発音. How the Japanese language i​s pronounced. For questions about which readings to use for particular kanji, use the "readings" tag instead.

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13
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3answers
3k views

How do I read 100°C in Japanese?

In English, I just read it "one hundred degree Celsius". In Japanese, I don't know how to read it.
6
votes
2answers
132 views

Should one use うもれる or うずもれる in this sentence?

現地を踏査した結果、そこには鉱物資源は埋もれていないことがわかった。Having prospected the area, we found no mineral deposits there. Would you use うもれる or うずもれる for 埋もれる in this sentence?
5
votes
3answers
213 views

激情 and its pronunciation

I've heard the じょう being pronounced as some kind of voiceless fricative in multiple works of entertainment, especially in the case of 激情. Is it some kind of remnant phoneme from old Japanese or is it ...
5
votes
2answers
252 views

Open /o/ and closed /e/ - what are these allophones?

Some speakers, mainly middle-aged and older males, sometimes pronounce ねえ as [ne:], i.e. with a more closed variant of the usual /e/-sound, let's call it [ɛ]. There are also speakers for the same ...
24
votes
4answers
4k views

What differences should I look out for between male vs female speech?

I was told a story where a male westerner learnt Japanese from his girlfriend and ended up speaking more like a female. The storyteller thought this was hilarious. What important differences should I ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

思う pronunciation

I checked in google translate but I wanted to be sure. Is 思う pronounced as "omou" or "omoo"? Usually when there is a お (or こ、ど etc), followed by a う, the う is pronounced as お, but I was not sure if ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How do I read 田中孝司 as a name? [duplicate]

田中孝司 is pronounced as たなかたかし and たなかこうじ. I'm afraid that there could be other pronunciations of the same kanji characters. How should I understand it?
5
votes
1answer
176 views

When would I use ふん instead of ぷん?

What's the difference for using these? Examples: さんじごじゅうぷん ろくじよんじゅうごふん
6
votes
1answer
376 views

Why are Japanese vowels occasionally rhotacised in songs?

This might be a bit weird, but when I listen to Japanese music, sometimes I notice "r"-like sounds in syllable-final positions, or between vowels where there should be no [r]. I know that /r/ is not ...
7
votes
1answer
69 views

Origin of the pronunciations of 観音 and 漢音

The Japanese name for the deity Guanyin, 観音, seems as far as I can tell to be almost universally pronounced かんのん Kannon, and not かんおん Kan’on. The origin of the name, as Wikipedia correctly gives it, ...
26
votes
3answers
834 views

When is 行く pronounced as いく, and when is it ゆく?

Are there any rules or guidelines as to when to pronounce 行く as いく or ゆく? I looked it up on jisho.org, and the two pronunciations have the exact same definition. I tend to hear ゆく more often in ...
9
votes
2answers
128 views

How do I read 数 in ページ数?

ページ数 means number of pages. Is it すう or かず?
-1
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1answer
58 views

When to use おう and when to use おー?

I have read that both of them are read as "ō". When to use each one? Is there a rule for it, or is it totally random?
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Why is う sometimes read as “o” instead of “u”?

As an example, きょう is read as "kyoo", despite the last kana being usually read as "u". Why and when does this happen?
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Inaccurate ruby for 等?

I'm reading a book that contains this sentence: 携帯やパソコンでのメール等{とう}のやり取りすらしていない・・・ My first instinct is to read 等 as など, but it has explicitly been given the pronunciation とう via the ruby ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

How can I frame this ダジャレ to sound funny?

As Jerry Seinfeld says: "Jokes that require an explanation are never funny." So, I want to do a wordplay on the pronunciation of 紐 = 日も. I've delivered it as such: typical set-up: ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

R sound vs L sound

First, I'd like to mention that I've seen this question, which is related but doesn't quite seem to be a duplicate. I've covered some Hiragana lessons and it seems there is no L in Japanese. The ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I use On reading or Kun reading for numbers?

I've just started to learn Japanese, and I've been looking at the jōyō kanji. Most of the words have on reading and kun reading. I was wondering, which one is most popular and when should I use one ...
3
votes
2answers
350 views

金 pronunciation

I read that the kanji 金 ("gold") can be pronounced both as kon and as kin. When should it be pronounced kon and when kin? Is there any rule about picking one or the other?
-1
votes
1answer
134 views

Why is こんにちは pronounced as konnichiwa? [duplicate]

Shouldn't it be pronounced as konnichiha? Or spelled こんにちわ?
3
votes
1answer
337 views

Pronunciation of じょ and よ

Spanish is my mother tongue and I almost can't differentiate じょ and よ sounds. Maybe the same thing happens to English native speakers. How do you solve that problem in English... is there a common ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

Twenty-two points of attack

How do I say "Twenty-two points of attack" in Japanese? Rather new at Japanese so any help would be greatly appreciated. Edit. ...and since it was put on hold, I will edit in my "research". The ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Pronunciation of ~しつ

About nine years ago I had a Japanese teacher from Osaka, and I'm pretty sure she pronounced 教室【きょうしつ】 as "kyoshtsu", i.e. dropping the "i" in しつ. The reason I remember is that I had trouble learning ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

when is ん pronounced as “m”?

I've been initially told that ん is always pronounced like the n in pink. But I've been looking at this wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_Japanese#cite_note-stop-2 And it is ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Can the word もう be pronounced むう?

I heard the word もう (meaning "already, not anymore") pronounced as むう in this song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3R3uMTMHgPc at about 1:18, and yet it is transcribed as "mou". Is it a pronunciation ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Rule on vowel devoicing? [duplicate]

Ok, so I mostly understand how vowel devoicing works in Japanese, but there's something that's making me a bit confused. On all the sources I've found, most say that vowel devoicing usually occurs in ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

When to use 九 vs きゅう?

I am new to this site so my apologizes if this question is a bit ridiculous. However, I was informed that the kanji for 9 (九) is pronounced differently than the hiragana (きゅう) based on use. The ...
12
votes
4answers
244 views

Do native speakers think of prolonged vowels as one long vowel, or two vowel sounds following each other?

In a native speaker's mental model, are long vowel sounds - for example the おう in 「教室」 the ああ in 「唐揚げ」, the えい in 「先生」 or just 「いい」 (I chose these examples quite deliberately, since they represent ...
3
votes
2answers
730 views

How do I read 通常版?

According to jisho.org, 通常 is pronounced as つうじょう. I don't know how to pronounce 版 in 通常版. How is it pronounced?
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Are Japanese speakers likely to confuse “message” and “massage” in English?

I've occasionally noticed native speakers of Japanese using "massage" when they mean "message", but I can't recall native speakers of other languages mistaking the two. As far as I know, both ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

About the surname Yos(h)ida

I have recently bumped into the Japanese mathematician 吉田{よしだ}耕筰{こうさく}. I was wondering two things about his surname: Why is it so often spelt Yosida instead of Yoshida? And taking lead from it, ...
4
votes
3answers
147 views

Repeated word puzzle – 庭には二羽鶏がいる

I am thinking of adding more Japanese words or phrases, that have the same pronunciation as には has, to the following sentence. 庭{にわ}には二{に}羽{わ}鶏{にわとり}がいる。 Could you help me to find such words (if ...
9
votes
1answer
358 views

How do Japanese pronounce microseconds (μ秒)?

From this sentence I read: これらの手法はクリティカルセクションが(例えば100μ秒以内などの)一定時間以内に終わるよう精密にプログラミングすることを要求する。 How am I supposed to pronounce μ秒 ? Should I pronounce it as "mu byou"? or "micro byou"? I also ...
7
votes
2answers
198 views

How are the traditional 5 elements in the Chinese doctrine of Five Agents pronounced in Japanese?

How are the five elements 木・火・土・金・水 pronounced in Japanese (when referring specifically to 五行, not just generally any water, fire etc.)?
1
vote
1answer
87 views

国 - The 2 ways to pronounce

I know there are 音読み and 訓読み. In case of 国, but has 2 way to pronounce: 国{くに} vs 国{こく}. When to use which?
19
votes
1answer
1k views

Rules or criteria for 連濁: Voiced or unvoiced syllables in compound words

Examples first. 空 {そら}. Almost all compound nouns for which 空 is the second component pronounce it as ぞら zora: 青空 {あおぞら} 夜空 {よぞら} 星空 {ほしぞら}. There is at least one exception though: 美空 {みそら}. ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Trying to think of borrowed English words that parse “ti” as ティ or as チ。 [closed]

I often trip up in guessing the pronunciation of words that have been borrowed into Japanese from English where the original pronunciation had "ti" in it. For example, I might say ネイチブ instead of ...
5
votes
1answer
388 views

what is the meaning of 腹んばいになって?

What is the meaning of 腹んばい and 腹んばいになって? Also, is it read 「はらんばい」? I understand that 腹んばい悪い seems to mean 'get mad' (腹が立つ), but this other usage seems like it isn't about anger. Here is the ...
0
votes
1answer
793 views

How do I read 青水庵 as a name?

Recently, I found a nickname, 青水庵 on the internet. How do you read this?
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How is 下総国一の宮 pronounced?

From dictionary article on a certain shrine: 香取神宮は 千葉県香取市香取にある神社。下総国一の宮。祭神は経津主神。鹿島神宮とともに軍神として尊崇を受けた。 しもうさのくに。。。? 
4
votes
2answers
226 views

How is 'w' pronounced?

When I listen to "watashi wa", for example, sometimes I have the impression that the 'w' sounds like 'v' as in "vial" or "violence" in English (Similar to 'w' in the German Language). Nevertheless, I ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

How does [ ɕ ] ( し) differ from [ ʃ ] (“she”)?

According to wikipedia, the 'sh' sound in Japanese し is pronounced [ɕ] (in IPA) while the 'sh' sound in English "she" is pronounced [ʃ]. How do these differ? I've been pronouncing them exactly the ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

When spoken casually, how different do 「た」 and 「だ」 in 「頂きます」 sound to native speakers?

For example, it's very difficult for my ears, which have been accustomed to Mandarin that does not differentiate voiced sounds and unaspirated voiceless sounds, to tell the difference between 「た」 and ...
1
vote
3answers
120 views

水 - pronounce choice between 水{すい} and 水{みず}

As the title says, 水 has 2 pronounce: 水{すい} and 水{みず}. My question is: When to use which? e.g How to read it in: 水と米. What is the rule, if any.
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Why do people romanize 五兵衛 as “gohei” instead of “gohee”?

I will see 五兵衛 (a name) romanized as "gohei" in almost every English source and even some Japanese sources I can find with the name, even though I am pretty sure it is actually ごへえ. Why is this? Is ...
5
votes
1answer
241 views

Native pronunciation of the character "し”

I have recently become aware of the difference between the English and Japanese "sh" sounds, which I understand are formalized as the palato-alveolar fricative [ʃ] and the voiceless alveolo-palatal ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Voiced stops pronounced as their unaspirated voiceless counterparts

In this Japanese song, there is a line saying: まるで夢かまぼろし The /d/ in 「で」 and the /b/ in 「ぼ」 sound to me as if they (especially the /b/) are pronounced as unaspirated /t/ and /p/ respectively. ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Latin characters in Japanese?

So, I have the following sentence: 私は World of Tanks をします。 I am certain this sentence is laid out correctly. However, I am unsure of how I would pronounce "World of Tanks". Should I simply ...
33
votes
7answers
6k views

How important is one's pitch when speaking Japanese?

I'm aware of some words in Japanese that have the same reading but different meaning depending on the pitch of each syllable. The canonical example is はし (hashi), which can mean either chopsticks ...