助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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114 views

~場合、 vs 場合は vs 場合には

So I recently read about 場合 for the use of "situation, or circumstance". What is the difference between ~場合、, 場合は, and 場合には? My friend couldn't explain it. He just said you need to feel for which is ...
4
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1answer
89 views

What is the purpose of か in this sentence?

In my opinion, it would not function as interrogation or alternative explanation. Here is the sentence. 電源ボタンを押すと表示される電源メニューで「電源を切る」をタッチするか、電源ボタンを電源ランプが消えるまで押し続けると、電源がOFFになります。
6
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1answer
177 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
3
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1answer
75 views

How do you say (someone) has (object)?

Basically I'm going through the が ある / が いる grammar - is it okay to say (person) に (object) が ある/いる?, e.g. Michiko-san に お金 が あります (Michio san has money) I guess I'm using it like you might say ...
1
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1answer
117 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
3
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1answer
130 views

を vs で in these sentences

Can't understand Kanji, so please use furigana in answers :) Context: I'm using Rosetta stone, so there's just pictures. The picture accompanying the first sentence is a girl sleeping on a beach, ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
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2answers
83 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I came across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here?
2
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1answer
156 views

Meaning 「~と思う」 at the end of a sentence

Mostly on the news I always hear 「~と思う」 very often at the end of a sentence, so i started to wonder, Does it has other meaning besides of "I think"?
2
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1answer
62 views

番目に~ versus 番目の~

While reading this question I could not explain myself why に is used rather の after ~番{ばん}目{め} in the following sentences. 「それは、二{に}番目に高{たか}い建{たて}物{もの}です。」 ...
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0answers
47 views

Difference in usage of ga and wa [duplicate]

I found some sentences that use は, but others use が. I'm not sure how to use these particles. For example, what is the difference between: 私が日本人です and  私は日本人です 
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2answers
271 views

Is this でも or で+も?

This is similar to a previous question of mine. Also from Kanji in Context, we have the example sentence (with no other context) 東京{とうきょう}でも雪{ゆき}は降{ふ}りますが、たいていは大{たい}して積{つ}もりません。 Is it possible ...
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1answer
204 views

If も means “also” in a positive sentence, does でも mean “neither” in a negative sentence?

I have the following sentence in my grammar book: 私の妹は、ピアニストでも歌手でもありません。 My younger sister is neither a pianist nor a singer. When the book has affirmative sentences, it uses も after each of ...
2
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2answers
93 views

How is the の used in the sentence 願いの叶う家? [duplicate]

I'm a little bit familiar with how の is to indicate possession but this just confuses me. Does it translate to "Grant my wish for a family"?
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1answer
182 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
3
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1answer
119 views

What does 「例によって例のごとくや」 mean?

I have noticed that there is a definition for 「例によって例のごとし」 in a dictionary online but there is slightly difference in the sentence ending, 「くや」 and 「し」. I am not sure if they have the same meaning. ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

What does 「て」 mean in 「読んでて」 (te-form + て)?

It's a sentence from Tae Kim's grammar guide: 崇君{たかしくん}は漫画{まんが}ばっかり読{よ}んでてさ。 かっこ悪{わる}い。 The 「て」 that appears after the te-form of 「読む」 and before 「さ」, what is it and what effect does it give? ...
3
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2answers
185 views

Is へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I am not quite understand about one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of destination, and へ refers to the ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
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1answer
973 views

'nihongo ga wakarimasen' vs 'nihongo wo hanashimasen' ga and wo usage?

I'm afraid this question might be basic knowledge, but for the life of me, I cannot figure it out: So most of us know the phrase 'nihongo ga wakarimasen' (meaning: I don't understand japanese) but ...
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1answer
600 views

Grammar of 彼の日本語のレベルは私と同じくらいだ

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
2
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1answer
107 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
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1answer
194 views

When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
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2answers
530 views

とは、では、には Understanding of double particles

I have some troubles understanding those particles 【では】、【には】、【とは】 etc. I completely understand and can use 【での】、【のに】 etc., but when 【は】 follows one other, I can't figure out how to use it and how to ...
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0answers
36 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
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1answer
164 views

手えふった - what is the "え” here?

Context: Why "え" is used here? What does it mean?
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1answer
86 views

Leaving out particles before adjectives/verbs?

I haven't really read any guides on Japanese grammar (except occasionally looking up pages of Tae Kim's when I need something explained), so I became quite confused when I saw things on Twitter like ...
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2answers
131 views

犬と猫が好き or 犬も猫も好き, which one is correct?

If both are correct, are there any differences between them?
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1answer
101 views

そこには私一人しかいなかった - why not “私は”?

I understand this sentence, but I cannot explain to myself why I don't need any particle for "私一人". What part of speech is it?
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3answers
512 views

Is 「ごとと」 used as a particle or just plain word?

I wonder what does 「ごとと」 does in this sentence そもそも陸上部は恋愛ごとと断絶していたのに I've tried to use Jisho.org but to no avail, there are no definition of it which are relevant to the content of the sentence. ...
5
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1answer
94 views

The usage of とは in 緊急招集とは、おだやかではないな

From what I understand, とは can be used to "define" things. So does this mean that it can be used to expand on what comes before とは/というのは and that which comes after will explain the speakers ...
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2answers
118 views

Can で mean 'and'?

I'm new so よろしくお願いします。 I'm completing my Japanese homework, and we were given a letter that we need to write a response to. There is a line that goes: '私の名前はみのりで、十五さいです.' I assume that here で means ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Using からが、からで、からに and からは

How are these used in sentences to answer questions. The particular question I'm asking about looks like this. たんじょうびに 田中さんから 何を もらったんですか。 I'm given the choices からが、からで、 からに and からは. The problem is ...
2
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1answer
162 views

What are the と, という, and の doing in this sentence?

「帰ってきました!ただいまー!」声を張り上げて足を踏み入れると、広がるのは地下室という響きとはかけ離れた生活臭のする小部屋だった。 I'm confused as to what と does in this sentence. Is it a quoting particle or conditional? 地下室という響きとは I'm completely lost as ...
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2answers
206 views

What's the difference between the ni and de particles? [duplicate]

Okay, so I am studying the Japanese language and i am struggling to understand the に and で particles fully. from what i understand the de particle shows an action happening within a location, while ni ...
6
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1answer
136 views

What is the explanation for the archaic attributive particle が becoming a modern subject particle?

While reading though Haruo Shirane’s Classical Japanese: A Grammar, I came across the following passage: が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into ...
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1answer
90 views

What does the word 「やで」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. おまえさん とこのジョーは自{じ}分{ぶん}の身{み}を守{まも}るがためにわしらの子{こ}どもまでまきぞえにしとるんやで。
2
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1answer
81 views

Difference between のに and というのに

I have already looked at this question but it didn't really help my understanding. I have the following sentence: 家来たちがそれぞれ自分の荷物を持ち上げて帰る用意をしているというのに、彦一{ひこいち}はなにも入っていない風呂敷{ふろしき}をたたんでふところにしまいました。 ...
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2answers
295 views

Using both と and を with the verb 言う?

I've recently been reading Tobira and there was a sentence that I was really having trouble finding exactly what was going on in it. ...
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2answers
312 views

How 二週間 can be used to say “In two weeks…”

How can one use 二週間 to say, "In two weeks from today, I am going to Tokyo." I am confused on how one would use particles here and I need some help.
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1answer
83 views

Help with お逃げになられるとは

I began reading manga (To Loveる) and I saw something I don't understand or rather why it is used there. The sentence is: まさか こんな“辺境”にまでお逃げになられるとはねエ・・・ I mostly understand but there's the ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Difference between を話す and で話す

日本語を話す 日本語で話す I found that those two sentences can be translated as "I speak Japanese". Is there a difference regarding the particles?
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1answer
53 views

Possible idiom or grammar structure I don't understand

Taking the sentence below: 食糧として狩る者たちが存在する… The first part (食料として), I take to mean "as a food source". The second part (狩る者たち), I take to mean "hunters". Tying that together with the が, it ...
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1answer
117 views

Question about に and には in terms of emphasis

I read the post on here from 2011 about the difference between に and には, but I came back still a little confused (especially with all the non-layman grammar words like transitive/nominative/etc). I ...
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2answers
120 views

Phrases to describe looking something up somewhere other than a dictionary

Looking something up in a dictionary is 辞書{じしょ}を引{ひ}く But what about looking something up in ALC? Which particle is correct? Would we say ALCで確認{かくにん}しました or ALCを確認{かくにん}しました or ...
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1answer
139 views

Difference between と and とは

Difference between と and とは? For example in below sentences そんなに大きいと思わなかった。 and そんなに大きいとは思わなかった。
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97 views

grammar of a sentence explaining a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご}

I read here the following explanation about 一朝{いっちょう}一夕{いっせき}, a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご} : 一日や半日{はんにち}、朝{あさ}から夕程度{ゆうていど}の、短{みじか}い期間{きかん}のこと I don't feel confident about the grammar in this sentence, ...
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116 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
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1answer
73 views

Question about で in this sentence: 今日だけは悲しいままでいさせてほしい。

I saw this sentence, but I'm not sure what the で particle is doing in it. Everything else is fine, and I can make out what the sentence says pretty easily, but it's bugging me that I don't know ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

What is the use of か in 売り始めるか〜

I was reading an article and I came across this sentence: 車の会社がいつごろこのような自動運転の車を売り始めるか予想しました What exactly does the か in this sentence/what is the meaning?