Questions regarding verbs which take a direct object.

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16
votes
2answers
1k views

Passive-transitive-verb vs. Intransitive-verb (他動詞の受け身 vs. 自動詞)

I think I know the answer to this, but it still creeps up in my mind all the time; something I'd like to research more. I want to know technical differences as well as common usage. When do you use ...
10
votes
2answers
371 views

自~/他~ペア:逆の形 — Transitive/Intransitive pairs: opposite forms

I've noticed (through much frustration) that many 自~/他~ pairs have "opposite" forms; particularly with the ~u and ~eru types. For example, 焼く・焼ける are opposite from 開く・開ける. 焼く (他) - パンを焼く ("Bake ...
10
votes
2answers
364 views

About -eru and -aru verb pairs that are not transitive/intransitive counterpart of each other

Most -eru and -aru pairs of verbs that I know are transitive/intransitive counterparts of each others. For example, 見つかる is the intransitive counterpart for the transitive 見つける, and 変わる is the ...
8
votes
2answers
498 views

Making sense of transitive usage of 行く and 来る - 「を行く」 and 「を来る」

I think it's known that some intransitive verbs can take を particle and be used as transitive verbs such as for example 「私のことを分かってくれない」. While using 分かる transitively would require specific scenarios ...
7
votes
2answers
285 views

Is を頑張る standard Japanese?

This question came up on chat. In this phrase: TOEIC、頑張ってください Can the comma be replaced by を? If not, is there a better particle? 頑張る is listed as a 自動詞 in both of my dictionaries (岩波 and ...
7
votes
4answers
423 views

Switch between transitives and intransitives

There are situations where transitives and intransitives are switched without any clear reason. For example, a transitive verb is usually used to describe a situation like this: タクシーが街を流す ...
6
votes
3answers
840 views

Are there verbs that are neither intransitive nor transitive?

i was taught that verbs are either transitive or intransitive. but what kind of verb is 分かる ? WWWJDIC lists it as intransitive. Yet the replies/comments from this thread Why is it 日本語 [[が]] わかります ...
5
votes
3answers
176 views

Explain how 向{む}く “to face” can take “上{うえ}” as a direct object using を?

There's a famous old song that's actually the only ever Japanese language song to reach #1 on the US pop charts: "上{うえ}を向{む}いて歩{ある}こう". This is both the title of the song and a frequently repeated ...
5
votes
2answers
169 views

とまる / とめる and such pairs of verbs

I'm a beginner in Japanese. At my classes I'm taught like this: とまる / とめる is a pair intransitive/transitive verb. This I understand and can memorize a table of such verbs. I can't help, though, ...
4
votes
2answers
375 views

When is 終わる used as a transitive verb?

On Are 終わる and 済ませる synonyms?, there were some questions whether 終わる is used as a transitive verb. Space ALC seems to have a few results for を終わる, but far more for を終わらせる and を終える. Looking at sense ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Passive usage of 「済まされない」 in sentences

I cannot get my head around the verb 「済ます」/「済まされない」 in this sentence. 月10万円では済まされない。 I found this in the プログレッシブ和英中辞典 on goo dictionary's page for the verb 「済ます」. The page says that the sentence ...
4
votes
2answers
440 views

“To call” or “To receive a call”

Consider these example sentences taken from SPACEALC: [a] (人に)電話をかける。 "put in a call to ~" [b] ~が(主語に)電話をかける。 "receive a telephone call from" My observations: Both sentences use かける. ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Can 差す be an intransitive verb?

WWWJDIC lists 差す as an intransitive verb, but in all of the example sentences I've seen it looks more like a transitive verb. So my question is, is 差す a transitive or intransitive verb?
3
votes
1answer
104 views

How can transitive and passive be combined in 茎を編んで作られる?

In the following sentence, taken from an article about tatami the transitive and passive verbs (編む&作る)seem to be combined into one phrase to express what I have said translation but it does not seem ...
3
votes
2answers
222 views

Transitive verb particles

How do I learn which particles go with which transitive verbs since it is not always を。 For example: ラップをかける ラップを被せる ...is no problem, but... ラップで包む 役に立てる JDICT says these are all transitive ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not? [closed]

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
121 views

浴びる-Transitivity

I read that 浴びる is a transitive verb, but if it means to clean, then shouldn't it's object be what's be washed? The examples I see have the object of the verb as what one is using to wash with or ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

Do all the meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally?

WWWJDIC does not tally their meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる so i find it hard for a beginner like me to properly learn these 2 words.. Do all these meanings of 掛ける and 掛かる tally: (is this list correct): ...