使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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6
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5answers
1k views

What is the meaning of のか and how does it differ from か?

What is the meaning of のか in the following sentences? Does it have the same meaning as のですか? 漢字はどう正しく書くのか、どう正しく読むのか、彼らは時々迷います。 参加するのか、参加しないのか、ここではっきり返事しなさい。 Also, I have found sentences of ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

「予定調和」 usage in casual speech

What does 「予定調和」 mean? Not that stuff about Leibniz, but in daily chatter.
3
votes
3answers
179 views

Reason for 「のか」 and 「かもしれません」 in 「何を言っているのかわからないかもしれませんけど」

One time I was formulating sentences on a website, to practice my Japanese and get natives to correct them. I had written 「何が言ってわかりませんけど」 which I now understand was wrong, but when they corrected my ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Usage of「次第に」with the past tense

I am confused as if I should put the verb preceding 「次第に」 at the past tense or just use the dictionary version: ランチを食べた次第に帰った Or ランチを食べる次第に帰った Also, if this grammar is not appropriate in ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Difference between 「〜 時{じ}に」 and 「〜 しながら」

What is the difference between 「〜時{じ}に」 and 「 〜しながら」? I know I can say 「緊張しながら」 - means "while worrying..". Would it be correct if I write it as 「緊張時に」?
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Does また今度 imply concrete future plans in certain regions/dialects?

This question made me remember something I'd been wanting to ask. In general, また今度 seems to be understood as a farewell ("See you later") without a later time to meet defined. However, a Japanese ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Meaning of 「緊張しながら」 and grammar of 「〜しながら」 part

Could you explain more precisely the meaning and grammar of 「緊張しながら」? I know that 「緊張」 means "nervous" or "tension", but 「〜しながら」 - I can't understand this part.
0
votes
1answer
295 views

Exact meaning and usage of 「またこんど」

What is exact meaning and usage of 「またこんど」? I know that is like saying "see you later", but it's not very clear to me. Should we use Kanji in this phrase?
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Meaning of 「以上」 when someone finishes his/her speech and says 「以上」

What is the meaning of 「以{い}上{じょう}」 when someone finishes his/her speech and says 「以上」? For example - the lawyer at the court after his speech says 「以上」and stops speaking then.
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」

What is the difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」? Both translates as "receive"..
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Explaining the phrase お世{せ}話{わ}になります and お世{せ}話{わ}になりました

I can understand what the phrase means 「お世{せ}話{わ}になりました」- "Thank you for everything". But literally it's quite strange to me. Could you explain the logic of it? Also would be very nice to know more ...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

Differences in usage between 撮る{とる} and 写す{うつす}、写る{うつる}?

Differences in usage between 撮る{とる} and 写す{うつす}、写る{うつる} ?
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Is there any difference in meaning between 陥る and 落ち入る?

These two words appear to mean the same thing and the entry on Google dictionary gives the definition as the same for both. Are there any cases where you would use one instead of the other?
2
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1answer
180 views

Difference in usage between クラス and 学級

What is the difference in usage/meaning between クラス and 学級? Why did I never learn the latter in language classes?
0
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2answers
157 views

Difference between 貸す and 貸し出す

What is the difference between 貸す and 貸し出す? Please explain it to me. Thank you!
6
votes
2answers
587 views

How do you say there are “x” number of days until some event or something?

How do you say something like: "There are 8 days until I go on vacation"? I'm pretty much confused on the how to say "x days/hrs/weeks until blank".
8
votes
2answers
546 views

Adnominalisation (Relative clause - noun - copula structure): What does it mean? How can we translate it?

I have two examples of this structure which does not obviously correspond to a pattern in English although it is quite common. I'd like to know what it means, why it is used and how it should be ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Use of おく and 方 in this sentence

このたなの一番おくの方にございます。 They are at the far end of this shelf. This is an example sentence from one of my textbooks but I don't understand what おく means and I'm a bit confused on the use of 方 as well, ...
5
votes
1answer
199 views

How is あって being used in this context?

こんばんは。I am new to learning Japanese and this website. I usually try to learn things of my own initiative, by searching up specific things I don't understand and trying to make sense of them myself. ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

類 in animal and plant names

It seems that there are a number of animal and plant names that can either be used with or without 類 as a suffix. For example, in case of 'fish' I have seen both 魚類 and 魚 being used to denote the ...
-1
votes
2answers
133 views

What is the difference between 会社 and かいしゃ? [duplicate]

I'm a beginner in Japanese language. I'm confused as to where I should use kanji or hiragana. For example, "Company" is written as 会社 in kanji かいしゃ in hiragana What is the difference between ...
4
votes
3answers
155 views

Which one is correct 会社名前 or 会社の名前?

I'm a beginner in Japanese language. In English, "Company Name" and "Name of Company" are basically the same. In Japanese, are those two the same or different? Which one should I use? 会社名前 会社の名前 ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Usage of the pronouns 「我が輩」 and 「方」 in everyday life

I want to know if these pronouns are used in real situations. I saw them come up in some video games and wonder if people really use them. 我{わ}が輩{はい} - I've read that this an old usage word but I've ...
8
votes
3answers
310 views

Is おつかれさん “correct” Japanese to address to someone of lower status?

I have noticed in various environments that some people will sometimes, when speaking to someone of lower status, say おつかれさん instead of お疲れ様. Similarly one might here ご苦労さん instead of ご苦労様. I've ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

I don't understand what やな means at the end of a sentence…?

for example in this sentence : 久しぶりやな i don't understand "ya" and "na" can someone explain me? there's another example : いい感じやなぁ
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votes
5answers
5k views

How do you respond to thanks given?

How do you respond to ありがとうございます and other ways of giving thanks? Are there any expressions similar to the English "You're welcome" or "No problem", or is it appropriate to not respond at all?
3
votes
3answers
315 views

Differences between 死ぬ{しぬ}, 他界する{たかいする} and 亡くなる{なくなる}?

What are the differences between 死ぬ{しぬ}, 他界する{たかいする} and 亡くなる{なくなる}?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is “Almost” in Japanese

I have never actually seen the words for almost used in Japanese. Below are the various translations for "Almost" that I came accross: 「大方」 「粗」 「九分」 「殆」 「もう少しで」 Could you ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

is it “aite” or “akete” for “open”?

I have a book and when you do the verb conjugation for "te" My book says "open" is "aite", but other websites say it's "akete". Which one is correct?
4
votes
0answers
88 views

What form of adress is 「ボクちゃん」? [duplicate]

In a video game I'm playing, the main character, who is a middle-aged man, and his child-like young friend meet a farmer, who seems to address the younger of the two as 「ボクちゃん」. An example: オレは ...
6
votes
2answers
179 views

Why does the waiter use past tense here

When I was trying to order a set meal in the restaurant, the waiter said Aランチのほうでよろしかったでしょうか I am not sure why the past tense よろしかった is used here, I personally would say Aランチのほうでよろしいでしょうか ...
4
votes
1answer
327 views

Strive to achieve something

I am having a hard time express the concept of striving to achieve something. I found a video of a monk online using the word 励む, but I am not sure exactly how to use it. It seems it pairs with nouns ...
15
votes
5answers
920 views

In modern usage how do Japanese natives regard the differences between 外人, 外国人 and 外人さん?

As a near native speaker of Japanese, I find it annoying to be called 外人 since it seems to imply that I "know nothing about Japan" (outsider). I much prefer 外国人. In modern usage, how do native ...
9
votes
2answers
291 views

What's the difference between 静けさ and 静かさ?

Much to my disbelief (no, I'm kidding, it happens all the time), I found out that my handbook was wrong to tell me we must use 静けさ, because 静かさ doesn't exist. Wiki(tionary) says "For degree, ...
7
votes
1answer
282 views

How interchangeable are の/である/なる/たる when qualifying nouns?

So we know that we can qualify/equate two things with a の. 友達のジョン → My friend John 先生の山田さん → A/My teacher Ms. Yamada 勝利者の亀さん → The winner: the turtle (as opposed to the hare) It seems ...
6
votes
1answer
919 views

Difference between the many words for son and daughter

There are three words to refer to somebody else's daughter (According to my dictionary): 娘さん、お嬢さん、令嬢。 There are also three words to refer to somebody else's son: 息子さん、子息、坊ちゃん。 What are the ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

火を噴く vs 火を吐く​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

What's the difference between 火を噴いて{ふいて} and 火を吐いて{はいて}? Both seems to mean fire-spitting, like a fire-breathing dragon, but is there any difference in their nuances?
4
votes
2answers
348 views

Why do we have to use ている form of 思う with third person subject [duplicate]

I've read from many grammar books that when we are talking about a third people thinking about something, we must use 思っている, and it means "think" instead of "be thinking". For example: ...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

(Ordering food) difference between なし and 抜き

What is the difference between endings なし and 抜【ぬ】き when you want to exclude a certain ingredient from food? Aside from 凍【こお】りなし when ordering soft drinks, I thought that for most other things 抜【ぬ】き ...
28
votes
3answers
3k views

Difference between -ていく and -てくる

Can someone explain the differences between v-ていく and v-てくる for me. I know that they both express some kind of ongoing action (like a place getting crowded). For example, what's the difference between ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Do these two questions differ in any way?

There is a question in my Japanese book to translate a sentence. This is how I translated it: わたし の てがみ の うえ の つくえ を よまないで。 But, this is how my book translated it: つくえ の うえ の わたし の てがみ を ...
7
votes
3answers
341 views

そんなの (sonnano), あんなの, (annano) and the like

Several years back, I learned from a free Japanese podcast that referring to something with 'sonnano' or 'annano' is a way of looking down on it / speaking of it as an undesirable thing. There have ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

When should I use で or を particles? [duplicate]

Newcomer here. Trying to learn Japanese on my own for years now. Here's a first question. How can I make sure to learn correctly the difference between using を and で in the context of an action ...
6
votes
1answer
319 views

What difference is there between そろそろ and もうすぐ? (if any)

そろそろ and もうすぐ can both be translated as 'soon', but I feel they have different uses and connotations. My take on it is that そろそろ is slightly more formal and has more of a meaning of 'It's about ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

つもり - expectation. How to use?

In my notes I have the following example: 私は 仕事を 止めない つもり です。 - I expect my work will not stop. Does anybody know the rule for using つもり? Is it just verb plain form e.g. 今月 家を買う つもりです - ...
7
votes
3answers
173 views

Is “先生 / せんせい / sensei” haughty or overly-formal

If I were to tell my Japanese friend that I plan to become a teacher, would I literally say that I will become a sensei? I have always thought of this as an honorific title, and it feels odd to call ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Meaning of 虚ろに in this particular case

I was doing my daily dose of reading and I came by this particular sentence, which I had a little bit of trouble finding the meaning for. 「このあたりからまた意識が虚ろになってしまいました」 The context is a patient who had ...
10
votes
3answers
655 views

Confusion about “Seemingly not ~”

So there are several ways to express something is "seemingly not ~": ~なさそう ~そうにない ~そうもない ~そうにもない (is this one even real?) I was always taught ~なさそう in my Japanese classes, and it was ...
2
votes
2answers
312 views

Expressing control over circumstances—or a lack of it

If someone is discussing a situation, and how it is beyond their control, what would be the most natural way to express this? The two options that come to mind offhand are to use either 操る【あやつる】 ("to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

how can I say “what about…?” in Japanese?

I was writing to my japanese friends, and I got some doubts. Hope it wasn't asked here before. How can I express "what about ..." in Japanese? Particularly: What about having some breaks? What ...