助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

-1
votes
0answers
41 views

Please translate [on hold]

Please translate: "Yuki asked Tanaka where he was going"in Japanese
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to answer -だね question?

So I've come to learn that something + だね means something along the lines of "Is it __?" with an expected yes answer. I received this kind of comment as a response to a photo I posted on the internet. ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views
4
votes
1answer
187 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What does 「~の ほうが」 mean in this sentence?

サッカー と やきゅう と どちらが おもしろいですか。 ....サッカーの ほうが おもしろいです。 What is the meaning of the answer here?
1
vote
2answers
111 views

What does だって do in 「それは僕だって知ってる…」?

This is from 楽しいムーミン一家. You can watch the full dialogue here starting from 2:35 if you need more context. The part I'm asking about begins around 3:25. Basically, winter is coming so Snufkin is ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Order of particles in a sentence

I have a question about this sentence. Q: 会社 ___ ____ ______ ______ 行っていますか. A: 私は歩いて行っています. I can use the particles で は へ and 何. According to the answer key, the correct order is: ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

は and が with 何 & こそあど

One of my textbooks said that you cannot use the particle は with 何 and undefined words of the こそあど. Yet I'm sure I've heard これは何ですか。 many times before, and これが何ですか。 sounds unnatural to me. What is ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Particle at the end of a sentence

I've seen some sentences end with particles like が and で. The most common particle that I see is に. For example, if someone asked: どこにいる? → Where are you? I could reply, 友達{ともだち}の家{いえ}に → (I'...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Basic Grammar - の particle as an explanation

I'm an absolute Japanese learning beginner. I came across this confusing sentence while I was reading a grammar guide book. Please help me : 飲むんだ。 I understand that の is substituted by ん as we speak, ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Please Explain Dictionary Form + って (いるって)

I came across the sentence, ともだちがいるってすてきだなあ. If someone could explain the いるって part, dictionary form+って, I'd appreciate it.
4
votes
2answers
123 views

Why can't I use は with ある?

I wanted to say: there is a pen. Hence, I said ペンはある。But my girlfriend said to me that one has to say: ペンがある。But she can't explain to me why, and I don't understand. Do you have an explanation? ...
3
votes
3answers
190 views

Does the lack of は change the sentence?

So I saw this sentence: きのう初めておすしをたべました。 And wondered if the は is just being left out. Does the sentence change any if は is added in? Like so: きのうは初めておすしをたべました。
2
votes
2answers
760 views

とは、では、には Understanding of double particles

I have some troubles understanding those particles 【では】、【には】、【とは】 etc. I completely understand and can use 【での】、【のに】 etc., but when 【は】 follows one other, I can't figure out how to use it and how to ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Meaning of や in 「もうどうだっていいや」

What's the appropriate definition for や in this lyric? Can anyone give similar examples of や? jisho.org has this definition (#4) "interjection expressing surprise" but that doesn't seem right. ...
7
votes
2answers
478 views

What does だけ mean in this sentence?

I'll start off with the line itself: 親公認で付き合えるこの状況だけで、奇跡と思わなくっちゃいけない。 The line seems simple enough. I know だけ has a few more meanings than just "only" but none of those appear to fit here ...
3
votes
3answers
364 views

What does “da” mean in “tabeta bakari da”?

I understand (correct me if I'm wrong) that da is a short casual form of desu. But what does it mean in this phrase or why it is used? Tabeta bakari da.
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Can somebody explain the difference between ために and ように [duplicate]

I am not sure of the difference between ために and ように. Can someone explain with a few examples. I know one is used for "in order" and one is used "hope to".
2
votes
1answer
117 views
3
votes
1answer
90 views

How can よ be used as part of a question?

In the trailer for Fault Milestone One, one character asks another, わたし達...帰れるよね...? The translation provided of 'Will we... be able to go back...?' seems straight forward enough, but the use of よ ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Translating sentences containing し

Here are two sentences containing the し particle: このアパートは綺麗だし、安い。 This apartment is clean and what's more it's inexpensive. 今日はお客さんも来るし、夕食も作らなくてはいけないし、エアロビクスにいけません。 I've got visitors ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Need an Explanation on use of との in a sentence [duplicate]

The sentence I am looking at is: 目標との距離400!! It's from the first few pages of Attack on Titan :) I understand the general meaning of the sentence and that 'との' is describing the distance ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

relative clause with Causative-Passive Verb

In this grammatical construction: X (doer)-は/が + Y (place)-で\に + Z (causer)-に + W (direct object)-を + Causative-Passive Verb (transitive verb) What particles are used if the following relative ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Why is というのは used (both times) in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the use of というのは in the second sentence below. Is it a way to refer to the 職業 in the first sentence? I find in some places that というのは can mean "the reason I'm saying this is......
5
votes
1answer
142 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Why is を used instead of の? [duplicate]

I was looking at one of the example sentences in a kanji learning app I use, and the particle choice struck me as strange. In the sentence "青空を背景に木々を描く。", I can't understand why を is used after 青空. ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Can と AND や be used in a sentence for a list of things

I have been reading about using と and や. Now, I understand the basic idea that や is for a list where the list is not all-inclusive. と on the other hand essentially informs the listener that "only ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the function of というのは in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Use of と in these two sentences + のぼる or あがる

I've got these two sentences: 屋上にあがると景色がきれいです。 駅の前に銀行ができると便利になります。 I understand the vocabulary, but I don't get the usage of と. Also, I don't get why あがる is used instead of のぼる. I think ...
6
votes
2answers
556 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Difference between か and のか

I am going through 'All About Particles', and came across the following two sentences: なぜ彼がそんなことをやったか、わかりません。 どうして彼女がそんなつまらない本を読んでいるのか、不思議です。 What is the difference between using か in the ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

What the difference between using か and が for a question?

So what's the difference between asking: だれか? And: だれが?
38
votes
7answers
5k views

When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?
24
votes
5answers
4k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

For time adverbs, are particles instead of commas used in official (legal) writing?

Even though yesterday is not an adverb, we say: I played golf yesterday. only because the preposition, on, is dropped before yesterday. In that on yesterday becomes a prepositional phrase that ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Explain the meaning of という or と + いう?

Here is the sentence: それは改良を必要としますが、すぐにということではありません。 I can't understand this part: すぐに_Adverb + という_Particle? + こと_Noun + では_DEWA + ありません_Verb. I know that という is an expression "said; called thus", ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Trouble with translation 「アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。」

Reading a newspaper article I came across a sentence which gives me multiple troubles... 昨春に始まったツアーは日米や東南アジアなど13カ国・地域で140万人を集める見通し。アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。 Regarding では, would it be correct to treat it ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Unnecessary に in “どんなに” in this sentence?

The following sentences are from a reading passage. I'm confused on the third sentence - the previous two are just given for context. 日本ではどこに行っても、「きまりですから」という言葉を耳にする。 これを言われてしまうと、こちらにはもう反論の余地はない。...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Use of はじめて and どれだっけ?

I don't really know where to ask for help; usually I get the meaning of a sentence on my own, but well, this sentence is giving me a hard time. It seems easy but I can't figure out the uses of はじめて= ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

particles for dekiru [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning I have another question with “dekiru”. When this verb is used the particle “ni”? For example, like in the following ...
6
votes
2answers
182 views

What purpose does は serve after へ in this sentence?

ところで、今週末のゴルフ大会へは行くんですか。 I feel I have a decent understanding of both of those particles, but I'm wondering how the meaning of the sentence changes with and without the は after へ.
1
vote
1answer
507 views

What particle to use as *of* when saying “X percent *of* something”?

I would like to be able to say X percent of something, but I haven't been able to find the particle that would correspond to of. Could you use の?  For example: 人口の10パーセント (10 percent of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of とこに?

I pretty much couldn't find this とこに in my dictionary so I was wondering what it means. Here's the context: あんなとこにタオル落ちてる Also, is あんな a slang for あのな? Edit. I forgot, my translation would be: ...
15
votes
9answers
2k views

What are other language equivalents to Japanese particles?

When a person is learning は and が in terms of particles, what are the best way to relate them to English equivalents? The closest I can come to explaining them to others is "the" and "a" but I'm not ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
6
votes
1answer
94 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
2
votes
2answers
562 views

How 二週間 can be used to say “In two weeks…”

How can one use 二週間 to say, "In two weeks from today, I am going to Tokyo." I am confused on how one would use particles here and I need some help.