The short syntactic words or affixes in Japanese that are used to modify words or entire sentences.

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1answer
57 views

Could someone please clarify if I'm translating these two sentences correctly?

I think I've translated this correctly, but I started to have doubts about a few words and decided to double-check. (person A) 結婚なんて。。。めんどくせーこと オレはやめとくか。。。 (person B) ああ。。。。。 On my first ...
11
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4answers
909 views

に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
14
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2answers
1k views

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
28
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8answers
2k views

Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
2
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2answers
139 views

Particles に, で for temporal vs spatial location

What does it mean to put で after a temporal expression? I was taught that only に should be used for times but I still see sentences with で sometimes. This is basically my current understanding: ...
3
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1answer
254 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
8
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1answer
241 views

後で vs. 前に- Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate). They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
9
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4answers
219 views

揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている ...
6
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2answers
2k views

のか - Particle “lamenting reflections on the preceding statement”. What?

I've come across this sentence in my manga. そ そうか そういう疑いを持っているのか It's actually fairly easy, but the particle at the end has confused me. I thought it was the two particles の and か, but then I ...
18
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3answers
3k views

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese

In English, we just have one word for the conjunction and which works just fine for many categories, but in Japanese, there are separate words: と joins nouns together in a closed list や joins nouns ...
2
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2answers
279 views

What are words which stand at the very end of a sentence (like “yo” and “tomo”) called?

As far as I know, "yo" at the end of a sentence indicates that quite new information is contained in the sentence, "tomo" ascertains that the content expressed in the sentence is definitely true. Both ...
3
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1answer
77 views

In “[Vます stem] + し+ [noun]” what does し mean? [duplicate]

I've seen this in multiple combinations, but the one I was specifically looking at was: 「背負いし者」 ...from 「宿命を背負いし者」. Similarly, 「かつて来たりし者」 Scouring through all my grammar books, I can't ...
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1answer
92 views

“何を言っている __のか__ 、分からない” vs. “何を言っている __なのか__ 、分からない”

In the recent thread titled Reason for 「のか」 and 「かもしれません」 in 「何を言っているのかわからないかもしれませんけど」, my impression is that saying "何を言っている のか 、分からない" sounds abrupt (and sort of impolite). While I have no idea if ...
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2answers
220 views

How do I translate the word “Town's End”?

I'm trying to figure out the proper way to translate "Town's End" (a play on my last name of "Townsend", like someone living at the end of town). I've found the word for "town", which is: 町 I think ...
2
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1answer
174 views

How to write “I'm going to sleep tomorrow”?

I'm supposed to write "I'm going to sleep tomorrow" using romaji. Would the romaji be watashi wa ashita neru e iku n desu because "I'm" is the subject which is "watashi wa" the time is ...
3
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1answer
180 views

what does のも mean at the end of a clause?

I've run into this use of も a few times and I'm not sure what to make of it. Here's the sentence I'm confused about: 余裕を見せていられるのも、いまの内だ。
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2answers
141 views

What is the function of にも in this sentence?

I found this sentence on a manga, and I can't find its meaning for I don't understand the function of にも in this case: 勉強にもスポーツにもそれから恋愛か。
2
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1answer
215 views

Where does のみ come from?

I have recently heard that the phrase のみ means "only". Does it come from another compound, like の実 or something? I don't think that's necessarily where it came from, but I would be surprised if that の ...
5
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1answer
162 views

can 美化語{びかご} create implied subjects?

As mentioned in the Addressing strangers without knowing the name thread, 敬語{けいご} often communicates the implied actors in a sentence. The thread titled using 美化語 in 謙譲語 verb forms does not make ...
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2answers
156 views

「を」 object marker in this 受身形{うけみけい} sentence [duplicate]

A native speaker told me that: 泥棒{どろぼう}に、お財布{さいふ} を 、盗{ぬす}まれた。 is correct. However, I sure think that: 泥棒に、お財布 が 、盗まれた。 is correct. Moreover, I am pretty sure that using the object marker, 「を」, in ...
2
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1answer
133 views

に/で and を/から - particle choice in two JLPT N5 sentences

この かみに 電話番号を 書いてください。 Why is it wrong to use で instead? What if the sentence is like このボールペン__電話番号を書いてください? 六時に 会社を 出て、うちへ 帰ります。 Why is it wrong to use から here? Is it because it's a fixed ...
6
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2answers
326 views

How can the uses of 「は」and「が」 in this sentence be justified?

The sentence: ほかにも先勝{せんしょう}は午後{ごご}は良{よ}くない日{ひ}とされ、反対{はんたい}に、先負{せんぶ}は午後{ごご}が良{よ}い日{ひ}とされ、また赤口{しゃっこう}は昼{ひる}だけが良{よ}い日{ひ}だとされています。 No matter how much I progress in Japanese, the 「は」and「が」 ...
4
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1answer
135 views

は/が with いる. When to use each of them

My textbook says the correct structure is WHEREにWHOがいる For example: 日本にかおるさんがいる But I've seen some webpages with examples such as: かおるさんは日本にいる So... are they both correct? Do they ...
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3answers
1k views

I don't understand what やな means at the end of a sentence…?

for example in this sentence : 久しぶりやな i don't understand "ya" and "na" can someone explain me? there's another example : いい感じやなぁ
28
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5answers
3k views

What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut ...
3
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1answer
95 views

What are the uses of に and とは in this sentence?

What are the uses of に and とは in this sentence? 俺のような学生生活に夢も持たない人間とはまったく違う人種。 I know this sentence says something along the lines of 'Those people are like a completely different race than ...
2
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1answer
88 views

で at the end of a word

What impact does the 「で」 add if placed like this: 秋の風は静かで vs. 秋の風は静か or 心配しないで vs. 心配しない
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2answers
231 views

omitting conjunction で for emphasis?

In an essay I'm reading called 料理, the author says the following (note: the full sentence is very long, so I've omitted a few of the clauses while keeping enough to get the general point across): ...
10
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2answers
403 views

How does the の work in 「日本人の知らない日本語」?

I've read that 日本人の知らない日本語 translates to: "Japanese (language) that Japanese (people) don't know". But I don't understand how or what the の does in that sentence. If I'm not mistaken 知らない日本語 could ...
3
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1answer
246 views

Confusion with the の particle

I am currently learning basic grammar using the Tae Kim's guide to japanese. In one of his examples he roughly translates this sentence: こんなのを本当に食べる? as "Do you think [he/she] will really eat ...
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2answers
228 views
4
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1answer
211 views

さくらさくらの「ぞ」はどういう意味?

桜桜の歌詞で「匂いぞ出{い}ずる」と言った(どうやっていうの?)文があります。その文のぞはどういう意味ですか?助詞じゃないですか? I don't really know how well I structured that. In any case, what is the functionality of ぞ in さくらさくら? I can only find web ...
0
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1answer
117 views

Is there a difference between the particle お (o) and the particle を (wo) [duplicate]

So I'm just confused. I've read that when writing を is used, but when talking お is used. Is this true or are they entirely different?
1
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2answers
115 views

Looking for references on 複合格助詞

I am currently doing research on automatic case frame (格フレーム) acquisition and its applications. A case frame describes the syntactic structure of a predicate by providing a canonical representation of ...
3
votes
6answers
458 views

は and が in this sentence

i think my understanding of these two is getting better though i have a question about this sentence: 新しい合金が開発された。医療用や通信用など、用途は広い。 the が i think i get. it is because the new alloy is new ...
3
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1answer
186 views

What does adding お at the end of a word change?

An example would be: "watashi wa cake o(お) tabetai". What does the お do? I tried on google translate and it seems it gives pertenence to that thing..like it belongs either to you or me..but I still ...
8
votes
2answers
407 views

この道をまっすぐ行ってください。 Why を and not で?

In a quiz, I got a question where one had to complete with に、を、で or が the following sentence: この道(?)まっすぐ行ってください。 The correct answer being: この道をまっすぐ行ってください。 It always seems more natural to ...
1
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3answers
262 views

Can you say “よい夢へ” instead of “よい夢を”?

I saw this message created by a native speaker:「よい夢{ゆめ} を 」. That seemed strange to me. I would have expected: 「よい夢 へ 」. My thinking right now is that: 「よい夢を」 is a straight contraction of ...
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3answers
462 views

Problems with は and が

Consider: [A] 猫が好きだ To me this means [A']"I like cats." Contrast this to: [B] 猫は好きだ To me this means [B']"I like cats (among other animals)" I based my understanding of [B] from Derek ...
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3answers
564 views

Is ~も really marking the word just prior to it?

I'm translating an excerpt for fun, but this section struck me as odd: ...
2
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0answers
30 views

The のう ending in this sentence [duplicate]

当時を知る者があれを見て、本人とは思わないだろうからのう The sentence is taken from a visual novel. I am wondering what the ending "のう" means in this context. I've tried searching it but the only thing people were asking ...
3
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2answers
211 views

Is setting a topic obligatory?

For instance, if I say the following as the first phrase in a conversation: おはよう!ピクニックでリナさんを探していましたが、どこもみえませんでしたね。 Hi! I was looking for you at the picnic, but couldn't find anywhere. Is it ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Can と AND や be used in a sentence for a list of things

I have been reading about using と and や. Now, I understand the basic idea that や is for a list where the list is not all-inclusive. と on the other hand essentially informs the listener that "only ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Unnecessary に in “どんなに” in this sentence?

The following sentences are from a reading passage. I'm confused on the third sentence - the previous two are just given for context. 日本ではどこに行っても、「きまりですから」という言葉を耳にする。 これを言われてしまうと、こちらにはもう反論の余地はない。 ...
68
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3answers
5k views

What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change ...
6
votes
1answer
206 views

「どこでもある」と「どこにもある」の使い分け

I have come across this sentence: 一九七0年頃までは、どこでも銭湯がありましたが、今は、少なくなりました。 Why is it that it says どこでも X がある instead of どこにも X がある I understand that で and に are very similar as they have ties in ...
3
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1answer
230 views

What is the meaning and grammatical construction of 人って?

I am trying to understand the grammar behind "[noun]って". I looked up some examples on space alc web, and 人って seems to mean people, someone, or some person. I have seen other examples of the [noun]って ...
8
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1answer
424 views

why is it that some 形容動詞 accepts の after it while some only accepts な after it?

why is it that some 形容動詞 accepts の after it while some only accepts な after it? Examples: の only: 普通、大勢 な or の: 初心、特別、特殊 Is there a way for us to tell if a 形容動詞 needs a の or な particle after ...
4
votes
2answers
386 views

Rosetta Stone uses は instead of わ

Just started learning japanese again. My college offers no class on this so I am learning on my own. I have been using Rosetta Stone on and off again for awhile now. One this I have noticed is that ...
4
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2answers
1k views

童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよね - translation of まで

I'm interested in an exact translation of the particle まで used in this Internet meme: In case you can't read the image, here's a transcription: 「えーマジ 童貞!?」 「キモーイ」 「童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよねー」 ...