The short syntactic words or affixes in Japanese that are used to modify words or entire sentences.

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2
votes
1answer
130 views

Unnecessary に in “どんなに” in this sentence?

The following sentences are from a reading passage. I'm confused on the third sentence - the previous two are just given for context. 日本ではどこに行っても、「きまりですから」という言葉を耳にする。 これを言われてしまうと、こちらにはもう反論の余地はない。 ...
3
votes
2answers
222 views

Is setting a topic obligatory?

For instance, if I say the following as the first phrase in a conversation: おはよう!ピクニックでリナさんを探していましたが、どこもみえませんでしたね。 Hi! I was looking for you at the picnic, but couldn't find anywhere. Is it ...
6
votes
1answer
348 views

「どこでもある」と「どこにもある」の使い分け

I have come across this sentence: 一九七0年頃までは、どこでも銭湯がありましたが、今は、少なくなりました。 Why is it that it says どこでも X がある instead of どこにも X がある I understand that で and に are very similar as they have ties in ...
3
votes
1answer
263 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
2
votes
0answers
66 views

よ after nouns in songs [duplicate]

I've noticed the particle よ appearing in songs occasionally with a meaning that is unfamiliar to me, e.g. in the lyrics of Shima Uta "島唄よ風に乗り届けておくれ私の涙". What does this mean?
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Nano/Nanoka Meaning [duplicate]

I heard nanoka was a childish way of saying nandesu, or something along those lines, but my dictionary says nano is a copula-what does nano mean?
1
vote
1answer
193 views

A Deeper Look Unto て, で and は

So, I'm the type to understand how languages work than actually speaking them. One thing which I really have a problem with is how で and は works. After a bit of searching, I learned that で meant にて, ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

can かbe repeated [noun] か + かと思うような? [closed]

Studying for the JLPT and this practice question shows me something novel that I don't think I've ever heard: it's a sequence problem and the correct sequence the book tells me is: 彼女は 新人 ながら ベテランか ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

difference using と and や ~ など

I know both of this particles are use to list items. So, I was trying to write the sentence "I like Japanese culture, history and stuff." 私は日本文化と日本史といろいろが好きです。 But someone told me it is accurate to ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Introduce someone to someone else

I'd like to say "I introduced Mary to John" but only really know how to use 紹介する when talking about a single person. Is に the correct particle to use in this situation? For example: ジョンにメリーを紹介しました。
6
votes
1answer
566 views

When to use で vs に vs nothing at all

There are a lot of post that describe the ambiguous scenarios when to use で vs に, but there are still many scenarios that are confusing, and sometimes I'm not sure if I should be using a particle at ...
8
votes
1answer
262 views

後で vs. 前に- Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate). They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
6
votes
4answers
218 views

Topic は vs. direct object を for “I have never X”

The sentence pattern for "I have never X" is covered in this question: Is there a form for "I have never heard of"? However, I'm confused on which particle to use for the noun in this ...