Rules governing construction of phrases and sentences in a language.

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1answer
122 views

Can と AND や be used in a sentence for a list of things

I have been reading about using と and や. Now, I understand the basic idea that や is for a list where the list is not all-inclusive. と on the other hand essentially informs the listener that "only ...
2
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1answer
126 views

単語を十個 or 十個単語を - quantifiers before or after direct objects

I once read a Japanese sentence: 仮に毎日単語を十個覚えるとする Can I say this instead? 仮に毎日十個単語を覚えるとする
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2answers
89 views

Providing definitions/explanations with というのは ~ のこと/ということだ

Recently I've been trying to wrap my head around the Tobira textbook grammar point on というのは and from my understanding [Aというのは Bのことだ/ということだ] essentially means [A means B]. However, I can't seem to ...
2
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1answer
82 views

why is there a double “が” here: “… 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず、…”?

From the newspaper article titles 北アルプス・涸沢岳で2人滑落、1人行方不明, the second paragraph reads: 男性1人が行方不明となり、岐阜県警がヘリコプターで捜索したが見つからず、同日夕、日没のため打ち切った。1日午前から捜索を再開する。 my guess of a translation: Being that ...
2
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2answers
232 views

When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...
2
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1answer
164 views

Sentence patterns for starting a picture description

I'm trying to do some picture descriptions to practice my Japanese (which is quite at a beginner level), just to avoid to focus only on grammar and 漢字 memorization, which can become really boring ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Difference between verb ~ている + (瞬間・とき)

I know that verb + ~ている+ 瞬間【しゅんかん】 has a similar usage to ~ている+とき, for example 目を閉じている瞬間 and 目を閉じているとき. I want to know what is the difference between these two in general, will it change the meaning ...
2
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1answer
149 views

Difference between 本当に and 全然 in a negative sentence

I want to translate something like the following: I watched a movie with together with my friends. Not at all did I watch it alone. Where the "not at all" is supposed to express obvious ...
2
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0answers
33 views

The のう ending in this sentence [duplicate]

当時を知る者があれを見て、本人とは思わないだろうからのう The sentence is taken from a visual novel. I am wondering what the ending "のう" means in this context. I've tried searching it but the only thing people were asking ...
2
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1answer
300 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially ...
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2answers
168 views

Help me string this sentence together please

I'm trying to say "Taking Japanese class has been [or was] fun" using ものだ. But I don't think this is right: 日本語の授業を受けている楽していたものだ。
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1answer
116 views

Why is there an unmatched parenthesis in this title?

This Asahi Shinbun article has an unmatched right parenthesis in its title: 岩手)震災の教訓を考える 「人間復興大学」10日開学 Surely, Japanese syntactic rules disallow unmatched parenthesis, right? Asahi Shinbun just made ...
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1answer
76 views

How do you indicate sections in a report if there are more than 5? (まず、つぎに、さらに、そして、最後に)

If you need to indicate more sections in a report than five (beginning each section with 「まず」、「つぎに」、「さらに」、「そして」、「最後に」 respectively), what word(s) should you use to indicate the start of the additional ...
1
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1answer
92 views

How should I intepret より in this sentence

きのうは きょうより ひとが すくないです。 Is it saying: X number of people yesterday < Y number of people today? or X number of people yesterday > Y number of people today? I'm getting the ...
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2answers
156 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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1answer
121 views

Meaning of いやみを必ず顔に表す

What does this line mean? いやみを必ず顔に表す I know the individual words but I can't seem to figure out the meaning of the sentence.
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1answer
1k views

What does “mon” and “kamo” mean in Japanese?

Sorry, I am new at learning Japanese and I am trying my best to figure things out from word-by-word translations... but sometimes it's hard to piece together with just the internet. I was reading a ...
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1answer
187 views

Can someone explain the form: xに関するどんな

I apologize in advance for the poor title. I'm really not sure how to phrase my question. I often see in Japanese sentences structures like the following: エホバに関するどんな事実を強調しましたか。 In the above, エホバに関する ...
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3answers
89 views

Syntactic rule for the “⇔” character?

The character "⇔" is used in the definitions in 国語{こくご}辞典{じてん} to specify antonyms. I have questions: (1) Is "⇔" a formal character in Japanese syntax? Or, is it sort of an ad-hoc way to specify ...
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1answer
69 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
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2answers
112 views

Is the following sentence correct?

この言葉について私自身の定義を与えるが、今から異なるシナリオを見ましょう。 Is the above sentence good? I want to say: "I will give my definition about this word, but for now let's look at the different scenarios" I will derive the ...
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1answer
87 views

~しよう+としてします。 What is the meaning of this expression?

I always see this sentence being used. Like 忘れようとしてします or 毎日勉強しようとしてする I'm just wondering what is the difference if I use 忘れる or 勉強する instead. Whenever I watch anime or JDrama I always here this ...
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2answers
90 views

confusion with location words

I'm learning from the "Japanese from zero" course (currently book 2). It translates the following sentence: Konbiniの ひだりうしろに ほんやが あります as There is a convenience store behind the bookstore on the ...
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1answer
124 views

How do you interpret an “interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る” construct? [duplicate]

Came across this sentence that has this "interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る" structure but not too sure if this is a kind of question or answer. どこの会議室か知りません。 Is this a question or an ...
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2answers
151 views

Looking for references on 複合格助詞

I am currently doing research on automatic case frame (格フレーム) acquisition and its applications. A case frame describes the syntactic structure of a predicate by providing a canonical representation of ...
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1answer
68 views

Verbal forms allowed to determine a noun

I'm not confident that the English grammatical words I'm using are okay; feel free to correct me. Let's start with the phrase 読{よ}む本{ほん} meaning, among other acceptable translations "the book I do ...
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2answers
351 views

What does だ mean at the end of a sentence or following a noun

The sentence in question is それはとってもいい話【はなし】だ。 Which is translated as "That's a really nice story". I don't understand what だ is doing at the end though. 話 seems to mean story with or without it and ...
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1answer
110 views

How is からだ used here?

How should I parse the part that comes after 許さない: その形容から打突こそ主体と思われるが、槍{やり}の基本戦術は払いにある (1)。長さに物を言わせた広範囲の薙{な}ぎ払いは、もとより身を引いて躱{かわ}す、などという防御を許さないからだ (2)。 Feels like it makes the sentence flow a bit ...
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1answer
121 views

Is this sentence correct?

I'm trying to say this in Japanese: "Woe be to those who near the swamp." I wasn't really sure how to go about this, but I came up with this: それらのための災いは誰が沼に行きます Woe for those who go to the ...
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2answers
109 views

the use and the meaning of the verb 実感する in the given example

I would like to ask for help with translating the following sentence: 今日は、「練習していないことは嘘をつかない」という悲しいセリフを実感しました。練習も嘘をつかないんだけど、その逆も然り。 I understand parts of it for example 練習していないことは嘘をつかない 悲しい セリフ ...
0
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1answer
93 views

Is this sentence correct?

Would u please test this sentence for me? '図書館でいお(ro)いろな教室でできないことができる' some of my mates said it is wrong while some said it is right
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57 views
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201 views

Vague method of description in Japanese

I just want to ask how people get over the vagueness of description in this language. Let me explain. Today I saw my friend say "これを見た電車の中で..." and I was just wondering... how do you deal with the ...
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0answers
74 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
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3answers
81 views

Can I say this sentence in another way? [closed]

Please have a look at this sentence 彼の実力を考えと、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない Can I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない If I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くのには当たらない is it okay?
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0answers
48 views

How would you use eien no in Eternal Ruler of the Universe? [duplicate]

How would you use eien no (eternal) I know universe is uchuu, and ruler is shihaisha, but I want to write Eternal Ruler of the Universe. So how would you fit the eien no into uchuu no shihaisha? ...