用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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でありません vs. ではありません [duplicate]

I have come across a book Japanese in 30 hours by Eiichi Kiyooka published in 1942. On page 5 it gives an example of a sentence This is not a book. translated as これは本でありません。 However, when looking at ...
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2answers
230 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
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3answers
154 views

Question about usage of 「のでは」

In one of the grammar questions for N3, I saw one for which I couldn't understand the reason why のでは is used. この英会話講師のアルバイトに応募したきっかけは、先輩からの紹介です。私の専門は言語学ですので、その知識が生かせる「 ...
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から usage as “after” [duplicate]

In the simple sentence 電話を掛けてから、友だちうちへ行きます。I want to know how kara is used. It didn't feel like it's meaning is "because" here it is more like "after". I think this translates to " After I make call, ...
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1answer
134 views

Using 嫌い and 嫌う

In elementary Japanese, you are taught to say you dislike something with が嫌いです. For example: 国の状態が嫌いです。 I've also seen 嫌う used to express dislike, like: 昨日を嫌った。 Are they both ...
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1answer
103 views

Why is みつぎもの written 賜ぎ物 instead of 貢ぎ物 in this comic?

I was reading Hunter x Hunter volume 24, when suddenly this thing appeared: 賜{みつ}ぎ物{もの} Just a bit of context: they are trying to infiltrate the enemy's base, and take advantage of one corrupt ...
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1answer
63 views

What is the difference between [為替]{かわせ} and 両{りょう}替{がえ}?

What is the difference between 為替 and 両替? Both mean "exchange". When each of them should be used?
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1answer
212 views

Mystery about にく (肉) in kanji (漢字)

I have a question which is regarding to the word 肉 in Japanese Language. Below are my opinions and questions about it. First, pork in Japan is 豚肉 (google-translated from pork), which should be ...
4
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1answer
63 views

Can 自身 be used to refer to 2 people in the same sentence?

Starting from the sentence: それにもかかわらず、新渡戸と内村は女性の状況や権利に特別な関心を抱き、これについての文書を多数残している。 Do I need to add 2「自身」to give the meaning "Nitobe and Uchimura themselves"? ...
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Why do they say 'kawaii' for 'poor thing'?

I've observed that when someone wants to say 'poor thing', they say something like 'kawaii sonna' and I know that kawaii means cute. Can someone please explain? Thanks.
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110 views

柄にもない and its connotations

I came across 柄にもない once while reading and since the immediate look-up didn't feel like a full explanation of the phrase, I've been motivated to try and understand it connotations better. In a quick ...
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2answers
2k views

is it “aite” or “akete” for “open”?

I have a book and when you do the verb conjugation for "te" My book says "open" is "aite", but other websites say it's "akete". Which one is correct?
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1answer
97 views

Connotations behind 可愛げのない態度?

I thought 可愛げのない態度 came to the simple translation of 'charmless attitude', but on a whim I searched up the phrase, and in daily life context it seems more like 'having a cold attitude' than acting in ...
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3answers
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What exactly is the difference between <verb>-てしまう and <verb>- [切]{き}る?

I've read that both the ~てしまう and ~きる (18th meaning of 切る at http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/cgi-bin/wwwjdic.cgi?1MUE%E5%88%87%E3%82%8B) forms are used to signify something has been ...
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1answer
102 views

Is the expression 「だってある」 common?

I just stumbled upon this sentence in a book. とはいうものの、電気やエルクトロニクスの基本を知る価値だってある。 I can get the gist of what the sentence is trying to say, but this is the first time I encountered the expression ...
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1answer
90 views

「わからない事は聞くのよ」What makes this imperative?

This is used in an imperative sense: "If there's anything you don't understand, just ask." I wanted to know how the particles worked to give this tone, since, without the particles, it could've been ...
5
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1answer
135 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 ...
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1answer
65 views

How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
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2answers
128 views

How do you use ”~じゃんよ。” and what exactly does it mean?

At the end of sentences in casual form I know you can use ~じゃない or ~じゃん to say "~isn't it?" similar to ~ね. And I know ~よ at the end of a sentence can be used like "I tell you" or for emphasis, but ...
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3answers
671 views

What is the difference between 完了 and 終了?

Both 完了 and 終了 seem to have the connotation of finished/complete, but what is the difference, if any, in usage?
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1answer
1k views

what is the difference between ごとに and おきに?

Both ごとに and おきに appear to mean "repeatedly at intervals". What is the difference between these two expressions?
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660 views

Can まさにかわいい be used to say “very cute”?

I recently wanted to compliment someone for having done something "very cute," and wound up using まさにかわいい. They understood me, but now I suspect that is a weird way to say it. More common variations ...
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210 views

Seemingly redundant 帰る in 「今日、帰りに買って帰ります」

In my textbook is the following. あの店のパンはとてもおいしいとか。今日、帰りに買って帰ります。 From what I understand, 「帰りに買う」 means "to buy on the way back (home)". However, this seems to already imply that you are heading ...
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227 views
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病む in actual usage

One of the difficulties facing any learner of another language is to try to understand the nuance of words between languages. In English, 'to be sick' is used for both the state of being ill as well ...
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1answer
158 views

Difference between 劇場{げきじょう} and 演劇{えんげき}

I'm trying to find the words to differentiate theatre (the physical place) from play (as in stage play). I keep finding the words 劇場{げきじょう} and 演劇{えんげき} in the dictionary but can't figure out which is ...
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2answers
1k views

Using 伯母 / 叔母 to refer to one's aunt

Is it true that when we see 伯母 it usually (90%) means "parent's elder sister" and sometimes (10%) can be used to refer to the parent's younger sister? On the contrary, when we see 叔母 does it always ...
7
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1answer
200 views

Meaning of 変なテンション

What does 変なテンション describe? To my limited understanding, the expression is used by a person who observes a テンション高い person but fails to understand why that person is テンション高い. Am I mistaken? Or is ...
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4answers
4k views

Usage of たくさん vs. 多い

When do we use たくさん and when do we use 多い? I found both modifiers are used within similar sentences, for example: 人が多かったです 人がたくさんいました I had this impression that 多い is used with countable nouns ...
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2answers
629 views

What's the difference between the に祈る【いのる】 and を祈る【いのる】 forms?

What's the difference between the に祈る and を祈る forms? Like what's the difference between (1.) and (2.): うまく行くのに祈ってくださいね。 うまく行くのを祈ってくださいね。 EDIT: What's the difference between the ように祈る and のを祈る ...
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1answer
109 views

では vs でも, vs じゃ what is the difference?

Kind of a japanese newb here. I've googled this a bit and haven't seen anything except demo vs temo comparisons. I understood that these words all kind of mean "but, well, so, anyways"....am I way ...
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1answer
406 views

Japanese コ上 meaning in English

I've perused many sites and have found "コ上," but if I hit translate, I get "co-on," a term I am not familiar with. Is this a Japanese term with no English equivalent? I'm attempting to read a manga ...
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1answer
102 views

Is there any practical difference between しばらく and しばらくの間?

While answering How does しばらく work with ていない? I started to wonder if 暫く{しばらく} and 暫く{しばらく}の間{あいだ} were fully interchangeable? Or are there any examples where you would use one and not the other?
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What is the difference between 殺{さつ}人{じん} and 殺{さつ}害{がい}?

What is the difference between 殺人 and 殺害? As I know, both of them mean "killing". I found the words in these sentences: 秋田運転手刺殺事件、男を逮捕 強盗殺人容疑で。 金品を奪い取る目的で殺害した疑い。
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2answers
625 views

<動詞の辞書形> + がよい ― How is this allowed?

I've come across this form many times in my Japanese Bible. The meaning is quite obvious based on context, and seems to be one of the following: ~べきです, ~ほうがいい, ~なさい, or ~ように (let it be ~). Here are ...
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2answers
508 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
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519 views

Xとした usage and grammar?

I've looked over my books but I can't find the answer. All I know is that とする can be used to express something you assume. Such as 温度は一定とする。 We assume the temperate is constant. Also I read we can use ...
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10answers
3k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
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3answers
155 views

The proper use of ご確認ください [closed]

I often see in Japanese business letters ご確認ください。what and how do I use this phrase?
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198 views

[六月目]{むつきめ} meaning? [closed]

I have been learning Nihongo for 1 month and I am confused with that word. Please help me!!
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1answer
190 views

Difference between また明日 and では明日?

I understand what 明日{あした} means. And I understand また明日 means "see you tomorrow". But I recently heard では明日, and I do not understand what it means/the difference between また明日. また明日 translates to "In ...
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4answers
5k views

What is とは、のが、のは、には、 へは and では? [closed]

Someone told me that these aren't actually particles, but they're separate particles put together. I vaguely have an understanding of には and では but it's とは、のが、 and のは that confuse me a lot. I heard ...
4
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1answer
109 views

「[況]{いわん}や」 and 「[況]{ま}して」 usages

I just learned about 況や and 況して, I tried to search for some detailed grammar point but nothing... Are they the same? I saw both mean "not to mention..." but they seem different from the way I saw ...
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1answer
119 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
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2answers
124 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
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1answer
240 views

Difference between 向かう, 向く, 向ける

From my understanding 向ける is transitive and means to face/turn something towards something. 安藤は日本国内から世界に目を向けたのです。 -Andou turned his eyes from inside Japan to the world. 向く on the other hand ...
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1answer
121 views

Can あります be used to say: “I have to do X on a certain day”?

From what I've read あります can be used to say "There is/There are X nonliving things. あります Can also be used to say one has something. I'm wondering if it can be used like this: わたし は すいようび に アルバイト ...
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1answer
267 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence ...
6
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1answer
128 views

Difference between 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない}

I know 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない} both as 'few', but what's the difference?