助詞. Non-inflecting function words which follow words, phrases, or entire sentences.

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4
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2answers
108 views

とか and など in same sentence

This sentence includes both とか and など. 金魚の食べ物は虫とか水草などです。 Is there a difference in meaning between the two? Is there a reason to use both like this?
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

~んだよなぁ What general meaning/feeling does this give?

I understand this is a combinations of a few ending particles, but I've seen it enough times that I wonder what general feeling a native gets from it. Examples I remember: 終わったんだよなぁ。 難しいんだよなぁ。 ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How to write “I'm going to sleep tomorrow”?

I'm supposed to write "I'm going to sleep tomorrow" using romaji. Would the romaji be watashi wa ashita neru e iku n desu because "I'm" is the subject which is "watashi wa" the time is ...
8
votes
1answer
140 views

Meaning of にまで?

A long time ago, I came across this example sentence in Jisho: 彼{かれ}の仕事{しごと}は井戸掘{いどほ}りからゴミの処理{しょり}にまで及ぶ{およぶ}。 His tasks range from digging wells to getting rid of garbage. Why does this ...
8
votes
1answer
636 views

「どこでもある」と「どこにもある」の使い分け

I have come across this sentence: 一九七0年頃までは、どこでも銭湯がありましたが、今は、少なくなりました。 Why does it say どこでも X がある instead of どこにも X がある I understand that で and に are very similar as they have ties in the past, ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち ...
2
votes
3answers
168 views

Native usage of けど

I understand that けれども/けれど/けど means "although, however, but", but I'm looking for the daily usage of it. It looks like that native Japanese use this particle not only when they are trying to ...
13
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3answers
998 views

Can the particle は be used twice?

Can the topic marker は be used twice in a sentence? For example, かれは日本語はいいですね。 Is that right?
20
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2answers
3k views

What are the guidelines of omitting particles?

I've recently discovered that certain particles could be omitted from a Japanese sentence (to help make it shorter), and still preserve the original meaning. Unfortunately, most resources about this ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Can directional particles be used with 見る?

空に見る: to look at the sky 空へ見る: to look towards the sky Are these correct or can を見る express the same concept?
4
votes
3answers
129 views

Almost similar looking sentences with and without に particle

I am having confusion with the follow two sentences. Currently I am preparing JLPT N5 so please answer accordingly (I can't understand very advanced explanations). 私は日曜日国へ帰ります 私は誕生日に国へ帰ります ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Using location words with Subject/topic markers

I can't really figure this out myself so I don't think I can really give an example for this question so I'll just ask it and if it's too obscure to really answer say something in the comments and ...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

Is this でも or で+も?

This is similar to a previous question of mine. Also from Kanji in Context, we have the example sentence (with no other context) 東京{とうきょう}でも雪{ゆき}は降{ふ}りますが、たいていは大{たい}して積{つ}もりません。 Is it possible ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Polite form of って in 「なになに」って何?

How would you politely say that? When you talk to a stranger, and you don't know the word he just said. Say f.e.: 落札 I understand that you could just say 「落札」の意味は何ですか? but is there specifically a ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Why can の and が both mark subjects in relative clauses?

夢のある人 and 夢がある人 I understand that both have obviously the same meaning, but why is it also correct to use の, which, as I learned, has the function of either a possessive particle or of a ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
4
votes
1answer
105 views

How is を used here?

この大作の完成を願えども余命とぼしきを如何せん。I had hoped to finish writing this novel, but I'm afraid I have little time left. 貧窮なるを如何せん。I am poor, so what can I do? In the sentences above is ヲ used as a ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

~場合、 vs 場合は vs 場合には

So I recently read about 場合 for the use of "situation, or circumstance". What is the difference between ~場合、, 場合は, and 場合には? My friend couldn't explain it. He just said you need to feel for which is ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the purpose of か in this sentence?

In my opinion, it would not function as interrogation or alternative explanation. Here is the sentence. 電源ボタンを押すと表示される電源メニューで「電源を切る」をタッチするか、電源ボタンを電源ランプが消えるまで押し続けると、電源がOFFになります。
6
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2answers
295 views

Using both と and を with the verb 言う?

I've recently been reading Tobira and there was a sentence that I was really having trouble finding exactly what was going on in it. ...
6
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1answer
177 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

What is とは、のが、のは、には、 へは and では? [closed]

Someone told me that these aren't actually particles, but they're separate particles put together. I vaguely have an understanding of には and では but it's とは、のが、 and のは that confuse me a lot. I heard ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

How do you say (someone) has (object)?

Basically I'm going through the が ある / が いる grammar - is it okay to say (person) に (object) が ある/いる?, e.g. Michiko-san に お金 が あります (Michio san has money) I guess I'm using it like you might say ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

を vs で in these sentences

Can't understand Kanji, so please use furigana in answers :) Context: I'm using Rosetta stone, so there's just pictures. The picture accompanying the first sentence is a girl sleeping on a beach, ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Meaning 「~と思う」 at the end of a sentence

Mostly on the news I always hear 「~と思う」 very often at the end of a sentence, so i started to wonder, Does it has other meaning besides of "I think"?
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I cam across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

番目に~ versus 番目の~

While reading this question I could not explain myself why に is used rather の after ~番{ばん}目{め} in the following sentences. 「それは、二{に}番目に高{たか}い建{たて}物{もの}です。」 ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

If も means “also” in a positive sentence, does でも mean “neither” in a negative sentence?

I have the following sentence in my grammar book: 私の妹は、ピアニストでも歌手でもありません。 My younger sister is neither a pianist nor a singer. When the book has affirmative sentences, it uses も after each of ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよね - translation of まで

I'm interested in an exact translation of the particle まで used in this Internet meme: In case you can't read the image, here's a transcription: 「えーマジ 童貞!?」 「キモーイ」 「童貞が許されるのは小学生までだよねー」 ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

How is the の used in the sentence 願いの叶う家? [duplicate]

I'm a little bit familiar with how の is to indicate possession but this just confuses me. Does it translate to "Grant my wish for a family"?
1
vote
1answer
181 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

Is へ and に interchangeable in these cases?

I'm just starting to learn Japanese. I am not quite understand about one of the uses of the captioned particles. I've learned that に refers to the location of destination, and へ refers to the ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

What does 「て」 mean in 「読んでて」 (te-form + て)?

It's a sentence from Tae Kim's grammar guide: 崇君{たかしくん}は漫画{まんが}ばっかり読{よ}んでてさ。 かっこ悪{わる}い。 The 「て」 that appears after the te-form of 「読む」 and before 「さ」, what is it and what effect does it give? ...
9
votes
2answers
897 views

Why are we allowed to use を particle with na-adjectives?

Can someone explain the usage of a na-adjective with the を particle? I cannot understand why we can say ほうれん草を嫌いな人もいる。 because I'd thought that it had to be a が or の particle instead of an を. ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Can you transform “[wanter]-wa [wanted thing]-ga hoshii” to “[wanter]-ni [wanted thing]-ga hoshii”? Or anything else?

So a normal way to say "Bob wants a burger" might be: bobu-wa hanbaaga-ga hoshii bob-TOPIC burger-NOMINATIVE is_wanted as for Bob, a burger is wanted [I'm only vaguely familiar with ...
0
votes
1answer
919 views

'nihongo ga wakarimasen' vs 'nihongo wo hanashimasen' ga and wo usage?

I'm afraid this question might be basic knowledge, but for the life of me, I cannot figure it out: So most of us know the phrase 'nihongo ga wakarimasen' (meaning: I don't understand japanese) but ...
2
votes
2answers
518 views

とは、では、には Understanding of double particles

I have some troubles understanding those particles 【では】、【には】、【とは】 etc. I completely understand and can use 【での】、【のに】 etc., but when 【は】 follows one other, I can't figure out how to use it and how to ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

New usage for the particle に

I was talking to my friend, and she said きれいにとれた! What does に after an adjective mean, or what does に before a verb mean? And where can I read more about this? Thank you
2
votes
1answer
487 views

What does にゃ mean at the end of a sentence or as a particle?

From the title of a YouTube video: だるまさんが転んにゃ From the song じょんから女節: 春は私にゃ 遠すぎる I suspect the second usage might be a contraction of に and the 関西弁 copula や, but I'm not sure. Did the first ...
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0answers
36 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
5
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1answer
163 views

手えふった - what is the "え” here?

Context: Why "え" is used here? What does it mean?
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Leaving out particles before adjectives/verbs?

I haven't really read any guides on Japanese grammar (except occasionally looking up pages of Tae Kim's when I need something explained), so I became quite confused when I saw things on Twitter like ...
4
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2answers
129 views
3
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1answer
100 views

そこには私一人しかいなかった - why not “私は”?

I understand this sentence, but I cannot explain to myself why I don't need any particle for "私一人". What part of speech is it?
5
votes
1answer
94 views

The usage of とは in 緊急招集とは、おだやかではないな

From what I understand, とは can be used to "define" things. So does this mean that it can be used to expand on what comes before とは/というのは and that which comes after will explain the speakers ...
5
votes
3answers
512 views

Is 「ごとと」 used as a particle or just plain word?

I wonder what does 「ごとと」 does in this sentence そもそも陸上部は恋愛ごとと断絶していたのに I've tried to use Jisho.org but to no avail, there are no definition of it which are relevant to the content of the sentence. ...