可能形. The conjugated form that allows the verb to express ability.

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Need help understanding causative and passive form

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confuse as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
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「聞こえなくなった」 or 「聞けなくなった」?

I wanted to say: "I became unable to hear." I said: "聞こえなくなった" but I was corrected and told to say: "聞けなくなった" That sounds strange to me. I've never even heard the verb form "聞ける" what does ...
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少し日本語を話します and 少し日本語を話せます - What's the difference?

What changes, in these phrases? The change is the し for the せ. A friend told me that the second one was better for saying I speak little japanese. 私は少し日本語を話します。 私は少し日本語を話せます。
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What is the difference between 「帰る」and 「帰れる」?

I believe the latter is not the passive form of 帰る, so what makes it different?
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Is “Xがどこに見つけられますか” an acceptable translation of “Where can I find X”?

I'm currently studying the potential form by making up sentences from several scenarios and find it rather difficult to check their correctness using nothing but vague online translators. Is the ...
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How to write the passive form of the potential form?

I am curious about the passive form(受動態) of the potential form(可能形). I thought about using (先生に)褒められられる but it seems awkward, and there are no search results in Google for it. So is (先生に) ...
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Verb + うる form. What is this?

Can't really understand this form: I've seen already this form with 考える and translated it like this: 考えうることだ - conceivable (possible) However how do you translate with other verbs? is this ...
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Potential and Causative form clarification - 倒せる / 倒せない

Hopefully this is a nice easy one, but it's something I need clarification on. So I have a sentence here, using (I think) -せる form. (倒せない) アイテムを使わないと倒せない敵もいるが、戦いの基本はやはり剣だ。 My question is a ...
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meaning of て-form + られない

I assume that 死んでられない is 死んでる in the negative potential form, which means it would mean something like "I can't be dying" or "I can't be dead". Can anyone help me understand this better?
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causative passive potential form

I've been reading into a little bit of more advanced grammar and am trying to get my head around the causative and the passive form. (yes yes N1 people. That's not actually advanced.) The causative I ...
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できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I tried to express "I can ..." where "..." was some some verb or verb phrase. I used the ~て form of the ... verb followed by 出来ます but was told instead to change the form of the ...
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When conjugating, is 'なる’ a potential verb, like '分かる'?

So, 分かる is never used as 分かれる, right? Because 分かる is already a potential-form verb, according to my Japanese grammar dictionary. About なる: can it be conjugated as なれる? Or how about ならせる? For ...
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逃げられた (full sentence)

A girl ties up a cat and puts it in the corner. She's not paying attention and it escapes. When she looks in the corner she sees the ropes, and she sees that the cat is gone, and she says "逃げられた". Is ...
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What's the most appropriate negative potential form for this situation?

This morning my co-worker asked me if I wanted some coffee. I said, "No thanks, I can't drink coffee because it upsets my stomach." I was thinking of how I'd say this in Japanese, but I'm not sure ...
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expressing casual potential for adjectives

This is a follow up to How to construct potential form for adjectives I'd like to know how to say "can be x" where x is an adjective, in a casual way. For example with a friend, this seems a little ...
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Is it always ができる?

So I'm studying and I ran into an example that stated to go from a (noun)suru to (noun)dekiru is this: 私は車を運転する -> 私は車の運転ができる。 Why isn't 私は車を運転できる。
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uses of できる apart from potential?

The following is a JLPT N4 question: 旅行の荷物はもう___できました. 1。 やくそく 2。りよう 3。せわ 4。ようい I don't really understand the meaning of the sentence. Is it "I was already able to do the preperations for the ...
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In what cases do I use 見られる with を? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb. I know the difference between 見る, 見られる, and 見える. I know that 見える and 見られる are verbs expressing a ...
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What is going on with 書けている? What is Potential Form+ている?

I'm having difficulty in understanding 書けている (initially observed from an answer to "パソコンが 得意だ/わかる/上手だ"). Also observed from SPACEALC: この小説は上手に書けている。 最もよく書けている記事。 ...
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What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
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How to distinguish between passive and potential forms of the verb?

I've read that potential form of the ru-verb is formed by replacing る with られる, which is exactly the same for the passive form of ru-verbs. How can we tell the passive form and potential apart in this ...
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Why doesn't 分かる have a potential form?

This question may be related to What does で分かる mean? (Cf. Tsuyoshi Ito and my comments to my answer). (Regular) verbs can be turned into the potential form by attaching -((ra)r)e-: tabe-ru vs. ...
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What's the difference between 話せる and 話す?

I came across [話]{はな}せます in the Japanese WOTD chat room. あなたは英語が話せますか? Can you speak English? What's the difference between it and [話]{はな}します? (Googling got some hits, but they were from user ...
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What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?

In Japanese, there is a potential form to express that it's possible for something to be done. My own examples of potential form: 辛【から】い食【た】べ物【もの】が食【た】べられる。 (I can eat spicy foods.) ...
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もらえる, 見える rules

From what I learned, もらえる = もらうことが出来る 'can be got' 見える = 見ることが出来る 'can be seen' This looks like there is some kind of a more general rule for this transformation. If there is a ...
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How to construct potential form for adjectives

I could not help but notice that adjectives cannot directly conjugate to have a potential form: E.g. 赤い does not become 赤られる for (can be red) (Question) Which of the below are acceptable forms ...
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Dictionary entry and derived forms, were they equal at some point?

I will first state the dictionary entry, and then other formations that also yield the dictionary entry. Consider the following : 思える - to seem/appear, potential form of 思う - can think 合わせる - ...
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two levels for teiru and rare

What would be the interpretation of verbs that have two levels of 'teiru' and 'rare' in them? I figure that the 'teiru' will be one for stative/perfective and the other for progressive, and the 'rare' ...
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ことができる versus V~える form

Way back in the day when I was first learning Japanese, I learned that you could add ことができる to a verb to indicate potential. Like so: 食{た}べることができる (I) can eat (something) It became my ...
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Transitive/Intransitive + にくい (and +られる)

This question is based on the discussion arising from "Unsolvable Problem" Start of Excerpt Relevant discourse extracted from "Unsolvable Problem": Quoted from Derek Schaab's reply to ...
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“Unsolvable problem”

What is the correct construction of "unsolvable problem"? Is it "解{と}けられない問題{もんだい}"?(Question 1) Plain(intransitive): 解{と}ける "To be solved". Potential form(of intransitive): 解けられる "can be ...
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How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...