使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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2answers
276 views

はは or おかあさん what should be used?

What I've learnt is: when you talk about your mother you use はは、 when you talk about someone else's mother you use おかあさん。 But what happens when you talk to your mother? How should you address her? ...
3
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1answer
146 views

Difference between 試験{しけん} and テスト

Both can be test, or they have a different meaning/usage? "試験{しけん}を受ける{うける}."
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2answers
590 views

Can genki be pronounced as henki?

I've watched a few anime and keep coming across a word that sounds like "henki". In the subtitles, the sentences are like "Are you ok?", "How are you feeling?". With those translations, I'd expect the ...
3
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1answer
155 views

Difference between 今{こん}後{ご} and 未{み}来{らい}

When should 今後 and 未来 be used? Both of the words can mean "future". I have noticed that 今後 refers to both present time and what will happen from now on, and 未来 is simply what will happen in the future ...
3
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2answers
249 views

Is ruby text essential?

I am trying to understand whether the ruby text in ancient scripture is essential to the meaning of a verse, or if the scripture can be understood without it. For instance, can this verse: be ...
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2answers
186 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
3
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1answer
87 views

Usage distinction between 季節 and 季

季節 is composed of two kanji, き and せつ, however, both of them mean 'season' when translated to English. Though I'm aware that 季 originally referred to the seasons of the year and 節 was initially used ...
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4answers
884 views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
3
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1answer
220 views

NHK has a series titled 「きらり!えん旅【たび】」. What does the えん in えん旅 mean?

I saw a broadcast named 「えん旅」 on NHK. It's about travel, food, culture. Is it some abbreviation? I don't understand what the 「えん~」 part means.
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2answers
683 views

Is マグロ always an insult?

A common insult, or at least, I've always understood it to be an insult, is to describe a woman as a マグロ in bed. Being referred to as マグロ, which is "tuna" in English, implies that a woman just lies ...
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2answers
181 views

Do you need to use の when using へ to modify a noun?

For example, I was listening to a song, and the lyric 願いや野望や空想が知らない次元【レベル】へドアをたたいて came up. Don't you usually need to use a の to make 知らない次元へのドア or else 知らない次元へ might get confused as modifying たたいて? ...
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1answer
176 views

Proper usage of 四字熟語 in Japanese

In Chinese, usage of 四字熟語 a lot usually demonstrates sophistication and things like political announcements etc that want to sounds powerful and sophisticated use a big load of them. What does using ...
3
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1answer
150 views

降参する vs 諦める​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

What's the difference between 降参する and 諦める? Both seems to have the meaning of "to give up", for example: ぜったい降参しない。(I will never give up.) ぜったい諦めない。(I will never give up.) What's the difference ...
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1answer
123 views

Correct usage of から in this particular sentence

I want to make sure that I understand the basic usage of から. If I say: まどをしめます。さむいですから。  Would this sound natural or stilted to native speakers?
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1answer
216 views

Is まい as in あるまい really only used in literary texts or TV?

My understanding --admittedly limited-- is that in Japanese, people say as much as they can with as little words as possible. So I wondered why ないだろう would be used in everyday speaking instead of まい? ...
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2answers
150 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
3
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2answers
256 views

なんと versus どう usage

Consider the two questions: 1) せんせいの しつもんに なんと こたえました 2) せんせいの しつもんに どう こたえました I hope they both mean "How did you answer the teacher's question?" A previous question on this site suggested that なんと ...
3
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1answer
138 views

difference between 計画を立てる and 計画をする?

Is there any difference between 計画【けいかく】を立てる【たてる】 and 計画をする? In Sou Matome N3, the first one appears as "to make plans", as for the second one (being a suru verb), I assume that it can also be ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Difference between ベッド and 寝台

Both of them mean bed and they target the same wiki page. I mostly see ベッド, so I guess it is the common word for bed. In which case should I use 寝台 ?
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1answer
105 views

Is there any difference in meaning between 陥る and 落ち入る?

These two words appear to mean the same thing and the entry on Google dictionary gives the definition as the same for both. Are there any cases where you would use one instead of the other?
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1answer
107 views

ものには… in 「ものには順序というものがある」 Some hidden word or phrase?

I need some help with translating my Legend of Zelda guidebook. ダンジョンアイテムを探せ!Search for dungeon items! ダンジョンでの目的はもちろんボスを倒すことだが、ものには順序というものがある。 まずはマップとコンパスを手に入れたい。 I'm a bit stuck with ...
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3answers
634 views

Is there a way to express “I'm lost” (in a metaphorical sense)

For example, you're talking to someone and he's trying to explain something to you, and you have no idea what he's going on about. You could just say "I don't understand", sure, but is there something ...
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3answers
2k views

〜くてform from a verb

I ask here my question because I couldn't find anything on internet. My problem is about 〜くて form for a verb. I asked to a japanese friend what does mean "会いたくて" for example. She told me that there is ...
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1answer
82 views

Verbal short form の for expressing the idea of doing a verb + のほうが / より

Okay so the のほうが / より combo is to my understanding used to say something is more than or less than in Japanese and if you add の to the short form version of a verb it the expresses the idea of doing ...
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1answer
92 views

Is the expression 「だってある」 common?

I just stumbled upon this sentence in a book. とはいうものの、電気やエルクトロニクスの基本を知る価値だってある。 I can get the gist of what the sentence is trying to say, but this is the first time I encountered the expression ...
3
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1answer
479 views

Can まさにかわいい be used to say “very cute”?

I recently wanted to compliment someone for having done something "very cute," and wound up using まさにかわいい. They understood me, but now I suspect that is a weird way to say it. More common variations ...
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1answer
299 views

What is difference between 金、料、代、and 費?

For example, 入学金 is correct, we can't use 入学費・代・料 that's not 日本語 But all of them mean costs for something. Can someone please explain this, thanks a lot!
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1answer
655 views

What does やがんだ mean?

Right now, I'm reading the Japanese translation of Catcher in the Rye. This sentence has been puzzling me: 奴さん、ジャガーをもってやがんだよ。 I know that the author is saying that his brother owns a Jaguar, but ...
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1answer
227 views

Usage of「次第に」with the past tense

I am confused as if I should put the verb preceding 「次第に」 at the past tense or just use the dictionary version: ランチを食べた次第に帰った Or ランチを食べる次第に帰った Also, if this grammar is not appropriate in ...
3
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1answer
318 views

Is “またまた” actually used by anyone in Japan to mean “bye” or “see you later”?

For years I have been saying "またまた" for "see you" to Japanese people I meet. Well at least half the time, since I also often say "またね". But only tonight for the first time did anybody pick me up on ...
3
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3answers
172 views

Is 年寄り “neutral” or “positive”?

In English, we can refer to an old person using "elderly", or "aged person". Comparatively, "aged person" would be more neutral than "elderly", which carries positive connotations. As for Japanese, ...
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1answer
209 views

「を大好き」と「が大好き」の違いは何ですか?

What's the difference in usage and meaning when using を with 大好き or 好き versus using が? I would think that using が is stating that the subject that you are talking about is loved, while using を is ...
3
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1answer
376 views

the difference between 世界 and 世

Sometimes I see a character say この世 and I'm not sure why they don't just say この世界? Is it just an old way of saying it or is there a specific reason?
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2answers
367 views

かわいい meaning care for

I am learning from 日本語総まとめ which is great generally but I wonder about this example from N2 文法 (grammar): 子供がかわいいからこそ、しかるんです。 which translates to I scold my children because I care for them. ...
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1answer
899 views

What are the various uses of あまり?

I'm a beginner and I would like to know how あまり is used.
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1answer
131 views

How is “しかい” used in this sentence?

I'm a bit confused about how "しかい" is used in this sentence I came across while studying: そこには私一人しかいなかった。 "I was the only one there." My guess is that it is an ending to "一人", but I couldn't find ...
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1answer
239 views

Kanji pairs that mean and are pronounced the same by themselves

I have found several pairs of kanji that are pronounced the same and mean the same when they are used individually: 目 and 眼 足 and 脚 木 and 樹 This especially bugs me because, in Chinese (my native ...
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1answer
199 views

Making sense of the N1にN2 construction (「パンにバター」=「パンにバターをぬる」)

I understand from my previous question on the N1 に N2 construction that it is usually a phrase with omission of a verb (eg パンにバターをぬる makes パンにバター, which comes from パンにぬる and バターをぬる). If this is the ...
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2answers
584 views

Is there a difference between these words for “hero”?

I've learned that hero could be translated as: ヒーロー えいゆう ゆうしゃ けっし Aside from ヒーロー (which seems just to be roumaji version of hero), is there any usage difference among them?
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1answer
862 views

What is the difference between 借りる and 貸す

I've seen them before used as borrow and lend. So I've been a bit confused on when to use which verb? What's the difference? Is there a difference?
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1answer
245 views

What does おつかれさまでしたどぞ means

I know the meaning of おつかれさまでした and どぞ but when they are put together I really can't get what it really means. Does it have a positive or negative meaning? To make it clear: one time one of my ...
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1answer
102 views

Sentence ending with でもあった

I found this sentence on a visual novel, and it's the first time I see でも+あった at the end of a phrase, what does it mean? This is the sentence: だがその偶然はあらかじめ決められていた世界の意志でもあった。 Thank you in ...
3
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2answers
199 views

How to say “I was/am annoyed with myself”?

So I did something stupid today and I wanted to tell someone about it and say that "I was annoyed with myself for doing X". My best guess is something like Xして、自分にイライラしちゃったの。 and ...
3
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1answer
165 views

Meaning and usage of ~としたことが

I came across the expression ~としたことが, for example: 私としたことが I'm trying to figure out the meaning and usage of this phrase, but I can't find any English resources that explain it. What does this ...
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1answer
129 views

Politeness and Usage of ぶっちゃけ

A while ago, I heard the word ぶっちゃけ on a comedy show used to mean "frankly." I'd like to know three things: 1) How polite/impolite is this word? Looking it up online, it seems to be slang. I guess I ...
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2answers
254 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
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1answer
246 views

Why in this example sentence there's no difference between ごとに and おきに?

I am using the "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" to help me with Japanese studies. As explained from page 128 on I understood the difference between ごとに and おきに. For example: 2日おきに = every ...
3
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2answers
371 views

Why is ~とみえる used here?

I'm reading a short story called 『つめたいよるに』. This girl was crying on the train to work, so another passenger (the 少年 below) invited her for a coffee. ...
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1answer
154 views

What is the difference in usage between 夜【よ】 and 夜【よる】?

As I understand, both よ and よる mean 'night'. I guess that the difference might be purely idiomatic. In this sense: What are idioms where only one of them is correct? What are idioms where you can ...
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1answer
183 views

What is the meaning and usage of 許せ?

Is 許せ【ゆるせ】 something that's said? I heard from a friend that it is used to mean forgive me, but I find the use of the imperative in such a way to be strange.