統語論. Rules governing construction of phrases and sentences in a language.

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How to say “I recently learned how to speak japanese” in japanese?

How to say "I recently learned how to speak Japanese" in Japanese? is it: watashi wa hanasemashita nihongo koto ga saikin manabimasu or watashi wa nihongo hanasemashita koto ga saikin ...
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2answers
140 views

Sentence with a complex subject

I am learning Japanese and I was wondering how to say something like this: The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]. For example, The cat that I can't understand is talking.
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2answers
301 views

Would it make sense to say お好きに僕に連絡かけてください?

Does お好きに僕に連絡かけてください sound natural, and does it make sense as a sentence? If not, what would a more natural alternative be? In particular, I'm unsure about お好きに and ください in the same sentence.
3
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1answer
86 views

する際 and 穴埋め meaning along with として

初めは番組を編成する際の穴埋めとして放映されていたのだが、番組の数が増え,年月を経るうちに、子どもたちにとって生まれたときから存在しているアニメは、今やなくてはならない娯楽となっている. My attempt to translate that would be something like In the beginning, when broadcasts were ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Confusing clause in middle of sentence

In the following sentence: 彦一{ひこいち}さんがのこった荷物を見たときは、皆の握り飯が入っているお弁当など重そうなものしか残っていませんでした。 I don't understand how the part in bold fits into the sentence. Without that part I have When 彦一 saw ...
6
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1answer
101 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
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1answer
43 views

Why is there no agent marker in this sentence?

風颯々{かぜさっさつ}として松の梢{こずえ}を吹く. The wind murmurs in the boughs of the pine trees. | The breeze is soughing in the pine tops. (研究社 新和英大辞典 第5版) Why isn't 風 here followed by a case marker like は or がif ...
3
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1answer
93 views

Question about に and には in terms of emphasis

I read the post on here from 2011 about the difference between に and には, but I came back still a little confused (especially with all the non-layman grammar words like transitive/nominative/etc). I ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Grammatical Pattern : VerbてのNoun

What does this grammatical structure/pattern mean? I am trying to understand the meaning of the following sentence where the VerbてのNoun pattern appears. "昭和64年に起きた誘拐事件を巡る物語だけに、“昭和な顔”を買われての起用だったという" ...
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1answer
113 views

Problem parsing this sentence, particle (postposition) の

(中尉は)両手で刃{やいば}を腹{はら}の奥深く押さえつけながら、引き廻して行かねばならぬのを知った。 My trouble lies with 刃を腹の奥深く押さえつける If I consider 奥深く to act as adverbial form of 奥深い, then I don't know what is modified by 腹の: taking の ...
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0answers
100 views

Can an adjective modify a na-adjective?

I assumed not, but I saw 言い知れぬ甘美なもの Translated as "something inexpressibly sweet", as if 言い知れぬ modified 甘美な. Is it just a quirk of translation and both the adjective 言い知れぬ and 形容動詞 modify もの ...
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1answer
52 views

The difference between using 元気 and 宜しい/宜しく

As the title hints, I'm wondering what the usage differences are between these. I've suggested to myself that it may just be a difference with nouns and adverbs, or maybe that 宜 is just a Japanese ...
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1answer
58 views

Does XをYと感じる here mean to feel X to be Y?

I am not confident I parsed this correctly (text from Mishima's Patriotism). Please confirm or deny: 中尉は麗子が「お供をする」と言った言葉を、新婚の夜から、自分が麗子を導いて、このばに及んで、それを澱みなく発音させたという大きな教育の成果と感じた。 Can this be summed ...
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0answers
86 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
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2answers
88 views

Sentence Polarity when connecting sentences/clauses with て/で

I was reading the Tobira textbook recently and I became a little confused when reading the following passage. "日本語では、会話をスムーズに進めるために「あいづちをうつ」ということをします。「はい/ええ」「うん」「そうですか」など色々ありますが、これらは ″Yes, I'm ...
2
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2answers
197 views

In front of “ほうがいい,” is it always past tense?

ほうがいい means: the particular way "ほう" is "が" good "いい" So, for example, if it looks like it's going to rain, I might say to a friend: "今日は雨らしい。傘を持った方がいい。" But what I'm curious is, why is "持った" ...
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3answers
84 views

Can I say this sentence in another way? [closed]

Please have a look at this sentence 彼の実力を考えと、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない Can I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない If I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くのには当たらない is it okay?
4
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1answer
109 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
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96 views

Is this sentence correct?

Would u please test this sentence for me? '図書館でいお(ro)いろな教室でできないことができる' some of my mates said it is wrong while some said it is right
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75 views

Why is connective form missing from this sentence?

Example sentence from 研究社 新和英大辞典 第5版: その詩人の発想はまことに融通無碍{ゆうずうむげ}、 操る言葉は自由自在だ The poet has a truly unlimited command of ideas and manipulates words with complete freedom. At the moment I can only ...
2
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3answers
204 views

How would I say “when [x] happened”?

First off, I understand the use of ~の時 (when). However, with my current knowledge, this doesn't make sense if I try to use it with verbs in phrases such as "when I woke up". It's probably quite ...
2
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1answer
127 views

単語を十個 or 十個単語を - quantifiers before or after direct objects

I once read a Japanese sentence: 仮に毎日単語を十個覚えるとする Can I say this instead? 仮に毎日十個単語を覚えるとする
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2answers
112 views

Providing definitions/explanations with というのは ~ のこと/ということだ

Recently I've been trying to wrap my head around the Tobira textbook grammar point on というのは and from my understanding [Aというのは Bのことだ/ということだ] essentially means [A means B]. However, I can't seem to ...
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1answer
74 views

Verbal forms allowed to determine a noun

I'm not confident that the English grammatical words I'm using are okay; feel free to correct me. Let's start with the phrase 読{よ}む本{ほん} meaning, among other acceptable translations "the book I do ...
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2answers
201 views

Decrypting a japanese sentence

I self study Japanese and among the things I do is reading easy NHK news articles. Here is one article I read. In the article appears the word 首都 capital city. Hovering over it would give the ...
2
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1answer
89 views

why is there a double “が” here: “… 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず、…”?

From the newspaper article titles 北アルプス・涸沢岳で2人滑落、1人行方不明, the second paragraph reads: 男性1人が行方不明となり、岐阜県警がヘリコプターで捜索したが見つからず、同日夕、日没のため打ち切った。1日午前から捜索を再開する。 my guess of a translation: Being that ...
4
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1answer
117 views

Volitional + というのだった?

In the short story 「悪魔」by 星新一 , a man walks onto a frozen lake to go ice fishing, carves out a small hole in the ice, and throws in the line. But after throwing in the line, there's a 文型 I've never ...
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1answer
82 views

How do you indicate sections in a report if there are more than 5? (まず、つぎに、さらに、そして、最後に)

If you need to indicate more sections in a report than five (beginning each section with 「まず」、「つぎに」、「さらに」、「そして」、「最後に」 respectively), what word(s) should you use to indicate the start of the additional ...
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2answers
239 views

How would you structure a sentence to say “someday I will go to Japan”?

I am trying to figure out the particle and order of words in a sentence to that says "Someday I will go to Japan". Would you say: 私は日本がいつかに行きます。 or would I say: 日本は私がいつかに行きます。 I really ...
2
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1answer
175 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about ...
2
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1answer
90 views

Sentence pattern for describing a list of objects

I was trying to describe a list of objects from a more generic point of view to a more specific one. While at the generic level I feel quite sure, using for example. みなりのポケットの中には、ボールペンを二本あります。 ...
2
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1answer
197 views

Sentence patterns for starting a picture description

I'm trying to do some picture descriptions to practice my Japanese (which is quite at a beginner level), just to avoid to focus only on grammar and 漢字 memorization, which can become really boring ...
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1answer
137 views

sense of a displaced “adverb” in a sentence written by Sōseki Natsume

I read in that thread : 「自分{じぶん}は死{し}ぬ前{まえ}に一目{ひとめ}思{おも}う女{おんな}に逢{あ}いたいと云{い}った。」 in 夢十夜, 第五夜 : "I explained that before I died, if only for a moment, I wanted to see the woman I loved." ...
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2answers
154 views

「日本では美味しい和食が食べられる」と「日本は美味しい和食が食べられる」は違う?

(1)“日本では美味しい和食が食べられる” (2)“日本は美味しい和食が食べられる” どっちも使えるんですね。意味もわかりますけど、もうちょっと詳しい文法を知りたいです。 私はこう思います(正しいかどうかわからない): “日本では美味しい和食が食べられる” ⇒ “私は日本で美味しい和食が食べられる” から ...
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2answers
166 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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2answers
126 views

Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
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1answer
132 views

Difference between verb ~ている + (瞬間・とき)

I know that verb + ~ている+ 瞬間【しゅんかん】 has a similar usage to ~ている+とき, for example 目を閉じている瞬間 and 目を閉じているとき. I want to know what is the difference between these two in general, will it change the meaning ...
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1answer
113 views

How is からだ used here?

How should I parse the part that comes after 許さない: その形容から打突こそ主体と思われるが、槍{やり}の基本戦術は払いにある (1)。長さに物を言わせた広範囲の薙{な}ぎ払いは、もとより身を引いて躱{かわ}す、などという防御を許さないからだ (2)。 Feels like it makes the sentence flow a bit ...
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2answers
147 views

接続助詞は名詞修飾節の中に使えますか?・接続助詞で作る文は他の接続助詞で作る文を修飾できますか?

偶然この質問を思い出しました。 Question 1 英語で Hey, look! The car over there is the car which I would buy if I were rich. という文があると思います。 その「if I were rich」は従属接続詞(if)で「I would buy」を修飾しているのです。それだけではなく、実は「I ...
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1answer
71 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
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2answers
479 views

Multiple “wo”s in a sentence?

I had always been told this never happened. I was a little skeptical, but since I never saw a sentence with two of the particle, I gradually came to accept that it was probably true. Well ironically, ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
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2answers
147 views

Is the “?” character an official character in Japanese syntax?

In English, "?" can end a sentence. In Japanese, can "?" ever end a sentence? With regard to the UNICODE standard character blocks: "。" ---> CJK_SYMBOLS_AND_PUNCTUATION // as expected "?" ---> ...
4
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2answers
144 views

In a period of time

What's the best way to express in in the following sentence: I will go in five minutes time. Here's my attempt     五分かいあとで行きます。 Here's another attempt which I have even less confidence in: ...
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2answers
117 views

Is the following sentence correct?

この言葉について私自身の定義を与えるが、今から異なるシナリオを見ましょう。 Is the above sentence good? I want to say: "I will give my definition about this word, but for now let's look at the different scenarios" I will derive the ...
6
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1answer
137 views

Should どれ always be the first part of a sentence?

I have two sentences: どれがあなたのペンですか? あなたのペンはどれですか? Are there any differences between the two sentences? I've heard that Japanese is a flexible language structure so I'm wondering if they are ...
1
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1answer
91 views

~しよう+としてします。 What is the meaning of this expression?

I always see this sentence being used. Like 忘れようとしてします or 毎日勉強しようとしてする I'm just wondering what is the difference if I use 忘れる or 勉強する instead. Whenever I watch anime or JDrama I always here this ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Explain ますよう + [noun]

Can someone please help me parse the following sentence: ...新商品をお試しくださいますようご案内申し上げます。 I guess the meaning is something like "We invite you to try our new product," but I don't understand how ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Difference between 本当に and 全然 in a negative sentence

I want to translate something like the following: I watched a movie with together with my friends. Not at all did I watch it alone. Where the "not at all" is supposed to express obvious ...
2
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1answer
117 views

Is it correct to use で in this sentence if I want to convey “and”?

My penpal and I were talking about a particular video game and I wanted to tell him: "The PC version (of the game) has its release date someday next month and I just can't wait any longer!" ...