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2
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1answer
115 views

Emphatic / Focus loss upon translating between active and passive sentences?

Background information (Do point out if I got anything wrong along the way) So I'm working through Jay Rubin's Making Sense of Japanese, and I've familiarized myself with the concept of zero ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Confusion with passive voice

I've been reading the section on viewpoint in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (DBJG). In it he states that the following sentence is ungrammatical 私のむすこは私にしかられた My son was scolded by ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is it possible to use the 受身形 on a 自動詞

Hello I was wondering if I could use a 自動詞 with the 受身形 for example:  ここから、月が見える : from here, the moon is visible (I can see the moon)  ここから、月が見えられる : from here, the moon is visible I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

why does the following title end “…守られる” and not “守られている”? just to save space?

I read the title of the article キタシロサイ、地球にたった1匹のオス、24時間体制で守られる as "The last male rhino on earth is being protected by a system that is active 24-hrs per day." The " ...is being protected... " makes ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Difference between passive and intransitive for positive verbs [duplicate]

I saw this answer for how the nuance changes between the use of passive and intransitive verbs when the verb is negative. I was wondering what the difference is with a positive verb. Here's an ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

生活になぶられた、男の子は自殺した。Passive tense in Descriptive Relative clauses, and word choice.

生活になぶられた、男の子は自殺した。 My translation(Tormented by daily life, the boy killed him self) My other translation( The boy who was tormented by daily life killed him self.) I was wondering if there is any ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

The passive form [closed]

I'm new to this site (just made an account), I've been learning about the passive form of verbs but I'm a bit confused by what the passive form actually is... I tried googling but couldn't find an ...
2
votes
3answers
150 views

は/が and を with the Passive form

I've recently started learning the passive form of verbs and noticed a few different usages of particles that have been giving me a lot of trouble and I wanted to clarify/confirm. From what I've ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

を without a transitive verb? [duplicate]

「他の人に手紙を見られてしまいました」 I interpret this sentence's meaning as something like, "The letter ended up being seen by someone else." From what I understand, the verb 見る is transitive, "to see." The verb ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

How to write the passive form of the potential form?

I am curious about the passive form(受動態) of the potential form(可能形). I thought about using (先生に)褒められられる but it seems awkward, and there are no search results in Google for it. So is (先生に) ...
4
votes
3answers
191 views

Can't understand why “に” is used in “蚊に刺された” or what's the sense of this sentence

I was reading a page about passive verbs in Japanese, and I came across the phrase: "蚊に刺された。" What intrigued me is why the particle "に" is used in this phrase, because when I read it and try to ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

can 美化語{びかご} create implied subjects?

As mentioned in the Addressing strangers without knowing the name thread, 敬語{けいご} often communicates the implied actors in a sentence. The thread titled using 美化語 in 謙譲語 verb forms does not make ...
5
votes
2answers
199 views

「を」 object marker in this 受身形{うけみけい} sentence [duplicate]

A native speaker told me that: 泥棒{どろぼう}に、お財布{さいふ} を 、盗{ぬす}まれた。 is correct. However, I sure think that: 泥棒に、お財布 が 、盗まれた。 is correct. Moreover, I am pretty sure that using the object marker, 「を」, in ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Need help parsing combined forms of a verb

I came across this verb: 捕【と】らえられていた It could have been pretty much any verb really. I tried to parse the different forms the verb has been assigned. Here's my process: 捕【と】らえる - (Transitive ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
1
vote
3answers
318 views

Difference between 建てられた and 建てました?

新しい大学のビルが建てられた。 新しい大学のビルを建てました。 Both translate to: A new university building was built. Even though the translation is the same (by my understanding) something to do with the meaning has to be ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How to interpret indirect passives?

While looking up some grammar points I stumbled across this paper which describes something that it calls "indirect passives". I can't think of anything similar in English, and I'm having trouble ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Translation Help with Passive Sentence

I have the following sentence to translate. 日本はカリフォルニア州と同じぐらいの大きさで ほとんどのヨーロッパの国々より大きいということはあまり知られていない I am having trouble translating the second half. Japan is about the same size as the state of ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

How can transitive and passive be combined in 茎を編んで作られる?

In the following sentence, taken from an article about tatami the transitive and passive verbs (編む&作る)seem to be combined into one phrase to express what I have said translation but it does not seem ...
5
votes
2answers
843 views

Causative-Passive Verbs: Vせられる and Vされる

Looking at the answer to this question, it seems that both 行かせられる and 行かされる are valid forms of the causative-passive of 行く. I've only been taught the first usage, so I have a number of related ...
2
votes
1answer
566 views

Is 行かされた a typo?

I have the following to translate for class. 病気になって 頭と首が痛くて 熱もあったので 銀行の隣の病院に 行かされた This is what I have so far. I became sick and my head and neck hurt and I also had a fever so ...
9
votes
2answers
375 views

Likely Sentences (Nuance in use of 〜てもらう vs Passive form)

Our professor gave us some problems where you are suppose to circle which statement the person is more likely to say. Below is an example. おまわりさん よく道を聞かれます。 よく道を聞いてもらいます。 I think this means ...
6
votes
1answer
662 views

causative passive potential form

I've been reading into a little bit of more advanced grammar and am trying to get my head around the causative and the passive form. (yes yes N1 people. That's not actually advanced.) The causative I ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Function of に in this passive construction

I understand the basics of the "suffering passive". For example, it's my understanding that in a sentence like 友達にビールを飲まれた, "tomodachi ni" marks the person who drank your beer. ぼくにもんくいわれても困る Who ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Passive usage of 「済まされない」 in sentences

I cannot get my head around the verb 「済ます」/「済まされない」 in this sentence. 月10万円では済まされない。 I found this in the プログレッシブ和英中辞典 on goo dictionary's page for the verb 「済ます」. The page says that the sentence ...
4
votes
2answers
189 views

逃げられた (full sentence)

A girl ties up a cat and puts it in the corner. She's not paying attention and it escapes. When she looks in the corner she sees the ropes, and she sees that the cat is gone, and she says "逃げられた". Is ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

Does the particle に in に作られた mark the agent or the location here?

I'm confused about 「に作られた」 in the following sentence. Kindly explain this part to me. 「Central Base」とは、旧「アクアポリス・中央エアポート」に作られた、「ASDF」の陸上(?)基地のことだ。 Some sort of translation: Central base is, ...
3
votes
3answers
424 views

How do I interpret the Japanese construction of verb+noun?

A) Let's take just transitive verbs first: 食べる人 食べられる人 B) Now let's take intransitive verbs: 起きる人 起きられる人 起こす人 起こされる人 OK, this thing has confused me for a very long time now, like really long. ...
3
votes
1answer
575 views

Verbs which are more frequently used to built the honorific passive forms

I'd like to ask you a question about this honorific form. I will give an example as detailed as possible to make this question clear. The verb yomu is often used in passive form to show respect: ...
10
votes
1answer
423 views

Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How to distinguish between passive and potential forms of the verb?

I've read that potential form of the ru-verb is formed by replacing る with られる, which is exactly the same for the passive form of ru-verbs. How can we tell the passive form and potential apart in this ...
5
votes
2answers
619 views

Passive verb forms for intransitive verbs

Okay, so I'm confused about passive verbs. From how I understand it, the verb is performed on the subject. but how come you can say something like 明日の会議に行かれるんですか? Are you going to tomorrow's ...
-3
votes
1answer
181 views

Passive + Noun. Who did what?

Here's an example: みなさんに愛される人。 Does this mean, "the person that everyone loves," or "the person that loves everybody?"
5
votes
1answer
258 views

two levels for teiru and rare

What would be the interpretation of verbs that have two levels of 'teiru' and 'rare' in them? I figure that the 'teiru' will be one for stative/perfective and the other for progressive, and the 'rare' ...
5
votes
1answer
247 views

How does うんざり work in the Present Indicative, Causative, Passive, and Causative-passive tenses

Consider the following: そいつはひどく鼻持ちならないやつで、私をすっかりうんざりさせる。(That guy is so obnoxious that he really turns me off.) あなたをうんざりさせるものは何ですか?(What turns you off?) 痛み以上に私をうんざりさせるものはない。(Nothing turns ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

How to differentiate ~られる conjugation between passive form and potential form?

For verbs of group 2, whose ~ます form is formed by dropping the ending ~る from the plain form, both the passive and potential forms have the same conjugation: ~られる. Example: 食べられる 1. to be eaten ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Passive-transitive-verb vs. Intransitive-verb (他動詞の受け身 vs. 自動詞)

I think I know the answer to this, but it still creeps up in my mind all the time; something I'd like to research more. I want to know technical differences as well as common usage. When do you use ...
7
votes
2answers
474 views

Fun with synonyms - “to grab/catch/capture”

Here's a question for you experts. I've actually asked this to my Japanese friends, but I want to see how you guys answer too. Explain the differences in the following verbs and which one(s) appear ...