助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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3
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3answers
187 views

Does the lack of は change the sentence?

So I saw this sentence: きのう初めておすしをたべました。 And wondered if the は is just being left out. Does the sentence change any if は is added in? Like so: きのうは初めておすしをたべました。
2
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2answers
708 views

とは、では、には Understanding of double particles

I have some troubles understanding those particles 【では】、【には】、【とは】 etc. I completely understand and can use 【での】、【のに】 etc., but when 【は】 follows one other, I can't figure out how to use it and how to ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Why can't I use は with ある?

I wanted to say: there is a pen. Hence, I said ペンはある。But my girlfriend said to me that one has to say: ペンがある。But she can't explain to me why, and I don't understand. Do you have an explanation? ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Meaning of や in 「もうどうだっていいや」

What's the appropriate definition for や in this lyric? Can anyone give similar examples of や? jisho.org has this definition (#4) "interjection expressing surprise" but that doesn't seem right. ...
0
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1answer
94 views
-2
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0answers
61 views

Causative form particles

So, I cannot understand what particles I use in causative forms. Which one I use for the subject, which one for the person who's made to do the action? Please, need help!
7
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2answers
459 views

What does だけ mean in this sentence?

I'll start off with the line itself: 親公認で付き合えるこの状況だけで、奇跡と思わなくっちゃいけない。 The line seems simple enough. I know だけ has a few more meanings than just "only" but none of those appear to fit here ...
3
votes
3answers
348 views

What does “da” mean in “tabeta bakari da”?

I understand (correct me if I'm wrong) that da is a short casual form of desu. But what does it mean in this phrase or why it is used? Tabeta bakari da.
0
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0answers
27 views

Can somebody explain the difference between ために and ように [duplicate]

I am not sure of the difference between ために and ように. Can someone explain with a few examples. I know one is used for "in order" and one is used "hope to".
2
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1answer
113 views
4
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1answer
86 views

は and が with 何 & こそあど

One of my textbooks said that you cannot use the particle は with 何 and undefined words of the こそあど. Yet I'm sure I've heard これは何ですか。 many times before, and これが何ですか。 sounds unnatural to me. What is ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

How can よ be used as part of a question?

In the trailer for Fault Milestone One, one character asks another, わたし達...帰れるよね...? The translation provided of 'Will we... be able to go back...?' seems straight forward enough, but the use of よ ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Translating sentences containing し

Here are two sentences containing the し particle: このアパートは綺麗だし、安い。 This apartment is clean and what's more it's inexpensive. 今日はお客さんも来るし、夕食も作らなくてはいけないし、エアロビクスにいけません。 I've got visitors ...
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0answers
28 views

Need an Explanation on use of との in a sentence [duplicate]

The sentence I am looking at is: 目標との距離400!! It's from the first few pages of Attack on Titan :) I understand the general meaning of the sentence and that 'との' is describing the distance ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

relative clause with Causative-Passive Verb

In this grammatical construction: X (doer)-は/が + Y (place)-で\に + Z (causer)-に + W (direct object)-を + Causative-Passive Verb (transitive verb) What particles are used if the following relative ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Why is というのは used (both times) in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the use of というのは in the second sentence below. Is it a way to refer to the 職業 in the first sentence? I find in some places that というのは can mean "the reason I'm saying this ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
3
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0answers
65 views

Why is を used instead of の? [duplicate]

I was looking at one of the example sentences in a kanji learning app I use, and the particle choice struck me as strange. In the sentence "青空を背景に木々を描く。", I can't understand why を is used after 青空. ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Can と AND や be used in a sentence for a list of things

I have been reading about using と and や. Now, I understand the basic idea that や is for a list where the list is not all-inclusive. と on the other hand essentially informs the listener that "only ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the function of というのは in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Use of と in these two sentences + のぼる or あがる

I've got these two sentences: 屋上にあがると景色がきれいです。 駅の前に銀行ができると便利になります。 I understand the vocabulary, but I don't get the usage of と. Also, I don't get why あがる is used instead of のぼる. I think ...
6
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2answers
537 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Difference between か and のか

I am going through 'All About Particles', and came across the following two sentences: なぜ彼がそんなことをやったか、わかりません。 どうして彼女がそんなつまらない本を読んでいるのか、不思議です。 What is the difference between using か in the ...
2
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2answers
80 views

What the difference between using か and が for a question?

So what's the difference between asking: だれか? And: だれが?
38
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7answers
5k views

When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?
24
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5answers
4k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

For time adverbs, are particles instead of commas used in official (legal) writing?

Even though yesterday is not an adverb, we say: I played golf yesterday. only because the preposition, on, is dropped before yesterday. In that on yesterday becomes a prepositional phrase that ...
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3answers
1k views

Explain the meaning of という or と + いう?

Here is the sentence: それは改良を必要としますが、すぐにということではありません。 I can't understand this part: すぐに_Adverb + という_Particle? + こと_Noun + では_DEWA + ありません_Verb. I know that という is an expression "said; called thus", ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Trouble with translation 「アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。」

Reading a newspaper article I came across a sentence which gives me multiple troubles... 昨春に始まったツアーは日米や東南アジアなど13カ国・地域で140万人を集める見通し。アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。 Regarding では, would it be correct to treat it ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Unnecessary に in “どんなに” in this sentence?

The following sentences are from a reading passage. I'm confused on the third sentence - the previous two are just given for context. 日本ではどこに行っても、「きまりですから」という言葉を耳にする。 ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Use of はじめて and どれだっけ?

I don't really know where to ask for help; usually I get the meaning of a sentence on my own, but well, this sentence is giving me a hard time. It seems easy but I can't figure out the uses of はじめて= ...
3
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0answers
69 views

particles for dekiru [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning I have another question with “dekiru”. When this verb is used the particle “ni”? For example, like in the following ...
6
votes
2answers
182 views

What purpose does は serve after へ in this sentence?

ところで、今週末のゴルフ大会へは行くんですか。 I feel I have a decent understanding of both of those particles, but I'm wondering how the meaning of the sentence changes with and without the は after へ.
1
vote
1answer
492 views

What particle to use as *of* when saying “X percent *of* something”?

I would like to be able to say X percent of something, but I haven't been able to find the particle that would correspond to of. Could you use の?  For example: 人口の10パーセント (10 percent of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of とこに?

I pretty much couldn't find this とこに in my dictionary so I was wondering what it means. Here's the context: あんなとこにタオル落ちてる Also, is あんな a slang for あのな? Edit. I forgot, my translation would be: ...
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9answers
2k views

What are other language equivalents to Japanese particles?

When a person is learning は and が in terms of particles, what are the best way to relate them to English equivalents? The closest I can come to explaining them to others is "the" and "a" but I'm not ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
6
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1answer
93 views

How to turn an independent clause into a subject?

こんにちはみなさん! I was talking to my niece and she told me she was learning to play the piano, so I wanted to say "I want to hear Asuka-chan play the piano!" but then I realized I wasn't entirely certain ...
2
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2answers
511 views

How 二週間 can be used to say “In two weeks…”

How can one use 二週間 to say, "In two weeks from today, I am going to Tokyo." I am confused on how one would use particles here and I need some help.
4
votes
1answer
122 views

What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
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vote
2answers
135 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I came across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here?
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1answer
75 views

Self Introduction - じこしょうかい [closed]

Is this how you combine words together using で for なまえ、せんこう、がくねん、たんじょうび、しゅっしん、and ことば。 私はoscarです。せんこうはcomputer scienceでにねんせいです。たんじょうびは十二月三十日でにじゅうさいです。しゅっしんはoaklandでcantoneseをはなします。
2
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2answers
86 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
7
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4answers
284 views

Is 時間がありますか unnatural?

I asked a few native speakers about which phrase was more natural in a situation where I ask a friend if they had time: 時間がありますか? or 時間はありますか? They all chose the latter. So is the ...
9
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2answers
184 views

Sentence-final 「ど~」?

I came across this image online. What does the ど~ in はしったど~ mean?
5
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1answer
2k views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when the speaker wonders about something to himself? For example, what would be the translation of these sentences: ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

How do you know when to useですor います?and when to use the particles はor の?

I'm only a beginner learner in Japanese, and I'm having trouble on when to use desu or imasu. I also have trouble on when to use は or の. Example: まゆさん は ともだち ふたり が います。 Why would it be は ...
11
votes
1answer
140 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...