接尾辞. Endings which can be appended to the end of a word and change its meaning or function in some way.

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195 views

Why no 移民者【いみんしゃ】?

Reading a Japan Times column, I see: But we still have no word for an immigrant as an individual person, such as iminsha, with its own honorific sha — in the same vein as ijūsha (migrant), rōdōsha ...
3
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1answer
297 views

What is オレたちゃ a contraction of?

I came across this line of dialgue, and I'm wondering what the lengthened version would be. For context, the series is in the middle of a tournamet (there are teams, but players compete individually), ...
3
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1answer
89 views

What is the difference between -さん and -さま?

Recently I watched the film "The Wind Rises" by Studio Ghibli in Japanese with English subtitles. I heard one of the children referring to an elder as [name]-さま. I was wondering, what is the ...
3
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1answer
394 views

Why do things which attach to the 連用形 of 動詞 attach to the stem of 形容詞?

When you want to connect a 活用語 (inflectable word) to something else, generally you inflect it to the 連用形 (continuative form). However, with 形容詞 (i-adjectives), there are certain times where you affix ...
3
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1answer
297 views

Please help to understand the verb suffix 掛ける

I have a sentence フライト・アテンダントはよく話しかけてくれて親しみがありました。 Where 話しかけて is what I can't understand. What sort of suffix is "shikakete"? Or is it two suffixes, shi + kakete?
3
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1answer
39 views

Why is 上 used in 商業上の目的で?

From the definition of 広告 in 大辞泉: 商業上の目的で、商品やサービス、事業などの情報を積極的に世間に広く宣伝すること。また、そのための文書や放送など。「―を載せる」「新製品を―する」「募集―」 I wonder why they use 上 in 商業上の目的で. Why not just 商業の目的で?
3
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1answer
64 views

A Question About the Suffix さ

While studying yesterday, I came across two words with the suffix さ: 無邪気さ(translated as innocence) and 寛大さ (translated as generosity). 1) What's the difference between these words and the words ...
3
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1answer
388 views

What does the suffix 号 mean when it's attached to animal names?

One of the definitions for the suffix 号 in 大辞林 looks like this: 列車・船・飛行機・動物などの名に付けて用いる。 「ひかり―」 I'm somewhat familiar with this suffix from fiction. For example, I remember it from the anime ...
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0answers
113 views

can かbe repeated [noun] か + かと思うような? [closed]

Studying for the JLPT and this practice question shows me something novel that I don't think I've ever heard: it's a sequence problem and the correct sequence the book tells me is: 彼女は 新人 ながら ベテランか ...
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1answer
239 views

Who are Mrs. Fuji and Mrs. Gas?

Is there any etymological relationship between the -さん suffix in 富士山 or 月山 and the -さん suffix you put at the end of a person's name? Or are they unrelated?
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1answer
810 views

Can a man address a woman with sama 様【さま】?

I've seen Japanese women address their husbands with the -sama suffix. Would it be appropriate for a man do the same in some cases? In which context can this be used?
2
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1answer
911 views

“naku” suffix and “o” prefix?

For this sentence, "保存をお忘れなくですぞ!” I am guessing the word "naku" is a suffix meaning not? So then it'd be saying, "do not forget to save!"? And is the "o" before "wasure" there to make it more polite?
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3answers
110 views

About the words in format: ~がかり

What is the type of word ~がかり, e.g 気{き}がかり Is it noun, or adjective?
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1answer
171 views

Verb-てあった vs verb-てあります [closed]

Does verb-てあった mean the same thing as verb-てあります?
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2answers
133 views

Plural form with -たち/-ら

I found a similar.question here on stackexchange, but I can't properly understand the answers given there. And the textbook Genki doesn't give much of a detailed explanation on the plural form. What ...
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1answer
676 views

What suffix do you add to a verb to make it perfective or imperfective?

What suffix would be added to the end of a verb to make as it is being done (I'm eating), or that it has been done (I have eaten, I've ate). For example 私は食べる, or I eat, 食べる would be converted into ...
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1answer
274 views

use of word suffixes with 事

In this sentence I've a some doubts"自分 の 事し 考えぬ には、この 氷 は 溶かせない" I think a translation would be" Think to yourself of this matter of you, this ice never will melt" But it's just a guess. I can ...
0
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1answer
188 views

Meaning of いかんしょ in following sentence

In a book called 鉄道員 (ポッポヤ) I read following sentence: 俺ァ、ポッポヤだから、身うちのことでなくわけいかんしょ。 (This sentence is really only one sentence, it's his thought on something.) Notes: This ポッポヤ is an old man ...
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1answer
86 views

Is すしや and おすしやさん the same? [duplicate]

I saw those words in the textbook Marugoto A1. There is no explanation, just some examples of those stores (すしや、うどんや、ピザや). The ーさん ending suggest that is a person, maybe the person that cooks that ...