How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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1answer
111 views

Usage of a verb 希望する

While filling in the application I have met the next sentence: 「コースガイド」から希望する大学を選ぶこと。 There was also a translation into English: Please choose the universities that you wish to attend from among ...
3
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2answers
124 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
3
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2answers
180 views

はは or おかあさん what should be used?

What I've learnt is: when you talk about your mother you use はは、 when you talk about someone else's mother you use おかあさん。 But what happens when you talk to your mother? How should you address her? ...
13
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2answers
554 views

What exactly is this ※ symbol, and what does it mean/how is it used?

I keep running into this symbol: ※ What is it, exactly? How is it used? According to this Wikipedia link on Japanese typographic symbols, this ※ is called 米{こめ} or 米印{こめじるし}. It is used in notes as ...
5
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2answers
172 views

What is the difference between すみませんが and すみません?

I'm still a beginner with japanese. Here is the example that I foud: すみませんが、さとうをとってください I'm not completely sure about the meaning of が in this sentence, since the teacher told me you can both use it ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Differences between words for “optimistic” and “pessimistic”

I've been confused for a long time about how certain Japanese words map onto the meaning of "optimistic" and "pessimistic" in English. Specifically, what is the difference between (Optimistic) ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Politeness and Usage of ぶっちゃけ

A while ago, I heard the word ぶっちゃけ on a comedy show used to mean "frankly." I'd like to know three things: 1) How polite/impolite is this word? Looking it up online, it seems to be slang. I guess I ...
2
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2answers
146 views

なんと versus どう usage

Consider the two questions: 1) せんせいの しつもんに なんと こたえました 2) せんせいの しつもんに どう こたえました I hope they both mean "How did you answer the teacher's question?" A previous question on this site suggested that なんと ...
3
votes
3answers
401 views

知らない方がいいって事もあるんです

Original video I am trying to decipher: 知らない方がいいって事もあるんです The translation that is provided with this phrase is "Some things are better off left unknown." I'm trying to break this down but I'm ...
3
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1answer
128 views

What is difference between 金、料、代、and 費?

For example, 入学金 is correct, we can't use 入学費・代・料 that's not 日本語 But all of them mean costs for something. Can someone please explain this, thanks a lot!
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1answer
120 views

What is the difference between こだわり and 良{よ}い?

Consider for example this article with the following headline. 〈JAL〉機内食、こだわりの冬メニュー登場 日本航空(JAL)は「空の上のレストラン」をコンセプトに展開している機内食「スカイオーベルジュ BEDD(ベッド) by JAL」で12月1日から提供される冬のこだわりメニューを発表した。 [...] ...
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1answer
114 views

Specifying Objects in Japanese

How do you say and write 'this is' and 'that is' in Japanese? Expanding on this, how would you say and write 'these are' and 'those are'? Around this topic, are there any male and female words in ...
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2answers
183 views

How to use “happy new year” expressions: 賀正{がしょう}, 謹賀新年{きんがしんねん}

I know about 明けまして{あけまして}おめでとうございます, usually I use with family and friends, also I saw some tweets with this phrase. Today I found these two variations: 賀正{がしょう} (noun) and 謹賀新年{きんがしんねん} ...
5
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1answer
146 views

When each of joining particles ~や~ and ~とか~ should be used? [duplicate]

What is the difference between ~や~ and ~とか~ joining particles? For example: 1) 飲み物やカップや~ 2) 飲み物とかカップとか~ It looks like the meaning is about the same of both sentences.. When each of particles ...
45
votes
10answers
2k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
3
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2answers
154 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

Is Taito (たいと) (kanji/kokuji with the highest stroke count consisting of 84 strokes) legit and ever used?

Taito is mentioned as the kanji/kokuji with the highest stroke count consisting of 84 strokes in Wikipedia. Taito is composed of two kanji ("cloud" (雲) and "dragon" (龍) repeated three times each ...
5
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1answer
122 views

Is 忝い(かたじけない) used in current language?

I'm currently watching Rurouni Kenshin, and Kenshin says 忝い(かたじけない) a lot to express his gratitude. I looked it up a little and based on this it seems like it's old Samurai language, but I wonder if ...
5
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1answer
200 views

もっとも: distinguishing between 尤も and 最も

I found a page in Japanese with title "世界でもっとも汚染された10の都市". Having encountered the phrase 「もっとも」 for the first time, I looked it up on WWWJDIC and found two entries: 尤も 【もっとも】 (adj-na,adv,conj,n) ...
9
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2answers
304 views

好き【すき】でした。付き【つき】合って【あって】ください。

I found many people say 好きでした when they actually mean 好きです. I think it is short for ずっと好きでした. I know ずっと~していた and ずっと~している can well mean the same, but I still do not know the nuance between 好きでした and ...
3
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1answer
599 views

What does やがんだ mean?

Right now, I'm reading the Japanese translation of Catcher in the Rye. This sentence has been puzzling me: 奴さん、ジャガーをもってやがんだよ。 I know that the author is saying that his brother owns a Jaguar, but ...
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1answer
104 views

What is wrong in “森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服した”?

最新の医療技術をもってすれば、人はさらに寿命を伸ばせるだろう。 OK 森田さんは人一倍の努力をもって病気を克服したのである。 OK 森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服したのである。 KO My textbook* says the third sentence is not OK, but I don't understand why, as it ...
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4answers
411 views

Is「ふむふむ」still used nowadays?

I learned from a Japanese friend that ふむふむ could be translated like "oh, I got it", "I see", "I know", or "ok". It could be also in this form: ふむふむ なるほど But, my sister lived in Japan for 5 years, and ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

なったら vs. なると – usage in context

I came across the following exercise – I have to fill in the gap with the correct word that I have to choose from a series of 4. 信号{しんごう}があおに(    )、道{みち}を渡{わた}っていいです。 I eliminated 2 words and ...
9
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1answer
688 views

What is the meaning/usage of いざ?

Will someone please explain what this word いざ means? I've found several definitions, but I'm very unclear on what it really means and its usage. I've heard it mostly in the following ways: ...
10
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2answers
5k views

Differences between くれます, もらいます and いただきます

I have been taught that they are used when receiving something (or a favor) from someone. But how exactly do they differ? I've searched the web for an answer and One site suggests that くれます is ...
5
votes
4answers
234 views

What is the difference between 積もる 【つもる】 and 溜まる 【たまる】?

What is the difference between 積もる 【つもる】 and 溜まる 【たまる】? I've found the verbs used like this: 洗濯{せんたく}が溜まる{たまる}。 雪{ゆき}が深く{ふかく}積もる{つもる}。 In this context, are these verbs interchangeable? Can I say ...
0
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1answer
130 views

What is the difference between 語{かた}る and 話{はな}す?

What is the difference between 語{かた}る and 話{はな}す? I know that I can say #1, but it's correct to say #2? If it's ok, sentence 1 and 2 have the same meaning? 1.私{わたし}は日本語{にほんご}を話{はな}す。 ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Explaining phrase お客様各位【きゃく.さま.かく.い】

The expression お客様各位 means dear customer. The first part, お客様, means customer, or guest. That is easy to understand for me. But the meaning and usage of second part, ~各位 is not very clear to me.
2
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1answer
88 views

通{とお}した and 通{つう}じた – usage in context

In 合格できる N3 (page 28), I found the following exercise: 海外{がいかい}旅行{りょこう}で、習{なら}った英語{えいご}が(   )ときは、とてもうれしかった。 1.通{とお}した    2.詰{つ}めた    3.抜{ぬ}けた    4.通{つう}じた I have to fill in with the correct ...
2
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1answer
54 views

急{きゅう}に vs.すぐに – usage in context

In 合格できる N3 (page 28), I found the following exercise: うちの子{こ}は新{あた}しいおもちゃ見{み}ると、(    )ほしがる。 1. 急に   2. じっと   3.すぐに   4.しっかり I have to fill in with the correct word. I think it's either 1 ...
8
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1answer
404 views

Do people use the ending ~まい?

I see the ending ~まい all over the place in the JLPT books and in example phrases but I can't actually think of an example of somebody saying it or writing in an email (from SMS style messages to work ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

difference between 計画を立てる and 計画をする?

Is there any difference between 計画【けいかく】を立てる【たてる】 and 計画をする? In Sou Matome N3, the first one appears as "to make plans", as for the second one (being a suru verb), I assume that it can also be ...
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2answers
203 views

Difference between 回復【かいふく】, 修復【しゅうふく】, 復旧【ふっきゅう】 and 復興【ふっこう】

Here is the sentence: 約{やく}300年{ねん}前{まえ}の絵{かい}画{が}の __ が終{お}わり、~。 This sentence fragment is taken from JLPT1 test book. And there you have to pick one correct answer from 4 words to fill in the ...
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1answer
139 views

Why in this example sentence there's no difference between ごとに and おきに?

I am using the "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" to help me with Japanese studies. As explained from page 128 on I understood the difference between ごとに and おきに. For example: 2日おきに = every ...
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1answer
229 views

How emotionally loaded is 会いたい【あいたい】?

I'd like to ask how emotionally loaded 会いたい【あいたい】 is. For example, if I were to (neutrally) convey the sense of "I'd like to meet you" by using 会いたい, would it carry an emotional expectation in the ...
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2answers
166 views

Do you need to use の when using へ to modify a noun?

For example, I was listening to a song, and the lyric 願いや野望や空想が知らない次元【レベル】へドアをたたいて came up. Don't you usually need to use a の to make 知らない次元へのドア or else 知らない次元へ might get confused as modifying たたいて? ...
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?

In Japanese, there is a potential form to express that it's possible for something to be done. My own examples of potential form: 辛【から】い食【た】べ物【もの】が食【た】べられる。 (I can eat spicy foods.) ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Difference between 試験{しけん} and テスト

Both can be test, or they have a different meaning/usage? "試験{しけん}を受ける{うける}."
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1answer
135 views

Different usage of 五

As an answer to a previous question, a user stated the following: In Japanese this distinction is shown by referring to 自動詞 ("self-acting" verbs) and 他動詞 ("other-acting" verbs). Many J ...
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2answers
235 views

Why is ~とみえる used here?

I'm reading a short story called 『つめたいよるに』. This girl was crying on the train to work, so another passenger (the 少年 below) invited her for a coffee. ...
2
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1answer
112 views

Can you say ~てもらった when you actually did nothing?

I'm pretty sure the answer to this is "yes", but I'm a bit unsure about why. For example, given the following scenario: My friend, John, tells me that his friend, Mariko, is performing a survey ...
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2answers
196 views

I don't get how 今日 works in 今日は誘ってくれて嬉しかった.

I was watching Sora no Method 06, and at about 17:03 the line 今日は誘ってくれて嬉しかった came up. Crunchyroll translated the line as "I'm happy you invited me today," but the problem is that she was invited the ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What is the difference between 賢い{かしこい} and 利口{りこう}?

What is the difference between 賢い{かしこい} and 利口{りこう}? For exemple, sentence 1 and sentence 2 have the same meaning? 1.彼は若いが賢いよ。 2.彼は若いが利口だね。 Kotobank.jp explains 賢い{かしこい} through 利口{りこう} ...
6
votes
3answers
282 views

What's the appropriate 挨拶 for e-mails to a friend and for e-mails to customer service?

Most of the time when I'm composing e-mail in Japanese it's either: A friendly, informal e-mail to a friend A request for tech support or similar customer service When composing these e-mails I ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What does てたも mean?

In an anime series called "Ojarumaru", the title character sometimes ends his sentences with てたも. I can't really figure out what it means. Here are some dialogue examples from the show: 助けてたも! ...
3
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1answer
203 views

NHK has a series titled 「きらり!えん旅【たび】」. What does the えん in えん旅 mean?

I saw a broadcast named 「えん旅」 on NHK. It's about travel, food, culture. Is it some abbreviation? I don't understand what the 「えん~」 part means.
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Meaning of JAPAなび

What is the meaning of 「JAPAなび」? The term is often used on NHK あさイチ broadcasts. Maybe 「なび」is for "navigation" here?
4
votes
4answers
778 views

How do I write “Hard Work and Smart Work”?

I want to write an essay with the title “Difference between Hard Work and Smart Work”. By “hard work”, I mean continuing the work with old ideas without thinking up new ideas, and working all the ...
12
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3answers
856 views

Difference between [行く末]{ゆくすえ}, 将来{しょうらい} and 未来{みらい}

I've been looking around and I got that the three words can mean "future". Is there a way to differentiate them? Can they be used the same way?