How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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3answers
169 views

Usage of -さ with そうな

I was learning about adjectives + さ, which turns them into a noun; as I understand it, a "measurable" quantity . I then thought of how X そうです could be turned into an adjective, X そうな Y, so I was ...
10
votes
2answers
345 views

What are some well known exceptions for 居る (いる) and 有る (ある)?

Today I heard 人形がいる, so I googled around because I thought 居る was only for living things, but I found many examples of this usage. Many for 人形がある as well. Are there other exceptions for いる/ある?
5
votes
1answer
194 views

I am struggling with the sometimes conflicting uses of 先

Rikaisama's definition of 先 includes meanings like previous; prior; former; some time ago. However it also includes meanings such as front; ahead; the future; destination. I am struggling to make ...
4
votes
3answers
154 views

How to express “X is the most important for Y”?

I am not certain how to say "X is the most important for Y". For example, "A teacher is the most important person for a student." It could be 「先生は学生にいちばんたいせつな人です」 or 「がくせいは先生がいちばんたいせつな人です」, but I ...
4
votes
2answers
442 views

What is the difference between んじゃない and んだ?

I came across the following sentence: 「…あの犯行予告、俺がやったんじゃないんだけどな。」 I also have English subtitles which translate this phrase as: "I wasn't the one who issued that threat, but no matter." What's the ...
10
votes
3answers
568 views

Difference between ゆくすえ, しょうらい and みらい

I've been looking around and I got that the three words can mean "future". Is there a way to differentiate them? Can they be used the same way?
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vote
1answer
91 views

How to express “Today I would like to talk about X” when opening a speech

Can one use 「本日、Xを話したいです」 when opening a speech, or is it too rough? For example, translations for the sentence "Today I would like to talk about my past" that I can think of are 「本日、私の過去を話したいです」 or ...
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2answers
153 views

Usage of て Form Plus も (Translation)

I have the following sentence to translate. だれが来てもいいですが 少なくても 一人は 必ず 来させて下さい So far I have the following. Anyone can come but even if there is few/little 1 person definitely please let me ...
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3answers
7k views

What's the difference between ようこそ and いらしゃいませ?

Both "ようこそ" (yokoso) and "いらしゃいませ" (irashaimase) seem to mean "welcome" but what are the precise circumstances under which each should be used? "いらしゃいませ" (irashaimase) is uttered in unison by all ...
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1answer
103 views

How does one use しめしめ?

デジタル大辞泉 defines しめしめ as follows: 物事が自分の思ったとおりに運んで、ひそかに喜ぶときに発する語。 「―、思いどおりになった」 I get the first part ("When something has gone as you planned for it to go..."), but I'm a bit confused about ...
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1answer
52 views

受ける Usage (Translation)

I have the following to translate for class. 漢字クイズは 習った漢字を全部暗記しなくてもいいですが 例文を読んだ後で 受ければ いい点が取れるようです。 So far I have the following. As for the kanji quiz it is okay if you don't memorize all of the ...
6
votes
2answers
148 views

What's the difference between そうかな and そうなんだ?

I've always thought that they both mean something like "I see" or "Is that so?" and I was told that they have different meaning. Is that so?
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9answers
1k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of ~んです?

This sentence ending has started to creep up more and more in my current Japanese classes, and I'm still a bit unsure what all it can mean, how to use it, or even when I should think to use it. My ...
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1answer
149 views

しかも and なお both mean “furthermore; in addition; nevertheless” but here they are used together

I was looking up しかも - "furthermore; nevertheless" from this sentence: しかも敵との間合いはキープしたままだ。 Nevertheless keep just within range of the enemy but I am confused by this usage I saw on alc.co.jp ...
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1answer
100 views

Difference between かおり and におい

In a TV show I am watching (孤独のグルメ, perhaps many of you have heard of it) the gentleman is about to drink some coffee but pauses to savour the aroma. He says いい かおり だ Which I translate as "good ...
6
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3answers
199 views

Appropriate 挨拶 for e-mail?

Saw this when prepping, but it doesn't cover what I was looking for. When composing e-mails in Japanese I tend to want to use 拝啓 and 早々, as I was taught for regular letters in class, but they feel ...
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votes
2answers
186 views

Clarification on a Translation

After all this time I think I finally have my translation of "Walk your own path. Let People talk." But before I put it in my CAD program, I would like to get an opinion on the word usage and grammar. ...
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2answers
565 views

Verb volitional form (動詞の意志形) - usage

I have a couple of questions about the volitional form of verbs that I've become unclear on lately. Here is a Bible passage containing the grammar in question: (Note that I'm using a Bible passage ...
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1answer
101 views

All the uses of わけ?

Ok, I've come across a few expressions involving the word わけ (訳)such as わけではない, to indicate that something differs from a notion the listener may have; わけがない, to indicate that there is no sense in ...
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1answer
251 views

What is the difference between どのぐらい and どれぐらい?

I just heard a sentence this morning - "how much money do you have?" お金、 どれぐらい ある? I have always been taught "how much" is どのぐらい so hearing どれぐらい has caught me off-guard. As I recall we use この ...
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1answer
120 views

Need small clarification regarding this use of 遊び

I was translating some lines earlier and I ran into a snag after the speaker said this: その言葉は重くて、遊びで戦っているのではない事だけは俺にも伝わりました。 My main problem comes from the 遊びで戦っている part and I'd like to confirm that ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Meaning of ~つもりではいる in that sentence

I don't understand the meaning of ~つもりではいる in this sentence : そしていちおう手加減してやるつもりではいるが殺されてしまっても負けとなる。 And, although I'm planning on going easy on you, you will also lose if you happen to get ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Confusion with それだけ in these lyrics

Could anyone please help me translate this? I have only gotten a hang of basic sentences but this one I just cannot seem to understand. 疑いはいらない。それだけが真実 Utagai wa iranai. Sore dake ga shinjitsu. ...
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1answer
68 views

Is there difference between 大事/大した

When would one be used? I don't understand the difference between them.
5
votes
3answers
157 views

Why should I use つかれました and not つかれたです

I said to a Japanese person last night, meaning to say "I'm tired": つかれたです。 She corrected me to: つかれました。 I'm curious as to why this is. I thought つかれたです was grammatically correct. Does it ...
2
votes
3answers
221 views

Which is a Better Introduction?

If I were to introduce myself, which would be better? はじめまして、あかみです。どうぞよろしく。 はじめまして、あかみです。よろしくお願いします。 How would you introduce yourself? Any better recommendations instead of 1 & 2 ?! Thanks :D
5
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2answers
289 views

Can you use the polite form ます with ので?

I was recently told by someone that you cannot use the polite form ~ます and ので; that is, ので must be used with the plain form. (Specifically, he was saying that 「勉強していますので」 was wrong, and had to be ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

Meaning of 「神様、仏様、X様」

I was recently watching a few videos about 橋本環奈{はしもとかんな}, and I came across an introduction (if it can be called that?) that I've never heard before. Whenever she introduces herself, she finishes ...
4
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2answers
264 views

Difference between 学習する and 習う?

Is there any difference between 学習する and 習う?
3
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1answer
104 views

What is the difference in usage between 夜【よ】 and 夜【よる】?

As I understand, both よ and よる mean 'night'. I guess that the difference might be purely idiomatic. In this sense: What are idioms where only one of them is correct? What are idioms where you can ...
7
votes
1answer
353 views

How to use やんの?

Here is an example from the comic GANTZ. (This should be fair use of the image at least in the US as it's for scholarly commentary.) It's easy to tell that emphasis is being added, and the speaker is ...
14
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1answer
253 views

Is 花見 only for “cherry blossom” viewing?

Textbooks usually teach that 花見 / お花見 means "cherry blossom viewing". Tatoeba has a couple of examples supporting that: ヒラヒラと桜の花が舞っている。もうお花見の季節も終わりだな It looks like cherry blossom-viewing ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

When is 死に used to describe something is dead instead of 死んでいる or 死んだ?

死に馬にむちを打つ - beat [whip, flog] a dead horse After reading the sentence above, I was wondering when it's appropriate to use 死に to describe when something(or someone?) is dead instead of using ...
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1answer
454 views

When the agent takes を in the causative form

I've seen a few sets of terminology when referring to the causative form, so for the basic case, I will use the following: instigator が agent に 〇〇 を v-させる。 In its most basic, text-book form, we have ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you say “just curious” or “out of curiosity”?

In English, I often say "I'm just curious, but...". The best phrase I've come up with for this in Japanese is 「[好奇心]{こうきしん}だけですが・・・」 but I've never heard a native speaker use this. I recently ...
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votes
1answer
90 views

Difference between と・や and も for lists?

I know that you use と for complete lists, and や for incomplete ones, but when would you use xもyも instead of xとy or xやy? Doesn't も usually replace は or が? Why is も used for lists at all?
7
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1answer
891 views

と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
6
votes
3answers
548 views

What does 私たち imply?

I know that 私たち means "we", but in what sense? Does it simply mean the last two people talked about? Or does it always mean the speaker and the listener? So say I'm talking to Shota about Sawako, and ...
6
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2answers
532 views

How to use に with “masu-stem (連用形 stem) + に + Verb” structure

Could somebody provide a bit more explanation, possibly giving correct and incorrect examples on how to use に with "masu-stem (連用形 stem) + に + Verb" as illustrated in the following examples? Both ...
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votes
1answer
140 views

Difference between うまい and 美味しい when talking about food

What is the difference between うまい and 美味{おい}しい when talking about food? I suppose they can be used interchangeably in most cases, but when should I prefer one to the other? I've seen a number of ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Meaning of ~と言えよう

Just as the title says, I'm looking for the meaning of this construction, like used in the following sentence: 野菜や果物の害虫を防ぐために、さまざまな農薬が使われているが、これは人間の健康の面から考えると、問題があると言えよう。 Thanks in advance for ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Is it common to use 火を入れる when referring to a degree to which meat or any steak should be cooked?

I recently asked for a well done steak at a restaurant, while my friend asked for a medium rare. When waiter came back with two steaks, he used 「火をよく入れた方」 to let us know which one is well done. So ...
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votes
2answers
524 views

greeting the wife of a colleague with 「お世話になっています」?

Supposing I'm meeting a colleague's wife for the first time, I was trying to think of how to modify いつもお世話になっています to express something like "I'm always in your husband's care". Is this appropriate? if ...
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votes
2answers
148 views

Particle に (and で) in this sentence

I don't get why に is used in addition to は in the following sentences. 指示詞 に はコソアドで始まる規則的な体系があります。 Concerning the demonstratives, there is a regular system (of words, i guess) that starts by ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

Meaning of として in this sentence

I don't get why として is used instead of を in this sentence, as it doesn't seem to fit with the "as" sense that I know. 品詞と無関係にコソアドとして一括して扱うのが一般的です。 What I understand is this: Treating コソアド as ...
11
votes
2answers
918 views

How do I “understand” kaomoji? (Japanese smilies)

When I see something like this: ヘ(´∀`ヘ)ヘ(´∀`ヘ)ヨイヨイ(ノ´∀`)ノ(ノ´∀`)ノヨイヨイ♪ I think some voodoo demon wants to say something to me. o_O My Japanese friends often use kaomoji. But, when they add (´▽`) ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

What does サラバイ mean?

I hear the term サラバイ is casual speak sometimes but I have absolutely no idea what it means. Example: Me : <new information shared to team> other person: 上記、承知致しました。 other person: サラバイ
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Is there a strict usage difference between 耐性 and 耐容 in medical contexts?

According to WWWJDIC and ALC, 耐性 is used for drug tolerance (e.g., 耐性現象), but 耐容 is used for radiation (e.g. 耐容線量). Based on that, my guess is that 耐性 can be used to express neutral effects like ...
3
votes
3answers
290 views

知らない方がいいって事もあるんです

Original video I am trying to decipher: 知らない方がいいって事もあるんです The translation that is provided with this phrase is "Some things are better off left unknown." I'm trying to break this down but I'm ...