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3
votes
1answer
102 views

Keeping track of the speaker/subject in written conversation

This question may be a bit broad/vague but any advice would be much appreciated. I'm struggling to follow the implied topic in the book I'm reading. The book is mostly just a conversation between ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Why can の and が both mark subjects in relative clauses?

夢のある人 and 夢がある人 I understand that both have obviously the same meaning, but why is it also correct to use の, which, as I learned, has the function of either a possessive particle or of a ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

What exactly is the subject?

I've been studying Japanese for quite a while and I've realised lately that I didn't understand what the concept of the subject was in Japanese and even English too. As a native speaker of English I ...
0
votes
2answers
333 views

Complex subjects like “The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]”

I am learning Japanese and I was wondering how to say something like this: The [noun] that I can't [verb] is [verb]. For example, The cat that I can't understand is talking.
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

Is there a “default” topic when speaking in Japanese?

So I say, apropos of nothing, 「電車{でんしゃ}を降{お}ります。」 With no other context, and no topic established, who do you assume is the person that gets off the train? Is it me? Is it whomever I'm speaking to? ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Who is the subject of 止まらない胸の歪を消しておくれよ

As part of my studies, I started to translate lyrics of songs I enjoy. It was going well until I bumped with this phrase. 止まらない胸の歪を消しておくれよ I'm think it translates somewhat to: "Late to erase ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Who's Who (Giving/Recieving Structures)

I have the following translation for class. 旅館には、外国人がたくさんいて、 アメリカから来たテッドさんという人が、 息子に英語の話し方を教えてくれたので、 そのおれいに、車で、神社に連れて行ってあげることにしました。 I am having trouble figuring out who goes along with what parts ...
11
votes
2answers
465 views

Double subject construction?

I've recently been having trouble with constructions that seem to mark two subjects in the same clause. I've only encountered them in ~の方が... constructions, but I can't seem to make sense of them ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Does subject marker が always have to be before the conjugated verb?

むかし、 むかし、 ある ところ に おじいさん と おばあさん が いました。 Here's what I got so far: (adv. time), (adv. time), (to be - infinitive) (somewhere) (ni particle), (old man) (to - conjunction) (old woman) (ga subject ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

の versus が used to mark the subject of an appositive clause?

A friend of mine wrote this sentence in Japanese: 彼女のどんな困難からも逃げない態度を尊敬しています。 'Her attitude of not running away from any hardships is something I respect.' 'I respect that she has this attitude ...
5
votes
2answers
309 views

Subject following verb?

I'm translating bits of Hyrule Historia to test myself a bit and I'm a little confused by this sentence structure. お面を使うリンク I'm inclined to say this translates to something along the lines of: ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Can things hope?

This sentence in my JLPT book is explaining the nuance of 映{は}える, but actually it's the use of ほしい that's a puzzling me a bit: このピンクのスカーフが映{は}える服{ふく}を選{えら}んでほしい。 This is saying that the pink ...