助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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Correct way to say “I am a beginner in Japanese”

What is the correct way to say: "I am a beginner in Japanese". Google Translate shows the translation is: 私は日本語で初心者です However, Google search shows: 私は日本語の初心者です has a lot more hits. Which ...
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144 views

Particle に used with ~て頂いてありがとう

Here is a sentence taken from a manga: その節は私にたくさんのエネルギーを提供して頂いてありがとう。 Thank you for having provided me with all that energy at that time. I don't get why 私 is used with the particle に ...
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396 views

Why is the particle の used instead of が in these phrases? [duplicate]

Why is the particle の used instead of が in phrases like 身寄りのない人 or the sentence 琵琶湖の向こう岸に虹の立つのを、麻子は見た。? While I understand the meanings of these examples, I would have expected to find the nominative ...
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70 views

は and が with 何 & こそあど

One of my textbooks said that you cannot use the particle は with 何 and undefined words of the こそあど. Yet I'm sure I've heard これは何ですか。 many times before, and これが何ですか。 sounds unnatural to me. What is ...
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198 views

When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
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283 views

君に話しがある How does this work?

ちょっと君に話しがある I saw this sentence in my downloaded deck of cards. Does it make sense. Why does it feel like "You have a little bit of a story in you". How do you interpret this? What does the に? In ...
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277 views

What is the meaning and grammatical construction of 人って?

I am trying to understand the grammar behind "[noun]って". I looked up some examples on space alc web, and 人って seems to mean people, someone, or some person. I have seen other examples of the [noun]って ...
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3k views

Usage of nan desu?

In a few songs I've heard recently I've noticed that nan desu (without the か) has been used in what seems to be maybe a declarative or emphatic sense (not really sure), is this possible? I'm not ...
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340 views

Song lyrics with missing case particles

I sometimes find that songs liberally omit noun particles. As Japanese word order is somewhat free, this causes me to severely scratch my head. Song in question: ...
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What does “nanode” mean? What are its grammatical rules?

What's the meaning of this sentence and what does なので mean here? If possible, I would like to know the grammatical rules of なので as well. 英語と日本語なので私にとっても良い勉強になります。
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How are these translations of “I had an exam yesterday” different?

How would "I had an exam yesterday" be translated? きのうテストをありました。 きのうテストをしました。 If both of the above are correct, what is the difference between them?
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272 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
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149 views

Using も in place of を

I'm currently trying to get back into studying Japanese. I want to take the JLPT N3 this summer. To get myself in the mode for this I am first looking at the N4 tests on the JLPT website. The ...
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2answers
389 views

も particle after an adverb

I know that も particle can be used in place of は、が、を. And it means "in addition", "also". What function does it have in this adverb "不運にも"? Should we treat it as a separate word here?
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681 views

Why “to iu na no” instead of “de” or “no”?

So I'm watching this anime a couple of days ago and one of the characters were describing a group of people. He ended his description with "GIGN to iu na no inu". The subtitle says that meant: "Those ...
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236 views

Is saying 「XはYは…」 acceptable?

In いっすんぼうし, a very popular fairy tale, this line appears: だいじんは からだは ちいさいけれど げんきな いっすんぼうしを たいそう きにいり じぶんの いえで はたらかせることにしました。 Is 「だいじんは からだは」 grammatically correct? What would be done to make ...
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339 views

Confusion with the の particle

I am currently learning basic grammar using the Tae Kim's guide to japanese. In one of his examples he roughly translates this sentence: こんなのを本当に食べる? as "Do you think [he/she] will really eat ...
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253 views

What does adding お at the end of a word change?

An example would be: "watashi wa cake o(お) tabetai". What does the お do? I tried on google translate and it seems it gives pertenence to that thing..like it belongs either to you or me..but I still ...
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163 views

Does the lack of は change the sentence?

So I saw this sentence: きのう初めておすしをたべました。 And wondered if the は is just being left out. Does the sentence change any if は is added in? Like so: きのうは初めておすしをたべました。
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82 views

How can よ be used as part of a question?

In the trailer for Fault Milestone One, one character asks another, わたし達...帰れるよね...? The translation provided of 'Will we... be able to go back...?' seems straight forward enough, but the use of よ ...
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91 views

Polite form of って in 「なになに」って何?

How would you politely say that? When you talk to a stranger, and you don't know the word he just said. Say f.e.: 落札 I understand that you could just say 「落札」の意味は何ですか? but is there specifically a ...
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2answers
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How would you structure a sentence to say “someday I will go to Japan”?

I am trying to figure out the particle and order of words in a sentence to that says "Someday I will go to Japan". Would you say: 私は日本がいつかに行きます。 or would I say: 日本は私がいつかに行きます。 I really ...
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112 views

Particle Choice: は・が・を - “I want … to be my …”

(私は)山田先生が私の指導教員になってもらってほしいのでメールを書いています。 I am trying to say: "I hope Yamada Sensei could be my advisor, so I'm writing this mail." In this situation, is が the correct particle?
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158 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
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177 views

に particle and passive form… multiple meanings?

There's a sentence in my textbook. 子供の時から今までを振り返って男あるいは女に生まれて、Aよかったと思った/思うこと、B嫌いだと思った/思うこと、を三つずつ書いてください 男あるいは女に生まれて、 This is the part in particular I don't understand... I read it as... "Born by a ...
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2answers
295 views

What is the use of the particle “の” and “ある方”?

I am a bit confused about this sentence I came across while studying: 質問のある方はどうぞ。 "Please feel free to ask any questions." I'm not sure about the "のある方" part of the sentence. My guess is that it ...
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250 views

What is よ doing as a connector before a comma?

I saw this as a comment someone posted on Google+ in response to NHK announcing a show: 本気{ほんき}なら地上波{ちじょうは}でやれよ、受信料{じゅしんりょう}返{かえ}せ I think it's saying "If this is really what you intend to ...
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80 views

Translating sentences containing し

Here are two sentences containing the し particle: このアパートは綺麗だし、安い。 This apartment is clean and what's more it's inexpensive. 今日はお客さんも来るし、夕食も作らなくてはいけないし、エアロビクスにいけません。 I've got visitors ...
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125 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
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Particle question about で and に

Can someone say: "ここに暑いですね?" To ask: "Its hot in here, isn't it?" Or is the correct way to say it: "ここで暑いですね?"
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67 views

幸い Usage with Particles (~で or ~に)

I'm trying to write a phrase that says "Fortunately I passed (the exam)" and I would like to use 幸い in it, but I'm not sure how I would go about writing it, mainly because I'm not quite sure which ...
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227 views

Is setting a topic obligatory?

For instance, if I say the following as the first phrase in a conversation: おはよう!ピクニックでリナさんを探していましたが、どこもみえませんでしたね。 Hi! I was looking for you at the picnic, but couldn't find anywhere. Is it ...
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159 views

わけ accompanied by な particle

What exactly does な particle mean when used with わけ? Example (pulled from Google): あいつが犯人なわけがないじゃないか. I know exactly what this sentence means, but I'm just a little unsure on what the な is ...
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249 views

Do Japanese's sister languages have equivalents of the particles は and を?

Okinawan definitely has a particle equivalent to the Japanese subject particle が. But I can't seem to find something like the topic particle は or the object particle を. Then again I only have ...
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220 views

Use of も in this sentence.

This is the sentence in question from one of my text books. 学生がいませんから、パブもシティーセンターも静かになります。 My Translation - "There are no students so the pubs and city centre becomes quiet." Why is it も and not と ...
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186 views

What does こと mean between two nouns?

What is the function of the first こと in the following sentence? 「労働のビッグバン」こと非正規雇用の規制緩和が次々に行われたのは90年代、バブルが崩壊して以降のことである。 Logically it seems it has a function similar to と. If that is indeed what it ...
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215 views

What is the function of の particle after Conjunction?

Here is the sentence: それなのにの言い換えや別の言い方。 Taking it apart: それなのに_Conjunction + の_Particle + 言い換え_Noun + や_Particle + 別_Noun? + の_Particle + 言い方_Noun。 This construction puzzles me. What is の doing right ...
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For time adverbs, are particles instead of commas used in official (legal) writing?

Even though yesterday is not an adverb, we say: I played golf yesterday. only because the preposition, on, is dropped before yesterday. In that on yesterday becomes a prepositional phrase that ...
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Trouble with translation 「アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。」

Reading a newspaper article I came across a sentence which gives me multiple troubles... 昨春に始まったツアーは日米や東南アジアなど13カ国・地域で140万人を集める見通し。アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。 Regarding では, would it be correct to treat it ...
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119 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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だったら as an interjection

だったらさ! だった is the completed tense of だ, ら is a rough indicator, and さ is an assertion. The completed existential verb with the rough indicator would seem to say something like "Things having ...
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136 views

Usage of の as nominalizer

Cheers. Some days ago I've been trying to get used in how to use の as nominalizer, but I cant get it even yet. I cant get the part where の changes the sentence into a noun. e.g ブログを読むのが好きです ...
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91 views

には with plain form of verb

I'm trying to figure out what this sentence below means, but I'm having trouble with the には after the dictionary form of いる. もう1匹居るには居るんじゃが…。 I've read Dictionary form of verb followed by に, ...
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137 views

~んだよなぁ What general meaning/feeling does this give?

I understand this is a combinations of a few ending particles, but I've seen it enough times that I wonder what general feeling a native gets from it. Examples I remember: 終わったんだよなぁ。 難しいんだよなぁ。 ...
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218 views

Use of は particle when talking about doing things on a certain day

One thing that I still don't exactly understand is when to use は when talking about doing things on a certain day. For example, 明日は学校に行く。 or 明後日は映画館に行く。 Should the は be included or ...
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Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
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131 views

A bit confused about the usage of どころ?

I'm having trouble understanding when どころ is used more for emphasis/to show an extreme example, compared to when it's used to negate something. Also, when would it be used to negate something in an ...
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1answer
112 views

What is the difference between 忘れないで and 忘れるなよ?

These two forms, ~ないで and the ~な particle seem to have similar meanings. Can someone please explain the difference between the two?
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215 views

に/で and を/から - particle choice in two JLPT N5 sentences

この かみに 電話番号を 書いてください。 Why is it wrong to use で instead? What if the sentence is like このボールペン__電話番号を書いてください? 六時に 会社を 出て、うちへ 帰ります。 Why is it wrong to use から here? Is it because it's a fixed ...
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162 views

What are the uses of に and とは in this sentence?

What are the uses of に and とは in this sentence? 俺のような学生生活に夢も持たない人間とはまったく違う人種。 I know this sentence says something along the lines of 'Those people are like a completely different race than ...