他動性. Whether or not verbs take a direct object as a complement. In Japanese, these objects are typically marked with the accusative case marker を.

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2answers
155 views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my Genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Is the verb 向く transitive or intransitive?

On jisho.org, 向ける is described as a transitive verb. Logically, 向く would be intransitive, but the entry just says: Godan verb with ku ending Wiktionary is exactly the same, listing 向ける as ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Is there a difference between 終わりたい and 終わってほしい

Actually, I'm not even sure, if the ~たい-form of a intransitive verb is possible, or grammatically correct, but I sometimes read 終わりたい or 終わりたくない like for example まだ終わりたくない But from everything I ...
3
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2answers
71 views

Something is broken

How do you say "Since this thing is broken, I need to buy a new one."? And, what are the differences between the following: この物が壊れましたから、新しいのを買わなきゃ。 この物が壊れています、新しいのをかわなきゃ。
3
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2answers
242 views

Why does 出る accepts を although it is an intransitive verb?

The JLPT N5 textbook and the Tangorin online dictionary say 出る is intransitive and, as far as I know, should be used with が, but the Genki I textbook says it accepts を when it means "to exit". So, ...
2
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1answer
141 views

を without a transitive verb? [duplicate]

「他の人に手紙を見られてしまいました」 I interpret this sentence's meaning as something like, "The letter ended up being seen by someone else." From what I understand, the verb 見る is transitive, "to see." The verb ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Meaning and transitivity of 立ち上がる in ~を手に立ち上がる

While doing some tranlating, I stumbled upon this usage of 立ち上がる。 わたしがゴミ袋を手に立ち上がると、イツカ君とお姉ちゃんは二人一緒にわたしの所へやって来ました。 It doesn't match up with the definitions I'm familiar with, nor any of the other ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Transitive, Intransitive Verbs and Particles

I think that these sentences are both correct: 旅行の日程が決められました。 and 旅行の日程が決まりました。 But if I use 旅行の日程を決まりました。 is this correct?
2
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0answers
76 views

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not? [closed]

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not? Thanks!
3
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1answer
141 views

How can transitive and passive be combined in 茎を編んで作られる?

In the following sentence, taken from an article about tatami the transitive and passive verbs (編む&作る)seem to be combined into one phrase to express what I have said translation but it does not seem ...
5
votes
3answers
270 views

How do you use 教わる【おそわる】?

I understand that 教わる【おそわる】 is the intransitive of 教える【おしえる】 (to teach), however I'm not sure how to use it properly outside of possibly in an adjectival context (e.g. 授業で教わったこと). In practice, what ...
5
votes
3answers
201 views

Explain how 向{む}く “to face” can take “上{うえ}” as a direct object using を?

There's a famous old song that's actually the only ever Japanese language song to reach #1 on the US pop charts: "上{うえ}を向{む}いて歩{ある}こう". This is both the title of the song and a frequently repeated ...
1
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2answers
241 views

Forms and conjugation of Intransitive Verbs

Can Intransitive verbs be used in Meirei form, Volitional form, ください form and other forms? According to my knowledge, Intransitive verbs are just used to state facts. So these forms should not ...
5
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2answers
294 views

とまる / とめる and such pairs of verbs

I'm a beginner in Japanese. At my classes I'm taught like this: とまる / とめる is a pair intransitive/transitive verb. This I understand and can memorize a table of such verbs. I can't help, though, ...
4
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1answer
124 views

Passive usage of 「済まされない」 in sentences

I cannot get my head around the verb 「済ます」/「済まされない」 in this sentence. 月10万円では済まされない。 I found this in the プログレッシブ和英中辞典 on goo dictionary's page for the verb 「済ます」. The page says that the sentence ...
1
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1answer
131 views

浴びる-Transitivity

I read that 浴びる is a transitive verb, but if it means to clean, then shouldn't it's object be what's be washed? The examples I see have the object of the verb as what one is using to wash with or ...
12
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1answer
544 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
3
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3answers
391 views

It seems that 渡る is categorized as 自動詞 (intransitive verb), yet it is frequently used with を. Why?

Jisho says 渡る is an intransitive verb, and ALC says it is sometimes 自動 and sometimes 他動. In either case, the particle を can be used. What's going on here?
3
votes
3answers
434 views

How do I interpret the Japanese construction of verb+noun?

A) Let's take just transitive verbs first: 食べる人 食べられる人 B) Now let's take intransitive verbs: 起きる人 起きられる人 起こす人 起こされる人 OK, this thing has confused me for a very long time now, like really long. ...
7
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2answers
369 views

Is を頑張る standard Japanese?

This question came up on chat. In this phrase: TOEIC、頑張ってください Can the comma be replaced by を? If not, is there a better particle? 頑張る is listed as a 自動詞 in both of my dictionaries (岩波 and ...
7
votes
4answers
460 views

Switch between transitives and intransitives

There are situations where transitives and intransitives are switched without any clear reason. For example, a transitive verb is usually used to describe a situation like this: タクシーが街を流す ...
4
votes
1answer
490 views

Difference between に and が for intransitive verbs

What is the difference between 試験に受かる and 試験が受かる? It seems that the first one means "to pass an exam" while the second one is more like "passing exams" (really not sure about it). In which cases ...
3
votes
2answers
241 views

Transitive verb particles

How do I learn which particles go with which transitive verbs since it is not always を。 For example: ラップをかける ラップを被せる ...is no problem, but... ラップで包む 役に立てる JDICT says these are all transitive ...
5
votes
2answers
544 views

When is 終わる used as a transitive verb?

On Are 終わる and 済ませる synonyms?, there were some questions whether 終わる is used as a transitive verb. Space ALC seems to have a few results for を終わる, but far more for を終わらせる and を終える. Looking at sense ...
5
votes
2answers
803 views

“To call” or “To receive a call”

Consider these example sentences taken from SPACEALC: [a] (人に)電話をかける。 "put in a call to ~" [b] ~が(主語に)電話をかける。 "receive a telephone call from" My observations: Both sentences use かける. ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

雨を降っています - grammatically correct sentence or just typo? [closed]

It seems that there are around 14-17K Google results on each of "雨を降って" and "雪を降って" keywords. Is 降る yet another intransitive verb that are used with を? Does it mean something like "rain on me" and ...
10
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2answers
643 views

Making sense of transitive usage of 行く and 来る - 「を行く」 and 「を来る」

I think it's known that some intransitive verbs can take を particle and be used as transitive verbs such as for example 「私のことを分かってくれない」. While using 分かる transitively would require specific scenarios ...
0
votes
1answer
382 views

Do all the meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally?

WWWJDIC does not tally their meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる so i find it hard for a beginner like me to properly learn these 2 words.. Do all these meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally: (is this list correct): ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there verbs that are neither intransitive nor transitive?

i was taught that verbs are either transitive or intransitive. but what kind of verb is 分かる ? WWWJDIC lists it as intransitive. Yet the replies/comments from this thread Why is it 日本語 [[が]] わかります ...
11
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2answers
569 views

自~/他~ペア:逆の形 — Transitive/Intransitive pairs: opposite forms

I've noticed (through much frustration) that many 自~/他~ pairs have "opposite" forms; particularly with the ~u and ~eru types. For example, 焼く・焼ける are opposite from 開く・開ける. 焼く (他) - パンを焼く ("Bake ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Can 差す be an intransitive verb?

WWWJDIC lists 差す as an intransitive verb, but in all of the example sentences I've seen it looks more like a transitive verb. So my question is, is 差す a transitive or intransitive verb?
10
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2answers
492 views

About -eru and -aru verb pairs that are not transitive/intransitive counterpart of each other

Most -eru and -aru pairs of verbs that I know are transitive/intransitive counterparts of each others. For example, 見つかる is the intransitive counterpart for the transitive 見つける, and 変わる is the ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Passive-transitive-verb vs. Intransitive-verb (他動詞の受け身 vs. 自動詞)

I think I know the answer to this, but it still creeps up in my mind all the time; something I'd like to research more. I want to know technical differences as well as common usage. When do you use ...