用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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11
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3answers
408 views

The difference between 超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる

超{こ}える, 越{こ}える and 過{す}ぎる are said to mean "to pass through" in the "edict" dictionary, but I don't fully understand the difference between the three. How does their usage differ please? Can anyone ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

「自分」の使い方を詳しく説明していただけませんか。

こんにちは!質問があります。 「私の意見を述べました」と「自分の意見を述べました」はどう違いますか。 そして、「自分」の詳しい使い方を説明していただけませんか。 よろしくおねがいします!
4
votes
1answer
153 views

In Japanese, can we say an object asks a question?

I was just wondering, because in English we can say "This story begs the question" etc. The wording for English is very versatile, and I was wondering if Japanese has this as well, for example in this ...
6
votes
3answers
619 views

Difference between the words for “living/residing” [住む/棲む/泊まる/暮らす]

I have come across various words meaning "living/residing". What are the differences between them and their usage? I've listed what I think are the differences. Are they correct? 住む: Live in some ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

The use of present and past tenses in ~時 sentences

In Genki II textbook (second edition page 114 and 115) you are tasked with creating sentences using ~時. The problem is their answers seem to contradict what is written in "A dictionary of basic ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Examples using 果てる

The translation of this word is listed as: To end, to be finished, to be exhausted. I am assuming these are in the order of importance or usage, But I could be wrong. I have searched for ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Is わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 common?

I would like to know if わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 is common. It's my understanding that it means "side street" or "alley".
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Difference between 〜ておく and 〜っぱなし

I was wondering, what the difference is between 〜ておく and 〜っぱなし? For example, how is the sentence お皿を洗いながらお水を出しっぱなしにしました。different from お皿を洗いながらお水を出しておきました。? Thanks.
0
votes
4answers
695 views

What's the joke in this 4コマ comic?

In this 4コマ漫画{まんが}, a four panel comic, a young attractive woman walks through a station ticket gate, but there's something wrong with her ticket. The station attendant calls after her, first by ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Clarification on 僕は落ちるのが怖い

I have seen 僕は落ちるのが怖い translated as "I am afraid to fall". Could it also be used to mean "I am afraid to fail".
4
votes
3answers
342 views

What are the usages of のだから?

I'm reading a book and I came across a usage of のだから I couldn't really understand. The whole sentence is: その上に[無慮]{むりょ}百に及ぶ階層が積み重なっているというのだから、[茫漠]{ぼうばく}とした広大さは想像を絶する。 My translation to it was ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Uses of [◯]{まる} symbol in Japanese typography

What is [◯]{まる} symbol is typically used for? The only usage I know of is the "correct" mark. But the dictionary says it is also used as a placeholder and for censorship, see ◯ and ◯◯. Here are more ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Is 判決が[下]{くだ}る a common expression?

Is 判決が下る (to pass judgment) common?
6
votes
2answers
129 views

The different nuances of wanting to go to do something

I have been wondering about the different nuances each of the following sentences carries. Maybe I am trying to interpret too much into these, but I am really curious about the slight difference it ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

The usage of だと and それなりに in this sentence

I ran into this sentence and I'm a bit confused. 魔法の事についてだけはあいつもそれなりに真摯なのだと I guess I'm more confused about the "da to" part. Is this supposed to mean "suppose to"? And so the sentence would be ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

類 in animal and plant names

It seems that there are a number of animal and plant names that can either be used with or without 類 as a suffix. For example, in case of 'fish', I have seen both 魚類 and 魚 being used to denote the ...
6
votes
1answer
417 views

パソコンが 得意だ/わかる/上手だ

So I was studying this book called 日本語生中継, and there was this question where you're supposed to choose the inappropriate word among others. And I got stuck at this sentence: 私は、パソコンが(得意だ.わかる.上手だ.) ...
4
votes
2answers
543 views

Meaning of ~と言えよう

Just as the title says, I'm looking for the meaning of this construction, as it is used in the following sentence: 野菜や果物の害虫を防ぐために、さまざまな農薬が使われているが、これは人間の健康の面から考えると、問題があると言えよう。
15
votes
2answers
394 views

What's the difference in usage between 氏名 (しめい) and 名前 (なまえ)?

What's the difference in usage between 氏名 (しめい) and 名前 (なまえ)? I often see these two words used interchangeably, but more often than not I see 氏名 on websites. Is this a politeness difference or an ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

言わない vs 言わなくない - A negative verb conjugated as an adjective?

While reading a text in Japanese, I came across the phrase "何も言わなくなったから". I don't understand what the ~くない stands for. As far as I know it is used as the negative of an adjective... but 言う is a ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Usage of 東西南北 and 春夏秋冬?

I realize 東西南北 means all 4 directions (East, West, South and North) and 春夏秋冬 means all 4 seasons (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter), but when should these words be used? I can imagine there might be ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

「だといえども」はどういう意味ですか?~What does だといえども mean?

能力のある三公・摂政・関白が高齢だといえども辞めてはならない I understand everything in this except for だといえども, and I'm kind of struggling to find a good explanation of what it means. Anyone have any ideas?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Correct word for “indeed”

What is the correct translation for "indeed"? I found 実際{じっさい}に and 確{たし}かに. If both are correct, what is the difference?
7
votes
1answer
217 views

What may be the difference in the usage of 自尊心, 誇り and 自慢?

I read a paragraph and it contains the word 自尊心. I want to know the meaning of 自尊心. Dictionary says 自尊心 = pride. Is it the same with 誇り? or 自慢? What may be the differences in the usage of these ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

What does 保証 mean in this context?

Currently reading a scientific paper, I have trouble understanding the use of 保証. An example of its use is the following: 最低保証密度として75%を乗じる (remarks about the percentage of a certain element in a ...
7
votes
4answers
349 views

Using すみません instead of ありがとう

Can すみません always be used in place of ありがとう? What's the difference? When using すみません to express thanks, what other words are used with it? Could you show me some examples?
3
votes
1answer
576 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Difference between 結論を[下]{お}りる and 結論する

I have found a few example sentences showing 私は.....結論を下りる. Meaning is: I Concluded.。。。 Can I use 私は....結論する instead?
0
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0answers
48 views

Difference in usage of ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentences that use は, but others use が. I'm not sure how to use these particles. For example, what is the difference between: 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

I am unclear about using location particles in speech? [duplicate]

スーパーでいます。   //Is で used for in? スーパーにいきます。 //Is に used for to?
3
votes
2answers
100 views

What construction is this? “でしか~できない”

I'm contrasting Yu-gi-oh cards in English and Japanese so that I can understand the underlying grammar idea. This is the original (for the card "F.H.D") and the translation: ...
0
votes
1answer
264 views

The grammar of “taking a shower”?

I often hear a particular sentence about taking a shower. 私がシャワーをしています。 Is this the correct way to say "I am taking a shower"?
7
votes
1answer
133 views

What is the difference between 「進行」 and 「進歩」?

What is the difference between 「進行」and「進歩」? In what situations are they used ?
9
votes
3answers
959 views

Do you also say 「もしもし」 on Skype?

Is 「もしもし」 only used when you cannot see the person you're talking with (I once heard that it's somewhat akin to "Anyone there?", which wouldn't make much sense if you could see your conversation ...
7
votes
1answer
208 views

What connotation does the ending -n to a Japanese female name have?

The Japanese female names that end with "i" can be altered by adding "n" in their end. E.g.: "Konami" -> "Konamin" "Mizuki" -> "Mizukin" "Narumi" -> "Narumin" "Chinami" -> "Chinamin" I would like to ...
20
votes
4answers
18k views

What's the difference between ようこそ and いらっしゃいませ?

Both "ようこそ" (y­ōkoso) and "いらっしゃいませ" (irasshaimase) seem to mean "welcome" but what are the precise circumstances under which each should be used? "いらっしゃいませ" (irasshaimase) is uttered in unison by ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?

In Japanese, there is a potential form to express that it's possible for something to be done. My own examples of potential form: 辛【から】い食【た】べ物【もの】が食【た】べられる。 (I can eat spicy foods.) ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

What is the difference between 類義語, 類語, 同意語, シノニム?

What are the differences between these words? 1.類義語 2.類語 3.同意語 4.シノニム In English we say 'equivalent word' or 'synonym'. How about in Japan? As I investigated it further, there is called ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

What is the form of “売らん” in the sentence “ウランは売らん。”? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if "売らん" is acting as a verb in the dajare, "ウランは売らん。". If it is, please explain what conjugation or form of the verb that this is. If it isn't, can you tell me where "売らん" comes from and ...
6
votes
3answers
181 views

How do you “replace” second-person pronouns?

I know that second-person pronouns should generally be avoided from being used, but how exactly do I replace it? Do I just reply the pronoun with someone's name? Or is the pronoun just completely ...
7
votes
1answer
919 views

What is the meaning of りゃ in this phrase?

I came across this phrase while reading an interview. そういう時はなんて答えりゃいいんだ。 I think it means "At a time like that, such a reply/response is good." But I don't understand the usage of りゃ. I ...
5
votes
1answer
180 views

I found よう all by itself. Is there any difference in the usual meaning?

授業が始まり、普段通りの空気が流れた…と思ったその時だった。ドラマである様な素晴らしいタイミングではあったが、真夏にとっては悪夢の始まりだった。無表情な中年教師は転入生の紹介をたんたんと終え、席に着くよう指示した。 It's in the last sentence. The rest of the sentences are for context because I know you ...
4
votes
2answers
280 views

Can you say ~てもらった when you actually did nothing?

I'm pretty sure the answer to this is "yes", but I'm a bit unsure about why. For example, given the following scenario: My friend, John, tells me that his friend, Mariko, is performing a survey ...
4
votes
2answers
328 views

What is the difference between しかも and それどころか?

しかも is pretty straight forward: 今度、「一番」ってお店のランチに行こうよ。あそこ、すごくおいしんだよ。しかも量もおおいよ。 Let's go get lunch at Ichiban next time. The food is great, also the servings are big. ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

Difference between 土日 and 週末

Well just as the title indicates, I've heard in a game the word "土日" used and translated as "weekend", and wanting to learn the word since I realized I didn't know it yet, I checked on Jisho, but the ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

When to use って or 言った

I'm having trouble knowing when to use って or 言った when I want to say someone said something (past tense). Naturally, since it is past tense, I always want to use 言った. But having watched many j-drama ...
9
votes
1answer
197 views

恐れ入ります correct “thank you” to use after customers make a purchase?

Is 恐れ入ります the correct form of "thank you" when used during a business transaction (for example, a sales person would say this when someone makes a purchase at his/her store)? In the context of an ...
5
votes
2answers
687 views

Difference between と and や~など

I know both of these particles are used to list items. So, I was trying to write the sentence "I like Japanese culture, history and stuff." 私は日本文化と日本史といろいろが好きです。 But someone told me it is ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます

I have to write a letter to my future Japanese host family. It's in English, but I want to end it in Japanese. Should I use よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます or even どうぞよろしくおねがいします?
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Difference between「と思います」and「かと思います」?

What is the difference in meaning and usage between「と思います」and「かと思います」at the end of a sentence?