用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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4
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1answer
434 views

Japanese コ上 meaning in English

I've perused many sites and have found "コ上," but if I hit translate, I get "co-on," a term I am not familiar with. Is this a Japanese term with no English equivalent? I'm attempting to read a manga ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there any practical difference between しばらく and しばらくの間?

While answering How does しばらく work with ていない? I started to wonder if 暫く{しばらく} and 暫く{しばらく}の間{あいだ} were fully interchangeable? Or are there any examples where you would use one and not the other?
7
votes
3answers
164 views

What is the difference between 殺{さつ}人{じん} and 殺{さつ}害{がい}?

What is the difference between 殺人 and 殺害? As I know, both of them mean "killing". I found the words in these sentences: 秋田運転手刺殺事件、男を逮捕 強盗殺人容疑で。 金品を奪い取る目的で殺害した疑い。
6
votes
2answers
688 views

<動詞の辞書形> + がよい ― How is this allowed?

I've come across this form many times in my Japanese Bible. The meaning is quite obvious based on context, and seems to be one of the following: ~べきです, ~ほうがいい, ~なさい, or ~ように (let it be ~). Here are ...
4
votes
2answers
621 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
4
votes
1answer
668 views

Xとした usage and grammar?

I've looked over my books but I can't find the answer. All I know is that とする can be used to express something you assume. Such as 温度は一定とする。 We assume the temperate is constant. Also I read we can use ...
55
votes
10answers
3k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
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3answers
162 views

The proper use of ご確認ください [closed]

I often see in Japanese business letters ご確認ください。what and how do I use this phrase?
1
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1answer
202 views

[六月目]{むつきめ} meaning? [closed]

I have been learning Nihongo for 1 month and I am confused with that word. Please help me!!
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Difference between また明日 and では明日?

I understand what 明日{あした} means. And I understand また明日 means "see you tomorrow". But I recently heard では明日, and I do not understand what it means/the difference between また明日. また明日 translates to "In ...
4
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4answers
6k views

What is とは、のが、のは、には、 へは and では? [closed]

Someone told me that these aren't actually particles, but they're separate particles put together. I vaguely have an understanding of には and では but it's とは、のが、 and のは that confuse me a lot. I heard ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

「[況]{いわん}や」 and 「[況]{ま}して」 usages

I just learned about 況や and 況して, I tried to search for some detailed grammar point but nothing... Are they the same? I saw both mean "not to mention..." but they seem different from the way I saw ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
3
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2answers
124 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
7
votes
1answer
268 views

Difference between 向かう, 向く, 向ける

From my understanding 向ける is transitive and means to face/turn something towards something. 安藤は日本国内から世界に目を向けたのです。 -Andou turned his eyes from inside Japan to the world. 向く on the other hand ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Can あります be used to say: “I have to do X on a certain day”?

From what I've read あります can be used to say "There is/There are X nonliving things. あります Can also be used to say one has something. I'm wondering if it can be used like this: わたし は すいようび に アルバイト ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence [私]{わたし}はチケットを[二枚]{にまい}[買]{か}...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Difference between 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない}

I know 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない} both as 'few', but what's the difference?
2
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1answer
122 views

Is it true that we cannot say the feeling of a third person using たい, ほしい, 楽しい?

I heard that we cannot describe the feeling of a third person using たい, ほしい, 楽しい, and others? Is it true? For example, the following sentences are considered incorrect. あの人は楽しかったです。 亀は寂しいです。 ...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

(をする) and (がする). Meanings and Uses

What does (をする) and (がする). Sometime ago I read on site something I dont remember, but I got confused because the use of 勉強がする, but I just knew the existence of 勉強をする. So actually Im pretty confused. ...
2
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2answers
163 views

「一緒なように」は不自然かどうか

今日仕事で、出張の日程についてメールを書きました。三人が同じ学会で発表しますが、一人一人は違う場所から出発します。一人目の分も二人目の分も日程をきちんと書いていましたが、三人目については省略しようと思い、このように書きました。 X先生は国際便が一緒に乗るようにして、X街からの便が多くのため、私は決めることができません。 = X-sensei should be on the same ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

The meaning of “ところ” in context

I am having a difficult time understanding the meaning of "ii tokoro" in the context of this sentence. The full sentence(s) in which I am translating is as follows: "おっと、いいところに。 今日 は新しいムービーを撮るみたいなんや。...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

What are the meanings of ました, ます, and ません?

What are the uses for ました, ます, and ません? For example with the word, ありがとう, what are the differences between ありがとうございました, ありがとうございます, and ありがとうございません? Also, is it possible to properly use どうも as a ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the difference between に限って and だけ?

Both に限って and だけ seem to be used with the meaning of "only". For instance, both phrases seem to have the same meaning: このスーパーは土曜日だけ配達する。 このスーパーは土曜日に限って配達する。 Is there any difference ...
0
votes
1answer
405 views

上手ではありません or 上手じゃありません

I've read somewhere that to say you are not good at something say for example Japanese language, you use: 日本語は上手ではありません but can I also use: 日本語は上手じゃありません Is there anything wrong with this? ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

What is the meaning/purpose of コ in ちょっとイケないコになっちゃう

This is a line in the song lyrics of 「10月のクリスマス」. I think the basic meaning of this line is: Finally becoming somewhat hopeless. My main question is what is the meaning or purpose of コ here? It ...
0
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2answers
166 views

How do I know if kanjis side by side like the one in this sentence is a name 美鶴木夜石は怖がらない?

美鶴木{みつるぎ}夜石{よいし}は怖がらない Is the notion that Kanjis one after another typically indicate that it is a name? How does one read it if the furigana was not given when there are multiple pronunciation of ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the semantic difference between 積む{つむ} and 載せる{のせる} when loading stuff

My flashcard deck has 2 very similar cards: 積む{つむ} meaning: to load, pile up jisho.org: to pile up; to stack 載せる{のせる} meaning: to place on, load onto, draufstellen jisho.org: to place on (...
3
votes
1answer
212 views

The use of 「ん」 in 「どうしたんですか」 [duplicate]

In class we've been learning about sickness, so we went over「どうしたんですか。」and「…がいたいんです。」. I asked the teacher and she said the use of 「ん」 is to provide an explanation, but she didn't explain what rules ...
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vote
2answers
500 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the meaning of ~んです?

This sentence ending has started to creep up more and more in my current Japanese classes, and I'm still a bit unsure what all it can mean, how to use it, or even when I should think to use it. My ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

Difference between 月曜 and 月曜日

I just want to know what the difference is between the two and their proper usage because in dictionary they seem almost the same.
1
vote
1answer
140 views

How has japanese writing changed in the last century? [closed]

This is a fairly vague question and I will try and make it more specific, but, if possible, could you list the changes that have occured in japanese writing in particular? (e.g character change, ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Expressing the concept of “instead”

I'd have liked to have asked this as a comment to the accepted answer in the post linked below but sadly, my reputation does not yet allow that. in 買っては, I need some explanation for っては part In the ...
1
vote
5answers
130 views

Which is the difference of meaning beetween 業 and 行?

I was looking at the 20 precepts of karate and I really like this one: 空手の修業は一生である The translation should be something like: Karate is a lifelong pursuit. Looking for it on google.co.jp ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Are these phrases interchangeable? に関して, に対して, において, について, における

There's already a question that discusses にかんして vs について but I found more terms that are more or less the same to me. All phrases seem to be some kind of topic marker that can be roughly translated to "...
5
votes
3answers
601 views

Saying “you're welcome” at the workplace

There are a few ways to say "You're welcome". Which is the best for somebody in the workplace (inside and outside the team and of about the same level as myself) どういたしまして いいえ いえいえ others?
3
votes
1answer
259 views

What does おつかれさまでしたどぞ means

I know the meaning of おつかれさまでした and どぞ but when they are put together I really can't get what it really means. Does it have a positive or negative meaning? To make it clear: one time one of my ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Sentence ending with でもあった

I found this sentence on a visual novel, and it's the first time I see でも+あった at the end of a phrase, what does it mean? This is the sentence: だがその偶然はあらかじめ決められていた世界の意志でもあった。 Thank you in ...
1
vote
3answers
794 views

少し日本語を話します and 少し日本語を話せます - What's the difference?

What changes, in these phrases? The change is the し for the せ. A friend told me that the second one was better for saying I speak little japanese. 私は少し日本語を話します。 私は少し日本語を話せます。
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vote
2answers
121 views

Can なる be used like this?

Is it possible to use one なる with two adverbs to indicate becoming two different things/states simultaneously? Can one say, for example, 速くて大きくなる to mean get quicker and bigger? Or would it have to be ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

When do I use domo instead of arigato? [duplicate]

I've observed that sometimes people say something like 'domo' instead of 'arigato'. According to my observation it happens mostly when people don't really know eachother or in similar situations. ...
10
votes
1answer
357 views

How figurative can 姿 be?

I've always thought of 姿 as a physical form or shape, but I came across this passage from my book: 彼らの話から浮かびあがってきたのは、・・・・・{この人}の姿だった。 (I took just took out some descriptions of the woman they're ...
9
votes
1answer
516 views

Difference between 下る、下りる、下がる?

I cannot, for the love of my life, understand the difference between 下る{くだる} 下りる{おりる} 下がる{さがる} Don't they all mean the same, basically? Is there a difference, and if yes, how could I proceed to ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Difference between 青々とした and 青々した?

Both 青々とした and 青々した essentially mean green. Is there any difference between the two expressions? eg. from JapanesePod101: 羊{ひつじ}が青々{あおあお}した芝生{しばふ}を食べている。 The sheep is eating the green grass. ...
13
votes
4answers
682 views

Greeting for meeting a friend by chance

How can I greet a person in a manner similar to "Nice to find you in here!" (— meaning meeting a friend by chance somewhere)?
12
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2answers
475 views

What do I do when I encounter “Written Japanese”?

I have read in grammar dictionaries some words/phrases that are labelled as "Written Japanese" and should not be used in normal speech. Let's take for example the sentence-ending こと indicating a ...