助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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9
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1answer
796 views

「どこでもある」と「どこにもある」の使い分け

I have come across this sentence: 一九七0年頃までは、どこでも銭湯がありましたが、今は、少なくなりました。 Why does it say どこでも X がある instead of どこにも X がある I understand that で and に are very similar as they have ties in the past, ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち ...
2
votes
3answers
191 views

Native usage of けど

I understand that けれども/けれど/けど means "although, however, but", but I'm looking for the daily usage of it. It looks like that native Japanese use this particle not only when they are trying to ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Can the particle は be used twice?

Can the topic marker は be used twice in a sentence? For example, かれは日本語はいいですね。 Is that right?
20
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2answers
3k views

What are the guidelines of omitting particles?

I've recently discovered that certain particles could be omitted from a Japanese sentence (to help make it shorter), and still preserve the original meaning. Unfortunately, most resources about this ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Can directional particles be used with 見る?

空に見る: to look at the sky 空へ見る: to look towards the sky Are these correct or can を見る express the same concept?
4
votes
3answers
133 views

Almost similar looking sentences with and without に particle

I am having confusion with the follow two sentences. Currently I am preparing JLPT N5 so please answer accordingly (I can't understand very advanced explanations). 私は日曜日国へ帰ります 私は誕生日に国へ帰ります ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Using location words with Subject/topic markers

I can't really figure this out myself so I don't think I can really give an example for this question so I'll just ask it and if it's too obscure to really answer say something in the comments and ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

Is this でも or で+も?

This is similar to a previous question of mine. Also from Kanji in Context, we have the example sentence (with no other context) 東京{とうきょう}でも雪{ゆき}は降{ふ}りますが、たいていは大{たい}して積{つ}もりません。 Is it possible ...
3
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2answers
93 views

Polite form of って in 「なになに」って何?

How would you politely say that? When you talk to a stranger, and you don't know the word he just said. Say f.e.: 落札 I understand that you could just say 「落札」の意味は何ですか? but is there specifically a ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Why can の and が both mark subjects in relative clauses?

夢のある人 and 夢がある人 I understand that both have obviously the same meaning, but why is it also correct to use の, which, as I learned, has the function of either a possessive particle or of a ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
4
votes
1answer
124 views

How is を used here?

この大作の完成を願えども余命とぼしきを如何せん。I had hoped to finish writing this novel, but I'm afraid I have little time left. 貧窮なるを如何せん。I am poor, so what can I do? In the sentences above is ヲ used as a ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

~場合、 vs 場合は vs 場合には

So I recently read about 場合 for the use of "situation, or circumstance". What is the difference between ~場合、, 場合は, and 場合には? My friend couldn't explain it. He just said you need to feel for which is ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What is the purpose of か in this sentence?

In my opinion, it would not function as interrogation or alternative explanation. Here is the sentence. 電源ボタンを押すと表示される電源メニューで「電源を切る」をタッチするか、電源ボタンを電源ランプが消えるまで押し続けると、電源がOFFになります。
6
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2answers
311 views

Using both と and を with the verb 言う?

I've recently been reading Tobira and there was a sentence that I was really having trouble finding exactly what was going on in it. ...
6
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1answer
199 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

What is とは、のが、のは、には、 へは and では? [closed]

Someone told me that these aren't actually particles, but they're separate particles put together. I vaguely have an understanding of には and では but it's とは、のが、 and のは that confuse me a lot. I heard ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

How do you say (someone) has (object)?

Basically I'm going through the が ある / が いる grammar - is it okay to say (person) に (object) が ある/いる?, e.g. Michiko-san に お金 が あります (Michio san has money) I guess I'm using it like you might say ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

を vs で in these sentences

Can't understand Kanji, so please use furigana in answers :) Context: I'm using Rosetta stone, so there's just pictures. The picture accompanying the first sentence is a girl sleeping on a beach, ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Meaning 「~と思う」 at the end of a sentence

Mostly on the news I always hear 「~と思う」 very often at the end of a sentence, so i started to wonder, Does it has other meaning besides of "I think"?
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

番目に~ versus 番目の~

While reading this question I could not explain myself why に is used rather の after ~番{ばん}目{め} in the following sentences. 「それは、二{に}番目に高{たか}い建{たて}物{もの}です。」 ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

If も means “also” in a positive sentence, does でも mean “neither” in a negative sentence?

I have the following sentence in my grammar book: 私の妹は、ピアニストでも歌手でもありません。 My younger sister is neither a pianist nor a singer. When the book has affirmative sentences, it uses も after each of ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよね - translation of まで

I'm interested in an exact translation of the particle まで used in this Internet meme: In case you can't read the image, here's a transcription: 「えーマジ 童貞!?」 「キモーイ」 「童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよねー」 ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

How is the の used in the sentence 願いの叶う家? [duplicate]

I'm a little bit familiar with how の is to indicate possession but this just confuses me. Does it translate to "Grant my wish for a family"?
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
3
votes
2answers
193 views

Is へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I am not quite understand about one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of destination, and へ refers to the ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

What does 「て」 mean in 「読んでて」 (te-form + て)?

It's a sentence from Tae Kim's grammar guide: 崇君{たかしくん}は漫画{まんが}ばっかり読{よ}んでてさ。 かっこ悪{わる}い。 The 「て」 that appears after the te-form of 「読む」 and before 「さ」, what is it and what effect does it give? ...
9
votes
2answers
939 views

Why are we allowed to use を particle with na-adjectives?

Can someone explain the usage of a na-adjective with the を particle? I cannot understand why we can say ほうれん草を嫌いな人もいる。 because I'd thought that it had to be a が or の particle instead of an を. ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

'nihongo ga wakarimasen' vs 'nihongo wo hanashimasen' ga and wo usage?

I'm afraid this question might be basic knowledge, but for the life of me, I cannot figure it out: So most of us know the phrase 'nihongo ga wakarimasen' (meaning: I don't understand japanese) but ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
2
votes
1answer
541 views

What does にゃ mean at the end of a sentence or as a particle?

From the title of a YouTube video: だるまさんが転んにゃ From the song じょんから女節: 春は私にゃ 遠すぎる I suspect the second usage might be a contraction of に and the 関西弁 copula や, but I'm not sure. Did the first ...
0
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0answers
36 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
5
votes
1answer
206 views

手えふった - what is the "え” here?

Context: Why "え" is used here? What does it mean?
2
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1answer
96 views

Leaving out particles before adjectives/verbs?

I haven't really read any guides on Japanese grammar (except occasionally looking up pages of Tae Kim's when I need something explained), so I became quite confused when I saw things on Twitter like ...
4
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2answers
136 views
3
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1answer
108 views

そこには私一人しかいなかった - why not “私は”?

I understand this sentence, but I cannot explain to myself why I don't need any particle for "私一人". What part of speech is it?
5
votes
1answer
98 views

The usage of とは in 緊急招集とは、おだやかではないな

From what I understand, とは can be used to "define" things. So does this mean that it can be used to expand on what comes before とは/というのは and that which comes after will explain the speakers ...
5
votes
3answers
513 views

Is 「ごとと」 used as a particle or just plain word?

I wonder what does 「ごとと」 does in this sentence そもそも陸上部は恋愛ごとと断絶していたのに I've tried to use Jisho.org but to no avail, there are no definition of it which are relevant to the content of the sentence. ...
18
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3answers
4k views

Usage of なんて and なんか as emphasis

When are なんて and なんか used as emphasis in casual speech? Are they used when you're surprised, angry or can it be both? What sort of feeling does it convey to the listener compared to a normal sentence ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Can で mean 'and'?

I'm new so よろしくお願いします。 I'm completing my Japanese homework, and we were given a letter that we need to write a response to. There is a line that goes: '私の名前はみのりで、十五さいです.' I assume that here で means ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Using からが、からで、からに and からは

How are these used in sentences to answer questions. The particular question I'm asking about looks like this. たんじょうびに 田中さんから 何を もらったんですか。 I'm given the choices からが、からで、 からに and からは. The problem is ...
0
votes
2answers
245 views

What's the difference between the ni and de particles? [duplicate]

Okay, so I am studying the Japanese language and i am struggling to understand the に and で particles fully. from what i understand the de particle shows an action happening within a location, while ni ...
6
votes
1answer
140 views

What is the explanation for the archaic attributive particle が becoming a modern subject particle?

While reading though Haruo Shirane’s Classical Japanese: A Grammar, I came across the following passage: が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

What does the word 「やで」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. おまえさん とこのジョーは自{じ}分{ぶん}の身{み}を守{まも}るがためにわしらの子{こ}どもまでまきぞえにしとるんやで。
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Difference between のに and というのに

I have already looked at this question but it didn't really help my understanding. I have the following sentence: 家来たちがそれぞれ自分の荷物を持ち上げて帰る用意をしているというのに、彦一{ひこいち}はなにも入っていない風呂敷{ふろしき}をたたんでふところにしまいました。 ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Difference between を話す and で話す

日本語を話す 日本語で話す I found that those two sentences can be translated as "I speak Japanese". Is there a difference regarding the particles?