使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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病院に行きます or 病院へ行きます? [duplicate]

which one is correct, or more commonly used? 病院に行きます or 病院へ行きます?? when should I use へ instead of に? Thanks!
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3answers
329 views

Difference between the words for “living/residing” [住む/棲む/泊まる/暮らす]

I have come across various words meaning "living/residing". What are the differences between them and their usage? I've listed what I think are the difference. Are they correct? 住む: Live in some ...
3
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3answers
499 views

Is there a way to express “I'm lost” (in a metaphorical sense)

For example, you're talking to someone and he's trying to explain something to you, and you have no idea what he's going on about. You could just say "I don't understand", sure, but is there something ...
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1answer
100 views

ものには… in 「ものには順序というものがある」 Some hidden word or phrase?

I need some help with translating my Legend of Zelda guidebook. ダンジョンアイテムを探せ!Search for dungeon items! ダンジョンでの目的はもちろんボスを倒すことだが、ものには順序というものがある。 まずはマップとコンパスを手に入れたい。 I'm a bit stuck with ...
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1answer
205 views

Other meaning of 訪れる

Good Day! I currently need some help. I am translating some Japanese Documents to English. I came across this text: 66歳に到達した日以降に最初に訪れる3月末まで So far I have: Until the end of March...on or after the ...
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1answer
357 views

Usage of よって in this sentence

I am currently doing some exercises for my Japanese class, but they are all in hiragana, which is sometimes irritating, but in this sentence I fail to see the meaning and thus unable to pick the ...
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211 views

Usage of -さ with そうな

I was learning about adjectives + さ, which turns them into a noun; as I understand it, a "measurable" quantity . I then thought of how X そうです could be turned into an adjective, X そうな Y, so I was ...
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394 views

What are some well known exceptions for 居る (いる) and 有る (ある)?

Today I heard 人形がいる, so I googled around because I thought 居る was only for living things, but I found many examples of this usage. Many for 人形がある as well. Are there other exceptions for いる/ある?
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1answer
448 views

I am struggling with the sometimes conflicting uses of 先

Rikaisama's definition of 先 includes meanings like previous; prior; former; some time ago. However it also includes meanings such as front; ahead; the future; destination. I am struggling to make ...
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189 views

How to express “X is the most important for Y”?

I am not certain how to say "X is the most important for Y". For example, "A teacher is the most important person for a student." It could be 「先生は学生にいちばんたいせつな人です」 or 「がくせいは先生がいちばんたいせつな人です」, but I ...
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1answer
243 views

How to express “Today I would like to talk about X” when opening a speech

Can one use 「本日、Xを話したいです」 when opening a speech, or is it too rough? For example, translations for the sentence "Today I would like to talk about my past" that I can think of are 「本日、私の過去を話したいです」 or ...
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2answers
187 views

Usage of て Form Plus も (Translation)

I have the following sentence to translate. だれが来てもいいですが 少なくても 一人は 必ず 来させて下さい So far I have the following. Anyone can come but even if there is few/little 1 person definitely please let me ...
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12k views

What's the difference between ようこそ and いらしゃいませ?

Both "ようこそ" (yokoso) and "いらしゃいませ" (irashaimase) seem to mean "welcome" but what are the precise circumstances under which each should be used? "いらしゃいませ" (irashaimase) is uttered in unison by all ...
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1answer
139 views

How does one use しめしめ?

デジタル大辞泉 defines しめしめ as follows: 物事が自分の思ったとおりに運んで、ひそかに喜ぶときに発する語。 「―、思いどおりになった」 I get the first part ("When something has gone as you planned for it to go..."), but I'm a bit confused about ...
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1answer
56 views

受ける Usage (Translation)

I have the following to translate for class. 漢字クイズは 習った漢字を全部暗記しなくてもいいですが 例文を読んだ後で 受ければ いい点が取れるようです。 So far I have the following. As for the kanji quiz it is okay if you don't memorize all of the ...
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789 views

What's the difference between そうかな and そうなんだ?

I've always thought that they both mean something like "I see" or "Is that so?" and I was told that they have different meaning. Is that so?
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3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of ~んです?

This sentence ending has started to creep up more and more in my current Japanese classes, and I'm still a bit unsure what all it can mean, how to use it, or even when I should think to use it. My ...
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1answer
700 views

しかも and なお both mean “furthermore; in addition; nevertheless” but here they are used together

I was looking up しかも - "furthermore; nevertheless" from this sentence: しかも敵との間合いはキープしたままだ。 Nevertheless keep just within range of the enemy but I am confused by this usage I saw on alc.co.jp ...
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196 views

Difference between かおり and におい

In a TV show I am watching (孤独のグルメ, perhaps many of you have heard of it) the gentleman is about to drink some coffee but pauses to savour the aroma. He says いい かおり だ Which I translate as "good ...
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2answers
204 views

Clarification on a Translation

After all this time I think I finally have my translation of "Walk your own path. Let People talk." But before I put it in my CAD program, I would like to get an opinion on the word usage and grammar. ...
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1answer
135 views

All the uses of わけ?

Ok, I've come across a few expressions involving the word わけ (訳)such as わけではない, to indicate that something differs from a notion the listener may have; わけがない, to indicate that there is no sense in ...
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665 views

What is the difference between どのぐらい and どれぐらい?

I just heard a sentence this morning - "how much money do you have?" お金、 どれぐらい ある? I have always been taught "how much" is どのぐらい so hearing どれぐらい has caught me off-guard. As I recall we use この ...
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1answer
124 views

Need small clarification regarding this use of 遊び

I was translating some lines earlier and I ran into a snag after the speaker said this: その言葉は重くて、遊びで戦っているのではない事だけは俺にも伝わりました。 My main problem comes from the 遊びで戦っている part and I'd like to confirm that ...
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1answer
156 views

Meaning of ~つもりではいる in that sentence

I don't understand the meaning of ~つもりではいる in this sentence : そしていちおう手加減してやるつもりではいるが殺されてしまっても負けとなる。 And, although I'm planning on going easy on you, you will also lose if you happen to get ...
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1answer
89 views

Confusion with それだけ in these lyrics

Could anyone please help me translate this? I have only gotten a hang of basic sentences but this one I just cannot seem to understand. 疑いはいらない。それだけが真実 Utagai wa iranai. Sore dake ga shinjitsu. ...
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1answer
78 views

Is there difference between 大事/大した

When would one be used? I don't understand the difference between them.
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3answers
227 views

Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです

I said to a Japanese person last night, meaning to say "I'm tired": つかれたです。 She corrected me to: つかれました。 I'm curious as to why this is. I thought つかれたです was grammatically correct. Does it ...
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3answers
300 views

Which is a Better Introduction?

If I were to introduce myself, which would be better? はじめまして、あかみです。どうぞよろしく。 はじめまして、あかみです。よろしくお願いします。 How would you introduce yourself? Any better recommendations instead of 1 & 2 ?! Thanks :D
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2answers
721 views

Can you use the polite form ます with ので?

I was recently told by someone that you cannot use the polite form ~ます and ので; that is, ので must be used with the plain form. (Specifically, he was saying that 「勉強していますので」 was wrong, and had to be ...
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2answers
141 views

Meaning of 「神様、仏様、X様」

I was recently watching a few videos about 橋本環奈{はしもとかんな}, and I came across an introduction (if it can be called that?) that I've never heard before. Whenever she introduces herself, she finishes ...
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2answers
300 views

Difference between 学習する and 習う?

Is there any difference between 学習する and 習う?
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1answer
130 views

What is the difference in usage between 夜【よ】 and 夜【よる】?

As I understand, both よ and よる mean 'night'. I guess that the difference might be purely idiomatic. In this sense: What are idioms where only one of them is correct? What are idioms where you can ...
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1answer
366 views

How to use やんの?

Here is an example from the comic GANTZ. (This should be fair use of the image at least in the US as it's for scholarly commentary.) It's easy to tell that emphasis is being added, and the speaker is ...
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1answer
273 views

Is 花見 only for “cherry blossom” viewing?

Textbooks usually teach that 花見 / お花見 means "cherry blossom viewing". Tatoeba has a couple of examples supporting that: ヒラヒラと桜の花が舞っている。もうお花見の季節も終わりだな It looks like cherry blossom-viewing ...
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2answers
205 views

When is 死に used to describe something is dead instead of 死んでいる or 死んだ?

死に馬にむちを打つ - beat [whip, flog] a dead horse After reading the sentence above, I was wondering when it's appropriate to use 死に to describe when something(or someone?) is dead instead of using ...
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1answer
656 views

When the agent takes を in the causative form

I've seen a few sets of terminology when referring to the causative form, so for the basic case, I will use the following: instigator が agent に 〇〇 を v-させる。 In its most basic, text-book form, we have ...
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2answers
6k views

How do you say “just curious” or “out of curiosity”?

In English, I often say "I'm just curious, but...". The best phrase I've come up with for this in Japanese is 「[好奇心]{こうきしん}だけですが・・・」 but I've never heard a native speaker use this. I recently ...
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1answer
184 views

Difference between と・や and も for lists?

I know that you use と for complete lists, and や for incomplete ones, but when would you use xもyも instead of xとy or xやy? Doesn't も usually replace は or が? Why is も used for lists at all?
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1k views

と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
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3answers
656 views

What does 私たち imply?

I know that 私たち means "we", but in what sense? Does it simply mean the last two people talked about? Or does it always mean the speaker and the listener? So say I'm talking to Shota about Sawako, and ...
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2answers
679 views

How to use に with “masu-stem (連用形 stem) + に + Verb” structure

Could somebody provide a bit more explanation, possibly giving correct and incorrect examples on how to use に with "masu-stem (連用形 stem) + に + Verb" as illustrated in the following examples? Both ...
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1answer
254 views

Difference between うまい and 美味しい when talking about food

What is the difference between うまい and 美味{おい}しい when talking about food? I suppose they can be used interchangeably in most cases, but when should I prefer one to the other? I've seen a number of ...
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2answers
326 views

Meaning of ~と言えよう

Just as the title says, I'm looking for the meaning of this construction, like used in the following sentence: 野菜や果物の害虫を防ぐために、さまざまな農薬が使われているが、これは人間の健康の面から考えると、問題があると言えよう。 Thanks in advance for ...
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2answers
374 views

Is it common to use 火を入れる when referring to a degree to which meat or any steak should be cooked?

I recently asked for a well done steak at a restaurant, while my friend asked for a medium rare. When waiter came back with two steaks, he used 「火をよく入れた方」 to let us know which one is well done. So ...
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602 views

greeting the wife of a colleague with 「お世話になっています」?

Supposing I'm meeting a colleague's wife for the first time, I was trying to think of how to modify いつもお世話になっています to express something like "I'm always in your husband's care". Is this appropriate? if ...
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2answers
202 views

Particle に (and で) in this sentence

I don't get why に is used in addition to は in the following sentences. 指示詞 に はコソアドで始まる規則的な体系があります。 Concerning the demonstratives, there is a regular system (of words, i guess) that starts by ...
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1answer
244 views

Meaning of として in this sentence

I don't get why として is used instead of を in this sentence, as it doesn't seem to fit with the "as" sense that I know. 品詞と無関係にコソアドとして一括して扱うのが一般的です。 What I understand is this: Treating コソアド as ...
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2answers
1k views

How do I “understand” kaomoji? (Japanese smilies)

When I see something like this: ヘ(´∀`ヘ)ヘ(´∀`ヘ)ヨイヨイ(ノ´∀`)ノ(ノ´∀`)ノヨイヨイ♪ I think some voodoo demon wants to say something to me. o_O My Japanese friends often use kaomoji. But, when they add (´▽`) ...
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1answer
181 views

What does サラバイ mean?

I hear the term サラバイ is casual speak sometimes but I have absolutely no idea what it means. Example: Me : <new information shared to team> other person: 上記、承知致しました。 other person: サラバイ
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1answer
104 views

Is there a strict usage difference between 耐性 and 耐容 in medical contexts?

According to WWWJDIC and ALC, 耐性 is used for drug tolerance (e.g., 耐性現象), but 耐容 is used for radiation (e.g. 耐容線量). Based on that, my guess is that 耐性 can be used to express neutral effects like ...