統語論. Rules governing construction of phrases and sentences in a language.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

3
votes
1answer
305 views

Do adjectives/adjective-like verb forms in informal speech need a copula?

The class I go to uses the «Minna no Nihongo» textbook, and according to it you can say the following in informal language: そのカレーライスおいしい? わたしは富士山にのぼりたい。 (See book 1, lesson 20) So I ...
3
votes
2answers
770 views

Sentence ending に and のに compared to their non-sentence-ending form

Consider these: [A] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来ただろうに [B] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来たのに Is に in [A] related to the case particle に? Is のに in [B] related to the use of のに as a conjunction in ...
3
votes
3answers
174 views

How do you say “How am I supposed to X”?

I know/think that ~ばいい can be used, ex. How am I supposed to deal with this? どう扱えばいい? But is there another way to say it? Maybe something involving はず?
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Confusing clause in middle of sentence

In the following sentence: 彦一{ひこいち}さんがのこった荷物を見たときは、皆の握り飯が入っているお弁当など重そうなものしか残っていませんでした。 I don't understand how the part in bold fits into the sentence. Without that part I have When 彦一 saw ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Question about に and には in terms of emphasis

I read the post on here from 2011 about the difference between に and には, but I came back still a little confused (especially with all the non-layman grammar words like transitive/nominative/etc). I ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

接続助詞は名詞修飾節の中に使えますか?・接続助詞で作る文は他の接続助詞で作る文を修飾できますか?

偶然この質問を思い出しました。 Question 1 英語で Hey, look! The car over there is the car which I would buy if I were rich. という文があると思います。 その「if I were rich」は従属接続詞(if)で「I would buy」を修飾しているのです。それだけではなく、実は「I ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Do adverbs necessarily modify the first verb after it?

Specifically in a case like this: 私が迷っているうちに、次第に登校する生徒の数は少なくなり、予鈴が鳴った。 Does 次第に modify 登校する or 少なくなり? I thought that maybe 登校する生徒の数 is considered as one unit and thus 次第に modifies 少なくなり. Is that ...
3
votes
2answers
273 views

Does 本 work as a general purpose prefix?

The motivation for this question is the phrase 本法廷 which I recently read. Does ほん (本) work as a general purpose prefix? By this I mean can I look in the dictionary and pick any noun and put 本 in ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

How does のは work in this sentence?

彼が持っているのは二百円です。 Supposedly this means "It is 200 yen that he has.". But I am really not familiar with this sentence construction. Therefore, I'm not sure how everything before の works with the rest of ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What does this と do here?

I suspect this question to be very simple but nevertheless, I don't understand why と is used here (in particular why not が or の (with the meaning of が)?) 交通事情により、表示の時刻と前後することがあります。
3
votes
1answer
49 views

What is the function of both of the のか's in this sentence

What is the function of both of the のか's in this sentence? 現代の私達にとって古代エジプトが一体どんな関係があるのか、突き詰めて言えば考古学というのが一体役に立つのか、というふうに思っている方がいるかもしれません。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:28 ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How do I construct “going back to [verb]” type of sentence?

I feel really frustrated that I can't get a simple sentence like this correctly. I want to say, "are you going back to sleep?" My first thought was that I needed 戻る in the sentence, so I thought make ...
3
votes
3answers
385 views

Sentence structure: “I can accomplish (a) by doing (b)”

I'm trying to say sentences like "I can accomplish (a) by doing (b)." in Japanese, and I can't seem to figure it out. An example sentence would be "I can earn good grades by studying hard." Maybe ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Problems understanding なの in this sentence

I remember once I have seen 「なの」 was not placed at the end of a sentence (meaning it was not a question) ever since then I wondered what it meant but didn't have any clear examples. Today I saw this ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Need Help Understanding ーているよう

I am trying to translate the following small text (taken from a VN): もうこんなことはやめようか―― 心配そうな眼差しは、まるでそう言っているようだった。 So far my attempts have led me to this: It was as though his worrying ...
3
votes
1answer
517 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

How do 何 and どう change the meaning of these sentences? [duplicate]

I know people say not to rely too much on music to learn Japanese, but I love Japanese music. Usually I try to translate the lyrics into English as I listen, but I keep hearing the phrase どうしようか and I ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

About the relationship between 「ので」 and 「~てください」: [duplicate]

According to "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", ので cannot be used in sentences that contains a request in the main clause. However, in many phrases at sites or another grammar books I have ...
2
votes
3answers
277 views

Common ways of asking for someones phone number

I saw somewhere today that [電話]{でんわ}[番号]{ばんごう}は何番ですか is used to ask for someone's phone number. It seemed strange to me since I usually hear it as [電話]{でんわ}[番号]{ばんごう}何ですか, and also because the literal ...
2
votes
3answers
382 views

How would I say “when [x] happened”?

First off, I understand the use of ~の時 (when). However, with my current knowledge, this doesn't make sense if I try to use it with verbs in phrases such as "when I woke up". It's probably quite ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Translating “Woe be to those…”

I'm trying to say this in Japanese: "Woe be to those who near the swamp." I wasn't really sure how to go about this, but I came up with this: それらのための災いは誰が沼に行きます Woe for those who go to the ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
2
votes
1answer
239 views

Is みんな being used as a “counter”?

This is from Minna no Nihongo Chapter 15. It's a description of Santa Claus. でも世界の子供はみんな私を知っています。 みんな seems like a counter of sorts (I don't know how else to describe it) for 世界の子供. I always thought ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Sentence Polarity when connecting sentences/clauses with て/で

I was reading the Tobira textbook recently and I became a little confused when reading the following passage. "日本語では、会話をスムーズに進めるために「あいづちをうつ」ということをします。「はい/ええ」「うん」「そうですか」など色々ありますが、これらは ″Yes, I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Sentence pattern for describing a list of objects

I was trying to describe a list of objects from a more generic point of view to a more specific one. While at the generic level I feel quite sure, using for example. みなりのポケットの中には、ボールペンを二本あります。 ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How should I intepret より in this sentence

きのうは きょうより ひとが すくないです。 Is it saying: X number of people yesterday < Y number of people today? or X number of people yesterday > Y number of people today? I'm getting the ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

“naku” suffix and “o” prefix?

For this sentence, "保存をお忘れなくですぞ!” I am guessing the word "naku" is a suffix meaning not? So then it'd be saying, "do not forget to save!"? And is the "o" before "wasure" there to make it more polite?
2
votes
2answers
189 views

noun + の + adjective

I've seen a couple times examples of using this format of [noun] の [adjective] and I mostly see it in the form ~の高い Some specifics I'm referring to are: 人気の高い 柔軟性の高い I can't think of any more off ...
2
votes
2answers
913 views

Why are Japanese song lyrics often so seemingly ungrammatical?

For example, Natsukawa Rimi's 島唄 has this has most of the verbs in plain 連用形 with no apparent reason: でいごの花が咲き 風を呼び 嵐が来た でいごが咲き乱れ 風を呼び 嵐が来た くり返す悲しみは 島渡る波のよう ウージの森であなたと出会い ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

そのようにする + Recognizing a compound

そのようにしてこの巨城は、二年の長きにわたってゆっくりと攻略されてきた。 The first thing I had kind of a problem with, is そのようにして... I just have no idea how to translate it. Also, as for 巨城, 巨 doesn't have a prefix form, nor there is ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Help translating とってもまずしくて明日食べるパンもありません

The sentence is とってもまずしくて明日食べるパンもありません。 I know all of the words, but the grammar is confusing. Why is ashita taberu in the middle of the sentence?
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Help with understanding a sentence

詩の生命は暗示にして単なる事象の説明には非ず。かの筆にも言語にも言ひ尽し難き情趣の限なき振動のうちに幽かなる心霊の欷歔をたづね、縹渺たる音楽の愉楽に憧がれて自己観想の悲哀に誇る、これわが象徴の本旨に非ずや。されば我らは神秘を尚び... full Is it (syntax-wise) correct to ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている?

Why is に used in a sentence like this? 若者が元気に溢れている I thought it was: 若者に元気が溢れている I know に is used as an indirect object marker. Could someone tell me the difference between direct and ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Syntax of くびきを共にする

In the book 数学ガール ガロア理論, the phrase くびきを共にする, which I would infer means something like "to yoke together", appears repeatedly as a metaphor for phenomena where a number of elements are related. Some ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Explain ますよう + [noun]

Can someone please help me parse the following sentence: ...新商品をお試しくださいますようご案内申し上げます。 I guess the meaning is something like "We invite you to try our new product," but I don't understand how ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Would both of these sentences be correct?

Would both of these sentences be correct? Do they both have the same meaning? たくやの後ろに彰が座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya. 彰はたくやの後ろに座っています。Akira is sitting behind Takuya.
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What does 「な」 in 「降りなよ」 mean in this context?

The title of a Take Free magazine I picked up at Shimokitazawa is とりあえず、シモキタで 降りなよ What does 「な」 in 「降りなよ」 mean in this context? I'm sure it isn't a negative; not dropping off by ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

sense of a displaced “adverb” in a sentence written by Sōseki Natsume

I read in that thread : 「自分{じぶん}は死{し}ぬ前{まえ}に一目{ひとめ}思{おも}う女{おんな}に逢{あ}いたいと云{い}った。」 in 夢十夜, 第五夜 : "I explained that before I died, if only for a moment, I wanted to see the woman I loved." ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Is it correct to use で in this sentence if I want to convey “and”?

My penpal and I were talking about a particular video game and I wanted to tell him: "The PC version (of the game) has its release date someday next month and I just can't wait any longer!" ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

What is the subject in 「士郎の理想、英雄となった姿があなたではないのですか。」?

士郎の理想、英雄となった姿があなたではないのですか。 I think the subject of なった is 姿, but a friend tells me it's 士郎. Is it not possible that the sentence means The figure that became hero, are not you? ?
2
votes
2answers
108 views

relative clause with Causative-Passive Verb

In this grammatical construction: X (doer)-は/が + Y (place)-で\に + Z (causer)-に + W (direct object)-を + Causative-Passive Verb (transitive verb) What particles are used if the following relative ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

How do you say, “I have been an annoying person lately.”?

I know I have to start the sentence with 「最近」for "lately" but I don't know what to say for the rest of the sentence. Could someone help me with this? Does it go like 「最近私は面倒くさい人です。」? Thanks! Also, - ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

落ちしないかなあって思ってる sentence breakdown

髪を染めたんですけど、すでに黒髪が恋しくて、早く色落ちしないかなあって思ってるだけです I don't understand 落ちしないかなあって思ってる from the above quote. Is 落ち acting as a noun here with しない attached? is this different from 落ちない? What does かなあって ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

「だといえども」はどういう意味ですか?~What does だといえども mean?

能力のある三公・摂政・関白が高齢だといえども辞めてはならない I understand everything in this except for だといえども, and I'm kind of struggling to find a good explanation of what it means. Anyone have any ideas?
2
votes
1answer
129 views

structure of 忘れちゃうといけないからメモしといたのにそのメモをなくしちゃった。

I try to figure out the structure of this sentence. but I'm somehow confuse with it what I got is this 忘れちゃうと いけないから、 in order to not forget メモしといたのに although noted it already そのメモをなくしちゃった that ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

単語を十個 or 十個単語を - quantifiers before or after direct objects

I once read a Japanese sentence: 仮に毎日単語を十個覚えるとする Can I say this instead? 仮に毎日十個単語を覚えるとする
2
votes
2answers
244 views

Providing definitions/explanations with というのは ~ のこと/ということだ

Recently I've been trying to wrap my head around the Tobira textbook grammar point on というのは and from my understanding [Aというのは Bのことだ/ということだ] essentially means [A means B]. However, I can't seem to ...