The short syntactic words or affixes in Japanese that are used to modify words or entire sentences.

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10
votes
2answers
383 views

How does the の work in 「日本人の知らない日本語」?

I've read that 日本人の知らない日本語 translates to: "Japanese (language) that Japanese (people) don't know". But I don't understand how or what the の does in that sentence. If I'm not mistaken 知らない日本語 could ...
3
votes
2answers
873 views

What's the difference between -ga and -o?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

What is the difference between using を and と with the verb 言う?

I apologize if this is a basic question, but it's something I've never been entirely clear on. When using the verb 言う (to say), I can never figure out whether to use the particle -と or the particle ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Alternate の particle usage

I've come across two similar examples of a usage of の I am not familiar with. 彼は運のいい男だ 意志の強い人だ I kinda understand how it is supposed to work but feel like I could parse it better if I were to hear ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Nominalizer の use

Thank you for the so useful site you have. I'm studying by my self and I have found answer to a lot of questions I had. I'm using Nihongo somatome to try N3 and there is a sentence with の that I ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Is ば derived historically from は?

The way I visualize how the particle は works is that it opens a giant circle underneath the word it is attached to wherein you can discuss things related to it. Sort of like this: When I use ば I ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

What does にゃ mean at the end of a sentence or as a particle?

From the title of a YouTube video: だるまさんが転んにゃ From the song じょんから女節: 春は私にゃ 遠すぎる I suspect the second usage might be a contraction of に and the 関西弁 copula や, but I'm not sure. Did the first ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

The に in ように… Is it consistent?

Is the に particle in ように consistent in all its uses? For example... 1/ 明日は晴れるように or 覚えるようにします I understand the に here to be a target particle for what you are wishing for or trying to achieve. 2/ ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

The に particle outside of location and direction

I am well aware of how に works compared to で and how to use it in various situations. I still have trouble with a few uses that keep popping up, as they don't seem to gel with my current ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

The で particle before です

This may be slightly multifaceted because I have a larger question regarding で that is contextualized by a smaller one. It is improper to put で before です or だ right. If someone asks 何で来ましたか (How did ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Particle for “in the water” [duplicate]

In Miyuki Nakajima's song "ファイト!" there is this line: 冷たい水の中をふるえながらのぼってゆけ I don't understand the use of the particle を in this context. Shouldn't it be に or even で?
3
votes
1answer
228 views

What is the meaning and grammatical construction of 人って?

I am trying to understand the grammar behind "[noun]って". I looked up some examples on space alc web, and 人って seems to mean people, someone, or some person. I have seen other examples of the [noun]って ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Can はbe omitted as a shortcut in speech? [duplicate]

So I have this book, "Easy Japanese, A Direct Learning Approach for Immediate Communication". I notice that は is often omitted in sentences. So instead of saying: 猫はどこですか。 It might read: 猫どこですか。 ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Which one is the appropriate preposition for the sentence below?

I was playing some game where one has to choose the appropriate preposition. In the sentence below, は is the correct answer as per the game but I got confused and didn't understand why は is the ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Difference between に and で。 [duplicate]

Which one is right..? 電車に傘を忘れてしまいました。 or 電車で傘を忘れてしまいました。 I am too much confuse about it.
2
votes
2answers
148 views

What is the use of the particle “の” and “ある方”?

I am a bit confused about this sentence I came across while studying: 質問のある方はどうぞ。 "Please feel free to ask any questions." I'm not sure about the "のある方" part of the sentence. My guess is that it ...
5
votes
2answers
254 views

Very confused about “には” in indicating relationships

I read a very detailed and useful answer explaining the difference between "に" and "には" but am still confused about a sentence I recently encountered. 私たちには息子が二人います。 I do not understand the function ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Why does そっくり(な?) take the な particle?

I was reading this page: http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html and I found そっくりな, however my dictionary says it's an adverbial noun... and I though those took の as their particle-Then ...
6
votes
1answer
312 views

what's the difference between とか and や?

what's the difference between とか and や?
6
votes
1answer
375 views

ぜ at the end of sentence?

What's the meaning of ぜ at the end of sentence? Is ぜ a particle? What's the difference between: おい、逃{に}げるぜ。 and おい、逃{に}げる。 I found a couple of explanations on the web but none I could ...
3
votes
3answers
256 views

How can I translate けど in this sentence?

I don't get these sentences; the first one ends with けど (plus I don't get why there is the use of !? at the end) Here the sentences: 俺モデル! 顔命なの です けど!? んなに 硬くねーだろ> I know that けど ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Meaning of いくのは

Cheers, I'm teaching myself the language for a while now and I'm picking up on basic grammar structure. Combined with a dictionary, I can occasionally even make sense of a sentence! But the full ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

What does こと mean between two nouns?

What is the function of the first こと in the following sentence? 「労働のビッグバン」こと非正規雇用の規制緩和が次々に行われたのは90年代、バブルが崩壊して以降のことである。 Logically it seems it has a function similar to と. If that is indeed what it ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

What's the meaning of とこに?

Pretty much I couldn't find this とこに in my dictionary so I was wondering what it means. Here the context to better understand: あんなとこにタオル落ちてる Also is あんな a slang for あのな? Thanks in advance c: I ...
1
vote
1answer
443 views

Use of はじめて and どれだっけ?

I don't really know where to ask for help, usually I got the meaning of a sentence on my own but, well this sentence is giving me a hard time, it seems easy but I can't figure out what's the use of ...
6
votes
2answers
361 views

Questions with some usages of で

From my understanding, "で" have many different usages in Japanese. I have some questions regarding the following particular uses of で. It would be very helpful if someone could also come up with other ...
3
votes
2answers
239 views

への対へ/に-Difference between への and へ/に

This is actually following a recently asked question on how to say "for." I thought that saying あなたに私の愛 sounded perfectly fine - "toward you, my love." However another user changed it to あなたに対する愛, ...
4
votes
1answer
302 views

Help translating this japanese sentence please?

I really really need help with this sentence I have tried everything but I don't get its structure and how to translate it so I'd appreciate if someone could help please? オレ一人 ore hitori ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Why should we use 世界で and not 世界に for 日本で一番高い山は富士山です

Why do we always use で in the following situations? 日本で一番寒い月は二月です。 日本で一番高い山は富士山です。 Why can`t we use use に here? There is no action in these sentences yet we use で,rather we are indicating the place of ...
8
votes
2answers
298 views

Which particle is better に or から?

〇〇さんにプレゼントをもらいました。 〇〇さんからプレゼントをもらいました。 I feel it is more natural to use particle に, but I'm not a native speaker. Can someone please help me out on this? Both these options are listed in the current ...
6
votes
2answers
671 views

Etymology of もん・もの

How do I make sense of the 終助詞 もん as in おいしいもん そうなんだもん Although I have only heard it in 時代劇 speak, I guess it comes from もの, which I think should be も + の. But what も can follow the 終止形 and ...
3
votes
1answer
274 views

How do you break down “かといって”?

In the phrase かといって or かと言って, meaning having said that, on the other hand, I'm not sure what the か and と are. My first guess is that these are the generic particles (か+と+いって), but I couldn't find any ...
4
votes
2answers
262 views

Meaning of でもない in this context?

While listening to the song "Yasashisa no Riyuu", I noticed the following sentence: 今は誰の名前でもない 輝きの彼方へ Which by the fansub is translated like this: Now it doesn't matter whose name it may ...
5
votes
3answers
236 views

What is くん doing in these sentences?

I have come across two sentences in a manga that is using くん in a way that I can't seem to find any information on, in both my books and online. I am guessing this may be some sort of slang, odd ...
3
votes
1answer
327 views

The uses & etymology of で

In Japanese, the particle で seems to have multiple uses: Instrumental: 車{くるま}で大阪{おおさか}に行{い}った。 "I went to Osaka by car." Locative: 図書館{としょかん}で数学{すうがく}を勉強{べんきょう}している。 "I'm studying math in the ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

How to express “with (x) as well” and “even with (x)”

I am trying to express something akin to these sentences: Even with a spoon, he digs well (でも?) Even without a shovel, he digs well I would also like to express this: With a shovel ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Can より be used differently than saying “b more x than a”?

I could not find any examples of this usage, but what I'm basically asking is whether or not this is possible: 怒るより悲しいですよ Rather than being mad, I am sad Is this a legitimate way of using ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

Limitations of に for emphasis?

I remember having learning that に can be used for a simple emphasis of the word before it, like so: 私はケーキを食べた - I ate cake 私にはケーキを食べた - I ate cake (the others may or may not have, but I did) ...
8
votes
5answers
450 views

A は/が difference [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What’s the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)? I've been trying to wrap my head around the は/が differences, and I'm trying to figure out the differences between the ...
5
votes
1answer
239 views

The difference between (な形容詞)さ and (な形容詞)性?

I'm in the middle of writing a paper in Japanese, and I can't quite figure out which is right. If I want to nominalize a な形容詞, should I affix さ or 性 at the end? I've been checking on search engines, ...
8
votes
1answer
228 views

Relation between -ますよ and -ましょう

They sound alike. Are they cognate historically? Morphologically, is よ in both cases a particle or part of the morpheme in -ましょう?
5
votes
3answers
302 views

に vs で with state of being (but no verb)

All the に vs で comparisons I can find discuss using them with verbs. However I recently wanted to say something like "I am alone at home", and phrased it without a verb: 家で一人です But that got me ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

How does のは work in this sentence?

彼が持っているのは二百円です。 Supposedly this means "It is 200 yen that he has.". But I am really not familiar with this sentence construction. Therefore, I'm not sure how everything before の works with the rest of ...
4
votes
2answers
286 views

Usage of けど / でも

I've heard けど / でも has to be placed after the part that contradicts the other part. I never heard of it actually as I learned it by context and not by grammar rules. Is it true, or does it depend ...
1
vote
3answers
178 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: particle で versus particle と For example: 今晩家族*で*レストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go to the restaurant with my family. ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

-たい words and a student's confusion

I was doing some Rosetta Stone earlier, and I came upon a sentence ending with: 行きたいです。 Noting the "たい" part, I was reminded of the word 食べたいです which I think I first saw in Japanese 1010, ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Use of the “へ” particle when asking about transportation methods

I have a question relating to question 19 of the JLPT N5 'example' grammar exam. This is a question where you have four things to fit into four gaps: A: [会社 _ _ _ _ 行って いますか] B: [わたしは あるいて ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

Simple Particle Question (よびます)

I am a little confused as to what is going on here: ともだちを パーティーに よびました。 Why is this not ともだちに (recipient of the invite) パーティーで (place of the invite) よびました? It would be helpful if someone can please ...
7
votes
2answers
990 views

Expressing the “after [verb]-ing”, using 後で, -てから, 後に, 後から?

It's my understanding that when telling what you did after an action can be said using: た後で てから た後に For instance, さおとめさんが泳いでから私たちはお祭りで会いました。 さおとめさんが泳いだ後{あと}で私たちはお祭りで会いました。 ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the difference between には and では

My book has these two sentences and I don't quite understand why they are using には in the first example and では on the second one. It seems to me that only では would be correct in this situation. ...