助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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Translating っつーか

I really really need help with this sentence I have tried everything but I don't get its structure and how to translate it so I'd appreciate if someone could help please? オレ一人 ore hitori ...
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323 views

The difference between (な形容詞)さ and (な形容詞)性?

I'm in the middle of writing a paper in Japanese, and I can't quite figure out which is right. If I want to nominalize a な形容詞, should I affix さ or 性 at the end? I've been checking on search engines, ...
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What is とは、のが、のは、には、 へは and では? [closed]

Someone told me that these aren't actually particles, but they're separate particles put together. I vaguely have an understanding of には and では but it's とは、のが、 and のは that confuse me a lot. I heard ...
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135 views

犬と猫が好き or 犬も猫も好き, which one is correct?

If both are correct, are there any differences between them?
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609 views

Grammar of 彼の日本語のレベルは私と同じくらいだ

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
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270 views

omitting conjunction で for emphasis?

In an essay I'm reading called 料理, the author says the following (note: the full sentence is very long, so I've omitted a few of the clauses while keeping enough to get the general point across): ...
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145 views

Usage of で in the following sentence

In "Minna no nihongo II" book, lesson 47, mondai question 6.3 there is a sentence: オーストラリアで山火事があったそうです. Why is で used and not に? If both can be used what would be the difference between them ? ...
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326 views

In a period of time

What's the best way to express in in the following sentence: I will go in five minutes time. Here's my attempt     五分かいあとで行きます。 Here's another attempt which I have even less confidence in: ...
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281 views

Use of the “へ” particle when asking about transportation methods

I have a question relating to question 19 of the JLPT N5 'example' grammar exam. This is a question where you have four things to fit into four gaps: A: [会社 _ _ _ _ 行って いますか] B: [わたしは あるいて ...
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584 views

Difference between だけで and でだけ?

The だけ meaning "only", and で being the "at/in" particle. When saying "only in/at", does the で come before, or after the だけ? What does it mean, if anything, when it's reversed? Example: "You can only ...
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440 views

Is there such a thing as a て particle?

While browsing through some chapters of the Bleach manga, I stumbled over a sentence that puzzles me. A chapter is called: 立ちて死すべし I know what 立ち means and I know that the べし is a suffix that kind ...
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92 views

What is the purpose of か in this sentence?

In my opinion, it would not function as interrogation or alternative explanation. Here is the sentence. 電源ボタンを押すと表示される電源メニューで「電源を切る」をタッチするか、電源ボタンを電源ランプが消えるまで押し続けると、電源がOFFになります。
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198 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
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164 views

Translation of 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった

I have some trouble to translate this sentence: 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった is that: "I have discovered that my friend is lying" or "My friend found out I was lying"? この文の翻訳に迷っています: 友達【ともだち】に ...
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193 views

Difference between に and として?

What is the difference between に and として in the following example: お土産にチョコレートをもらった。 お土産としてチョコレートをもらった。 When is one more appropriate than the other?
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264 views

Simple Particle Question (よびます)

I am a little confused as to what is going on here: ともだちを パーティーに よびました。 Why is this not ともだちに (recipient of the invite) パーティーで (place of the invite) よびました? It would be helpful if someone can please ...
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727 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
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121 views

What's the difference between 「〜とつきあう」 and 「〜につきあう」?

I understand that つきあう means "to hang out with, to date, to keep company…". I've seen it used both with と and with に, but I haven't been able to figure out when to use which. So for example, what's ...
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318 views

Particle は VS の when identifying ownership with the verb ある

Quick basic grammar question. With respect to expressing ownership of an item using ある. Am I correctly understanding the general meaning and particle use in the following sentences? 私の辞書がありません → ...
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503 views

Article versus postposition [closed]

I have come to the conclusion that to the beginner it is useful to equate the particle は with the article ‘the’ in English. Even more so for a Swedish speaker since the Swedish article is an ending. ...
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How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
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133 views

Almost similar looking sentences with and without に particle

I am having confusion with the follow two sentences. Currently I am preparing JLPT N5 so please answer accordingly (I can't understand very advanced explanations). 私は日曜日国へ帰ります 私は誕生日に国へ帰ります ...
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156 views

Why can の and が both mark subjects in relative clauses?

夢のある人 and 夢がある人 I understand that both have obviously the same meaning, but why is it also correct to use の, which, as I learned, has the function of either a possessive particle or of a ...
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150 views

Difference between と and とは

Difference between と and とは? For example in below sentences そんなに大きいと思わなかった。 and そんなに大きいとは思わなかった。
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320 views

what does のも mean at the end of a clause?

I've run into this use of も a few times and I'm not sure what to make of it. Here's the sentence I'm confused about: 余裕を見せていられるのも、いまの内だ。
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407 views

What is the difference between は and が in this sentence?

This is an example sentence from a set of learning materials called Kanji Odyssey 2001: 北極にはシロクマなど陸上の動物がいる。南極には陸上の動物はいない。 My question is about the bold. I understand the には I think because it is ...
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211 views

「を大好き」と「が大好き」の違いは何ですか?

What's the difference in usage and meaning when using を with 大好き or 好き versus using が? I would think that using が is stating that the subject that you are talking about is loved, while using を is ...
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童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよね - translation of まで

I'm interested in an exact translation of the particle まで used in this Internet meme: In case you can't read the image, here's a transcription: 「えーマジ 童貞!?」 「キモーイ」 「童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよねー」 ...
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The で particle before です

This may be slightly multifaceted because I have a larger question regarding で that is contextualized by a smaller one. It is improper to put で before です or だ right. If someone asks 何で来ましたか (How did ...
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503 views

The uses & etymology of で

In Japanese, the particle で seems to have multiple uses: Instrumental: 車{くるま}で大阪{おおさか}に行{い}った。 "I went to Osaka by car." Locative: 図書館{としょかん}で数学{すうがく}を勉強{べんきょう}している。 "I'm studying math in the ...
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133 views

When is “私じゃ” used?

One of my Japanese friends wrote this sentence: 私じゃ歌えない She meant that she can't sing a particular song. Is じゃ used in that sentence the same way が would be used to put an emphasis on the ...
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Trouble with もう二度と列車や車には乗らん

I've been trying to read a manga book and there's one bit that I can't get my head around. The sentence: もう二度{にど}と列車{れっしゃ}や車には乗{の}らん I'm fine with most of it but I'm confused about why the は ...
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151 views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
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Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
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174 views

は/が with いる. When to use each of them

My textbook says the correct structure is WHEREにWHOがいる For example: 日本にかおるさんがいる But I've seen some webpages with examples such as: かおるさんは日本にいる So... are they both correct? Do they ...
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428 views

Use of が vs を with transitive verb, 受け入れる(+もらえる)

This is probably fairly basic but, not being a native speaker, I'd like to confirm if my understanding of grammar of the following sentence (from 中上級日本語, Feb'14) is correct and what is natural. In ...
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332 views

Where does だって come from?

Does だって find it's roots in some different combination of words, or is it it's own, self made, particle? Where does だって come from?
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315 views

さくらさくらの「ぞ」はどういう意味?

桜桜の歌詞で「匂いぞ出{い}ずる」と言った(どうやっていうの?)文があります。その文のぞはどういう意味ですか?助詞じゃないですか? I don't really know how well I structured that. In any case, what is the functionality of ぞ in さくらさくら? I can only find web ...
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146 views

Is ば derived historically from は?

The way I visualize how the particle は works is that it opens a giant circle underneath the word it is attached to wherein you can discuss things related to it. Sort of like this: When I use ば I ...
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What are the functions of というのは and かというと in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
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154 views

~場合、 vs 場合は vs 場合には

So I recently read about 場合 for the use of "situation, or circumstance". What is the difference between ~場合、, 場合は, and 場合には? My friend couldn't explain it. He just said you need to feel for which is ...
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276 views

Is this でも or で+も?

This is similar to a previous question of mine. Also from Kanji in Context, we have the example sentence (with no other context) 東京{とうきょう}でも雪{ゆき}は降{ふ}りますが、たいていは大{たい}して積{つ}もりません。 Is it possible ...
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What's the meaning of とこに?

I pretty much couldn't find this とこに in my dictionary so I was wondering what it means. Here's the context: あんなとこにタオル落ちてる Also, is あんな a slang for あのな? Edit. I forgot, my translation would be: ...
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Which is better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?

I am trying to say: "Shall I buy it?" Which would be better? 私は買いましょうか? or 私が買いましょうか?
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121 views

How is を used here?

この大作の完成を願えども余命とぼしきを如何せん。I had hoped to finish writing this novel, but I'm afraid I have little time left. 貧窮なるを如何せん。I am poor, so what can I do? In the sentences above is ヲ used as a ...
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170 views

Meaning of と and 少しでも in this sentence

I don't get what 少しでも and と mean in this sentence (from a manga) : 人々の多くは少しでもターゲットになりにくそうな僻地に身を隠そうとムダな努力を始めていた。 I remember reading that the conditional と couldn't be use with the volitional ...
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513 views

How to say Out of [a set or group] in Japanese.

I'm not really sure, but after looking at some example sentences in Jisho.org, I came to the conclusion that in order to say, for example, "Out of all of the people that I know", you would say ...
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2answers
456 views

への対へ/に-Difference between への and へ/に

This is actually following a recently asked question on how to say "for." I thought that saying あなたに私の愛 sounded perfectly fine - "toward you, my love." However another user changed it to あなたに対する愛, ...
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262 views

Why should we use 世界で and not 世界に for 日本で一番高い山は富士山です

Why do we always use で in the following situations? 日本で一番寒い月は二月です。 日本で一番高い山は富士山です。 Why can`t we use use に here? There is no action in these sentences yet we use で,rather we are indicating the place of ...
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127 views

Figuring out Aに助かりました [closed]

Does Aに助かりました mean that you were saved from A, or you were saved by A?