複数. Words or grammatical constructs that express multiplicity.

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2
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2answers
95 views

Plural form with -たち/-ら

I found a similar.question here on stackexchange, but I can't properly understand the answers given there. And the textbook Genki doesn't give much of a detailed explanation on the plural form. What ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

“この” vs “こちらの” with regard to implied plurality

この この文型{ぶんけい}は文{ぶん}の作{つく}り方{かた}を示{しめ}している。 こちら こちらの文型は文の作り方を示している。 In all contexts, "この文型..." refers to just one grammatical pattern? "こちらの文型..." might refer to one grammatical pattern, ...
2
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1answer
116 views

why does “ら” follow “山中{やまなか}” here: “山中ら、予備検診{よびけんしん}で異常{いじょう}なし”

In the newspaper article titled 山中ら、予備検診で異常なし…WBCバンタム級, what meaning is created by placing "ら" after "山中"? Does it make "山中慎介" plural, and then "山中ら" means something like "Yamanaka and his ...
3
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2answers
136 views

Politeness / political correctness and gender polarity of “plural” suffix -等(ら) for 彼 and 彼女 etc

The definitions on ejje.weblio: 彼ら 彼女ら What I would like to know is: 彼ら is definitely gender neutral and 彼女ら can only have females in the group, right? As explained in Why is “学生” made ...
2
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3answers
316 views

Why is “学生” made “plural” in this newspaper article?

The ending of the first line of the first paragraph in the newspaper article titled さくら市の歩み一冊に reads ... さくら市の記念誌を文星芸大(宇都宮市)のデザイン専攻の学生たちが制作した。 My understanding is that that means: The students who ...
3
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0answers
76 views

How to do plurals? [duplicate]

I've seen there are two ways of saying we and pluralizing words using: ら、たち But I can't see the diference and I'm not sure if it can be used with all the pronouns. Are there other forms of ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Is スポーツ a plural-only word?

Typically there is no pluralization in Japanese unless specified. For example: この車【くるま】は綺麗【きれい】。 This car is clean. / These cars are clean. Does スポーツ work in the same way? Considering the ...
7
votes
2answers
353 views

Does 友達 have the plural marker たち “built-in”?

I cannot recall this very clearly so I'm sorry if this is all not correct but someone once told me that the word 友達{ともだち} has the plural marker たち "built-in" and therefore you cannot say 友達たち about ...
5
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2answers
531 views

Plural in ancient Japanese?

It is known to Japanese learners that the Japanese verb isn't affected by the subject (number or gender). Today, a linguistics professor of my university told me he heard from his teacher that ancient ...
10
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2answers
618 views

What is the difference in usage between a plural using (a) the kanji repetition character 々, (b) a plural using -たち, and (c) the singular?

I know that there are some noun that are made plural by the kanji repetition character, such as 人々 and 国々. My question is, how does this differ from using the non-plural form of the noun? And how does ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

The plural 等 in おいら, おら

Why do the singular first person pronouns 俺{おい}等{ら} and 俺{お}等{ら} involve the plural affix 等?
5
votes
2answers
203 views

What rules should be followed when saying “we”?

I know that, in Japanese, you can say X達【たち】 or Xら (where X is a first person pronoun) to say we. However, what rules should be followed for choosing that "X". Can I use whatever I would use to refer ...
7
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1answer
395 views

What are the rules for the plural suffix ~ら

I came across the following in a newspaper article: 藤沢健太教授(宇宙物理学)らの研究グループ The first part (藤沢健太教授) is the name of a professor (Professor Kenta Fujisawa). The parentheses say "Astrophysics", and ...
23
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6answers
929 views

Pluralization in Japanese: usage of -たち and -ら

I know that -たち and -ら pluralize the nouns they come after (or indicate a group that the noun is part of), but most of the time the plural in Japanese is implicit. When is it appropriate or necessary ...
3
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0answers
136 views

What's the standard for making plurals of Japanese words in English? [closed]

There's the movie "Seven Samurai", which would sound strange as "Seven Samurais", but in the news you often read about "hundreds of tsunamis". Some people say they know 500 kanjis, but I've always ...