統語論. Rules governing construction of phrases and sentences in a language.

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Does “私は山田さんが描きました。” make sense in Japanese?

Is this sentence put together correctly? I'm trying to say "I drew (name on person)" formally. Drew as in "drew a picture of". In this case I will be using Yamada-san as an example. 私は山田さんが描きました。 ...
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148 views

Grammatical Pattern : VerbてのNoun

What does this grammatical structure/pattern mean? I am trying to understand the meaning of the following sentence where the VerbてのNoun pattern appears. "昭和64年に起きた誘拐事件を巡る物語だけに、“昭和な顔”を買われての起用だったという" ...
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163 views

Volitional + が ; ~おう + が

The sentence is :  まあ 何人来ようが || どうってこともないがな... (|| = Column break.) It doesn't matter how many people want to come... I'm not sure whether the first が is the subject particle (and ...
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192 views

Are ~つ and ~り the only two counters that can occur with the native Japanese numbers (ひと~, ふた~, etc)?

Please go easy on me if this seems too basic and obvious, I'm a beginner. I always had the impression that there were counters that went with the native Japanese numbers and counters that went with ...
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160 views

Is the “?” character an official character in Japanese syntax?

In English, "?" can end a sentence. In Japanese, can "?" ever end a sentence? With regard to the UNICODE standard character blocks: "。" ---> CJK_SYMBOLS_AND_PUNCTUATION // as expected "?" ---> ...
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151 views

usage of ”し” particle

Whenever I watch drama or news I always hear "し" particle being used. Back when I was still studying "Minna No Nihongo" my teacher taught me that ”し” means "だから” but native japanese tend to use this ...
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431 views

Some questions about って

Here is a sentence from Dragon Ball : 一気にこれ以上修業したって意味はないって。限界までやったんだ。 悟空 says this to his son who's worried because they just chill out before a battle instead of training until the last ...
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235 views

Development of なんか?

Is there anymore to the usage of なんか that isn't saying "something", but rather something like, or along the lines of? I know the two are very similar, but using なんか at the end of a sentence seems to ...
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152 views

Volitional + というのだった?

In the short story 「悪魔」by 星新一 , a man walks onto a frozen lake to go ice fishing, carves out a small hole in the ice, and throws in the line. But after throwing in the line, there's a 文型 I've never ...
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402 views

あなたがこの文のおかしいと思うところは?

The structure strikes me because the underlying transformation seems to be like this: [ あなたが ] [ この文の  ~ところを ] [ おかしいと ] 思う [ あなたが ] [ この文の  _____ ] [ おかしいと ] 思う ところは~ Another similar example is: ...
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In front of “ほうがいい,” is it always past tense?

ほうがいい means: the particular way "ほう" is "が" good "いい" So, for example, if it looks like it's going to rain, I might say to a friend: "今日は雨らしい。傘を持った方がいい。" But what I'm curious is, why is "持った" ...
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Nominalization with のが、のを

I've just learned to nominalize verbs with のを but as I was looking for more info on the web I saw that this is also done with のが and こと. The question "What is the difference between the nominalizers ...
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343 views

In a period of time

What's the best way to express in in the following sentence: I will go in five minutes time. Here's my attempt     五分かいあとで行きます。 Here's another attempt which I have even less confidence in: ...
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174 views

What is this や in 大きすぎや?

Is this a contraction along the same lines of なければ → なきゃ? 反乱を抑えるためだけが目的だとしたらリスクが大きすぎやしないか Also, can you contract 言えば or あれば?
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444 views

Does contraction and elision affect formation of relative clauses?

For example, やらなければならない can modify 時 to form やらなければならない時 and I know that the adjective い ending can simply have a noun appended after it. However when it's contracted to やらなきゃ can I simply add a ...
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170 views

Is this sentence structured correctly?

こんにちは! I'm new to this site and Japanese language. I haven't learnt the entire Hiragana alphabet yet and don't know any Katakana. I'm trying my best to stay away from Romaji, so please be aware that I ...
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576 views

Multiple “wo”s in a sentence?

I had always been told this never happened. I was a little skeptical, but since I never saw a sentence with two of the particle, I gradually came to accept that it was probably true. Well ironically, ...
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308 views

Simultaneous actions with the -te form

In English you can use conjunction to express two simultaneous actions: I was standing in front of an audience and presenting a new technology. Or simply juxtapose two participles where one ...
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65 views

Can 自身 be used to refer to 2 people in the same sentence?

Starting from the sentence: それにもかかわらず、新渡戸と内村は女性の状況や権利に特別な関心を抱き、これについての文書を多数残している。 Do I need to add 2「自身」to give the meaning "Nitobe and Uchimura themselves"? ...
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393 views

Can もはや also mean “or rather” or “actually”?

I heard this sentence pattern watching an anime (where A and B have similar meanings, but B is much stronger): ....[description A] いや、もはや [description B]と言っていい。 I looked up もはや expecting a ...
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179 views

Can と AND や be used in a sentence for a list of things

I have been reading about using と and や. Now, I understand the basic idea that や is for a list where the list is not all-inclusive. と on the other hand essentially informs the listener that "only ...
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When an -i form (連用形{れんようけい}) of a verb seems to be a suffix rather than a prefix?

In a previous question about コーヒー割り I learned that 割り is a form of the verb 割{わ}る "to dilute". Now I'm trying to understand the grammatical process by which this 割り form of 割る can be added to nouns ...
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177 views

Can the volitional form be used to nominate yourself for something?

I did a quick search on this site to see if I could find any answer to this and found this question: Does the volitional form of a verb mean both "lets" and "I want to"? But ...
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465 views

Is 「なので」actually a short-form for「それなので」?

In Tae Kim's Guide there is a conversation that goes like this: Tom: 時間がなかった。 Mary: だからパーティーに行かなかったの? I was wondering is 「だから」 actually a short-form of 「それだから」 ? Similarly, in the ...
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62 views

What is the meaning of the following build 「信じられない事に~~はありませんか」?

Taken from a game of "Alice In Wonderland" as you might guess: 「信じられない事にチョッキを着た白ウサギが懐中時計を見ながら走ってゆくではありませんか!」 I guess this is sort of a fairy tale language right? I fail to see how I should combine ...
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110 views

Understanding 生きていて~

私たちはこの時代に生きていて邪悪さがいよいよ増していることを知っています。 I was given this sentence from a friend and I'm having trouble with the extra て in 生きていて。 Could someone explain what grammar is being used here? Why it needed ...
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184 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
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243 views

Relative clauses with になる and のなる

I self study Japanese and among the things I do is reading easy NHK news articles. Here is one article I read. In the article appears the word 首都 capital city. Hovering over it would give the ...
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254 views

Does this Japanese sentence sound right? [closed]

I'm trying to translate a line from an English song (Journey) and it goes like this: "She took a midnight train going anywhere" So far, I've ended up with this: 彼女は真夜中列車が乗りましたどこ でも行きます (Kanojo wa ...
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388 views

How do I say “course duration” in Japanese?

I want to say something along the lines of "all engineering courses are four years long". Should I say something like this?: 各技術コースの専攻期間は4年くらいです。 Is there a more natural way to phrase what I'm ...
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209 views

Understanding a JLPT practise question with ものなら

This sentence comes from a question in my JLPT practise book that is part of an explanation of the use of ものなら: 一度{いちど}仕事{しごと}を手伝{てつだ}おうものなら、それをいいことにあの人{ひと}は何度{なんど}でも頼{たの}んでくるから、気{き}をつけたほうがいい。 ...
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83 views

multiple たとえ even if (in a compound sentense)

たとえ夏にあなたにあえなくても、たとえいっしょに旅しなくても、まだもっと待ってるよ。 The question is how to link two "even if's" in a compound sentence, as in the example above. Perhaps, You don't need two たとえ and if you only conjugate ...
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66 views

Modifying nouns with question phrases

The sentence at hand: サンタクロースをいつまで信じていたかなんて事はたわいもない世間話にもならないくらいのどうでもいいような話だが、・・・ I assume なんて here serves a derogatory role as など does in the following sentence: あの人の言ったことなど気にする事はありません。 As ...
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557 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
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176 views

Difference between 「来ませんでした」and「来なかったです」 [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is じゃないです equally correct as じゃありません? Both have the same meaning ("did not come") and according to my Japanese co-workers both are acceptable while they can't define the ...
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111 views

Is 一緒に needed in this case?

Is 一緒に needed in this case? A: 買い物へ行きたい。 B: そう。 A: 一緒に行きましょうか? Or is it just ->> 行こう?
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358 views

What are the ways to conjugate “I” and “to be” (in romaji)

I think being able to to specify who you are talking about and yourself is very crucial in a language so, how do they do it? To clarify I know in French there is 6 ways to specify a person: Je (I), ...
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144 views

What does this Verb+Noun structure mean and how to use it?

So my friend told me this: 温室で死ぬ時が来た I understand that the translation means "It's time to die in the greenhouse", but I don't understand the 「死ぬ時」 part of the sentence. What kind of structure ...
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170 views

Can an adjective modify a na-adjective?

I assumed not, but I saw 言い知れぬ甘美なもの Translated as "something inexpressibly sweet", as if 言い知れぬ modified 甘美な. Is it just a quirk of translation and both the adjective 言い知れぬ and 形容動詞 modify もの ...
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Why is connective form missing from this sentence?

Example sentence from 研究社 新和英大辞典 第5版: その詩人の発想はまことに融通無碍{ゆうずうむげ}、 操る言葉は自由自在だ The poet has a truly unlimited command of ideas and manipulates words with complete freedom. At the moment I can only ...
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How would you structure a sentence to say “someday I will go to Japan”?

I am trying to figure out the particle and order of words in a sentence to that says "Someday I will go to Japan". Would you say: 私は日本がいつかに行きます。 or would I say: 日本は私がいつかに行きます。 I really ...
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する際 and 穴埋め meaning along with として

初めは番組を編成する際の穴埋めとして放映されていたのだが、番組の数が増え,年月を経るうちに、子どもたちにとって生まれたときから存在しているアニメは、今やなくてはならない娯楽となっている. My attempt to translate that would be something like In the beginning, when broadcasts were ...
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「日本では美味しい和食が食べられる」と「日本は美味しい和食が食べられる」は違う?

(1)“日本では美味しい和食が食べられる” (2)“日本は美味しい和食が食べられる” どっちも使えるんですね。意味もわかりますけど、もうちょっと詳しい文法を知りたいです。 私はこう思います(正しいかどうかわからない): “日本では美味しい和食が食べられる” ⇒ “私は日本で美味しい和食が食べられる” から ...
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228 views

Is setting a topic obligatory?

For instance, if I say the following as the first phrase in a conversation: おはよう!ピクニックでリナさんを探していましたが、どこもみえませんでしたね。 Hi! I was looking for you at the picnic, but couldn't find anywhere. Is it ...
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266 views

An i-adjective immediately before 「ください」?

Does it make sense to have an i-adjective (in て-form) immediately before 「ください」? For example, when asked to choose between hot and cold coffee, can I use 「温かくてください」, or must I turn it into nominal ...
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157 views

Is と necessary after a quoted phrase?

Hi all I was wondering if we want to treat a quoted phrase as a "noun", is it necessary to put a と particle behind the quoted phrase? For example: A) The "received" in "received from Tom" ...
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154 views

Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
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107 views

いる connected to a proposition?

I'm stuck with the construction of 居る/いる in the following sentence (Botchan, I) 小学校【しょうがっこう】に居【い】る時分【じぶん】学校【がっこう】の二階【にかい】から飛【と】び降【お】りて一週間【いっしゅうかん】ほど腰【こし】を抜【ぬ】かした事【こと】がある。 My translation (excuse ...
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353 views

Causative form + te form + another verb construction

In this specific case: 取らせて頂いた So, what's the meaning of such a construction? I understand what each thing does alone (the causative form, the te form and the verb in past indicative), But what ...
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157 views

Sentence structure and meaning

here is an extract from a manga that gives me troubles : (|| = column breaks in the manga) ただし||お前達の相手は||私一人でいい||一対一で闘い||私が勝ったら||次の者が||また 私と闘うのだ... First : can you confirm that there are 2 ...