The short syntactic words or affixes in Japanese that are used to modify words or entire sentences.

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0answers
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Differences between 「が」、「ても」、「のに」

What is the usage difference between these three definitively? As an intermediate Japanese speaker, I somewhat understand where I would say them, but I can't point out under which contexts any of them ...
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1answer
68 views

Usage of の before です

For example この中でどれが一番難しいのですか。 数学が一番難しいのです Is the の here used as nominalizer meaning "one" or is it used as explanatory/emphasizing のです? I assume the sentences translate to "Amongst these ...
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2answers
190 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
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1answer
70 views

Meaning of だって in this sentence

It's a sentence from dragonball, the hearer (悟飯) just asked the speaker to create something to wear that could hide his identity without looking like a kind of body protection. ...
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6answers
3k views

Pronouncing が as 'nga'

I'm a beginner and am learning from CD (Pimsleur). There are two native speakers going through the dialogue. One, the man, pronounces が as I would expect - 'ga'. The other (female) pronounces it as ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Co-occurrences of 「も」 and 「でも」 such as in 「何度も何度でもスキになる」

Sentences below are all from Japanese songs: 「何度も何度でもスキになる」 「いつもいつでもみんなが側にいる」 「いつも何度でも夢を描こう」 Questions: What effects does this 「XもXでも」 or 「XもYでも」 pattern bring about? Is there any difference ...
3
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1answer
35 views

で in the usage of サッカーで怪我をした etc

What is this で particle here? It's not a time or a place Same with 戦いで怪我をした. I can't see the usage in any dictionaries unless 場所 is being used in some abstract sense to just refer to the setting in ...
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2answers
212 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: particle で versus particle と For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go to the restaurant with my family. ...
2
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3answers
127 views

は/が and を with the Passive form

I've recently started learning the passive form of verbs and noticed a few different usages of particles that have been giving me a lot of trouble and I wanted to clarify/confirm. From what I've ...
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4answers
2k views

What's the difference between -ga and -o when they are used to designate a direct object?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
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2answers
75 views

Use of 方に In this sentence

どうしても入り方にこだわりたいのか... I'd like to know how 方に works here. I don't think it's read 入{はい}り方{がた}, 'time of setting', given the context I have. More likely it's 入り + 方に, since in the story the speaker ...
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1answer
636 views

What does “のでは” mean at the end of a sentence?

Below is a sentence I've come across in a manga that I'm unsure of how to translate. The context is some girls are watching a voyeur video of one of the girls undressing. もう早送りで / よいのでは! (the / ...
6
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3answers
593 views

Strange usage of に particle

I saw an advertisement on the train that said 世界に友達を作りたい... My Japanese friend said that the difference with "世界で友達を作りたい” is that で means like "In the world" whilst に means "all over the world". I ...
4
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1answer
315 views

Use of ことです in this sentence

This is the example sentence: 私の趣味はギターを弾くことです。 My translation - Playing the guitar is my hobby. However, why is it not: '私の趣味はギターを弾きます。’ Basically I don't understand this use of 'ことです'.
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1answer
551 views

what's the difference between とか and や?

what's the difference between とか and や?
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1answer
83 views

What is the difference between 忘れないで and 忘れるなよ?

These two forms, ~ないで and the ~な particle seem to have similar meanings. Can someone please explain the difference between the two?
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2answers
67 views

interpretation of particle と followed by の [duplicate]

早{はや}くしないと、ヤツらとの最終{さいしゅう}聖戦{せいせん}の幕{まく}が切{き}って落{お}とされてしまうのだから……! My doubt is specifically about the part ヤツらとの. Several times I've come across the particle の being used right after another ...
5
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1answer
259 views

Is けど a 接続詞 (conjunction) or 助詞 (particle)?

A book I've read states that けど is a 接続詞 (conjunction). However, another book I had read states that it is a 助詞 (particle). Who is right?
4
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1answer
188 views

Correct way to say “I am a beginner in Japanese”

What is the correct way to say: "I am a beginner in Japanese". Google Translate shows the translation is: 私は日本語で初心者です However, Google search shows: 私は日本語の初心者です has a lot more hits. Which ...
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3answers
175 views

How do you translate “My hovercraft is full of eels”?

The good old nonsense phrase of foreign languages is Monty Python's classic "My hovercraft is full of eels". Accordingly in Japanese one of the first things I learned was "私のホバークラフトはうなぎがいっぱいです". ...
3
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1answer
115 views

I've never seen a sentence that uses か and は together like this before

交換プログラムに選ばれるのが難しいかやさしいかは、大学によって違うが、一般的に言えば、申し込む学生が多ければ多いほど、選ばれるのが難しくなる。 I've checked online but I can't seem to find a proper explanation on how かは is being used here. Individually, I know they ...
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0answers
37 views

。。。を言います 。。。と言います? [duplicate]

I've seen/heard both を言います and と言いますof these used. What is the difference?
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1answer
71 views

Transitive, Intransitive Verbs and Particles

I think that these sentences are both correct: 旅行の日程が決められました。 and 旅行の日程が決まりました。 But if I use 旅行の日程を決まりました。 is this correct?
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1answer
77 views

Direct object or directional を

高校を卒業してから弟はいろんな会社を転々とした. Translation: After graduation my brother wandered from job to job. Here, are both を's (高校を卒業 and いろんな会社を転々とした) used in the direct object sense or in the directional ...
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1answer
76 views

Do all words need a particle?

I'm trying to figure out if question words need particles. For example なぜ (should there be a particle here?) にほんご を べんきょうしますか? Why study Japanese? Should there be a particle after なぜ? If so which ...
2
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1answer
105 views

「これくらいで」 whats the grammatical purpose that で has here?

Googling around for that particular phrase pretty much leads only to a song これくらいで歌う or it's use with の as in これくらいの塩で充分だ. I have a sneaking suspicion it may be related to the adverbial usage of ...
2
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1answer
178 views

What does `nanode` mean? What are its grammatical rules?

What's the meaning of this sentence and what does なので mean here? If possible, I would like to know the grammatical rules of なので as well. 英語と日本語なので私にとっても良い勉強になります。
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2answers
184 views

Adverbs in Japanese versus English

I have heard that Japanese adverbs usually occur along with particles in a sentence. Also, I perhaps simplistically consider particles to be the analog of prepositions in English. In English it seems ...
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1answer
73 views

Is the particle を in をでる comparable to elative case?

I remember that Estonian has multiple grammatical cases marking some kind of location. I recently learned that the particle を can be used to mean something like "out of" or "from", for an action that ...
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1answer
200 views

Is saying 「XはYは…」 acceptable?

In いっすんぼうし, a very popular fairy tale, this line appears: だいじんは からだは ちいさいけれど げんきな いっすんぼうしを たいそう きにいり じぶんの いえで はたらかせることにしました。 Is 「だいじんは からだは」 grammatically correct? What would be done to make ...
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2answers
502 views

Usage of か after a clause?

Here's a sentence I found: デパートはどこにあるか、知っていますか? Do you know where the department store is? What's the purpose of the か particle in 「どこにあるか」? Under what circumstances do I use it? I'm fairly ...
2
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1answer
75 views

What function does で have in the sentence 馬は動物である? [duplicate]

I have a denshijisho, always giving me helpful expressions attached to a kanji/word etc. and this time it was 馬は動物である。 A horse is an animal. in which I don't understand the function of the ...
11
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4answers
2k views

What is the significance of の in 「鳥の詩」?

I've seen it used in many places, and sometimes it feels like a connection between words. For example in 「鳥の詩」 (tori no uta), it looks as if the の is connecting 鳥 (tori) and 詩 (uta), and I would like ...
2
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1answer
154 views

What does the てさ in 「忘れててさ」 mean?

I was reading the comic strip titled 「エボラ出血熱の巻」 on スマ町 when I encountered 「忘れててさ」. I've reproduced part of the dialogue here for a bit more context (bold mine) てっしー:火達磨さん!宿題手伝いますよ 火達磨 ...
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1answer
54 views

particle grammar, は and が [duplicate]

If I want to say the dog barked, which is more grammatically correct: inu WA naita or inu GA naita? I'm thinking the second one because it's identifying what's barking, but I'm not sure I fully ...
1
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1answer
332 views

Can だ be used as a particle in a phrase?

I'd like to say “Tomorrow is Monday”. Is it correct for me to say 「あしただげつようび」? Or is there simply no particle at all?
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1answer
123 views

Could someone please clarify if I'm translating these two sentences correctly? [closed]

I think I've translated this correctly, but I started to have doubts about a few words and decided to double-check. (person A) 結婚なんて。。。めんどくせーこと オレはやめとくか。。。 (person B) ああ。。。。。 On my first ...
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4answers
1k views

に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
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2answers
2k views

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
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8answers
3k views

Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
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2answers
153 views

Particles に, で for temporal vs spatial location

What does it mean to put で after a temporal expression? I was taught that only に should be used for times but I still see sentences with で sometimes. This is basically my current understanding: ...
3
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1answer
258 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
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1answer
255 views

後で vs. 前に- Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate). They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
9
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4answers
225 views

揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている ...
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2answers
2k views

のか - Particle “lamenting reflections on the preceding statement”. What?

I've come across this sentence in my manga. そ そうか そういう疑いを持っているのか It's actually fairly easy, but the particle at the end has confused me. I thought it was the two particles の and か, but then I ...
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3answers
4k views

The many ways to say “and” in Japanese

In English, we just have one word for the conjunction and which works just fine for many categories, but in Japanese, there are separate words: と joins nouns together in a closed list や joins nouns ...
2
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2answers
308 views

What are words which stand at the very end of a sentence (like “yo” and “tomo”) called?

As far as I know, "yo" at the end of a sentence indicates that quite new information is contained in the sentence, "tomo" ascertains that the content expressed in the sentence is definitely true. Both ...
3
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1answer
99 views

In “[Vます stem] + し+ [noun]” what does し mean? [duplicate]

I've seen this in multiple combinations, but the one I was specifically looking at was: 「背負いし者」 ...from 「宿命を背負いし者」. Similarly, 「かつて来たりし者」 Scouring through all my grammar books, I can't ...
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1answer
101 views

“何を言っている __のか__ 、分からない” vs. “何を言っている __なのか__ 、分からない”

In the recent thread titled Reason for 「のか」 and 「かもしれません」 in 「何を言っているのかわからないかもしれませんけど」, my impression is that saying "何を言っている のか 、分からない" sounds abrupt (and sort of impolite). While I have no idea if ...