The て form of a verb or adjective is a non-finite form primarily used to connect to a following predicate or subsidiary verb, with some secondary uses derived by ellipsis (e.g. of くれ or ください). In many cases it corresponds to English "and".

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
2answers
102 views

What is this form : Verb + はせん?

I am currently trying to read Bleach in japanese. So far I haven't ran into any difficulty that a good dictionary cannot overcome. However in this particular scene I am puzzled by a particular scene ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

Why is は appropriate for てはいけない?

Why does てはいけない use は? I know it's a construction, but where did it come from? て form verbs are not nouns, it doesn't make sense to me that は could be used with them.
2
votes
1answer
121 views

買う, durative or instantaneous?

I'm at the point in my textbook where it explains the use of -ている and the three kind of verbs related to its use: stative, durative, instantaneous. The book says I should ask myself if saying ...
8
votes
4answers
352 views

Why is 住んでいるのが好きです incorrect?

住んでいるのが好きです is a fragment of a sentence that is incorrectly constructed - the correct way to say "I like living in [place] would be 住むのが好きです. But why is this? In the present tense, the usual way to ...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Dictionary form of verb to indicate progressive actions or actions in progress?

I've always interpreted the plain/present affirmative of a verb (e.g. 行く/行きます) as either A.) an action that I will do in the future 図書館に行きます "I will go to the library" B.) an action that I ...
10
votes
1answer
916 views

ないで vs なくて: combining phrases with negative verbs

Can you use 〜なくて instead of 〜ないで in the following sentence without changing the meaning? 病気になると、一切化学薬品や抗生物質を使わないで、鍼や指圧や漢方薬で直します。風邪の時は何もしないで暖かくして、寝ているだけです。 In general, what's the difference ...
7
votes
1answer
297 views

Is ないで a te-form?

In this answer, Darius Jahandarie says that ないで is a te-form. I asked about this on chat, and Flaw answered with a question: If auxiliary ください follows after てform and ないでください exists, can we ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

What is the も in 今年も used for ? What does 雨が少なく mean here, and why isn't it followed by a て?

I have the following translation for class. 今年も、 トゥーソンは、 雨が少なく、 水が不足して、 困るかもしれません。 So far, I have the following. This year also Tucson rain is little water has become ...
5
votes
2answers
404 views

Is 〜ている really this subtle?

With an action verb, like 食べる, I can count 5 meanings of this sentence: ジョンは納豆を食べている "John is eating natto." (progressive) "John is eating the natto." (progressive) "John eats natto." ...
0
votes
2answers
204 views

How is て行く being used in すすんで行く and さいて行く? [duplicate]

I came across すすんで行く and さいて行く in a vocabulary list, and it was immediately obvious that there was probably some sort of grammatical construct involving て行く that was in use here. I don't really know ...
9
votes
2answers
196 views

~て vs ~てから for sequencing activities

This is potentially much simpler than I'm expecting but when simply ordering events within a sequence are there any contextual differences between using ~て and ~てから? For example, if I was talking ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

How is あって being used in this context?

こんばんは。I am new to learning Japanese and this website. I usually try to learn things of my own initiative, by searching up specific things I don't understand and trying to make sense of them myself. ...
0
votes
2answers
638 views

is it “aite” or “akete” for “open”?

I have a book and when you do the verb conjugation for "te" My book says "open" is "aite", but other websites say it's "akete". Which one is correct?
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Causative form + te form + another verb construction

In this specific case: 取らせて頂いた So, what's the meaning of such a construction? I understand what each thing does alone (the causative form, the te form and the verb in past indicative), But what ...
7
votes
2answers
426 views

Which verb receives a negation in a Japanese sentence?

I can say 歩いて渡る which translates to "to cross by walking". However, if I would like to say "I am not going to cross by walking, but by some other means", would I say 歩かないで渡る or 歩いて渡らない? There are ...
24
votes
3answers
3k views

Difference between -ていく and -てくる

Can someone explain the differences between v-ていく and v-てくる for me. I know that they both express some kind of ongoing action (like a place getting crowded). For example, what's the difference between ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

What is the て-form of みます?

I have learned from my previous studies that it is みんで. However, Google translate seems to give me the answer みて. Which is correct?
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Using the stem form of a verb like the て form, as in 燃えゆく or 飲みほして

What is the significance of sometimes using the stem form of a verb like how the て form would be? For example: 燃えゆく (from HANABI) 飲みほして (from Ambiguous) It's something I hear now and again, ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

How do you use と言ってた?

I am reading Genki II. And I found a report sentence (a sentence that states what somebody else said) that ended with と言ってた: チョコレートを食べすぎたって言ってた。 He said he ate too much chocolate. I've got two ...
3
votes
3answers
163 views

Valid interpretations of the (first) て-form in 何かを犠牲にして、その上で、平和は成り立っている。

What are the valid interpretations of the (first) て-form in the following sentence? 何かを犠牲にして、その上で、平和は成り立っている。 I'm having difficulties assigning a definite meaning to this sentence. There seems ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

読みます or 読んで form to express habit

In my textbook it says you can use the 読みます form to talk about habitual actions, such as 私はよく本を読みます But I read on the internet (source) that the correct form for this is 読んで and the sentence should ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Meaning of て form + えん

I was watching an episode of One Piece, and while studying the transcript, I came across this sentence. ルフィに 会いてえんなら俺が 教えてやるよ Ace told the other pirates "If ya wanna meet Luffy, I'll tell ya where ...
6
votes
1answer
548 views

What is the usage of 「つー」, what does it mean and what other ways are there to express the same thing ?

I've seen this many times in mangas, here's one example: アンタなんかが手にしていいお金じゃないっつーの!!! Context: A girl catches a thief that stole today's takings at the shop she's working at. Thank you! ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

Usage of よって in this sentence

I am currently doing some exercises for my Japanese class, but they are all in hiragana, which is sometimes irritating, but in this sentence I fail to see the meaning and thus unable to pick the ...
3
votes
0answers
125 views

Are there any restrictions on the usage of the て-form as a continuation? [closed]

How freely can sentences be combined with the て-form? Are there any cases where it cannot be done?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

てはいけない or ては行けない?

When using a "te wa ikenai" construction, do you have to write "ikenai" without kanji, or can you use 行? For example: 働かなくてはいけない vs: 働かなくては行けない My understanding was that the idiom was ...
5
votes
2answers
419 views

How to know if a sentence ending in the て form of a verb is imperative or not

I know that a sentence that ends in the て form of a verb can be imperative. How do you know for sure if it is? Why is「~しようとして」not imperative?
4
votes
1answer
201 views

How 聞いてた differs from 聞いた in this context?

I think ていた/ている is often used in the following context. A:Bla Bla Bla A:話、聞いてた? B:ごめん。聞いてなかった。ちょっと、ボーッとしてた Another context A said something to B before he left, but B didn't hear it. ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Wanting Someone To Do Something (てほしい Structure)

I have the following sentence to translate. 行ってほしくないと言われたが 新聞記者になりたいので 国際交換瑠学生の試験に受からなくても行くことにした So far I have the following. It was said ... doesn't want ... to go but he wants to become a ...
4
votes
2answers
419 views

Making sense of 「出てったって待ってて」

I'm reading Murakami Haruki's ノルウェイの森 and, although I've come across many sentences I haven't been able to grasp too clearly, I recently came across one that was also funny to pronounce. Can anyone ...
3
votes
3answers
228 views

How to translate て-form + ろ

In the Japanese exclamation: 待ってろよ! What function does ろ have and how should it be translated to English? I've searched everywhere, but I can't seem to find a decent explanation. The only thing ...
6
votes
2answers
459 views

Sentence structure for complex sentences

I've been reading up on the uses of the particle から, particularly when it is appended to the -te form of a verb where it takes on the meaning similar to "after [verb], [sentence 2]" However, when ...
1
vote
1answer
282 views

〜くれて, what is the meaning and how do people use it?

Just like the title suggest, I once in a while will encounter なになにてくれて。what does it really mean and how normally people use it?
2
votes
4answers
904 views

Is telling a superior, “電子メールを見てくださいました,” correct?

Imagine wanting to tell a superior something along the lines of, "I saw/read/received your e-mail." In Japanese, there's sometimes something with using the te form along with words like くださる and もらう ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Te form of もっていく

Quick question regarding the -te form of the verb もっていく (to take). From my understanding the verb is a combination between もって+ いく(to go) and as such conjugates its -te form as もっていって is this correct? ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

The tense of the て form of verbs

Just a quick question on the て form, as what I am about to say isn't really made clear by textbooks. Is the tense of a verb in て form dependent on what follows? for example if someone was to say ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

In「~てこ」, what does the こ do?

There are some lyrics in the song VOICE by Perfume that go: 点と点を繋げてこ everythingを合わせてこ I've no idea how こ functions here as I don't think I've encountered it before like this. The group are ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Translation of 泳ぎたがっている

I have the following sentence to translate. 家内は、 日本の海で 泳ぎたがっているので、 新しい水着を買わなければならないと言っていました。 So far I have the following. My wife in the Sea of Japan ... so she was saying that she needs to buy a ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Doubling “Moving” Verbs (行く and 来る)

I sometimes see moving or directional verbs doubled up, with the first verb in て form. I think my professor mentioned that this just sometimes happens but means the same as if you didn't have the ...
2
votes
2answers
264 views

~ないでいる verb ending

This is dialogue from a book I have, where a doctor is talking about a patient: 気分が極端に変りやすくなっていて、自分で自分をコントロールできない。神を呪うかと思うと、神に祈る。呪う自分と祈る自分と、絶えず入れ替っていて、どっちが本当の自分か判断できないでいる。 My question is about ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What´s the difference between による, により and によって?

I don't understand when you use it and what the difference is between each other. For example, when you say: 火事によって多くの森林が焼けてしまった。 今回の地震による津波の心配はない。
5
votes
2answers
467 views

What's the meaning of 〜ておきます?

What exactly does 〜ておきます mean in this context? 旅行{りょこう}する前{まえ}にホテルを予約{よやく}しておきます。 Is this trying to say something like "Before traveling, reserve a room". Is this a suggestion? An order? (If so, why ...
7
votes
3answers
821 views

Why do we use 〜ないで instead of 〜なくて before auxiliary ください?

I was taught in college that the 〜ない verb conjugation behaves like an i-adjective, thus it has 〜く form, it takes 〜ければ for "if" scenario, it modifies the noun that follows it etc. Also, I know that the ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

te-form without a final verb and its usage as a conditional

歩いて二十分ほどのところにある川原です。 It's a riverbank about twenty minutes away by foot. I have a couple of questions with the usage of 歩いて here: The usage of the te-form without an auxiliary verb (e.g. 歩いていく) or ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

Use of く-form over くて in an い-adjective

何事も最初は難しく、やがてやさしくなる。 All things are difficult before they are easy. I've never seen an い-adjective used in this way (難しく). Would using 難しくて (which is what I would have used) change the meaning of the ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

What form is this?

おわってなさすぎ There's te-form for owarimasu, and I see sugiru form. What does the "nasasugi" part mean?
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Meaning of け after a テ形 verb

In some song lyrics I was reading it said 飛んでけ; and I was curious as to what the け meant. The translation just says leap out.
3
votes
2answers
154 views

ないでいますvsていません-Verb Continuity and Negation

I'm not even certain that ないでいます is used, but if it is, what is it's difference from ていません? They are both negation, but one is saying they are negating, and the other one is saying they aren't doing. ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Meaning of vb-たかった + しまいました

I am currently in my third year of japanese studies, and in lesson 29 of 皆の日本語, we learned to use vb-て+しまいます or しまいました to emphasize the action or its completion, or the embarrassment, regret of the ...