使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
157 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjective sentences, like if I wanna say "Mr. ...
5
votes
2answers
361 views

Meaning of しょわー

In the last panel at the bottom of the page, she says 「しょ__ー」. I'm not quite sure as to what that last character is, including its use(s) and pronounciation(s). I have seen this character in various ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Usage and meaning of 仲ばし [closed]

While reading I came across a strange usage which none of my dictionaries could decipher. 腰を仲ばし、両手を大きく振りながら、てくてく歩く。 While googling I found the sentence 手を前方に進め上体を倒しながら仲ばします accompanied by a ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Exact use of furigana?

こんにちは! I am currently learning the Japanese language (along with the Russian language) outside of schooling, and decided that besides reading raw text for practice I could use manga as well. However, ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Explanation/Usage of 瞬きしては

Could it become 瞬【まばた】いている? Why is there 瞬きする instead of 瞬く? And why is there a は at the end? sentence from the song キラキラ星【ぼし】: きらきらひかる おそらのほしよ まばたきしては みんなをみてる きらきらひかる おそらのほしよ
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Understanding adverbs and their meaning [closed]

Recently I have learnt about adverbs. From my understanding they describe how an action or verb is done. This is similar in the way that adjectives describe nouns. Following my text book I read ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

How do you say “I already can tell (understand) X”?

I want to say the equivalent of I can already tell (understand) that game X is (going to be) harder than game Y. For instance, I've already beat game Y. And even though I've only just started ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Meaning and usage of ~としたことが

I came across the expression ~としたことが, for example: 私としたことが I'm trying to figure out the meaning and usage of this phrase, but I can't find any English resources that explain it. What does this ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Meaning and usage of きっと良{よ}い

What is exact meaning of きっと良い? The ~良い part is easy to understand, it means "good". But きっと~ part is not very clear to me. Also, could this phrase be used in official language?
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Where should I use 租借 {そしゃく} or 賃貸 {ちんたい} or [リース ]{りーす}?

I'm a beginner in Japanese. So far I learned the following three words have the same meaning - Lease (noun). [租借]{そしゃく} [賃貸]{ちんたい} [リース]{りーす} Where should I use them appropriately and what ...
5
votes
3answers
226 views

What is the difference between 逃{のが}れた and 免{まぬが}れた?

What is the difference between 逃れた and 免れた? They both mean "avoided, escaped". When should I use each of them? I found the sentence in JLPT1 book, where you have to pick the right answer: ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Use of 何か in this sentence

Please explain the grammar behind how 何か is used in this sentence そこにはきっと何かお話があるに違いない。 I'm translating it as There must surely be a story there But I don't understand what 何か is doing. Can ...
4
votes
2answers
216 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the difference between 「利{り}益{えき}」 and 「利{り}潤{じゅん}」?

What is the difference between 「利益」 and 「利潤」? They both mean "profit". When shoud I use each of them?
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Proper usage of 語 and 言語 and 言葉 when speaking about someone's language

Japanese language is 日本語. But if I want to say The language of Japanese people - should I write 日本人の言{げん}語{ご}? And if I want to say the same about animals, for example cat - like cat's language - is ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

How to express an exception, being able to do sth. normally, but not today?

I want to express an exception and don't know which sentence would be appropriate. I want to say that I just wasn't able to do it today, but I am able to do it normally. Which of the following ...
7
votes
1answer
232 views

What do people mean when they just type こん?

I see it chat rooms all the time and I have no clue what it means.
4
votes
2answers
143 views

Is ありです a colloquial expression for ありがとう?

I got this as a reply to a YouTube comment: コメント返信ありです! I understood what the person meant but I'd like to know if ありです is that common and if it can have other meanings.
5
votes
1answer
210 views

What's the difference between ね and でしょう for tag questions?

Both ね and でしょう can be used to form tag questions to confirm an opinion like so: 1) 疲れたでしょう。 (more of a guess based on evidence / polite) 2) 疲れたね。 (more forceful / the speaker is more ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What's the meaning of the ending じゃないの?

I found it twice. First in a song: いつもその本はハッピーエンドじゃないの。 And then the title of a manga: 遊びじゃないの。 じゃない alone is for negation (no happy end, no playing). What I can't understand is the の at ...
6
votes
2answers
223 views

Is だ (plain form of です) omittable?

After studying copula verbs だ and です in japanese grammar books by myself a couple of months ago, I was under the impresion that だ is omittable as it is implied by the context. Moving on, I recently ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

What could it be: つもりでいた??

I need some help with the sentence below. Things like ~ている、~でいる when finishing the verb as in [似]{に}ている、[読]{よ}んでいる are okay for me. But next sentence is something else, because the ending でいた is ...
31
votes
3answers
54k views

でも (demo) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but”

I learned that you can use でも (demo) at the beginning of a sentence to mean "but," and that you can use けど (kedo) at the end of a sentence to mean "though." However, I don't see a difference between ...
3
votes
4answers
459 views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
2
votes
3answers
159 views

Usage of an adjective 細やか(な)

I have met the sentence: 各学生への細やかな配慮と個人的な学術的な指導があるため。 The word 細やかな is translated in the dictionary usually as friendly or tender. 1) Could you please tell me more exact translation of this word ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Usage of a verb 希望する

While filling in the application I have met the next sentence: 「コースガイド」から希望する大学を選ぶこと。 There was also a translation into English: Please choose the universities that you wish to attend from among ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
3
votes
2answers
201 views

はは or おかあさん what should be used?

What I've learnt is: when you talk about your mother you use はは、 when you talk about someone else's mother you use おかあさん。 But what happens when you talk to your mother? How should you address her? ...
13
votes
2answers
626 views

What exactly is this ※ symbol, and what does it mean/how is it used?

I keep running into this symbol: ※ What is it, exactly? How is it used? According to this Wikipedia link on Japanese typographic symbols, this ※ is called 米{こめ} or 米印{こめじるし}. It is used in notes as ...
5
votes
2answers
199 views

What is the difference between すみませんが and すみません?

I'm still a beginner with japanese. Here is the example that I foud: すみませんが、さとうをとってください I'm not completely sure about the meaning of が in this sentence, since the teacher told me you can both use it ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Differences between words for “optimistic” and “pessimistic”

I've been confused for a long time about how certain Japanese words map onto the meaning of "optimistic" and "pessimistic" in English. Specifically, what is the difference between (Optimistic) ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Politeness and Usage of ぶっちゃけ

A while ago, I heard the word ぶっちゃけ on a comedy show used to mean "frankly." I'd like to know three things: 1) How polite/impolite is this word? Looking it up online, it seems to be slang. I guess I ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

なんと versus どう usage

Consider the two questions: 1) せんせいの しつもんに なんと こたえました 2) せんせいの しつもんに どう こたえました I hope they both mean "How did you answer the teacher's question?" A previous question on this site suggested that なんと ...
3
votes
3answers
407 views

知らない方がいいって事もあるんです

Original video I am trying to decipher: 知らない方がいいって事もあるんです The translation that is provided with this phrase is "Some things are better off left unknown." I'm trying to break this down but I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

What is difference between 金、料、代、and 費?

For example, 入学金 is correct, we can't use 入学費・代・料 that's not 日本語 But all of them mean costs for something. Can someone please explain this, thanks a lot!
1
vote
1answer
124 views

What is the difference between こだわり and 良{よ}い?

Consider for example this article with the following headline. 〈JAL〉機内食、こだわりの冬メニュー登場 日本航空(JAL)は「空の上のレストラン」をコンセプトに展開している機内食「スカイオーベルジュ BEDD(ベッド) by JAL」で12月1日から提供される冬のこだわりメニューを発表した。 [...] ...
-2
votes
1answer
117 views

Specifying Objects in Japanese

How do you say and write 'this is' and 'that is' in Japanese? Expanding on this, how would you say and write 'these are' and 'those are'? Around this topic, are there any male and female words in ...
5
votes
2answers
185 views

How to use “happy new year” expressions: 賀正{がしょう}, 謹賀新年{きんがしんねん}

I know about 明けまして{あけまして}おめでとうございます, usually I use with family and friends, also I saw some tweets with this phrase. Today I found these two variations: 賀正{がしょう} (noun) and 謹賀新年{きんがしんねん} ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

When each of joining particles ~や~ and ~とか~ should be used? [duplicate]

What is the difference between ~や~ and ~とか~ joining particles? For example: 1) 飲み物やカップや~ 2) 飲み物とかカップとか~ It looks like the meaning is about the same of both sentences.. When each of particles ...
45
votes
10answers
2k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
5
votes
1answer
291 views

Is Taito (たいと) (kanji/kokuji with the highest stroke count consisting of 84 strokes) legit and ever used?

Taito is mentioned as the kanji/kokuji with the highest stroke count consisting of 84 strokes in Wikipedia. Taito is composed of two kanji ("cloud" (雲) and "dragon" (龍) repeated three times each ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

Is 忝い(かたじけない) used in current language?

I'm currently watching Rurouni Kenshin, and Kenshin says 忝い(かたじけない) a lot to express his gratitude. I looked it up a little and based on this it seems like it's old Samurai language, but I wonder if ...
5
votes
1answer
208 views

もっとも: distinguishing between 尤も and 最も

I found a page in Japanese with title "世界でもっとも汚染された10の都市". Having encountered the phrase 「もっとも」 for the first time, I looked it up on WWWJDIC and found two entries: 尤も 【もっとも】 (adj-na,adv,conj,n) ...
9
votes
2answers
320 views

好き【すき】でした。付き【つき】合って【あって】ください。

I found many people say 好きでした when they actually mean 好きです. I think it is short for ずっと好きでした. I know ずっと~していた and ずっと~している can well mean the same, but I still do not know the nuance between 好きでした and ...
3
votes
1answer
610 views

What does やがんだ mean?

Right now, I'm reading the Japanese translation of Catcher in the Rye. This sentence has been puzzling me: 奴さん、ジャガーをもってやがんだよ。 I know that the author is saying that his brother owns a Jaguar, but ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

What is wrong in “森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服した”?

最新の医療技術をもってすれば、人はさらに寿命を伸ばせるだろう。 OK 森田さんは人一倍の努力をもって病気を克服したのである。 OK 森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服したのである。 KO My textbook* says the third sentence is not OK, but I don't understand why, as it ...
8
votes
4answers
461 views

Is「ふむふむ」still used nowadays?

I learned from a Japanese friend that ふむふむ could be translated like "oh, I got it", "I see", "I know", or "ok". It could be also in this form: ふむふむ なるほど But, my sister lived in Japan for 5 years, and ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

なったら vs. なると – usage in context

I came across the following exercise – I have to fill in the gap with the correct word that I have to choose from a series of 4. 信号{しんごう}があおに(    )、道{みち}を渡{わた}っていいです。 I eliminated 2 words and ...