用法・使い方. How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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1answer
81 views

Is there a functional difference between 優しげ vs 優しい?

I think 優しげ is a な adjective. Whereas 優しい is an い adjective. When I look up their meanings, their English translation is essentially kind/gentle, and they seem to be both adjectives modifying ...
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0answers
63 views

困っている usage / different meanings depending on context?

私は困っている。 I've seen the sentence translated as "I am in trouble", however depending on the context is it possible that it also could mean "I am troubled" or "I am worried"?
5
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73 views

〜ということ and just 〜こと

I've been trying to learn when to use 〜ということ or just 〜こと, for example: 彼が金を貸してくれた{ということ/ こと}は私は彼に信用されている{ということ/こと}だ。 (The fact that he lent me money means that I am trusted by him.) With the above ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

だけでなく and にとどまらず

I know that there are a lot of expressions that have similar meaning in Japanese. In JLPT N3 grammar, there's だけでなく that means 'not only...but also...'. And lately, I found the expression にとどまらず in ...
3
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1answer
166 views

Meaning and usage of ものとする

I could meet the phrase ものとする in some documents, agreements. I understand, the sentences with ものとする as a whole one, but I don't know anything about this very phrase. Which meaning does it exactly add ...
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0answers
111 views

none of us is as smart as all of us

This proverb is attributed to an unknown Japanese author (http://thinkexist.com/quotation/none_of_us_are_as_smart_as_all_of/160488.html). However I could not find any mention of its actual origin. ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Adapting 楽しい時を過ごしてください

Can you "adapt" the phrase 楽しい時を過ごしてください ("Have fun" or "Enjoy your time") to refer to a specific situation? I.e. if I want to say "enjoy your time in Hokkaido" or "enjoy your time with your friend ...
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2answers
109 views

腸が痛い: How do you know when your intestines hurt?

I am a foreigner working at a company in Japan. My native language is English but I believe I can converse somewhat moderately well in Japanese. After dinner one evening, I heard the following ...
6
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1answer
136 views

「一生懸命」と「一所懸命」の使い方は同じでしょうか?

「一生懸命」と「一所懸命」 の使い方は同じでしょうか?意味も同じでしょうか?
5
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1answer
122 views

When to use 倒れる or 落ちる?

What are the differences between them, and in what kind of sentences should I use one rather than the other?
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2answers
64 views

What other forms of the progressive verb can be shortened?

I see a lot of Japanese text shorten the progressive form by removing the い from いる. 戦っている > 戦ってる I am wondering if it is ever acceptable to do so in other forms of the progressive verb such ...
3
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2answers
73 views

definition and usage of ~いずれも

I was struggling to translate the following poster in a rigorous manner, more specifically to Korean, which is a LOT easier than translating Japanese to English. It says ...
3
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2answers
112 views

Sonkeigo forms of できる and なかったら

「できる」の尊敬語はありますか。「おできになる」は使われていますか。(見たことはありませんが...) また、「あったら」は「おありでしたら」になると思いますが、「なかったら」はどうなりますか。
4
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2answers
83 views

Liter/100 km or km/liter, which one is used in Japan?

In America we say the fuel economy of car as miles/gallon (miles per gallon). I know in some countries people use Liter/100 km (liter per 100 km). Some countries use km/Liter (km per liter). Which ...
5
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2answers
120 views

Titles of paintings as precedent phenomena

Precedent phenomenon is a linguistic phenomenon where some words—like famous people's names (especially of historical and political figures), titles of books or movies—are used not to indicate these ...
7
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1answer
70 views

Can お[邪魔]{じゃま}します be used in cases of long-term stay?

So I need to write an email for an assignment where I am an exchange student who is going to Japan and staying at someone's house for a period of time. I want to begin with "thank you very much for ...
3
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2answers
107 views

Usage and meaning of 連絡を入れる

Is this true? 連絡{れんらく}を入{い}れる = 連絡する In what situations is it used, and how is it used?
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1answer
78 views

meaning of the verb 工夫 in this example

What is the meaning of the verb 工夫 when it is used with clothes? Example: [裏地]{うらじ}を[工夫]{くふう}してみる
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2answers
389 views

How to say “This day is going by too quickly” in Japanese?

It's daylight savings time day (Spring equinox) and we all lost an hour. How would I casually express that this day is going by too quickly? Something like: この日の時間は早すぎています。
4
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1answer
1k views

How to say 'XXX movies'

How do I say 'XXX movies' in Japanese? By this I mean a movie about XXX, not XXX made that movie. An example to illustrate what I mean is: There are a lot of Steve Jobs movies It is clear that ...
2
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2answers
167 views

Can 主に modify a 体言?

Is [主]{おも}に one of 副詞 that can modify 体言? It seems to be used this way often, like: 与るとは [主]{おも}に目上から、好意の表れとしてあることを受ける。 アメリカでは主に経済学を学んだ. In America, he studied mainly economics. (random ...
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1answer
110 views

Using 〜になる instead of です?

I've been trying to figure out why a native speaker told me to use 〜になる instead of です here. My original sentence: 日本語のテレビ番組を見るのは良い練習です。 Corrected sentence: 日本語のテレビ番組を見るのは良い練習になります。 I've asked them ...
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0answers
26 views

〜ば〜ほど - different with and without ば [duplicate]

In my Japanese textbook, there is the construct 〜すればするほど、〜 The more 〜, the more 〜 休みの日は多ければ多いほどうれしい。 However, I also see similar sentences without the 〜ば clause such as the one below: ...
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2answers
141 views

Is there a difference between ご飯 and 御飯?

I know they both mean rice but is there a difference between the two? Perhaps one is more specific or am I typing them wrong? Also, can ごはん be used to write rice or is one of the other versions more ...
4
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3answers
93 views

相乗りの意味はなんですか。「賞品相乗り」「相乗りしたショップ」はなんですか?

相乗りの意味はなんですか? 「賞品相乗り」「相乗りしたショップ」はなんですか?
5
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1answer
118 views

「自分」の使い方を詳しく説明していただけませんか。

こんにちは!質問があります。 「私の意見を述べました」と「自分の意見を述べました」はどう違いますか。 そして、「自分」の詳しい使い方を説明していただけませんか。 よろしくおねがいします!
4
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1answer
149 views

In Japanese, can we say an object asks a question?

I was just wondering, because in English we can say "This story begs the question" etc. The wording for English is very versatile, and I was wondering if Japanese has this as well, for example in this ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Examples using 果てる

The translation of this word is listed as: To end, to be finished, to be exhausted. I am assuming these are in the order of importance or usage, But I could be wrong. I have searched for ...
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1answer
89 views

Difference between 〜ておく and 〜っぱなし

I was wondering, what the difference is between 〜ておく and 〜っぱなし? For example, how is the sentence お皿を洗いながらお水を出しっぱなしにしました。different from お皿を洗いながらお水を出しておきました。? Thanks.
3
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1answer
96 views

Is わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 common?

I would like to know if わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 is common. It's my understanding that it means "side street" or "alley".
3
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1answer
78 views

Clarification on 僕は落ちるのが怖い

I have seen 僕は落ちるのが怖い translated as "I am afraid to fall". Could it also be used to mean "I am afraid to fail".
4
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1answer
90 views

Uses of [◯]{まる} symbol in Japanese typography

What is [◯]{まる} symbol is typically used for? The only usage I know of is the "correct" mark. But the dictionary says it is also used as a placeholder and for censorship, see ◯ and ◯◯. Here are more ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Is 判決が[下]{くだ}る a common expression?

Is 判決が下る (to pass judgment) common?
2
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1answer
53 views

「だといえども」はどういう意味ですか?~What does だといえども mean?

能力のある三公・摂政・関白が高齢だといえども辞めてはならない I understand everything in this except for だといえども, and I'm kind of struggling to find a good explanation of what it means. Anyone have any ideas?
3
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1answer
86 views

What does 保証 mean in this context?

Currently reading a scientific paper, I have trouble understanding the use of 保証. An example of its use is the following: 最低保証密度として75%を乗じる (remarks about the percentage of a certain element in a ...
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1answer
45 views

Difference between 結論を[下]{お}りる and 結論する

I have found a few example sentences showing 私は.....結論を下りる. Meaning is: I Concluded.。。。 Can I use 私は....結論する instead?
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3answers
232 views

What's the difference among [停]{と}める、[止]{と}める、and [留]{と}める?

How are they different in meaning and usage? I also would like to see samples of how each can be used in a sentence.
3
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2answers
99 views

What construction is this? “でしか~できない”

I'm contrasting Yu-gi-oh cards in English and Japanese so that I can understand the underlying grammar idea. This is the original (for the card "F.H.D") and the translation: ...
2
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1answer
82 views

The use of present and past tenses in ~時 sentences

In Genki II textbook (second edition page 114 and 115) you are tasked with creating sentences using ~時. The problem is their answers seem to contradict what is written in "A dictionary of basic ...
7
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1answer
133 views

What is the difference between 「進行」 and 「進歩」?

What is the difference between 「進行」and「進歩」? In what situations are they used ?
7
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1answer
182 views

What connotation does the ending -n to a Japanese female name have?

The Japanese female names that end with "i" can be altered by adding "n" in their end. E.g.: "Konami" -> "Konamin" "Mizuki" -> "Mizukin" "Narumi" -> "Narumin" "Chinami" -> "Chinamin" I would like to ...
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3answers
934 views

Do you also say 「もしもし」 on Skype?

Is 「もしもし」 only used when you cannot see the person you're talking with (I once heard that it's somewhat akin to "Anyone there?", which wouldn't make much sense if you could see your conversation ...
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1answer
146 views

What is the difference between 類義語, 類語, 同意語, シノニム?

What are the differences between these words? 1.類義語 2.類語 3.同意語 4.シノニム In English we say 'equivalent word' or 'synonym'. How about in Japan? As I investigated it further, there is called ...
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2answers
97 views

The usage of だと and それなりに in this sentence

I ran into this sentence and I'm a bit confused. 魔法の事についてだけはあいつもそれなりに真摯なのだと I guess I'm more confused about the "da to" part. Is this supposed to mean "suppose to"? And so the sentence would be ...
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0answers
62 views

What is the form of “売らん” in the sentence “ウランは売らん。”? [duplicate]

I'm not sure if "売らん" is acting as a verb in the dajare, "ウランは売らん。". If it is, please explain what conjugation or form of the verb that this is. If it isn't, can you tell me where "売らん" comes from and ...
7
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1answer
94 views

Difference between 土日 and 週末

Well just as the title indicates, I've heard in a game the word "土日" used and translated as "weekend", and wanting to learn the word since I realized I didn't know it yet, I checked on Jisho, but the ...
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1answer
189 views

恐れ入ります correct “thank you” to use after customers make a purchase?

Is 恐れ入ります the correct form of "thank you" when used during a business transaction (for example, a sales person would say this when someone makes a purchase at his/her store)? In the context of an ...
5
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1answer
179 views

I found よう all by itself. Is there any difference in the usual meaning?

授業が始まり、普段通りの空気が流れた…と思ったその時だった。ドラマである様な素晴らしいタイミングではあったが、真夏にとっては悪夢の始まりだった。無表情な中年教師は転入生の紹介をたんたんと終え、席に着くよう指示した。 It's in the last sentence. The rest of the sentences are for context because I know you ...
5
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1answer
89 views

よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます

I have to write a letter to my future Japanese host family. It's in English, but I want to end it in Japanese. Should I use よろしくお願いします or ありがとうございます or even どうぞよろしくおねがいします?
6
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3answers
175 views

How do you “replace” second-person pronouns?

I know that second-person pronouns should generally be avoided from being used, but how exactly do I replace it? Do I just reply the pronoun with someone's name? Or is the pronoun just completely ...