What is the difference between 失う and 失いかける [duplicate]

Could someone tell me what is the difference between two verbs ? 失う and 失いかける
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Use of する and しまう

忘れ物をしました 忘れ物をしまったんです 忘れ物をしてしました 忘れ物をしてしまったんです Are all these four expressions acceptable, what is the difference among them?
3
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2answers
157 views

How to use またしても?

I know that またしても means "again, moreover, in addition" and it often comes with relative nuance. However, given the below sentences, I don't know why it's only proper in a sentence but not both. 1/ ...
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2answers
49 views

Why/when should I use the different forms of this and that?

When do I use これ, それ, and あれ vs この, その, and あの to say "this" or "that". example: why is it それはペンです vs そのはペンです?
7
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1answer
266 views

Differences between words for “idiot”

Recently I've been reading the Spice and Wolf manga and came across two words for "idiot" I've never seen before: たわけ and 間{ま}抜{ぬ}け Previously I've only encountered 馬鹿{バカ} and 阿呆{あほう}, with the ...
12
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6answers
658 views

When is a door a ドア and when is it a [扉]{とびら}?

I've been in Japan for the summer and noticed that the announcement for the closing doors (in the Kansai area, at least) on trains is always 扉が閉まります. However, the equivalent announcement on buses ...
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1answer
86 views

Meaning of 'すれ違う赤の軌道'

I don't really get the meaning of this line 'すれ違う赤の軌道' Could it mean 'Crimson path crossed' or 'The crimson path i crossed' ?
3
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1answer
118 views

confusing usage of でも

a high school student walks into a confection store and after ordering some sweets, the female attendant with whom he is familiar with says: スイーツを? 彼女でもできたんでしょう~? she later sees him off by saying: ...
4
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2answers
173 views

Is there a functional difference between 優しげ vs 優しい?

I think 優しげ is a な adjective. Whereas 優しい is an い adjective. When I look up their meanings, their English translation is essentially kind/gentle, and they seem to be both adjectives modifying ...
5
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1answer
88 views

ならでは vs. ぐらいのもの

I understand that both means to emphasize the uniqueness of the word before it (i.e. "only ~") but in the following sentence, I don't know which one fits. この難しい手術ができるのは、渡辺先生__のものだ。 Both ならでは and ...
8
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1answer
5k views

What is usually written at the end of a slides presentation to imply “Thanks for listening”?

I've seen this phrase a couple of times but couldn't read the Kanji so I don't remember it. Otherwise, what phrase would be good to include in the last slide to imply "Thanks for listening!"? For ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Verbs + ところ / Verbs + とこ / Verbs + ばかり

I learnt: 食べるところ:about to eat. 食べているところ:in the middle of eating. 食べたところ:just ate. 食べたばかり:just ate. I would like to know if I can change ところ for とこ in spoken language. and if there is any ...
2
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2answers
113 views

Using し before a verb and する at the end

I have seen several verbs used with し and する. What is the difference and can they be used interchangeably? Here are a few examples, The dictionary translates them all the same: し損なう、損なう、損ないする Also ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

In which case should I use 連体形+上で?

This usage of 上 is still difficult for me. In the context of a sentence I may be able to understand what it does mean, but I can't get the feeling that would tell me: this a situation where using it ...
10
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3answers
4k views

Why do they say 'kawaii' for 'poor thing'?

I've observed that when someone wants to say 'poor thing', they say something like 'kawaii sonna' and I know that kawaii means cute. Can someone please explain? Thanks.
6
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1answer
119 views

Can the prepositions と、に sometimes be Interchanged in a sentence?

I saw the following sentences: 彼は円をドルに両替した。 He exchanged yen for dollars. 彼は円をドルと交換した。 He exchanged yen for dollars. I am not sure I understand why in one sentence に is used yet in the second ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Exact use of furigana?

こんにちは! I am currently learning the Japanese language (along with the Russian language) outside of schooling, and decided that besides reading raw text for practice I could use manga as well. However, ...
9
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1answer
761 views

このとおりよ as an expression

In a manga I'm reading a boy accidentally broke a friends toy, after which he says in an apologetic fashion : あなたの言う事何でも聞くよ! このとーりよ! I understand the first part, but the second part which ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Usage/context of 「私ね…」

Surely the biggest issue here is that I'm trying to learn usage from anime dialogue, which should almost always be taken with the biggest grain of salt possible. But it comes up often enough that it's ...
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0answers
40 views

How to say X to the power of Y? [duplicate]

How does one say X to the power of Y?  (i.e. X^Y) XのY乗{じょう} ?
5
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1answer
114 views

Difference between チケット, 切符 and 乗車券

チケット (chiketto) 切符 (kippu) 乗車券 (joushaken) All words mean ticket -Is there any difference among them? When is appropriate to use them or not? The only one thing I found yet, is that the last one ...
7
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2answers
268 views

〜ということ and just 〜こと

I've been trying to learn when to use 〜ということ or just 〜こと, for example: 彼が金を貸してくれた{ということ/ こと}は私は彼に信用されている{ということ/こと}だ。 (The fact that he lent me money means that I am trusted by him.) With the above ...
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0answers
46 views

What is the function of というのは in this sentence? Is there a relation to the word because? [duplicate]

今日私が話をする、皆さんにお伝えする話というのはユーズフル、役に立つ話ではないです。 Translation from subtitles:"I'm not going to talk to you today about something useful." Source:https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=86&v=3xs-...
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2answers
174 views

Does the ゛ have any use?

Does the ゛ have any meaning in the hiragana alphabet?
1
vote
2answers
65 views

What does こう mean in this sentence?

そのときに歴史の先生がこう呟きながら連れて行かれます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 1:17 I'm assuming it's the word 斯う meaning "in this way," and here it would be describing how the teacher said the ...
1
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0answers
78 views

困っている usage / different meanings depending on context?

私は困っている。 I've seen the sentence translated as "I am in trouble", however depending on the context is it possible that it also could mean "I am troubled" or "I am worried"?
3
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1answer
161 views

だけでなく and にとどまらず

I know that there are a lot of expressions that have similar meaning in Japanese. In JLPT N3 grammar, there's だけでなく that means 'not only...but also...'. And lately, I found the expression にとどまらず in ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Meaning and usage of ものとする

I could meet the phrase ものとする in some documents, agreements. I understand, the sentences with ものとする as a whole one, but I don't know anything about this very phrase. Which meaning does it exactly add ...
0
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0answers
141 views

none of us is as smart as all of us

This proverb is attributed to an unknown Japanese author (http://thinkexist.com/quotation/none_of_us_are_as_smart_as_all_of/160488.html). However I could not find any mention of its actual origin. ...
6
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1answer
142 views

「一生懸命」と「一所懸命」の使い方は同じでしょうか?

「一生懸命」と「一所懸命」 の使い方は同じでしょうか?意味も同じでしょうか?
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Adapting 楽しい時を過ごしてください

Can you "adapt" the phrase 楽しい時を過ごしてください ("Have fun" or "Enjoy your time") to refer to a specific situation? I.e. if I want to say "enjoy your time in Hokkaido" or "enjoy your time with your friend [...
9
votes
1answer
188 views

Meaning of にまで?

A long time ago, I came across this example sentence in Jisho: 彼{かれ}の仕事{しごと}は井戸掘{いどほ}りからゴミの処理{しょり}にまで及ぶ{およぶ}。 His tasks range from digging wells to getting rid of garbage. Why does this ...
25
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6answers
1k views

Pluralization in Japanese: usage of -たち and -ら

I know that -たち and -ら pluralize the nouns they come after (or indicate a group that the noun is part of), but most of the time the plural in Japanese is implicit. When is it appropriate or necessary ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

腸が痛い: How do you know when your intestines hurt?

I am a foreigner working at a company in Japan. My native language is English but I believe I can converse somewhat moderately well in Japanese. After dinner one evening, I heard the following ...
4
votes
3answers
730 views

Usage of ~まんねん (関西弁)

Steven Seagal stars in two TV advertisements for the energy drink アリナミン, as seen here and here. In the first commercial he is shown using martial arts two dispatch his opponents, while in the second ...
5
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1answer
126 views

When to use 倒れる or 落ちる?

What are the differences between them, and in what kind of sentences should I use one rather than the other?
1
vote
2answers
66 views

What other forms of the progressive verb can be shortened?

I see a lot of Japanese text shorten the progressive form by removing the い from いる. 戦っている > 戦ってる I am wondering if it is ever acceptable to do so in other forms of the progressive verb such ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

definition and usage of ~いずれも

I was struggling to translate the following poster in a rigorous manner, more specifically to Korean, which is a LOT easier than translating Japanese to English. It says "...
3
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2answers
115 views

Sonkeigo forms of できる and なかったら

「できる」の尊敬語はありますか。「おできになる」は使われていますか。(見たことはありませんが...) また、「あったら」は「おありでしたら」になると思いますが、「なかったら」はどうなりますか。
12
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5answers
1k views

Can 何で mean “how”?

Looking at this, it seems that when the word 何 is used with the で particle, it roughly translates into "by means of what" or "in what context." Personally, that sounds like asking "how". Is this ...
13
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8answers
977 views

Greeting a person over the internet

So I was wondering, how do japanese people greet each other when they are, for example, writing on a blog or recording a video? My doubt comes from the fact that their greetings will be directed ...
5
votes
2answers
132 views

Titles of paintings as precedent phenomena

Precedent phenomenon is a linguistic phenomenon where some words—like famous people's names (especially of historical and political figures), titles of books or movies—are used not to indicate these ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

Liter/100 km or km/liter, which one is used in Japan?

In America we say the fuel economy of car as miles/gallon (miles per gallon). I know in some countries people use Liter/100 km (liter per 100 km). Some countries use km/Liter (km per liter). Which ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Usage and meaning of 連絡を入れる

Is this true? 連絡{れんらく}を入{い}れる = 連絡する In what situations is it used, and how is it used?
4
votes
3answers
150 views

Is there any difference in meaning between 陥る and 落ち入る?

These two words appear to mean the same thing and the entry on Google dictionary gives the definition as the same for both. Are there any cases where you would use one instead of the other?
7
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1answer
72 views

Can お[邪魔]{じゃま}します be used in cases of long-term stay?

So I need to write an email for an assignment where I am an exchange student who is going to Japan and staying at someone's house for a period of time. I want to begin with "thank you very much for ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

meaning of the verb 工夫 in this example

What is the meaning of the verb 工夫 when it is used with clothes? Example: [裏地]{うらじ}を[工夫]{くふう}してみる