接尾辞. Endings which can be appended to the end of a word and change its meaning or function in some way.

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2
votes
1answer
166 views

Verb-てあった vs verb-てあります [closed]

Does verb-てあった mean the same thing as verb-てあります?
7
votes
1answer
395 views

What are the rules for the plural suffix ~ら

I came across the following in a newspaper article: 藤沢健太教授(宇宙物理学)らの研究グループ The first part (藤沢健太教授) is the name of a professor (Professor Kenta Fujisawa). The parentheses say "Astrophysics", and ...
6
votes
1answer
350 views

Usage of the suffixes 流, 風, 式, 的 and 様

If I was to put the suffixes 流{りゅう}, 風{ふう}, 的{てき}, 式{しき} and 様{よう} on the end of a noun etc, what would be the difference between them? I could be wrong, but the following all seem to me to mean ...
9
votes
2answers
329 views

Can I use suffixes (な、ね、さ、わ…) before と思う?

I always hear ~なぁと思った, but I don't know if it comes from: 食べるかなーと思った。 or like きれいだなーと思った。 or 寒いなーと思った。 I think this sound なーと思う is so relaxing and so nice, that I want to use it. But actually I ...
5
votes
2answers
213 views

Is this a valid use of どころか?

In the following, I feel it should be 会話が出来るどころか. ジムは日本語で会話が出来ないどころか、簡単な挨拶も出来ない。 Jim is not only unable to converse in Japanese; he cannot even make simple greetings. I was expecting the ...
8
votes
3answers
279 views

Is the only time 得る read as うる when it's a suffix?

Just wondering If choosing a reading is as simple as whether 得る is a suffix. This is from tatoeba.org, a wiki-like sentence mine, so I'm not sure if える, the reading entered is correct. ...
14
votes
2answers
444 views

What is ~げに suffix actually?

Today, while looking up random words in WWWJDIC, I stumbled upon an example sentence for the word いとしい as below: 少女は人形をいとしげに抱き締めた。 The girl squeezed her doll affectionately. The sentence uses ...
7
votes
1answer
776 views

Is ~がる suffix limited to specific adjectives only?

I noticed that there are some adjectives that have ~がる suffix to make them into verbs. Some examples from WWWJDIC: ほしがる こわがる いたがる くるしがる さびしがる うれしがる Apparently ~たい form also can take ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

~まくる as a suffix, what does it mean and how is it used?

I found this phrase 「家族に突っ込まれまくった」 and I believe it means "[my] family really stuck it [to me]" but I'm not familiar with the suffix まくる. Any examples and clarifications would be appreciated.
19
votes
3answers
3k views

What does -komu (ー込む) at the end of a word mean?

There are loads of word in Japanese which end in 込む, like 吸い込む, 読み込む, 入り込む, 打ち込む, 売り込む, 送り込む, 押し込む. How does adding ー込む change the meaning? What is the meaning that links all these words?