助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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23
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6answers
4k views

Pronouncing が as 'nga'

I'm a beginner and am learning from CD (Pimsleur). There are two native speakers going through the dialogue. One, the man, pronounces が as I would expect - 'ga'. The other (female) pronounces it as ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Analyzing 「だけど勝つのはいつも金太郎で、大きな体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません」

From the tale 金太郎【きんたろう】: だけど勝つ【かつ】のはいつも金太郎で、大きな【おおきな】体のクマでも金太郎にはかてません。 I understand a few things: だけど is contrasting the previous sentence. の is nominalizing かつ. The second 金太郎 takes the ...
9
votes
2answers
558 views

この道をまっすぐ行ってください。 Why を and not で?

In a quiz, I got a question where one had to complete with に、を、で or が the following sentence: この道(?)まっすぐ行ってください。 The correct answer being: この道をまっすぐ行ってください。 It always seems more natural to ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What does のに mean here?

羅生門 細い喉で、尖った喉仏(のどぼとけ)の動いているのが見える。その時、その喉から、鴉(からす)の啼くような声が、喘(あえ)ぎ喘ぎ、下人の耳へ伝わって来た。「この髪を抜いてな、この髪を抜いてな、鬘(かずら)にしようと思うたのじゃ。」 下人は、老婆の答が存外、平凡なのに失望した。そうして失望すると同時に、また前の憎悪が、冷やかな侮蔑(ぶべつ)と一しょに、心の中へはいって来た。 ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

What are the meanings of 「って」, 「とこ」, and 「ねえで」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence I found these words in. ここ数日って とこは 夜も昼もねえで つづけたんだから むりもねえが... Especially the 「とこ」, I'm not sure if I should translate it to be 'bed' or 'room' or something else.
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Noun + さえ + Verb (infinitive)

Struggling to grasp this sentence: 残像{ざんぞう}さえ霞む{かすむ}高速{こうそく}の打突{だとつ}。 Rapid strikes that [verb clause starts] ... Applying structures from here and here hasn't made sense to me so far. Thinking ...
2
votes
4answers
126 views

Which particle to use to say, “for (occasion)”?

I want to translate: "I gave my little sister a doll for her birthday". I do not want to use 私 but imply that I did it, so the right particles are crucial. I've come this far, but I'm not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Omitting は when the topic did not change

I am on Dr. Kim's Japanese site and want to make sure that I have this right. Am I correct in understanding that as long as the topic of conversation does not change, は need only be used once in a ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Some questions about だけ and clarifications about its nuances

The girl who just spoke is clearly being a pain in the ass, and after she leaves, one of the boys says this : 1 - オレ憎たらしさには 自信があったが あいつだけはぜったい勝てん。 I was sure I was unpleasant, but it's ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

ところを 見つかる, this was in a highly reputable dictionary

Is this sentence wrong grammatically, or am I missing something? カンニングをしているところを 見つかる This is an examplensentence from kenkyuusha. More specifically, 見つかる is an intransitive verb, how is it used with ...
3
votes
2answers
197 views

When can an adverb use の to modify a noun

In this sentence 僕はまったくのひとりぼっちで、まわりには誰もいない。 the adverb まったく uses の to modify ひとりぼっち (which I'm assuming is a noun in this context. I'll come back to that.) How do you know when an adverb can be ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (Hes a native speaker of the langauge, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is killing ...
4
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1answer
174 views
2
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1answer
82 views

を as locational particle

彼の別荘は後ろに山を控えている Translates into: There is a mountain behind his country cottage. Understood literally: speaking of his country cottage, a mountain is located behind. 控える locates something ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

A bit confused about the usage of どころ?

I'm having trouble understanding when どころ is used more for emphasis/to show an extreme example, compared to when it's used to negate something. Also, when would it be used to negate something in an ...
4
votes
2answers
253 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What literary purpose is served by not having a verb at the end of the sentence?

おはよう!  I've been coming across this written construction more and more and while it probably doesn't change anything grammar-wise, I wonder what parts of the sentences are stressed by changing the ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

How do you know when to useですor います?and when to use the particles はor の?

I'm only a beginner learner in Japanese, and I'm having trouble on when to use desu or imasu. and particles はor の. examples: まゆさんはともだちふたりがいます。 why would it be は instead ofの and why did they use います ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

In a period of time

What's the best way to express in in the following sentence: I will go in five minutes time. Here's my attempt     五分かいあとで行きます。 Here's another attempt which I have even less confidence in: ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

“to talk with friends” structure

I tried to make "to talk with friends" based on 彼と話がしたい, so my try is this: 友達と話がする, but not only I'm not sure about this, but I also have some questions regarding its structure. 1.-Why that と? I ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Help with nuances of a list please? X や Y も…“X and Y, as well” or “X as well as Y”?

I'm just double-checking the nuances of a translation. The speaker is listing several people here: オレやひろしも藤岡さん【ふじおかさん】やお前【おまえ】の両親【りょうしん】だって黙まってねえ Contextually, the speaker, listener and Hiroshi ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

The personal agent and indirect object in a passive sentence

I came across this sentence: 私はどんな動物に例えられるの? And i was wondering how do you express the personal agent (the one who is doing the comparing) in this sentence? Are they also marked by に? Or does ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

Difference between 「にかかわらず」 and 「にもかかわらず」

I would like to know the difference between 「にかかわらず」 and 「にもかかわらず」 with regard to the semantics of the predicate-argument relation. Do they express the same semantic relation (non-causality?)? or ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Particle question about で and に

Can someone say: "ここに暑いですね?" To ask: "Its hot in here, isn't it?" Or is the correct way to say it: "ここで暑いですね?"
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Particle Choice: は・が・を - “I want … to be my …”

(私は)山田先生が私の指導教員になってもらってほしいのでメールを書いています。 I am trying to say: "I hope Yamada Sensei could be my advisor, so I'm writing this mail." In this situation, is が the correct particle?
3
votes
1answer
58 views

幸い Usage with Particles (~で or ~に)

I'm trying to write a phrase that says "Fortunately I passed (the exam)" and I would like to use 幸い in it, but I'm not sure how I would go about writing it, mainly because I'm not quite sure which ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

Word order and expressing time

How do you say: I have been learning Japanese for several months'. I've come up with '日本語は数ヶ月を習っています。'Or would the word order '数ヶ月に日本語を習っています。' be more precise. Also, how do I say 'the coming ...
1
vote
3answers
206 views

How to use の particle and the で particle if I want to say “I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop”

If I wanted to say "I bought the shoes in Tomoyo's shop", how would the particles work? I know "shoes" would take the を particle. But when it comes to "Tomoyo's shop" would I place the の particle ...
5
votes
2answers
258 views

The use of へ towards an abstract concept

I understand the obvious uses of へ. My understanding gets a bit fuzzy when it comes to things other than a physical direction toward a physical place. For example; a sentence such as this: 勝ちへ向かう Is ...
5
votes
3answers
296 views

Why is 「で」 in 「三人のうちで一番…」 omissible but 「で」 in 「ここで待つ」 not?

Are there any rough guidelines regarding whether a particle can be omitted or not? 「三人のうちで一番…」から「で」を省略できると思いますが、「ここで待つ」の「で」も省略することができないのはどうしてですか? 助詞の省略に関するガイドラインはありますか?
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Translation of 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった

I have some trouble to translate this sentence: 友達【ともだち】に 嘘【うそ】がばれてしまった is that: "I have discovered that my friend is lying" or "My friend found out I was lying"? この文の翻訳に迷っています: 友達【ともだち】に ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Differences between 「が」、「ても」、「のに」

What is the usage difference between these three definitively? As an intermediate Japanese speaker, I somewhat understand where I would say them, but I can't point out under which contexts any of them ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Usage of の before です

For example この中でどれが一番難しいのですか。 数学が一番難しいのです Is the の here used as nominalizer meaning "one" or is it used as explanatory/emphasizing のです? I assume the sentences translate to "Amongst these ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Meaning of だって in this sentence

It's a sentence from dragonball, the hearer (悟飯) just asked the speaker to create something to wear that could hide his identity without looking like a kind of body protection. ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Co-occurrences of 「も」 and 「でも」 such as in 「何度も何度でもスキになる」

Sentences below are all from Japanese songs: 「何度も何度でもスキになる」 「いつもいつでもみんなが側にいる」 「いつも何度でも夢を描こう」 Questions: What effects does this 「XもXでも」 or 「XもYでも」 pattern bring about? Is there any difference ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

で in the usage of サッカーで怪我をした etc

What is this で particle here? It's not a time or a place Same with 戦いで怪我をした. I can't see the usage in any dictionaries unless 場所 is being used in some abstract sense to just refer to the setting in ...
1
vote
2answers
228 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: particle で versus particle と For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go to the restaurant with my family. ...
2
votes
3answers
158 views

は/が and を with the Passive form

I've recently started learning the passive form of verbs and noticed a few different usages of particles that have been giving me a lot of trouble and I wanted to clarify/confirm. From what I've ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

What's the difference between -ga and -o when they are used to designate a direct object?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Use of 方に In this sentence

どうしても入り方にこだわりたいのか... I'd like to know how 方に works here. I don't think it's read 入{はい}り方{がた}, 'time of setting', given the context I have. More likely it's 入り + 方に, since in the story the speaker ...
4
votes
1answer
722 views

What does “のでは” mean at the end of a sentence?

Below is a sentence I've come across in a manga that I'm unsure of how to translate. The context is some girls are watching a voyeur video of one of the girls undressing. もう早送りで / よいのでは! (the / ...
6
votes
3answers
960 views

Strange usage of に particle

I saw an advertisement on the train that said 世界に友達を作りたい... My Japanese friend said that the difference with "世界で友達を作りたい” is that で means like "In the world" whilst に means "all over the world". I ...
4
votes
1answer
387 views

Use of ことです in this sentence

This is the example sentence: 私の趣味はギターを弾くことです。 My translation - Playing the guitar is my hobby. However, why is it not: '私の趣味はギターを弾きます。’ Basically I don't understand this use of 'ことです'.
6
votes
1answer
671 views

what's the difference between とか and や?

what's the difference between とか and や?
3
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the difference between 忘れないで and 忘れるなよ?

These two forms, ~ないで and the ~な particle seem to have similar meanings. Can someone please explain the difference between the two?
1
vote
2answers
143 views

interpretation of particle と followed by の [duplicate]

早{はや}くしないと、ヤツらとの最終{さいしゅう}聖戦{せいせん}の幕{まく}が切{き}って落{お}とされてしまうのだから……! My doubt is specifically about the part ヤツらとの. Several times I've come across the particle の being used right after another ...
5
votes
1answer
276 views

Is けど a 接続詞 (conjunction) or 助詞 (particle)?

A book I've read states that けど is a 接続詞 (conjunction). However, another book I had read states that it is a 助詞 (particle). Who is right?