How to use certain words, phrases, particles, endings, constructions, and their variants.

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2
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2answers
122 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Usage distinction between 季節 and 季

季節 is composed of two kanji, き and せつ, however, both of them mean 'season' when translated to English. Though I'm aware that 季 originally referred to the seasons of the year and 節 was initially used ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Difference between 遍 and 度/回 in occurences

I have known for a while about 度 and 回 when counting occurrences, but recently I found a passage that used 遍 as well, which surprised me. 一[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・十[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・百[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・ If I ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Difference between 今{こん}後{ご} and 未{み}来{らい}

When should 今後 and 未来 be used? Both of the words can mean "future". I have noticed that 今後 refers to both present time and what will happen from now on, and 未来 is simply what will happen in the future ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

What's the difference between 復帰, 復元 and 復旧

What's the difference between 復帰{ふっき}, 復元{ふくげん} and 復旧{ふっきゅう}? The both seem to mean restore. (I generally use these words in a computer context as in restoring files or settings. Related: ...
4
votes
3answers
280 views

How much does it matter if I use the wrong 'if'?

Specifically talking about ば、なら、たら、and と here. I just read Derek Schaab's excellent reply to this question on when to use the different forms of conditionals -- something I'm really struggling with ...
2
votes
1answer
725 views

Can a man address a woman with sama 様【さま】?

I've seen Japanese women address their husbands with the -sama suffix. Would it be appropriate for a man do the same in some cases? In which context can this be used?
3
votes
1answer
138 views

How to ask someone to do something for you

I'd like to know how to politely ask someone (as a question, not a statement) to do something for me in Japanese. I'm already aware of the basic "___をください" and "___をおねがいします" patterns, but I don't want ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Does 「わるいところ」also have the meaning of “negative aspect of X”

Does 「わるいところ」 also have the meaning of "negative aspect"? This I heard from a Japanese friend. If not, how would one say "the negative aspect of X"?
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1answer
82 views

How to say “I need more of X”? - usage of 「ひつよう」

For example, for "I think I need more teachers" - would 「私は先生が多いひつようとすると思います」 be the correct usage for 「ひつよう」?
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vote
1answer
121 views

How to say “my experience at place X”?

How would you say "my experience at X", e.g. "my experience at university". Is 「私の大学のけいけん」correct for this usage?
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Acceptability of 〜ようとしよう vs. 〜ことにしよう

Question from pg. 55 of 新完全マスター: あさっては大雨【おおあめ】が降【ふ】るそうだよ。ハイキングは来週【らいしゅう】( )。 The choices available are: a. 行【い】こうとしようよ b. 行【い】くことにしようよ c. 行【い】くようになろうよ According to the textbook, ...
2
votes
2answers
185 views

漢字の読み方 versus 漢字を読むの

漢字の読み方はおろか Can I also say 漢字を読むのはおろか Do they have the same meaning?
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Meaning of って followed by のが?

In the sentence 殺さずに生け捕るってのが面倒でしたがね is the って being used as quoting? Does this change the function of のが?
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2answers
70 views

Difference between 確{たし}かに and 誠{まこと}に

What is the difference between 確かに and 誠に? I found that: 確かに means: certainly, indeed, surely, sure, definitely;誠に means: indeed, truly, really, surely.Looks like the meanings are almost the same. ...
2
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2answers
121 views

The scope of そういうこと

「凄いな 僕にはそこまで先のことを考える余裕はないよ」 「お前さんだって十分に凄い奴だよ。何の後ろ盾もなくここにいるってのは、そういうことだと思うがね」 「そうか。君にそう言ってもらえると僕ももっと頑張る気になるよ」 「ま、そういうことだから、お互いに頑張ろうぜ。今はともかく、いつかは決着を付けなくちゃならねぇんだからよ」 To what exactly does the そういうこと ...
1
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1answer
62 views

What does 今日の所は良いでしょう mean here?

これも全て先生のおかげですね。感謝するんですよ? は、はい 本当に、感謝しています 突っ込むべき時に突っ込むべき場所にきちんと突っ込めない男はもてませんよ? まあ、今日の所は良いでしょう。皆にも伝えないといけませんからね。仲間たちにも順番に顔を出すように伝えて下さいませ In this I'm not sure what she would be referring to. Would ...
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3answers
70 views

What is the difference between ~ru and ~masu?

What is the difference between ~ru and ~masu? For example: taberu and tabemasu. Don't they mean the same thing? Are there certain instances when one is acceptable and the other isn't?
1
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1answer
257 views

Question about the usage of “watashi”

I am currently slightly confused about the exact usage of the word "watashi". I know that the word means I, but it's usage seems unclear to me. Some sources say that it is simply for polite use, while ...
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1answer
63 views

combining several participle of verb + miru

I am practicing expressing "to try to do something", using the participle of verbs plus 見る. If I understand correctly, a sentence like このビールを飲んでみました。 means something like "I tried to drink this ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjective sentences, like if I wanna say "Mr. ...
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1answer
63 views

Usage and meaning of 仲ばし [closed]

While reading I came across a strange usage which none of my dictionaries could decipher. 腰を仲ばし、両手を大きく振りながら、てくてく歩く。 While googling I found the sentence 手を前方に進め上体を倒しながら仲ばします accompanied by a ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Exact use of furigana?

こんにちは! I am currently learning the Japanese language (along with the Russian language) outside of schooling, and decided that besides reading raw text for practice I could use manga as well. However, ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

Translating 世界中 in this context, does it literally refer to the “entire world”?

In the video game Recettear, you can buy a book with the title 仲良し姉妹の冒険記. The item description says the following: 世界中を旅しているという姉妹に密着した, ノンフィクション作品。ドラゴンに食べられそうになったりと,結構大変な事になってます。 The book's ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Explanation/Usage of 瞬きしては

Could it become 瞬【まばた】いている? Why is there 瞬きする instead of 瞬く? And why is there a は at the end? sentence from the song キラキラ星【ぼし】: きらきらひかる おそらのほしよ まばたきしては みんなをみてる きらきらひかる おそらのほしよ
1
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1answer
92 views

Understanding adverbs and their meaning [closed]

Recently I have learnt about adverbs. From my understanding they describe how an action or verb is done. This is similar in the way that adjectives describe nouns. Following my text book I read ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Meaning and usage of ~としたことが

I came across the expression ~としたことが, for example: 私としたことが I'm trying to figure out the meaning and usage of this phrase, but I can't find any English resources that explain it. What does this ...
5
votes
2answers
154 views

How do you say “I already can tell (understand) X”?

I want to say the equivalent of I can already tell (understand) that game X is (going to be) harder than game Y. For instance, I've already beat game Y. And even though I've only just started ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Meaning and usage of きっと良{よ}い

What is exact meaning of きっと良い? The ~良い part is easy to understand, it means "good". But きっと~ part is not very clear to me. Also, could this phrase be used in official language?
2
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1answer
63 views

Where should I use 租借 {そしゃく} or 賃貸 {ちんたい} or [リース ]{りーす}?

I'm a beginner in Japanese. So far I learned the following three words have the same meaning - Lease (noun). [租借]{そしゃく} [賃貸]{ちんたい} [リース]{りーす} Where should I use them appropriately and what ...
3
votes
2answers
165 views

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
2
votes
2answers
124 views

Use of 何か in this sentence

Please explain the grammar behind how 何か is used in this sentence そこにはきっと何かお話があるに違いない。 I'm translating it as There must surely be a story there But I don't understand what 何か is doing. Can ...
4
votes
2answers
180 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
5
votes
3answers
220 views

What is the difference between 逃{のが}れた and 免{まぬが}れた?

What is the difference between 逃れた and 免れた? They both mean "avoided, escaped". When should I use each of them? I found the sentence in JLPT1 book, where you have to pick the right answer: ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the difference between 「利{り}益{えき}」 and 「利{り}潤{じゅん}」?

What is the difference between 「利益」 and 「利潤」? They both mean "profit". When shoud I use each of them?
4
votes
2answers
248 views

How to express an exception, being able to do sth. normally, but not today?

I want to express an exception and don't know which sentence would be appropriate. I want to say that I just wasn't able to do it today, but I am able to do it normally. Which of the following ...
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1answer
224 views

What do people mean when they just type こん?

I see it chat rooms all the time and I have no clue what it means.
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1answer
128 views

What's the meaning of the ending じゃないの?

I found it twice. First in a song: いつもその本はハッピーエンドじゃないの。 And then the title of a manga: 遊びじゃないの。 じゃない alone is for negation (no happy end, no playing). What I can't understand is the の at ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

Is ありです a colloquial expression for ありがとう?

I got this as a reply to a YouTube comment: コメント返信ありです! I understood what the person meant but I'd like to know if ありです is that common and if it can have other meanings.
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votes
2answers
209 views

Is だ (plain form of です) omittable?

After studying copula verbs だ and です in japanese grammar books by myself a couple of months ago, I was under the impresion that だ is omittable as it is implied by the context. Moving on, I recently ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What could it be: つもりでいた??

I need some help with the sentence below. Things like ~ている、~でいる when finishing the verb as in [似]{に}ている、[読]{よ}んでいる are okay for me. But next sentence is something else, because the ending でいた is ...
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3answers
150 views

Usage of an adjective 細やか(な)

I have met the sentence: 各学生への細やかな配慮と個人的な学術的な指導があるため。 The word 細やかな is translated in the dictionary usually as friendly or tender. 1) Could you please tell me more exact translation of this word ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Usage of a verb 希望する

While filling in the application I have met the next sentence: 「コースガイド」から希望する大学を選ぶこと。 There was also a translation into English: Please choose the universities that you wish to attend from among ...
3
votes
4answers
409 views

How do you use “omou” in the past tense? [closed]

For example, how would you say "I thought you were in Japan"? How about any other samples on how to use omou in past tense?
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

はは or おかあさん what should be used?

What I've learnt is: when you talk about your mother you use はは、 when you talk about someone else's mother you use おかあさん。 But what happens when you talk to your mother? How should you address her? ...
5
votes
2answers
172 views

What is the difference between すみませんが and すみません?

I'm still a beginner with japanese. Here is the example that I foud: すみませんが、さとうをとってください I'm not completely sure about the meaning of が in this sentence, since the teacher told me you can both use it ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Politeness and Usage of ぶっちゃけ

A while ago, I heard the word ぶっちゃけ on a comedy show used to mean "frankly." I'd like to know three things: 1) How polite/impolite is this word? Looking it up online, it seems to be slang. I guess I ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

なんと versus どう usage

Consider the two questions: 1) せんせいの しつもんに なんと こたえました 2) せんせいの しつもんに どう こたえました I hope they both mean "How did you answer the teacher's question?" A previous question on this site suggested that なんと ...