The short syntactic words or affixes in Japanese that are used to modify words or entire sentences.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

4
votes
1answer
195 views

Use of が vs を with transitive verb, 受け入れる(+もらえる)

This is probably fairly basic but, not being a native speaker, I'd like to confirm if my understanding of grammar of the following sentence (from 中上級日本語, Feb'14) is correct and what is natural. In ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

Difference between って and は as topic marker

I often see って being used to mark a topic, such as in the sentence 新宿ってどこ? I'm aware that this is more colloquial compared to the topic marker は. Other than the formality aspect, are って and は ...
9
votes
1answer
444 views

When the agent takes を in the causative form

I've seen a few sets of terminology when referring to the causative form, so for the basic case, I will use the following: instigator が agent に 〇〇 を v-させる。 In its most basic, text-book form, we have ...
5
votes
2answers
197 views

Meaning of sentences ending in の

How does putting a の at the end of a sentence change the meaning? For example, here are some sentences: 明日何時に来るの What time will you come tomorrow 昨日何を食べたの What did you eat yesterday
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Difference between と・や and も for lists?

I know that you use と for complete lists, and や for incomplete ones, but when would you use xもyも instead of xとy or xやy? Doesn't も usually replace は or が? Why is も used for lists at all?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Is を used in real Japanese?

One of the first things people learn in Japanese class is the old 私はケーキを食べます。 Once you begin to get more experienced with Japanese you soon learn that the initial watashi wa is not good form and is ...
4
votes
1answer
296 views

Help translating this japanese sentence please?

I really really need help with this sentence I have tried everything but I don't get its structure and how to translate it so I'd appreciate if someone could help please? オレ一人 ore hitori ...
7
votes
1answer
869 views

と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

How do you break down “かといって”?

In the phrase かといって or かと言って, meaning having said that, on the other hand, I'm not sure what the か and と are. My first guess is that these are the generic particles (か+と+いって), but I couldn't find any ...
14
votes
8answers
1k views

What are other language equivalents to Japanese particles?

When a person is learning は and が in terms of particles, what are the best way to relate them to English equivalents? The closest I can come to explaining them to others is "the" and "a" but I'm not ...
5
votes
4answers
378 views

How to answer -だね question?

So I've come to learn that something + だね means something along the lines of "Is it __?" with an expected yes answer. I received this kind of comment as a response to a photo I posted on the internet. ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Struggling to translate parts of this particular sentence.

I'm having difficulty translating this particular sentence into English, and even thus understanding it fully. 私は成田空港で外国でも使えるけいたい電話を借りて来たから、問題がないよ。 My best attempt at a translation - I had a ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

知る vs わかる and when to use が and を in “how to” questions

"I don't know how to use honorific language." 敬語の使い方がわかりません。 "Do you know how to make a flight reservation?" 飛行機の予約のし方を知っていますか。 The above two sentences were taken from my homework -- which were ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Do Japanese's sister languages have equivalents of the particles は and を?

Okinawan definitely has a particle equivalent to the Japanese subject particle が. But I can't seem to find something like the topic particle は or the object particle を. Then again I only have ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Use of が with certain adjectives

Recently, the が particle has been a little iffy for me especially with adjectives. Some nouns when modified by an adjective can seemingly use が and は interchangeably while others cannot, is this ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

推量の助詞、「う」… does this particle exist?

On this site, when asking about でしょう・だろう, as well as ましょう etc, I have been told that it is a combination of the verb's 未然形 and the 推量 particle "う". However, I have never been able to find anything on ...
4
votes
3answers
191 views

What is the difference between は and が in this sentence?

This is an example sentence from a set of learning materials called Kanji Odyssey 2001: 北極にはシロクマなど陸上の動物がいる。南極には陸上の動物はいない。 My question is about the bold. I understand the には I think because it is ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Particle は replacing を - where does the stress lie?

I've recently learned that the particle を can be replaced by either particles は/が. However, the stress on the focus of the sentence doesn't make sense to me. My book gives this example: ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Using も in place of を

I'm currently trying to get back into studying Japanese. I want to take the JLPT N3 this summer. To get myself in the mode for this I am first looking at the N4 tests on the JLPT website. The ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

Particle に (and で) in this sentence

I don't get why に is used in addition to は in the following sentences. 指示詞 に はコソアドで始まる規則的な体系があります。 Concerning the demonstratives, there is a regular system (of words, i guess) that starts by ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

The に particle outside of location and direction

I am well aware of how に works compared to で and how to use it in various situations. I still have trouble with a few uses that keep popping up, as they don't seem to gel with my current ...
6
votes
3answers
413 views

Strange usage of に particle

I saw an advertisement on the train that said 世界に友達を作りたい... My Japanese friend said that the difference with "世界で友達を作りたい” is that で means like "In the world" whilst に means "all over the world". I ...
3
votes
3answers
220 views

君に話しがある How does this work?

ちょっと君に話しがある I saw this sentence in my downloaded deck of cards. Does it make sense. Why does it feel like "You have a little bit of a story in you". How do you interpret this? What does the に? In ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

How do you say 'to die from…' in Japanese?

For instance, I'm trying to say 'I would die from boredom' and the best I can come up with is 死ぬのから退屈だ However, I strongly suspect this isn't correct. It would also be useful to have the phrase "I ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Usage of nan desu?

In a few songs I've heard recently I've noticed that nan desu (without the か) has been used in what seems to be maybe a declarative or emphatic sense (not really sure), is this possible? I'm not ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Grammatical meaning of に-particle in へいわに

I'm aware that the に-particle has a lot of different grammatical meanings. The most common of these are time, place and indirect object. But I came across the following sentence and I can't really ...
6
votes
2answers
654 views

Etymology of もん・もの

How do I make sense of the 終助詞 もん as in おいしいもん そうなんだもん Although I have only heard it in 時代劇 speak, I guess it comes from もの, which I think should be も + の. But what も can follow the 終止形 and ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Usage and relation of に to 他

Tae Kim translates the following as: 他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。 There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought, I'll go with this one. Here is 他 a noun, adjective or an adverb? I would think ...
4
votes
1answer
255 views

Where does だって come from?

Does だって find it's roots in some different combination of words, or is it it's own, self made, particle? Where does だって come from?
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Using いちばん、にばん (first, second, etc.) in a sentence

こんにちは 皆さん、 I want to use first, second, etc. in a sentence, i.e. say "first car, first love, etc". In this case, would using の be correct as the linking particle, e.g. いちばんの車、 いちばんの愛? ありがとう ございます!
29
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Correct Particle Usage

Just wondering about the correct particles in this sentence... 毎朝、何時にうちにでまか。 Any help would be greatly appreciated :)
1
vote
1answer
103 views

What particle to use as *of* when saying “X percent *of* something”?

皆さん、 Hi, and thanks in advance for good advice! I would like to be able to say X percent of something, but I haven't been able to find the particle that would correspond to of. Could you use の? For ...
3
votes
2answers
563 views

How are these translations of “I had an exam yesterday” different?

How would "I had an exam yesterday" be translated? きのうテストをありました。 きのうテストをしました。 If both of the above are correct, what is the difference between them?
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Use of も in this sentence.

This is the sentence in question from one of my text books. 学生がいませんから、パブもシティーセンターも静かになります。 My Translation - "There are no students so the pubs and city centre becomes quiet." Why is it も and not と ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when speaker wonders about something to himself? For example what would be translation of those sentences: ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

さくらさくらのぞはどういう意味?

桜桜の歌詞で「匂いぞ出{い}ずる」と言った(どうやっていうの?)文があります。その文のぞはどういう意味ですか?助詞じゃないですか? I don't really know how well I structured that. In any case, what is the functionality of ぞ in さくらさくら? I can only find web ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

けど at the end of the sentence?

According to dictionaries, 「けど」 means ‘but’, ‘although’, ‘however’. However, it seems to have slightly another meaning at the end of the sentence. For example, here are few example sentences with ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What's the difference between 「〜とつきあう」 and 「〜につきあう」?

I understand that つきあう means "to hang out with, to date, to keep company…". I've seen it used both with と and with に, but I haven't been able to figure out when to use which. So for example, what's ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

On more than one は in a sentence

When is it okay to have more than one は in a sentence? I've come across a few examples where there have been more than one は, and hadn't why. Example: 日本語は色々なスピーチスタイルがあることは知っていますね。 Thank you!
6
votes
1answer
172 views

How to express “with (x) as well” and “even with (x)”

I am trying to express something akin to these sentences: Even with a spoon, he digs well (でも?) Even without a shovel, he digs well I would also like to express this: With a shovel ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

Particle confusion

I'm about halfway through Genki II, and the particles are starting to mess with me like never before. In particular を, が and に. I know the general principles like が and に making a subject or indirect ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Particle は VS の when identifying ownership with the verb ある

Quick basic grammar question. With respect to expressing ownership of an item using ある. Am I correctly understanding the general meaning and particle use in the following sentences? 私の辞書がありません → ...
-4
votes
2answers
263 views

Translating Dante english to japanese [closed]

Translating Dante's divine Comedy " Follow your own path and let people talk" I have distilled it to あなたの夢を追う。噂話無視 which I believe translates to " Follow your dreams and ignore the gossips" Is this ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Help tranlating sentence with mo

Given そこではなにもかもが曖昧になる I have Soko de wa nani mo kamo ga aimai ni nare. What does this mean? The mo is hard to understand. I think its something like "Here we may be a sitting duck."
2
votes
2answers
93 views

“With” Usage of と and で

I have seen と used in the following manner. 公園に田中さんと行きました - I went to the park with Tanaka-san And I have seen で used as follows. 公園に二人で行きました - I went to the part with 1 other person (2 people ...
2
votes
4answers
214 views

のs Everywhere…Why?

I have to translate the following for my intro Japanese class. 私は、去年、名古屋市内の静かな所にある庭つきの三階建ての窓の大きい住みやすい家を買いました。 I think it means the following. Last year, I bought a yard/garden including, 3 story, ...
8
votes
2answers
160 views

Using に with adjectives

I want to know if there is a rule or way of thinking that makes it easier to understand which adjectives can be used in the following pattern. 体にいいです。 健康にわるいです。 酒によわいです。 電車に詳しいです。 その場にふさわしかった。 I ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

help with translation: a misterious space in the middle of sentence

怒りで単純になったお前の攻撃を 私が避けられないとでも? I really didn't understand this sentence. Why is there that space between "を"and "私"? I'm not sure, but the whole thing is like: "Because your anger, it was simple ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Help for translation: Object or agent? “お前に” or “お前を And person for ”思ってる"

お前に私が殺せると思ってるのか? I'm not sure about this phrase. Is correct "お前に" or it's better "お前を". Is object or agent? And which person is correct for 思ってる? "お前" or "私" It's a line from a comic I'm trying to ...