接頭辞. A type of affix prepended to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.

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123 views

What does the word 「さし心地」mean?

I have seen it from a sentence in an eye drop instruction manual. Here it is. かつてない気持ちいい、さし心地...それは、極小一滴だから! In my opinion, I translate it as "the very feeling" by referring 「さし」from a source that ...
1
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1answer
115 views

What is the function of “o”?

Why do people have to add "o" to "namae" like "Onamae wa?"
3
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2answers
794 views

How do I read 初商業誌?

I searched google, jisho, and yahoo. I couldn't find a proper pronunciation for 初商業誌.
2
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1answer
110 views

What does the word 「たたっ」 mean?

I'm not sure if it means "very long time" in this sentence. If it means that, what does the 「っ」 do in the sentence? ジョーのやろうは刑{けい}務{む}所{しょ}へたたっこまれるようなことになるんでしょうか?
3
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1answer
203 views

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
6
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1answer
197 views

Prefix お for names - how is it used?

I recently watched a Japanese drama titled 「おせん」. The title comes from the first name of the main character - the character's name is 半田{はんだ}仙{せん} who is a young お上{かみ} of a traditional restaurant. ...
4
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1answer
196 views

a few words have an honorific 「お」or「ご」 as a necessary prefix, right?

I just came a across the word 「お巡りさん」。While 「お巡り」 is a word, 「巡り」 is not. Likewise, 「ご飯」 is a word, but while 「飯」is a word, the reading changes to the 訓読み (めし)。This means that the 「ご」in「ご飯」is not ...
3
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2answers
275 views

Does 本 work as a general purpose prefix?

The motivation for this question is the phrase 本法廷 which I recently read. Does ほん (本) work as a general purpose prefix? By this I mean can I look in the dictionary and pick any noun and put 本 in ...
14
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3answers
282 views

What is the か in「か弱い」?

I'm wondering what the か in か弱い, か細い and similar words is. It seems to act as an intensifier. The Daijisen tells me simply that this か is a 接頭語, and translates it as いかにも; it doesn't seem to have its ...
6
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1answer
271 views

inter- and intra- prefix

What would one use for the equivalent of the "inter-" and "intra-" prefixes in English? e.g. intercity, intracity, inter-server etc I did a fair amount of looking around. 間 looks like it might be ...
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2answers
2k views

Are all kanji compounds considered words?

A friend once commented to me that Japanese has a larger vocabulary than English. I said I didn't think it did, because it wasn't really accurate to call all kanji compounds "words". My friend said I ...
7
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4answers
483 views

does anyone know of any o-words or go-words which are absolutely neutral?

Does anyone know of any o-words or go-words which are absolutely neutral (have no nuances of being polite / courteous / respectful / womanly / cute etc etc)? The only ones I'm aware of currently is ...
13
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1answer
1k views

Honorific prefix 「ご」 vs 「お」

Some nouns take the 「ご」 prefix: ご両親 {りょうしん} ご家族 {かぞく} ご無事 {ぶじ} ご安心 {あんしん} ご丁寧 {ていねい} While many others take the 「お」 prefix: お母さん お仕事 {しごと} お月 {つき}さま お家 {うち} お客 {きゃく} In ...
5
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2answers
370 views

Is 超 (chō) seldom used in written works?

Is it true that the prefix 超 to mean “very” is seldom used in written works (like novels, not counting direct speech), and is usually only used when talking?