助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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What are other language equivalents to Japanese particles?

When a person is learning は and が in terms of particles, what are the best way to relate them to English equivalents? The closest I can come to explaining them to others is "the" and "a" but I'm not ...
4
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2answers
133 views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
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1answer
77 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
2
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2answers
312 views

How 二週間 can be used to say “In two weeks…”

How can one use 二週間 to say, "In two weeks from today, I am going to Tokyo." I am confused on how one would use particles here and I need some help.
4
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1answer
75 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
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2answers
83 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I came across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here?
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1answer
65 views

Self Introduction - じこしょうかい [on hold]

Is this how you combine words together using で for なまえ、せんこう、がくねん、たんじょうび、しゅっしん、and ことば。 私はoscarです。せんこうはcomputer scienceでにねんせいです。たんじょうびは十二月三十日でにじゅうさいです。しゅっしんはoaklandでcantoneseをはなします。
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2answers
83 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
7
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4answers
262 views

Is 時間がありますか unnatural?

I asked a few native speakers about which phrase was more natural in a situation where I ask a friend if they had time: 時間がありますか? or 時間はありますか? They all chose the latter. So is the ...
8
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2answers
176 views

Sentence-final 「ど~」?

I came across this image online. What does the ど~ in はしったど~ mean?
4
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1answer
1k views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when the speaker wonders about something to himself? For example, what would be the translation of these sentences: ...
3
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1answer
259 views

How do you know when to useですor います?and when to use the particles はor の?

I'm only a beginner learner in Japanese, and I'm having trouble on when to use desu or imasu. I also have trouble on when to use は or の. Example: まゆさん は ともだち ふたり が います。 Why would it be は ...
9
votes
1answer
98 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Difference in usage of ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentences that use は, but others use が. I'm not sure how to use these particles. For example, what is the difference between: 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
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1answer
80 views

What particle should I use with “motomeru”?

In the sentence Honne o motomeru is o/wo (を) the correct particle to use?
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1answer
80 views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
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3answers
117 views

私には無理です or 私は無理です

Why does the expression "impossible for me" in Japanese have 私には instead of just 私は?
2
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2answers
80 views

Meaning and use of どの when not in a question

Can someone please help me to understand these sentences from the Tobira textbook? 秋田市の「竿燈祭り」、仙台市の「七夕祭り」、そして青森市の「ねぶた祭り」。どの祭りもすごいスケール!毎年、日本だけじゃなくて、海外からも観光客がたくさん来るし、とても人気のある祭りだよ。 I am confused about ...
3
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2answers
115 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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1answer
66 views

Translation doubt: 自分とは何でどこへ向かうべきか

This is an excerpt from a song I'm trying to translate: 自分とは何でどこへ向かうべきか 自分 - oneself, 何でどこ - why, where, 向かう - head (verb), べき - suffix meaning "should" My doubts are what とは means and ...
5
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1answer
173 views

Other uses of the combined particle には

I'm reading a story and two siblings are playing 'hide and seek'. The younger one, after finding a hiding place, says: ここならお兄ちゃんには絶対に見つからないよ ここなら means 'if here' that is, from the context, 'if I ...
2
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2answers
97 views

木 を 切り に VS 木 を 切る に in the ももたろう tale

In the ももたろう tale there's a sentence that goes like: おじいさんが山{やま}へ木{き}を切{き}りにいけば、 おばあさんは川{かわ}へせんたくにでかけます。 Which translates as If the old man went to the mountain to cut trees the old ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Sentence ending in ~でさ

hello, my lovelies! I found this from a song: 嘘つくのは得意なんだ でも、本音は少し苦手でさ おかしいね、いつだって 本当の話が一番嘘臭いんだよ I'm going to guess that it's a masculine or slang form of である with the さ particle ...
2
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1answer
45 views

How to say “He likes something” without using は?

Typically, you would say 「彼は寿司が好きです。」 to say "He likes sushi." But assuming the "topic" of the sentence was something else and you couldn't use は without repeating it (if that's an option), what ...
4
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1answer
133 views

When is “私じゃ” used?

One of my Japanese friends wrote this sentence: 私じゃ歌えない She meant that she can't sing a particular song. Is じゃ used in that sentence the same way が would be used to put an emphasis on the ...
4
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1answer
194 views

When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Question about/with particles [closed]

this is my first question on this site and i going to use romaji because i didnt configured my keyboard. So... i use a book that dont have answers-key, then i dont have sure if i doing right. ...
7
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4answers
276 views

Does this “が” mean “but”? What is the difference between 習うと思う and 習おうと思う?

I'm not sure my translation for this brief conversation is correct, particularly the last sentence, so would like it double checked please. カレン: ニールさんは音楽の学生ですね。 ニール: そうですが、どうして? カレン: ...
7
votes
2answers
271 views

What does the particle at the end of なぜと申しますと mean?

I've always known that と may be used as a particle that is required for the formation of a conditional phrase or to quote someone's speech. So, what is the function of the last particle in the ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Which is better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?

I am trying to say: "Shall I buy it?" Which would be better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?
5
votes
2answers
543 views

Difference between と and や~など

I know both of these particles are used to list items. So, I was trying to write the sentence "I like Japanese culture, history and stuff." 私は日本文化と日本史といろいろが好きです。 But someone told me it is ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Contraction of ー てるのか

伸ばしてんのか?髪。。。 I was under the impression that the て form followed by ん was a contraction of - てるの. However, in this sentence we have a のか following it. The のか sounds like it's supposed to nominalize ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

だったら as an interjection

だったらさ! だった is the completed tense of だ, ら is a rough indicator, and さ is an assertion. The completed existential verb with the rough indicator would seem to say something like "Things having ...
1
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1answer
98 views

Meaning of triple particle (?) のはな

Take a sentence like: そういうのはな(noun)だったらこう。。。 I'm not sure what to make of the のはな part. I'm not even sure they're all particles. I suspect the な might be a negative. I'm guessing the の turns the ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

にとって as topic/subject marker and は as object marker?

I came across this spoken sentence in the drama Fumo Chitai: 刷り上がった新聞を少しでも早く輸送したい新聞社にとって高速道路沿いにある印刷工場は何としても手に入れたい。 Context: the newspaper company needs a new printing factory near a highway and they ...
4
votes
1answer
436 views

Is there such a thing as a て particle?

While browsing through some chapters of the Bleach manga, I stumbled over a sentence that puzzles me. A chapter is called: 立ちて死すべし I know what 立ち means and I know that the べし is a suffix that kind ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Usage of の as nominalizer

Cheers. Some days ago I've been trying to get used in how to use の as nominalizer, but I cant get it even yet. I cant get the part where の changes the sentence into a noun. e.g ブログを読むのが好きです ...
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3answers
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What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between 「ほど」 (hodo) and 「ぐらい」 (gurai)?

As in the question title, what is the difference between the two sentences below? 一{いち}時{じ}間{かん}ほどかかります。 ichijikan hodo kakarimasu. 一時間ぐらいかかります。 ichijikan gurai kakarimasu. How do we ...
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2answers
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Which part of speech is the 「ぞ」 in 「神のみぞ知るセカイ」?

「神{かみ}のみぞ知{し}るセカイ」 is the title of a manga/anime series but I'm not asking about the anime. I'm just curious about the 「ぞ」 part in the title. I know there is a ぞ particle that is similar to よ, such ...
4
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1answer
141 views

Usage of で in the following sentence

In "Minna no nihongo II" book, lesson 47, mondai question 6.3 there is a sentence: オーストラリアで山火事があったそうです. Why is で used and not に? If both can be used what would be the difference between them ? ...
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3answers
227 views

Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」?

When you ask "Where is the book?", are both answers ("It is nowhere.") in Japanese correct? 本はどこにありますか。or 本はどこですか。 どこにもありません。 or どこもではありません。 Is 「どこにもありません。」the same as 「どこもではありません。」, are ...
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2answers
269 views

Meaning of 「〜のと〜ので」

My questions are regarding portions of the following sentence in bold: 幸{さいわ}いナイフが小さいのと、親指の骨が堅{かた}かったので、今だに親指は手に付いて居る。 More generally, I am wondering about the 「〜のと〜ので」 construct presented here. ...
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2answers
101 views

に as an indirect complement

From this question Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている? I did few hours ago another one, a bigger one arose. マフィアは隠れ蓑に合法的な事業を展開している I know に can be used as an indirect complement but I would have ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Trouble with もう二度と列車や車には乗らん

I've been trying to read a manga book and there's one bit that I can't get my head around. The sentence: もう二度{にど}と列車{れっしゃ}や車には乗{の}らん I'm fine with most of it but I'm confused about why the は ...
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vote
1answer
85 views

Which particle do I use to express using a writing instrument?

"I'm writing with a pen" "I'm writing with a pencil" "I'm drawing with a blue crayon" and so on. ボールペンでかいています。 or ボールペンをかいています。 or what do I use?
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vote
1answer
3k views

Usage of nan desu?

In a few songs I've heard recently I've noticed that nan desu (without the か) has been used in what seems to be maybe a declarative or emphatic sense (not really sure), is this possible? I'm not ...
4
votes
1answer
600 views

Grammar of 彼の日本語のレベルは私と同じくらいだ

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

What are the と, という, and の doing in this sentence?

「帰ってきました!ただいまー!」声を張り上げて足を踏み入れると、広がるのは地下室という響きとはかけ離れた生活臭のする小部屋だった。 I'm confused as to what と does in this sentence. Is it a quoting particle or conditional? 地下室という響きとは I'm completely lost as ...