Questions regarding endings or sounds which can be appended to the end of a word and change its meaning or function in some way.

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4
votes
3answers
119 views

Why is coffee with shochu or awamori called コーヒー割{わ}り “split / divided coffee”?

About five nights ago I went out with a local friend to a traditional Okinawan club in Naha. We were of course drinking 泡盛{あわもり} (awamori) with water and ice. But the girl working there had a drink ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

Shop or Shop Owner

If you have the name of a shop plus さん, what possibilities are there for the translation? I get the sense that it can either be a formal way to speak, or it can mean the store person. 薬屋 = pharmacy ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

Is 〜がりや limited to just a few words, or can it be added to any adjective?

I've noticed a few words like these: 恥ずかしがり屋{や} 寂しがり屋 怖がり屋 I've only noticed this with a few adjectives, like the ones above, and with verbs with たい: 目立ちたがり屋 I suppose this ending is ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

What does the suffix 号 mean when it's attached to animal names?

One of the definitions for the suffix 号 in 大辞林 looks like this: 列車・船・飛行機・動物などの名に付けて用いる。 「ひかり―」 I'm somewhat familiar with this suffix from fiction. For example, I remember it from the anime ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Adding っぷり to a word: Does this have some easily defined meaning?

I came across the following sentence in a Manga: コケっぷりもかわいいです。 and I looked the sentence up in the translated Manga, where I found something like (translation was into German): And she's also ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Why do things which attach to the 連用形 of 動詞 attach to the stem of 形容詞?

When you want to connect a 活用語 (inflectable word) to something else, generally you inflect it to the 連用形 (continuative form). However, with 形容詞 (i-adjectives), there are certain times where you affix ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Who are Mrs. Fuji and Mrs. Gas?

Is there any etymological relationship between the -さん suffix in 富士山 or 月山 and the -さん suffix you put at the end of a person's name? Or are they unrelated?
4
votes
1answer
239 views

What is the difference between 出す and 始める when used as a suffix?

Judging from examples I've seen, these are some differences I think there are: 始める: 1: More formal than 出す 2: When the focus in more on the beginning of the verb than the verb itself 3: When the ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

Difference between 「~がる」 and 「~そう」

 「~がる」と「~そう」の違いは何でしょうか。感覚的に同じではないことは分かりますが、説明はできません。どうも「~がる」形はもはや口語ではあまり使われないように感じます(「怖がる」「怖そう」などの完全に意味が変わる形容詞を除く。)。そういったレジスター(言語使用域)の違いも含めての回答を期待しています。もしこの質問がDuplicateであれば、元の質問を教えていただければ幸いです。
1
vote
1answer
398 views

What suffix do you add to a verb to make it perfective or imperfective?

What suffix would be added to the end of a verb to make as it is being done (I'm eating), or that it has been done (I have eaten, I've ate). For example 私は食べる, or I eat, 食べる would be converted into ...
8
votes
1answer
210 views

Relation between -ますよ and -ましょう

They sound alike. Are they cognate historically? Morphologically, is よ in both cases a particle or part of the morpheme in -ましょう?
8
votes
1answer
190 views

Is there a pattern to the usage of 〜的 on the end of words?

Sometimes I think it's more obvious when to use 〜的 as a suffix for example 国家 "nation/state" vs 国家的 "national", but in a lot of other cases I think the distinction might be more blurred, and they ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

たら as an emotional suffix

In this phrase I couldn't find another meaning of たら (I guess it's not -た+ら): 自分たらの事しか考えてなかった I'd translate it as "I think only of my own business" or "I think only of myself". I found in ...
5
votes
3answers
385 views

Any rules for a suffix on english words?

(Note: I'm part of the "I know bits and pieces of Japanese from watching anime" group, so I lack an in-depth knowledge of Japanese) As I'm hearing Japanese occasionally there will be an English word ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

use of word suffixes with 事

In this sentence I've a some doubts"自分 の 事し 考えぬ には、この 氷 は 溶かせない" I think a translation would be" Think to yourself of this matter of you, this ice never will melt" But it's just a guess. I can ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How to distinguish between passive and potential forms of the verb?

I've read that potential form of the ru-verb is formed by replacing る with られる, which is exactly the same for the passive form of ru-verbs. How can we tell the passive form and potential apart in this ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

What does「新聞っぽい曜日」mean? Newspaperish? Commonplace? Routine?

This is a practice problem from a textbook on natural language processing: やってみよう:ブラウンコーパスのニュースとロマンスの 2 つのジャンルのデータを利用して、どの曜日がもっとも新聞っぽく、どの曜日がもっともロマンチックかを調べてみよう。 "Which day of the week is ...
5
votes
2answers
273 views

What is 方 used for (when attached to a た-verb)?

I have the following sentence: 早く行った方が良かったでしょう。 Here, if we take it apart we shall have: 早く(Adverb) 行った(Verb, Past tense) 方(?) が(GA, Subject particle) 良かったでしょう(Verb, Past tense) 。 What is ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Please help to understand the verb suffix 掛ける

I have a sentence フライト・アテンダントはよく話しかけてくれて親しみがありました。 Where 話しかけて is what I can't understand. What sort of suffix is "shikakete"? Or is it two suffixes, shi + kakete?
5
votes
1answer
219 views

Meaning and usage of suffix -まい

According to the WWWJDIC, the verbal suffix まい can mean: (1) probably isn't (doesn't, won't, etc.) (2) don't (doesn't) intend to; intend not to (3) must not; (when used in an imperative ...
9
votes
2answers
316 views

What's the reading of -中 as a suffix?

I see this all the time, but I don't know that I've heard it spoken. For example: インストール中 Is it simply "なか"?
8
votes
2answers
311 views

The meaning of 切る on the end of verbs

Is there a general meaning for 切る on the end of verbs? I think it might have to do with "completely doing" something. If that's the case, how does ~切る on the end of verbs differ from ~てしまう, for ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Verb-てあった vs verb-てあります [closed]

Does verb-てあった mean the same thing as verb-てあります?
5
votes
1answer
275 views

What are the rules for the plural suffix ~ら

I came across the following in a newspaper article: 藤沢健太教授(宇宙物理学)らの研究グループ The first part (藤沢健太教授) is the name of a professor (Professor Kenta Fujisawa). The parentheses say "Astrophysics", and ...
6
votes
3answers
332 views

what exactly does the suffix とはいえ mean?

I came across the structure [V simple-past]とはいえ、、、、 and I can't figure out exactly what it means. I found this いえ is 言え, and it means the same as とは言うものの...Which I don't really understand perfectly ...
6
votes
1answer
271 views

Usage of the suffixes 流, 風, 式, 的 and 様

If I was to put the suffixes 流{りゅう}, 風{ふう}, 的{てき}, 式{しき} and 様{よう} on the end of a noun etc, what would be the difference between them? I could be wrong, but the following all seem to me to mean ...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

Pronunciation of 対応済

Is the pronunciation of 対応済 たいおうすみ or たいおうずみ ? Context: Software Example: ユーザが押したときに問題が起こらないように対応済
9
votes
2answers
268 views

Can I use suffixes (な、ね、さ、わ…) before と思う?

I always hear ~なぁと思った, but I don't know if it comes from: 食べるかなーと思った。 or like きれいだなーと思った。 or 寒いなーと思った。 I think this sound なーと思う is so relaxing and so nice, that I want to use it. But actually I ...
5
votes
2answers
189 views

Is this a valid use of どころか?

In the following, I feel it should be 会話が出来るどころか. ジムは日本語で会話が出来ないどころか、簡単な挨拶も出来ない。 Jim is not only unable to converse in Japanese; he cannot even make simple greetings. I was expecting the ...
11
votes
1answer
590 views

“slightly/somewhat” の 「~[目]{め}」: Usage and limitations

I'm somewhat confused about the usage and limitations of the ~め suffix that means "somewhat/slightly". I've only ever heard it on a handful of words: 大きめ 小さ目 多め 少な目 早め and maybe a ...
8
votes
3answers
218 views

Is the only time 得る read as うる when it's a suffix?

Just wondering If choosing a reading is as simple as whether 得る is a suffix. This is from tatoeba.org, a wiki-like sentence mine, so I'm not sure if える, the reading entered is correct. ...
11
votes
2answers
294 views

What is ~げに suffix actually?

Today, while looking up random words in WWWJDIC, I stumbled upon an example sentence for the word いとしい as below: 少女は人形をいとしげに抱き締めた。 The girl squeezed her doll affectionately. The sentence uses ...
7
votes
1answer
503 views

Is ~がる suffix limited to specific adjectives only?

I noticed that there are some adjectives that have ~がる suffix to make them into verbs. Some examples from WWWJDIC: ほしがる こわがる いたがる くるしがる さびしがる うれしがる Apparently ~たい form also can take ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

~まくる as a suffix, what does it mean and how is it used?

I found this phrase 「家族に突っ込まれまくった」 and I believe it means "[my] family really stuck it [to me]" but I'm not familiar with the suffix まくる. Any examples and clarifications would be appreciated.
15
votes
2answers
734 views

What is the difference between ~げ and ~そう

How do these two differ, for example: 寂しそう vs 寂しげ 楽しそう vs 楽しげ 言いたそう vs 言いたげ 大人げ vs 大人っぽい(...? Not sure if this one works.)
40
votes
5answers
5k views

Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc

Japanese language has a lot of patterns for "if" clauses. What are the differences among the following patterns and how do we choose to use one over the others?: 行ったら 行くなら 行けば 行くんだったら 行くのなら 行くとしたら ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

What does -komu (ー込む) at the end of a word mean?

There are loads of word in Japanese which end in 込む, like 吸い込む, 読み込む, 入り込む, 打ち込む, 売り込む, 送り込む, 押し込む. How does adding ー込む change the meaning? What is the meaning that links all these words?
6
votes
2answers
878 views

List of Japanese counter words [closed]

What are the essential Japanese counter words? For example -dai for machines, -mai for papers and stuff like that. What else to expect/know? Thank you