3
votes
1answer
236 views

Why do things which attach to the 連用形 of 動詞 attach to the stem of 形容詞?

When you want to connect a 活用語 (inflectable word) to something else, generally you inflect it to the 連用形 (continuative form). However, with 形容詞 (i-adjectives), there are certain times where you affix ...
8
votes
2answers
311 views

The meaning of 切る on the end of verbs

Is there a general meaning for 切る on the end of verbs? I think it might have to do with "completely doing" something. If that's the case, how does ~切る on the end of verbs differ from ~てしまう, for ...
6
votes
3answers
332 views

what exactly does the suffix とはいえ mean?

I came across the structure [V simple-past]とはいえ、、、、 and I can't figure out exactly what it means. I found this いえ is 言え, and it means the same as とは言うものの...Which I don't really understand perfectly ...
5
votes
2answers
189 views

Is this a valid use of どころか?

In the following, I feel it should be 会話が出来るどころか. ジムは日本語で会話が出来ないどころか、簡単な挨拶も出来ない。 Jim is not only unable to converse in Japanese; he cannot even make simple greetings. I was expecting the ...
11
votes
1answer
587 views

“slightly/somewhat” の 「~[目]{め}」: Usage and limitations

I'm somewhat confused about the usage and limitations of the ~め suffix that means "somewhat/slightly". I've only ever heard it on a handful of words: 大きめ 小さ目 多め 少な目 早め and maybe a ...
15
votes
2answers
734 views

What is the difference between ~げ and ~そう

How do these two differ, for example: 寂しそう vs 寂しげ 楽しそう vs 楽しげ 言いたそう vs 言いたげ 大人げ vs 大人っぽい(...? Not sure if this one works.)
40
votes
5answers
5k views

Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc

Japanese language has a lot of patterns for "if" clauses. What are the differences among the following patterns and how do we choose to use one over the others?: 行ったら 行くなら 行けば 行くんだったら 行くのなら 行くとしたら ...